2019년 고3 4월 모의고사
28 카드 | classcard
세트공유
다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

To Whom It May Concern:

As a lifelong Springfield resident who has two children attending George May Elementary School, I have spent a lot of time at the Springfield Park both as a youth and as a mother. I have recognized the need for upgrades that would enhance the lives of residents. The current park has outdated BBQ facilities and tables as well as a patchy and uneven lawn area that at most times is not much more than a mud pit. The baseball field and spectator area is completely worn out as well. The renovation will ensure that the children of our community have a safe place to play and engage in sports to occupy their time. I ask that you take the time to seriously address this issue.

Sincerely,
Jennifer Santos
공원 시설의 재정비를 건의하려고
다음 글에 드러난 Timothy의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Suddenly, just a few minutes after Timothy dozed off, something woke him up. Something was crawling on his belly as he was lying there with nothing around his upper body. Two scorpions from the rocks above had fallen on his stomach. They were battling with each other. Timothy, not knowing what to do, stayed very still just watching them fight. His heart started pounding heavily; he was too scared to make a move. Sweat poured from his forehead. The two scorpions were violently attacking each other, and it seemed they were fighting to the death. Timothy nervously looked down at the ground. He saw another scorpion, and not far from that one was another one. This time Timothy started to sweat even more heavily.
puzzled and frightened
다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

Interactions with people are the major source of emotional stress, but it doesn’t have to be that way. The problem is that we are continually judging people, wishing they were something that they are not. We want to change them. We want them to think and act a certain way, most often the way we think and act. And because this is not possible, because everyone is different, we are continually frustrated and upset. Instead, see other people as phenomena, as neutral as comets or plants. They simply exist. They come in all varieties, making life rich and interesting. Work with what they give you, instead of resisting and trying to change them. Make understanding people a fun game, the solving of puzzles. It is all part of the human comedy. Yes, people are irrational, but so are you. Make your acceptance of human nature as radical as possible. This will calm you down and help you observe people more dispassionately, understanding them on a deeper level.
대인 관계에서 타인을 바꾸려 하기보다 있는 그대로 받아들여야 한다.
밑줄 친 everyone is no one이 다음 글에서 의미하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

Many writers make the common mistake of being too vague when picturing a reader. When it comes to identifying a target audience, everyone is no one. You may worry about excluding other people if you write specifically for one individual. Relax―that doesn’t necessarily happen. A well-defined audience simplifies decisions about explanations and word choice. Your style may become more distinctive, in a way that attracts people beyond the target reader. For example, Andy Weir wrote The Martian for science fiction readers who want their stories firmly grounded in scientific fact, and perhaps rocket scientists who enjoy science fiction. I belong to neither audience, yet I enjoyed the book. Weir was so successful at pleasing his target audience that they shared it widely and enthusiastically. Because Weir didn’t try to cater to everyone, he wrote something that delighted his core audience. Eventually, his work traveled far beyond that sphere. It may be counterintuitive, but if you want to broaden your impact, tighten your focus on the reader.
Trying to satisfy all readers leads to nobody’s satisfaction.
다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

The impact created by a change in your habits is similar to the effect of shifting the route of an airplane by just a few degrees. Imagine you are flying from Los Angeles to New York City. If a pilot leaving from LAX (Los Angeles International Airport) adjusts the heading just 3.5 degrees south, you will land in Washington, D.C., instead of New York. Such a small change is barely noticeable at takeoff―the nose of the airplane moves just a few feet―but when magnified across the entire United States, you end up hundreds of miles apart. Similarly, a slight change in your daily habits can guide your life to a very different destination. Making a choice that is 1 percent better or 1 percent worse seems insignificant in the moment, but over the span of moments that make up a lifetime these choices determine the difference between who you are and who you could be. Success is the product of daily habits―not once-in-a-lifetime transformations.
일상 습관의 작은 변화가 결국 인생에서 큰 차이를 만든다.
다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Good architecture and good engineering are both arts requiring science―but they are aimed at different purposes. Art is difficult to define but is an ability to make something of more than ordinary significance. Science is a branch of knowledge which is systematic, testable, and objective―science is what we know. When architecture and engineering get artificially separated, the outcomes may not be as they should be. For example, a developer investing in a new building might appoint an architect to develop a scheme proposal to meet the needs of the client. If that is done without the involvement of properly qualified engineers then, later, when the project gets underway, there will inevitably be practical problems. In the worst building projects architects specify structural forms that may simply be unbuildable or unnecessarily expensive to build. It follows that in the best building projects architects and engineers work together right from the start. Good structural design can provide a huge amount of savings in the cost of construction.
necessity of the combination of architecture and engineering
다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

The human brain wants to stay where it is, in the comfort zone. If we stay in our comfort zone, we don’t have to struggle to survive. We minimize the risk to our survival by staying where we know we are safe. I often explain to my MBA students that the reason they take the same seat in class every week is that we are, at our core, instinctual animals. Once we have chosen a seat and made it through class safely without being attacked, the part of our brain responsible for our survival tells us that our best option is to repeat that behavior, because in a way it is the most economical use of our energy. As part of its strategy for survival, our brain wants to conserve energy, so once we sit in a particular spot and know that it’s safe, we will subconsciously want to sit there every time and avoid having to reevaluate the safety of a new spot.
Humans’ Survival Strategy: Sticking to Where We Feel Safe
다음 표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

The tables above show statistics on animals used in research in New Zealand in 2014 and 2015. ①The total number of animals used in research in 2015 was lower than that of animals used in 2014. ②Cattle were the most used animals in research both in 2014 and in 2015, followed by mice which accounted for over 18% and over 21% respectively. ③Sheep ranked higher than fish in 2014, but their ranks switched places with each other in 2015. ④While the number of rats dropped below 10,000 in 2015, their ranking among all the animals remained the same as in 2014. ⑤Meanwhile, primates were never used, and cats and dogs were less than 1% of all the animals used in research both in 2014 and in 2015.
4
Ivan Turgenev에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Ivan Turgenev, the first Russian writer to be widely celebrated in the West, was born in Russia in 1818. He entered the University of Moscow in 1833, but before a year had passed he transferred to the University of St. Petersburg because of a family move. Later, he traveled to Germany, where he enrolled at the University of Berlin and studied philosophy for three years. Upon returning to St. Petersburg and failing to find an academic position, he began work as a public official there, but his interests turned more and more toward literature. After retiring from the service, he went to France. By the mid-1850s, he was spending as much time in Europe as in Russia. In August of 1860 in England, he conceived the idea for his Fathers and Sons; he finished the novel in July of 1861 in Russia. The book received a hostile reaction in Russia, but gained prominence in the Western world. He received an honorary degree from the University of Oxford in 1879.
소설 Fathers and Sons를 영국에서 완성했다.
Reptile Garden에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
파충류 그리기 대회의 상품은 악어 인형이다.
Beach Cleanup Day 2019에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하는 것은?
기부할 옷을 가져올 수 있다.
다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은? [3점]

The present moment feels special. It is real. However much you may remember the past or anticipate the future, you live in the present. Of course, the moment ①during which you read that sentence is no longer happening. This one is. In other words, it feels as though time flows, in the sense that the present is constantly updating ②itself. We have a deep intuition that the future is open until it becomes present and ③that the past is fixed. As time flows, this structure of fixed past, immediate present and open future gets carried forward in time. Yet as ④naturally as this way of thinking is, you will not find it reflected in science. The equations of physics do not tell us which events are occurring right now―they are like a map without the “you are here” symbol. The present moment does not exist in them, and therefore neither ⑤does the flow of time.
4
(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은? [3점]

The conscious preference for apparent simplicity in the early-twentieth-century modernist movement in prose and poetry was echoed in what is known as the International Style of architecture. The new literature (A) avoided / embraced old-fashioned words, elaborate images, grammatical inversions, and sometimes even meter and rhyme. In the same way, one of the basic principles of early modernist architecture was that every part of a building must be (B) decorative / functional, without any unnecessary or fancy additions. Most International Style architecture aggressively banned moldings and sometimes even window and door frames. Like the prose of Hemingway or Samuel Beckett, it proclaimed, and sometimes proved, that less was more. But some modern architects, unfortunately, designed buildings that looked simple and elegant but didn’t in fact function very well: their flat roofs leaked in wet climates and their metal railings and window frames rusted. Absolute (C) complexity / simplicity, in most cases, remained an ideal rather than a reality, and in the early twentieth century complex architectural decorations continued to be used in many private and public buildings.
*inversion: 도치
avoided……functional……simplicity
다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

The skeletons found in early farming villages in the Fertile Crescent are usually shorter than those of neighboring foragers, which suggests that their diets were less varied. Though farmers could produce more food, they were also more likely to starve, because, unlike foragers, they relied on a small number of crops, and if those crops failed, they were in serious trouble. The bones of early farmers show evidence of vitamin deficiencies, probably caused by regular periods of starvation between harvests. They also show signs of stress, associated, perhaps, with the intensive labor required for plowing, harvesting crops, felling trees, maintaining buildings and fences, and grinding grains. Villages also produced refuse, which attracted vermin, and their populations were large enough to spread diseases that could not have survived in smaller, more nomadic foraging communities. All this evidence of ____________________ suggests that the first farmers were pushed into the complex and increasingly interconnected farming lifeway rather than pulled by its advantages.
*forager: 수렵채집인
**refuse: 쓰레기  ***vermin: 해충
declining health
다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

One study showed that a certain word (e.g., boat) seemed more pleasant when presented after related words (e.g., sea, sail). That result occurred because of conceptual fluency, a type of processing fluency related to how easily information comes to our mind. Because “sea” primed the context, the heightened predictability caused the concept of “boat” to enter people’s minds more easily, and that ease of processing produced a pleasant feeling that became misattributed to the word “boat.” Marketers can take advantage of conceptual fluency and enhance the effectiveness of their advertisements by strategically _____________________________. For example, an experiment showed that consumers found a ketchup ad more favorable when the ad was presented after an ad for mayonnaise. The mayonnaise ad primed consumers’ schema for condiments, and when the ad for ketchup was presented afterward, the idea of ketchup came to their minds more easily. As a result of that heightened conceptual fluency, consumers developed a more positive attitude toward the ketchup advertisement.
*prime: 준비시키다  **condiment: 양념
positioning their ads in predictive contexts
다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [3점]

Any discussion of coevolution quickly runs into what philosophers call a “causality dilemma,” a problem we recognize from the question, “Which came first, the chicken or the egg?” For bees and flowers, we know that both sides arrived at the party well-prepared for dancing. Branched hairs apparently complemented a bee’s taste for pollen from the earliest stage of their evolution. On the botanical side, plants had long been experimenting with insect pollination, attracting dance partners with nectar or edible blossoms. Lack of fossil evidence makes it impossible to run the movie backward and watch the first steps of the dance unfold, but modern studies suggest that _______________________. When researchers changed monkeyflowers from pink to orange, for example, pollinator visits shifted from bumblebees to hummingbirds. A similar experiment on South American petunias showed that the flower could trade in bees for hawk moths by altering the activity of a single gene. These findings confirm that relatively simple steps in floral evolution can have dramatic consequences for pollinators.
*pollen: 꽃가루
**monkeyflower: 물꽈리아재비(꽈리 꽃의 일종)
plants are often the ones taking the lead
다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [3점]

There is good evidence that the current obesity crisis is caused, in part, not by what we eat (though this is of course vital, too) but by the degree to which ______________. It is sometimes referred to as the “Calorie Delusion.” In 2003, scientists at Kyushu University in Japan fed hard food pellets to one group of rats and softer pellets to another group. In every other respect the pellets were identical: same nutrients, same calories. After twenty-two weeks, the rats on the soft-food diet had become obese, showing that texture is an important factor in weight gain. Further studies involving pythons (eating ground cooked steak versus intact raw steak) confirmed these findings. When we eat chewier, less processed foods, it takes us more energy to digest them, so the number of calories our body receives is less. You will get more energy from a slow-cooked apple purée than a crunchy raw apple, even if the calories on paper are identical.
*python: 비단뱀
our food has been processed before we eat it
다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

Some of the things we profess to value in the abstract may not, in fact, characterize our actual everyday experiences. ①For instance, we say that “honesty” and “open communication” are the foundational values of any strong relationship. ②Butthink of how many times you’ve lied to a potential romantic partner in order to make the person feel better about himself or herself. ③Likewise, every parent knows that lying to their kids about everything from the arrival of Santa Claus to the horrible things that will happen if they don’t eat their peas is a key component of raising a child. ④This is because most parents put more value on discipline than on blind love, and thus honest conversations rather than well-intentioned lies are the better tool for establishing solid relationship between parents and their kids. ⑤As one author put it, “If you want to have love in your life, you’d better be prepared to tell some lies and to believe some lies.”
*profess: 주장하다
4
주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

People absorb iron best when it comes together with something else we readily absorb―for example, vitamin C. Vegetarians use this trick to boost their iron absorption.


(A) A diet poor in vitamin C makes iron absorption difficult, often leading to the double bad luck of scurvy and anemia. Just imagine that combination. It’s bad enough that you are pale and exhausted, but you could also lose muscle tone and begin bleeding internally.

(B) By combining sources of iron with sources of vitamin C, they can ensure that their bodies are better able to absorb both. A large dose of vitamin C can increase iron absorption sixfold. Unfortunately, the opposite is also true.

(C) Vegetarians in developed countries avoid these fatal symptoms because they have access to many foods that are high in both iron and vitamin C, such as broccoli and spinach. Poor people in the developing world are usually less fortunate, however, as those key foods are often precious and strictly seasonal.

*scurvy: 괴혈병  **anemia: 빈혈증
(B)-(A)-(C)
주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [3점]
 
A change in motivation can be effected by targeting the physical consequences of various actions. This method is not at all automatic for most people. In general, people accept and deal with the set consequences of their actions prescribed by their surroundings.


(A) He would of course bet in favor of himself. In doing so, he will receive both a positive incentive to complete the task (his desire to collect the reward for winning the bet) and a negative disincentive to quit the task (his desire to avoid having to pay out if he loses).

(B) A bet is a typical example of this. A person striving to reach a difficult goal or complete a task―building a rocking chair or losing weight, for instance―will be wise to supplement his motivation to do so by making a bet on it with a friend.

(C) It is, however, possible for a person to personally manipulate and create consequences for his actions. This will inevitably have an effect on his future motivation and behavior. Most often this is achieved through the imposition of monetary consequences.

*monetary: 금전적인
(C)-(B)-(A)
글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.
 
Rather, say to yourself, “What would I do if I lost my job? What would I do if I crashed my car?”


You don’t worry because you care; you worry because that is what you have learned to do. Worry is a very creative mental process. The questions you ask in your mind create your worries. If you ask ‘what if’ questions, you set your mind up to worry. (①) You may consistently ask, “What if I lose my job? What if I crash my car? What if criminals attack me?” (②) All these ‘what if’ phrases create ‘movies’ in your mind that constantly repeat different scenarios, which creates a state of worry. (③) The movies that are created by these questions don’t trap you into worry. (④) They give you action steps that direct your mind. (⑤) Create a procedure for different scenarios and make peace with your thinking.
3
글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오. [3점]

It is obvious then that there is no authority external to the community of language speakers against whose prescriptions all usage could be checked.


Children are born theorizers. Their minds are never idle and, once they start talking, their mouths aren’t, either. When their use of a word strikes us as odd, we correct them. (①) They learn the meanings of words by trial and error, by hypothesizing a fit between word and object and using the feedback they get from others to refine the abstract category for which the word stands. (②) But of course, those others were once children themselves, and they learned language in the same way. (③) Rather, words acquire objective meanings because of the “pull” exerted by social pressures to conform to publicly approved usage. (④) Therefore every category, every concept of ours is a work in progress. (⑤) No two of us learn our language alike, and nobody finishes learning it while he lives.
3
다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
  
It is widely believed that verbal rehearsal improves our memory. However, an experiment by Schooler and Engstler-Schooler suggests that is not the case. Participants in the study watched a film of a robbery where they saw a bank robber’s face. The experimental group of participants then gave as detailed a description of the face as they could for 5 minutes while the control group did something unrelated. Each participant then had to identify the robber from a line up of eight similar looking people. The participants in the control group, who performed an unrelated task for 5 minutes, picked the correct person from the line up 64% of the time. But the participants who had been recalling all they could of the suspect’s face picked the correct person just 38% of the time. Somehow, putting the details of the face into words interfered with the natural facial recognition at which we all usually excel. This effect is called verbal overshadowing.
  
Contrary to the common assumption about effective memory, ____(A)____ an image seen earlier ____(B)____ recognition afterwards.
describing……impairs
다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.
글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?


At around 1.5kg, the human brain is thought to be around five to seven times larger than expected for a mammal of our body size. Why do humans have such big brains? Although they only account for 2 percent of typical body weight, they use up 20 percent of metabolic energy. What could justify such a biologically (a)expensive organ? An obvious answer is that we need big brains to reason. After all, a big brain equals more intelligence. But evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar has been pushing another answer―one that has to do with being sociable. He makes the point that big brains seem to be (b)specialized for dealing with problems that must arise out of large groups in which an individual needs to interact with others.
This is (c)true for many species. For example, birds of species that flock together have comparatively larger brains than those that are isolated. A change in brain size can even occur within the lifespan of an individual animal such as the locust. Locusts are normally solitary and avoid each other but become ‘gregarious’ when they enter the swarm phase. This swarm phase of the locust is triggered by the build up of locusts as their numbers multiply, threatening food supply, which is why they swarm to move to a new location all together. In the process, they rub against each other, and this stimulation sets off a trigger in their brain to (d)start paying attention to each other. As they swarm and become more tuned in to other locusts around them, their brain size (e)shrinks by some degrees.
*locust: 메뚜기  **gregarious: 군생(群生)하는
***swarm: 무리, 떼
The Secret Behind Brain Size: Social Interaction
다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.
밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? [3점]


At around 1.5kg, the human brain is thought to be around five to seven times larger than expected for a mammal of our body size. Why do humans have such big brains? Although they only account for 2 percent of typical body weight, they use up 20 percent of metabolic energy. What could justify such a biologically (a)expensive organ? An obvious answer is that we need big brains to reason. After all, a big brain equals more intelligence. But evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar has been pushing another answer―one that has to do with being sociable. He makes the point that big brains seem to be (b)specialized for dealing with problems that must arise out of large groups in which an individual needs to interact with others.
This is (c)true for many species. For example, birds of species that flock together have comparatively larger brains than those that are isolated. A change in brain size can even occur within the lifespan of an individual animal such as the locust. Locusts are normally solitary and avoid each other but become ‘gregarious’ when they enter the swarm phase. This swarm phase of the locust is triggered by the build up of locusts as their numbers multiply, threatening food supply, which is why they swarm to move to a new location all together. In the process, they rub against each other, and this stimulation sets off a trigger in their brain to (d)start paying attention to each other. As they swarm and become more tuned in to other locusts around them, their brain size (e)shrinks by some degrees.
*locust: 메뚜기  **gregarious: 군생(群生)하는
***swarm: 무리, 떼
(e)
다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.
주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?
(D)-(C)-(B)
다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.
밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?
(c)
다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.
글에 관한 내용으로 적절하지 않은 것은?
소녀의 어머니는 악어를 총으로 쏘았다.
학원에서 이용중인 교재의 어법/문법 연습문제 또는 듣기시험을 10분만에 제작하여
학생들에게 바로 출제하고 점수는 자동으로 확인하세요

지금 만들어 보세요!
고객
센터
궁금한 것, 안되는 것
말씀만 하세요:)
답변이 도착했습니다.