YBM 고등 심화 영어 독해 I 신정현 UNIT 6
54 카드 | ybmadmin
세트공유
glean
v. (정보를) 수집하다
The goal of processing all these bits of information is ultimately to glean useful insights.
algorithm
n. 알고리즘
Today’s powerful computers and algorithms can reveal insights in data that previously would have remained hidden.
sword
n. 칼, 검
Big data is a double-edged sword.
infringement
n. 위반, 침해
Many people believe that it has led to widespread privacy infringement.
unsuspecting
a. 의심하지 않는
Data is often harvested from unsuspecting consumers and Web surfers.
pave the way for
~을 위해 길을 열다
Big data has paved the way for breakthroughs and discoveries in many different fields.
amass
v. 모으다, 축적하다
The telescope collected more data than had been amassed in the entire history of astronomy.
archive
n. 기록 (보관소)
Its archive now contains over 140 terabytes of information.
decode
v. 해독하다
Decoding the human genome involves analyzing 3 billion DNA base pairs.
correlation
n. 상관관계
Big data is being used to find correlations among illnesses.
outbreak
n. 발생
The CDC in the US began using big data to combat the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa.
coordinate
v. 조직화하다
The CDC was better able to coordinate its response to the virus.
perspective
n. 관점, 견해
Big data analysis has enabled scholars to analyze huge quantities of books in order to gain new perspectives on historical figures.
tailor
v. 맞추다
Big data can help your favorite shopping websites make recommendations specifically tailored to you.
take into account
~을 고려하다
The websites make recommendations to you based on algorithms that take into account items you have viewed.
unimaginably
ad. 상상할 수 없게
All these examples tell the same story: that the world contains an unimaginably vast amount of digital information.
unlock
v. 드러내다, 밝혀내다
The data can be used to unlock new sources of economic value, and much more.
a host of
많은
Big data is also creating a host of new problems.
rating
n. 평가, 등급
Banks and rating agencies had been relying on models which failed to reflect financial risk in the real world.
ubiquitous
a. 어디에나 있는
The prospect of big data could encourage ubiquitous breaches of privacy.
thermometer
n. 온도계
Internet platforms gather information about people just as a thermometer gathers temperature information.
exploit
v. (부당하게) 이용하다
People are aware of how their data may be exploited.
precautionary
a. 예방적인
They can commence with taking precautionary steps to protect it.
susceptible
a. 영향을 받기 쉬운, 민감한
It is important to know exactly what information may be susceptible.
sophisticated
a. 정교한, 고도화된
Big data often relies on sophisticated computer engineering and statistics
controversial
a. 논쟁적인
It is crucial that the public see both sides of this controversial issue.
stance
n. 입장, 태도
Only once we are fully informed can we take an educated stance on this issue.
orbital
a. 궤도의
Human beings have already been living in various orbital stations around the planet for more than two decades.
extraterrestrial
a. 외계의, 지구 밖의
The dream of extraterrestrial colonization is slowly but surely becoming a reality.
ark
n. 방주
Space stations could be turned into interstellar arks and sent to distant stars and planetary systems.
dimension
n. 측면
The technological dimensions are of course important for making space colonization possible.
celestial
a. 천체의
Space colonies either in space stations or on celestial bodies will not survive in the long term.
adaptation
n. 적응
They change over time through evolution and adaptation.
viable
a. 실행〔성공〕 가능한
Understanding how our species evolves and adapts will be essential to shaping viable extraterrestrial colonies.
array
n. 집합체, 무리
Human populations have adjusted to an incredible array of Earth’s abundant and diverse environments.
humanity
n. 인류
Unlike other species, humanity has done so without relying on biology.
alien
a. 이질적인
Extraterrestrial environments are truly alien for the human body.
realm
n. 영역
Much of which will occur in the realms of genetics and tissue development.
fetal
a. 태아의
It would significantly impact fetal development.
inflate
v. 부풀리다
Lower atmospheric pressure and inflated oxygen levels interfere in the growth of vertebrate embryos.
mortality
n. 사망(률)
This would likely lead to an increased infant mortality rate in extraterrestrial colonies.
acclimatize
v. 적응하다
Extraterrestrial humans would evolve to be better acclimatized to the gravity, pressure, and gas proportion.
manifest
v. 나타내다
These differences may manifest themselves in characteristics such as skin, hair, and eye color.
metabolic
a. 신진대사의
More important than these differences might be different genes and even new metabolic systems.
wean
v. 젖을 떼다, 이유시키다
Mutations allowed for the digestion of lactose past the weaning age.
distinction
n. 차이, 특이점
The development of these distinctions is predictable.
offspring
n. 자손, 자식
Terrestrial and extraterrestrial humans would likely still be able to produce healthy offspring.
measurement
n. 측정
Without cars, would people still have use for distance measurements such as kilometers?
perception
n. 인식
People’s perceptions would adjust to their new, alien environments.
entirely
ad. 완전히
Entirely new place names would start to be produced with no Earthly reference.
dialect
n. 방언
New dialects would arise, too.
bias
n. 성향
Speech in extraterrestrial colonies would be heavily influenced by the linguistic biases of the founding populations.
insurmountable
a. 대처〔극복〕할 수 없는
Human space colonization is an insurance policy for the human species in case our own planet faces insurmountable disaster.
migration
n. 이민, 이주
The goal of extraterrestrial migration was once merely pie in the sky.
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