YBM 교과서 단어 배틀 1학기 중간고사 - 공통영어 (박준언)
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세트공유
achieve
v. 달성하다, 성취하다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
expectation
n. 기대
Like all young people, you are full of hopes and expectations.
common
a. 흔한, 공통적인
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
practice
n. 관행, 습관
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
constantly
ad. 지속적으로, 꾸준히
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
adventurer
n. 모험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
explorer
n. 탐험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
feature
v. 특집으로 다루다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
carry ~ about
~을 가지고 다니다, 데리고 다니다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
remind ~ of …
~에게 〮〮〮를 상기시키다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
relatively
ad. 상대적으로
Some of the items would be relatively easy to achieve, such as visiting the Great Wall of China and joining the Boy Scouts.
include
v. 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
involve
v. 수반하다, 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
excitement
n. 흥분, 설렘
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
regret
v. 후회하다, 유감이다
He remembered that a friend of his dad’s regretted not doing all the things he wanted to when he was John’s age.
opportunity
n. 기회
He never wanted to miss an opportunity to do things that he dreamed of.
solo
a. 혼자서 하는, 단독의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
kayak
n. 카약
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
hit upon
(우연히) 생각해내다
One rainy afternoon, sitting at his dining room table, the 15-year-old Goddard hit upon a plan.
set foot on ~
~에 발을 내딛다, 발을 들여놓다
Showing a strong interest in exploring unknown places, Goddard also wanted to set foot on the moon and climb Mt. Everest.
carry out
~을 완수하다, 수행하다
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
a number of ~
여러 개의, 여러 명의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
enthusiasm
n. 열정, 열심
Her enthusiasm for ballet made her practice the moves hundreds, even thousands of times, until she perfected each one.
inspiration
n. 영감
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
perspiration
n. 땀, 노력
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
outstanding
a. 탁월한, 눈에 띄는
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
anxious
a. 불안해하는, 염려하는
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
perform
v. 수행하다, 공연하다
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
competition
n. 대회, 경연
Her constant effort helped her win the grand prize in a famous international competition in Lausanne, Switzerland.
pay off
결실을 맺다, 보상 받다, 갚다
Your enthusiasm will pay off.
fall in love with
~와 사랑에 빠지다
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
toe
n. 발가락
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
process
n. 과정
Success comes only as the result of a long and painful process.
limitless
a. 무한한, 한없는
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
privilege
n. 특권, 특혜
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
overcome
v. 극복하다
That enthusiastic effort will become the driving force to help you overcome the difficulties that challenge you in the course of achieving your goals.
out of shape
변형된, 형태가 찌그러진,
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
nothing more than
단지, ~에 지나지 않은
Your dreams may end up as nothing more than wild fantasies without recording them somewhere.
make an effort
노력하다
You also need to make a plan and make every effort to achieve your dreams.
achieve
v. 달성하다, 성취하다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
expectation
n. 기대
Like all young people, you are full of hopes and expectations.
common
a. 흔한, 공통적인
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
practice
n. 관행, 습관
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
constantly
ad. 지속적으로, 꾸준히
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
adventurer
n. 모험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
explorer
n. 탐험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
feature
v. 특집으로 다루다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
carry ~ about
~을 가지고 다니다, 데리고 다니다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
remind ~ of …
~에게 〮〮〮를 상기시키다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
relatively
ad. 상대적으로
Some of the items would be relatively easy to achieve, such as visiting the Great Wall of China and joining the Boy Scouts.
include
v. 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
involve
v. 수반하다, 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
excitement
n. 흥분, 설렘
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
regret
v. 후회하다, 유감이다
He remembered that a friend of his dad’s regretted not doing all the things he wanted to when he was John’s age.
opportunity
n. 기회
He never wanted to miss an opportunity to do things that he dreamed of.
solo
a. 혼자서 하는, 단독의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
kayak
n. 카약
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
hit upon
(우연히) 생각해내다
One rainy afternoon, sitting at his dining room table, the 15-year-old Goddard hit upon a plan.
set foot on ~
~에 발을 내딛다, 발을 들여놓다
Showing a strong interest in exploring unknown places, Goddard also wanted to set foot on the moon and climb Mt. Everest.
carry out
~을 완수하다, 수행하다
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
a number of ~
여러 개의, 여러 명의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
enthusiasm
n. 열정, 열심
Her enthusiasm for ballet made her practice the moves hundreds, even thousands of times, until she perfected each one.
inspiration
n. 영감
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
perspiration
n. 땀, 노력
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
outstanding
a. 탁월한, 눈에 띄는
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
anxious
a. 불안해하는, 염려하는
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
perform
v. 수행하다, 공연하다
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
competition
n. 대회, 경연
Her constant effort helped her win the grand prize in a famous international competition in Lausanne, Switzerland.
pay off
결실을 맺다, 보상 받다, 갚다
Your enthusiasm will pay off.
fall in love with
~와 사랑에 빠지다
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
toe
n. 발가락
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
process
n. 과정
Success comes only as the result of a long and painful process.
limitless
a. 무한한, 한없는
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
privilege
n. 특권, 특혜
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
overcome
v. 극복하다
That enthusiastic effort will become the driving force to help you overcome the difficulties that challenge you in the course of achieving your goals.
out of shape
변형된, 형태가 찌그러진,
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
nothing more than
단지, ~에 지나지 않은
Your dreams may end up as nothing more than wild fantasies without recording them somewhere.
make an effort
노력하다
You also need to make a plan and make every effort to achieve your dreams.
fascinating
a. 대단히 흥미로운
Consider some of the fascinating ways in which animals are involved in everyday English.
linguistic
a. 언어의
Let’s begin with a basic linguistic process, the analogy.
analogy
n. 비유
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
comparison
n. 비교
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
convenient
a. 편리한
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
similarity
n. 유사성
By way of analogy, animal expressions draw on the similarities between animals and humans.
logic
n. 논리
In most cases, it is not hard to see the logic behind the comparisons.
draw on
끌어내서 사용하다
By way of analogy, animal expressions draw on the similarities between animals and humans.
observation
n. 관찰
Animal analogies are based on close observation of animal behavior.
misinterpretation
n. 오해, 오역
What if the casual observation leads to false assumptions, or misinterpretation gets in the way?
pretend
v. ~인 척하다
One is said to weep “crocodile tears” if they pretend to be sad when they are not.
prey
n. 먹이
The idea comes from the popular belief that crocodiles weep over the prey they kill.
stimulate
v. 자극하다
Crocodiles seem to cry while they eat, but this is because their eyes are stimulated when the muscles around the mouth move to eat.
flawed
a. 결함이 있는
“Making a beeline” also belongs to the group of animal expressions based on flawed observation.
destination
n. 목적지
If you “make a beeline for” someone or something, you go straight toward your destination, ignoring everything else along the way.
irregular
a. 불규칙적인
As you may have observed, they make irregular twists and turns in their flight.
get in the way
방해하다
What if the casual observation leads to false assumptions, or misinterpretation gets in the way?
weep over
슬퍼하다
The idea comes from the popular belief that crocodiles weep over the prey they kill.
disappear
v. 사라지다
Even though many people know that these analogies are not based on science, the expressions do not easily disappear in the language.
obvious
a. 명백한
Sometimes, the meaning of analogies may not be obvious.
rare
a. 진귀한, 드문
Long ago, in Thailand, white elephants were very rare.
since
conj. ~때문에
The king would then give it as a royal “gift” to someone he did not like since the beautiful animal cost a fortune to take care of.
refuse
v. 거절하다
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
financially
ad. 재정적으로
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
ruin
v. 파산시키다, 망치다
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
crime
n. 범죄
Moreover, it was a serious crime to mistreat a present from the king.
mistreat
v. 잘못 다루다, 학대하다
Moreover, it was a serious crime to mistreat a present from the king.
describe
v. 묘사하다
The expression turned out to be useful for describing costly but useless public buildings.
cost a fortune
돈이 많이 들다
The king would then give it as a royal “gift” to someone he did not like since the beautiful animal cost a fortune to take care of.
refer to
~을 가리키다, 나타내다
Today, it is used to refer to anything that might be costly and useless to someone.
worthless
a. 가치 없는
Long ago, black wool was worthless because it was almost impossible to dye.
dye
v. 염색하다
Long ago, black wool was worthless because it was almost impossible to dye.
odd
a. 특이한, 이상한
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
unpopular
a. 인기 없는
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
perhaps
ad. 아마
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
root
n. 어원; 기원, 뿌리
Be curious about the English expressions and research their roots.
stand out
쉽게 눈에 띄다, 두드러지다
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
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