YBM 고등 심화 영어회화 I 신정현 - 1학기
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세트공유
a bit
약간
I had a bit of an argument with Jina.
adolescence
n. 청소년기
I’m afraid she’s reached adolescence.
affair
n. (공적인) 일
I’m thinking of working in foreign affairs.
all the time
항상
You shouldn’t get carried away worrying about what your friends are doing all the time.
analyst
n. 분석가
I intend to be a financial analyst in the future.
anxiety
n. 불안감
Actually I used to get performance anxiety.
appropriate
a. 적절한
Getting angry and taking it out on your parents is not appropriate.
article
n. 기사
I’m reading articles about the financial crisis in Europe.
brush up on
~을 복습하다
Even though the exam is over, I will still brush up on my math skills a little bit each day.
bygone
n. 과거지사
I should let bygones be bygones.
concept
n. 개념
I didn’t have enough time to fully understand the basic concepts in each chapter.
conflict
n. 갈등
Strong emotions can sometimes cause conflict, even between good friends.
considerate
a. 사려 깊은
I’d like to stress that friendship begins by being considerate.
courage
n. 용기
I didn’t have the courage to express my thoughts because I was afraid I might lose my friends.
decision
n. 결정, 판단
I should be able to make my own decisions.
embarrassed
a. 당황스러운
Koreans also smile when they feel sorry or embarrassed about something.
establish
v. 확립하다
It goes without saying that doing this is important for establishing a healthy relationship with your friends.
excuse
n. 변명
You always seem to have excuses for not showing up on time.
financial
a. 재정의
I’m reading articles about the financial crisis in Europe.
frontier
n. 국경 (지역); 변경
In the early frontier period, people had no way of knowing who their friends or enemies were.
gardening
n. 원예
I’ll be joining a club about gardening.
get along with
~와 사이좋게 지내다
I’ve been thinking about how to get along with my little sister better.
get over
~을 극복하다
I practiced on the school stage by myself every day for a couple of months trying to get over performance anxiety.
go along with
~에 동의하다
I intend to go along with my original plans.
have access to
~에 접속할 수 있다
Since we are social media friends, I have access to information on her website that is useful for my research paper.
immigrant
n. 이민자
Immigrants from many different cultural backgrounds came to settle in America.
improve
v. 향상시키다
Sounds like you’re already a step closer to your future dream of being a math teacher by continually looking for ways to improve your abilities.
intend
v. 의도하다
I’ve always dreamt of being a musical actor and I intend to attend acting school.
intention
n. 의도
It’s a way of telling strangers we have no intention of hurting them.
issue
n. 쟁점, 문제
I’m afraid there are many issues I need to consider before I make my final decision.
keep in mind
명심하다
It’s important to keep in mind that Americans are used to smiling a lot to show friendliness.
lecture
n. 강의
Dr. Javis, a famous organizational behaviorist, gave a wonderful lecture at the North Hall at Westwood High School.
likely
ad. 아마도
Daily updates will likely post links to websites.
make up one's mind
결심하다
My parents have already made up their minds about my future.
motivation
n. 의욕
If you repeatedly try but fail, you will lose your motivation to try at all.
natural
a. 타고난
It looked like you have a lot of natural talent.
objective
n. 목표, 목적
One of my club objectives is to gather useful information on farming.
obtain
v. 얻다, 획득하다
Leadership is all about obtaining the best results.
peer
n. 또래
I once was under a great deal of peer pressure when I was in high school.
permission
n. 허락
I took out my stress on my older brother by wearing his shoes without permission.
persistent
a. 고집하는
If you are persistent, eventually your parents will support you.
perspective
n. 관점
If you try to explain your plans more fully and specifically when you talk to your parents, they can see things from your perspective and they might change their minds.
see eye to eye
의견을 같이 하다
We had a huge argument a week ago because we don’t see eye to eye on my future career plans.
settle
v. (논쟁 등을) 해결하다
Did you settle your differences with your parents about your future goals?
step on
밟다
That explains why the woman who stepped on my shoe on the bus the other day smiled at me.
tip
n. 조언, 정보
We will be talking about tips for building connections with others.
trend
n. 경향, 추세
To better understand the trends, I get updates from a social networking site and read them every day.
value
v. 소중히 여기다
I believe good friends should value one another’s time.
volunteer
a. 자원의
I’ll do volunteer work at a children’s hospital.
when it comes to
~에 관한 한
You have to realize that time is valuable, especially when it comes to other people’s time.
accomplishment
n. 성취
It required persistence, but when I finally made it, I felt the greatest sense of accomplishment.
addicted
a. 중독된
Teenagers who have become addicted to computer games are more likely to be depressed and have increased nervousness levels.
admission
n. 입학
Since entering high school, I’ve become more concerned about college admission.
artificial
a. 인공적인
I tried an artificial rock wall for beginners.
attract
v. 주의를 끌다
I went to a rock concert a few years ago and was attracted by the band’s performance.
bother
v. 귀찮게 하다
I’m worried that something is bothering you and it gives you headaches.
capture
v. 정확히 포착하다
After that, I got excited about capturing people’s facial expressions by taking photos.
composition
n. 작문
You mean the composition assignment about your hobby?
consideration
n. 사려
Thank you for your consideration.
deform
v. 변형시키다
I’m concerned that it might deform your spine.
disturb
v. 방해하다
Am I disturbing you, Mom?
doodle
v. 낙서하다
Little Walt Disney loved to doodle everywhere and anywhere.
elevate
v. 높이다
Sunlight influences your brain to increase concentration and elevate mood.
enthusiasm
n. 열심, 열중
He had such an enthusiasm for drawing.
enthusiastic
a. 열광적인
Since then, I’ve become an enthusiastic rock climber.
essential
a. 필수적인
It’s essential to open up to someone you trust.
excel in
~에서 뛰어나다
They excel in terms of academic performance more often than those who don’t.
facial
a. 얼굴의
I found it interesting that people have various facial expressions.
formation
n. 형성
I’ve climbed artificial rock walls, but I will climb natural rock formations for the first time this weekend.
foundation
n. 기초
I’d like to say that the teenage years are important because you can lay the foundation for healthy habits and lifestyles during this time.
have a tendency to
~하는 경향이 있다
I’m concerned that you have a tendency to see only the dark side.
ideally
ad. 이상적으로
Ideally, most teens need about eight hours of sleep each night to get recharged and refreshed.
immune system
면역 체계
Sunlight stimulates the skin to produce vitamin D and also strengthens your immune system.
in the middle of
~의 중간에
Teenagers commonly find something interesting in the middle of their education and growth.
lack
n. 부족
From their perspective, enjoying hobbies could take up too much study time, lead to a lack of sleep, and result in poor preparation for school.
long face
n. 시무룩한 얼굴
Why the long face, Bora?
maintain
v. 유지하다
I think this would be really good because it would help you maintain both physical and mental health.
make it a rule to
~을 원칙으로 하다
I make it a rule to play for just 30 minutes a day.
make up for
보충하다
Many people try to make up for lost sleep by sleeping more on weekends.
manage
v. 관리하다
It might be a good idea for you to rely less on medicines and to actively manage your stress, instead.
motivate
v. 동기부여하다
What motivated you to start doing that?
not much of
대단한 ~이 아닌
I’m not much of an exercise person.
opportunity
n. 기회
I heartily thank you for giving me the opportunity to say a few words about healthy habits and lifestyles for teens.
overweight
a. 과체중의
I’m concerned that I’m getting a bit overweight.
passion
n. 열정
Listen to what gets you excited and keep pursuing your passion.
physical
a. 육체의
She emphasizes the close relationship between physical and mental wellness.
posture
n. 자세
I understand it’s not easy for students who are sitting down a lot of the time in class to maintain correct posture.
prompt
v. 자극하다, 격려하다
What prompted you to make Toby's house?
pursue
v. 추구하다
Could you share with us the story of how he pursued his interest in drawing throughout his life, Ms. Ford?
put together
조립하다
Putting together DIY products is fun and saves money, so it’s better than buying complete ones.
recruit
v. (회원 등을) 모집하다
I heard that our band will recruit another keyboard player next month.
relieve
v. 경감하다, 덜다
Jogging helped me sleep well and relieved my headaches.
rely on
의존하다
People in China rely on ginger root, which has been used for a long time.
routine
n. 일상
You wouldn’t feel that way once you get into the routine of playing during the weekend.
ruin
v. 망치다
I’ve ruined my English exam.
skip
v. 거르다
I’m going to skip lunch today.
spine
n. 등뼈
I’m anxious that it might deform your spine.
stage
n. 무대
Performing on stage interests me.
temporary
a. 일시적인
You should know that medicine offers only temporary relief.
well-rounded
a. 균형이 잡힌
I think hobbies can be beneficial and should be considered part of a well-rounded education.
abnormally
ad. 비정상적으로
We had abnormally large amounts of snow last winter.
absorb
v. 흡수하다
Oceans absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and keep the Earth’s carbon cycle in balance.
abundant
a. 충분한
I can point out that renewable energy sources are unable to produce an abundant supply of power in a short time.
acidic
a. 산성의
I’ll talk about the oceans becoming more acidic.
add up
더하다
If you commute 30 kilometers by car 5 days a week, the emissions for a year can add up to 1.3 tons of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
advocate
v. 옹호하다
That’s why a lot of environmentalists, especially animal rights activists, also advocate upcycling.
at risk
위험에 처한
Not only does climate change put people’s health at risk, it also seriously impacts travel plans.
be responsible for
~에 대한 책임이 있다
Have you heard about meat production being responsible for 18 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions?
benefit
n. 이득
Usually upcycling refers to turning waste material or an unwanted product into new products of better quality mostly for the benefit of the environment.
biodiversity
n. 생물의 다양성
I learned that losing even one species can change the ecosystem and reduce biodiversity because every animal plays a role in the ecosystem.
carbon
n. 탄소
The carbon footprint can be expressed as a unit of weight(kg) or the number of trees to be planted.
carbon dioxide
n. 이산화탄소
In Bangkok, Thailand, humans created at least 40 tons less carbon dioxide pollution during one Earth Hour.
climate
n. 기후
It’s important that we all work together to solve the climate crisis.
conservation
n. 보존
I’m doing a survey on consumer conservation ethics for my research paper.
consumption
n. 소비
As you know, it is required for us to reduce daily energy consumption.
contaminate
v. 오염시키다
Dispose of old medicines in the trash, not in toilets because they will contaminate the water supply.
decorative
a. 장식적인
I can’t stand a lot of decorative lights and electric signs for advertising late at night.
deforestation
n. 삼림벌채
Have you heard about the deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest?
deplete
v. 고갈시키다
Renewable energy sources are constant and permanently available while fossil fuels will be depleted eventually.
destroy
v. 파괴하다
Humans have destroyed about 17 percent of the Amazon Rainforest in the last 50 years.
disposable
a. 일회용의
You can also buy rechargeable batteries instead of disposable batteries.
due to
~ 때문에
Temperatures are getting higher in every season of the year due to global warming.
ecosystem
n. 생태계
Some people don’t care about the plants and animals living there and destruction of ecosystem.
electricity
n. 전기
Now people across the world participate in the event and turn off their lights or electricity for one hour.
emit
v. 방출하다
Cars emit lots of greenhouse gases.
erode
v. 부식하다
The salt water will also erode soil, destroy food crops, and kill useful plants and animals in coastal areas.
extinct
a. 멸종 위기의
More than one-third of all species are expected to be extinct in about 40 years.
extreme
a. 극도의
In the movie, a series of extreme weather events cause global cooling and this leads to a new ice age.
glacier
n. 빙하
Are you aware of the fact that Arctic glaciers disappear so fast that more and more animals depending on them can’t find a place to stay?
habitat
n. 서식지
Many species are becoming endangered due to habitat loss.
insulation
n. 절연
The insulation offered by green roofs helps avoid heat loss in the winter and lower the temperatures in the summer.
leather
n. 가죽
I can’t stand the thought of killing animals for leather or fur.
melt
v. 녹이다
Global warming is melting our planet’s glaciers and causing the sea levels to rise.
obligation
n. 책임, 의무
We have an obligation to end unnecessary wastefulness.
occur
v. (일이) 발생하다
Climate scientists predict that heavy snows and rains will occur more frequently in coming years.
occurrence
n. 사건
Renewable energy sources are also very vulnerable to weather and other climate occurrences.
opponent
n. 상대
To be a good debater, you should know your opponent’s weak points.
output
n. 산출
One research study predicts that rising sea levels will reduce our world’s economic output by 9 percent by the year 2100.
overall
a. 종합적인
Most renewable energy stations have a low overall cost of operations.
oxygen
n. 산소
Trees are very important because they provide us with oxygen so we can breathe.
promote
v. 진전시키다
Earth Hour is a yearly event, which started with people turning off the lights to promote an awareness of climate change and the impact of humans on the environment.
protect
v. 보호하다
We really need to protect farm animals from unhealthy conditions.
range
n. 범위
Mosquitoes can survive longer and expand their range.
reference
n. 참고
I’m going to the library to search for some reference materials for the science class presentation on climate change.
refugee
n. 난민
The people of the Maldives will become the world’s first climate change refugees, driven to leave their homes and their countries.
renewable
a. 재생 가능한
The debate is going to be about whether we are for or against the development of renewable energy sources.
submerge
v. 물 속에 잠기다
Mumbai will be submerged and the global economy will be significantly weakened.
thoughtlessly
ad. 생각 없이
I’m very much disturbed by the way people thoughtlessly throw out so much plastic.
unplug
v. 플러그를 뽑다
You can conserve energy by unplugging your cell phones right after they are charged.
vulnerable
a. 연약한
I knew Arctic animals were vulnerable but I didn’t know the animals on mountaintops were in danger.
acknowledge
v. 인정하다
Their contribution to the nation’s development should be acknowledged and respected.
adjust to
~에 적응하다
It must have been difficult for early immigrants to have adjusted to the new culture.
admire
v. 찬양하다
I’ve always admired French food culture.
advantage
n. 이점
What kinds of advantages does multiculturalism bring to a workplace?
appreciation
n. 감사
The groom prepares a box full of goods called ham and visits the bride’s house to show his appreciation before the wedding day.
as a whole
전체적으로
There is significant evidence that multiculturalism improves the intellectual level of the society as a whole.
assimilate
v. 받아들이다
It is our responsibility to assimilate foreigners into our society.
avoid
v. 피하다
Whenever I ask him about his personal life, he avoids giving me straight answers.
barrier
n. 장벽
The language barrier prevents them from pursuing various careers and from fully joining Korean society.
be exposed to
~에 노출되다
Simply being exposed to people from different cultures can broaden the minds of the citizens of multicultural societies.
bride
n. 신부
Traditionally the groom will make a trip to the bride’s house with a gift of betel nuts the day before the wedding and ask for the bride’s hand in marriage.
briefly
ad. 간단히
Is it all right if I tell you briefly about the wedding culture of Vietnam?
broaden
v. 넓히다
Exchanging experiences with people from different cultures can broaden the minds of the citizens of multicultural societies.
coexist
v. 공존하다
They insist that different cultures cannot coexist.
colonial
a. 식민지의
Multiculturalism in the UK today also has a lot to do with the colonial history of the British Empire.
colonialism
n. 식민주의
However, works of art stolen during war and periods of colonialism are rarely returned.
comparable
a. 비교되는
Yunnori is comparable to chess in some ways, but it is much simpler than chess.
considerable
a. 상당한
The very idea of the United Kingdom involves a considerable degree of multiculturalism.
crunchy
a. 아삭아삭한
Yugwa is very tasty and crunchy on the outside.
democracy
n. 민주주의
Their beliefs laid the foundation for democracy and our appreciation for individual freedoms.
diplomat
n. 외교관
But also, there are people staying in Korea as foreign diplomats.
direct
a. 직접적인
Since Americans value privacy, you shouldn’t ask direct questions about their age, religion, income, or political beliefs.
diversity
n. 다양성
It is also said that a large amount of ethnic diversity can negatively affect social trust.
elaborate
a. 정교한
Chinese Peking opera is famous for the performers’ elaborate costumes and makeup.
emphasize
v. 강조하다
From what I remember, most palaces are designed to emphasize reputation and greatness.
ethnic
a. 민족의
I wonder how people from different ethnic backgrounds end up living in Korea.
evidence
n. 증거
There is significant evidence that multiculturalism improves the intellectual level of the society as a whole.
exceptional
a. 예외적인
The guides at the palace give you a tour of the whole place and the traditional music performance is exceptional.
exhibit
v. 전시하다
Some think that it’s better for cultural treasures to be exhibited in countries like the United States or France instead of their countries of origin.
export
v. 수출하다
Since these works of art were exported illegally, they can be seen as stolen property.
favor
v. 편애하다
Changdeokgung Palace was highly favored by many Joseon kings.
folklore
n. 민속, 전통 문화
Peking opera and changgeuk are based on traditional music, history, and folklore.
former
a. 이전의
A lot of people from former British colonies came and settled in the UK.
groom
n. 신랑
The groom prepares a box full of goods called ham.
ideal
a. 이상적인
Yunnori is ideal for groups of people as well.
immigrate
v. 이주하다
Some people immigrate for family reasons, such as getting married.
impractical
a. 비실용적인
It is the belief that utilitarian results should be our focus, and not impractical ideas.
inspire
v. 고무하다
Interacting with people from diverse backgrounds will inspire new ideas.
interrupt
v. 방해하다
May I interrupt you for a second?
invaluable
a. 귀중한
This ring from my grandmother is invaluable to me.
involve
v. 포함하다
What does the ceremony involve?
limited
a. 제한된
The way I see it, foreign workers and their families have limited opportunities to learn Korean.
memorable
a. 기억에 남는
What was the most memorable thing you saw in Beijing during your last trip?
multicultural
a. 다문화적인
There are several advantages to a multicultural society.
notice
v. 알아차리다
Have you noticed that our town has become more multicultural recently?
odd number
홀수
There are usually 5, 7, or 9 of these boxes because odd numbers are thought to bring good luck.
overhear
v. 엿듣다
I couldn’t help overhearing your conversation and it seems to be on a topic that interests me very much.
학생
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