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YBM 고등 심화 영어 독해 II 신정현 - 1학기
a. 진화의, 발달의
terms, selfless behavior to the potential benefit of others is quite absurd.
Mutual passion can even help create things that are truly
v. 생각해내다, 출연시키다
We are inclined to
an image of a character like Einstein, who wears an untidy suit.
~을 마주치다, 우연히 만나다
He, almost accidentally,
his next “big idea.”
v. 안간힘을 쓰다
They strained themselves to extract secrets from the
a. 새로운, 신기한
Creative people are very good at coming up with lots of
of Narnia and The Lord of the Rings were not solo works, authored by lone geniuses.
a. 이데올로기의, 관념학의
Tolkien was in a political and
struggle with his colleagues.
a. 기묘한, 이상한
They also felt different because they had a
The Inklings is a pun showing that the members were both writers and people who were searching for “vague or imperfect
They read aloud from their own works
v. (감정 따위를) 일으키다
Members soon became friends and critics simultaneously, encouraging,
, and enlightening one another.
n. 부족, 결핍
of similar souls set limits to the enlargement of the circle.
ad. 처음으로, 최초로
emerged during the Inklings meetings.
a. 매혹하는, 사로잡는
Without the Inklings, these
stories might not exist.
a. 시종 일관된, 통일성이 있는
It was the Inklings that converted Tolkien’s mythical ideas into a
n. 단골집, 소굴
Café Guerbois was the favorite
for painters and intellectuals in Paris.
v. 추억하다; 회상하다
"You always went home afterwards better steeled for the fight, with a new sense of purpose and a clearer head."
a. 끊임없는, 영속하는
Nothing could be more stimulating than the talks we had, with their
clashes of opinion.
a. 사욕이 없는
You spurred the others on to pursue genuine and
a. 논쟁을 불러일으키는
It was in these
arguments that the group members were collectively provoked into achieving consensus about their emerging vision.
v. 통합하다, 섞다
the innovations into his paintings the most boldly.
a. 결정적인; 최종적인
The discoveries Monet and Renoir made while painting together are considered the
elements of the Impressionist style.
~로 그득하다, 풍부하다, 충만하다
cases of fruitful collaboration.
v. 소환하다, 소집하다
Scratching out line after line and filling in ideas for a new text, Pound helped
the poem into being.
a. 생각〔상상〕할 수 있는
These ideas were not
without an extensive network of colleagues.
~에 끼워 넣다, ~에 뿌리박다
Albert Einstein’s contributions to modern physics were firmly
international teams of scientists.
n. 획기적인 발견, 성공
It is group genius that generates
v. (사람·짐승이) 모여들다, 몰려들다
Walking through Times Square, I was astonished to see about 1,000 people all
and staring up at something.
We might talk about the “me” generation, the
to selfies, or a general self-centered character in relation to all of these terms.
a. 흥미를〔호기심을〕 자아내는
This would ignore their important differences and flatten out all the
features of the landscape of the self.
a. 없어서는 안 될, 절대 필요한
He thought that self-esteem was
n. (떠맡은) 일, 사업
In his writing, he called for sufficient self-respect or self-confidence to fit us for the
that enrich our lives or those of others.
ad. 합법적으로, 적법하게
There is such a thing as proper pride: the pleasure one might
take in having accomplished something good.
n. 경멸, 모욕
Pride turns wicked only when it slips into an elevation of one’s self above others and a corresponding
(취미·욕망 따위에) 빠지다, 탐닉하다
The vain person
being flattered, even if the flattery is empty.
A fear of falling short in the eyes of others results in a constant demand for
n. 비난, 질책
Vanity is often a better target for sympathy or pity than for
n. 노함, 분개
about those who dispute our self-worth.
n. 불안정, 불확실
Vanity is being overly concerned with the admiration of others and often arises from a fundamental
a. 자만심이 강한, 잘난 체하는, 우쭐한
person is so sure of himself that reassurance from others becomes irrelevant.
n. 과도한 자부〔자만〕
Arrogance, excessive self-confidence, and
mark the path of conceit.
v. 올가미에 걸다, 함정에 빠뜨리다
We encounter conceited people who are all too often
by their own claims to leadership, wisdom, insight, and ability.
all other social emotions and concerns.
The narcissist is not so much conceited—where there is a relationship of arrogance or contempt towards other people—as
v. 공상에 빠지다
We like to
about being wealthy and famous, and we become easily dissatisfied with our less luxurious lives.
ad. 낭비 버릇이 있게, 사치스럽게
Many of us in today’s society envy celebrities, yearning to live and spend
v. ~에게 최면술을 걸다, 홀리게 하다, 매혹시키다
Perhaps we are all narcissists,
by our own image.
It is possible to imagine a reversal, a world where modesty and
For now, we can start to resist vanity by learning to live without
the constant admiration of others.
The word vanity itself carries its own
a. 덕행이 있는, 고결한
With a little effort, we can cultivate a
sense of self-worth without submitting to an excess of self-love.
a. 깊은; 심오한
Palladio's impact on architecture has been
a. (인체·디자인·사물 등이) 대칭적인
Hundreds of thousands of houses with
fronts and applied columns topped by a pediment descend from the designs of Palladio.
n. (화가·작가 등에 대한) 후원자
When he met Count Gian Giorgio Trissino, a poet, diplomat, and architectural
in Vicenza, he switched to architecture.
a. 급성장하는, 증가하는
Recognizing the young Palladio’s
talent, Trissino took him into his household and educated him in art.
a. 단조로운; 따분한
Palladio gradually transformed Vicenza from a
backwater into a small city of exceptional grace.
Palladio left a vast
that includes San Giorgio Maggiore, Villa Saraceno, and numerous other remarkable buildings.
a. 심미적, 미학적
It was Goethe in his Italian Journey who most famously praised the
value of Palladio’s work in Vicenza.
n. 기념비적인 건축물; 기념물
It is only with these
before our eyes that we can understand their great value.
n. 정점, 최고조
The Teatro Olimpico is the
of Palladio’s artistic genius.
v. 의뢰〔위탁〕하다; n. 의뢰〔주문〕
The Teatro Olimpico was
by the Olympic Academy for the purpose of staging performances and intellectual debates.
Following his growing reputation in Vicenza, Palladio received more and more commissions from wealthy and prominent
For his masterful work as well as through his powerful patrons, Palladio was
chief architect of the Venetian Republic.
n. 거룩함, 존엄성, 신성함
San Giorgio Maggiore embodies a perfect mixture of a classical Roman temple with the
of a Christian church.
v. (감정·기억·이미지를) 떠올리다, 되살리다
Its magnificent white facade, composed of two temple fronts of different sizes,
a sense of order, balance, and harmony.
The inside similarly
a classical use of mathematical formulas and geometric ratios.
a. (감탄할 만큼) 숭고한, 장엄한
The view from a distance is
a. 수도원의, 수도승의
Every building Palladio designed, from a simple farmhouse to his grand
churches, is a treasure.
When young, Palladio followed Trissino to Rome, where the young architect
the ancient ruins of Roman buildings.
The villa is a quietly magnificent building that looks and feels like a Roman temple, despite being a
, almost ordinary farmhouse.
a. 승리를 축하하는, 개선의
The three arches of the loggia resemble Roman
v. 급증하다, 갑자기 높아지다
Like imperial Roman buildings, the villa, which is placed high on a basement podium,
v. 응시하다; 심사숙고하다
Each of the loggias is itself a place from which one can
the ever-changing spectacle of nature without being exposed to the sun.
v. (권력·영향을) 행사하다
a great influence long after his death in 1580.
in awe of
It is not surprising that the brightest British Modern Movement architects of the 1930s were as
in awe of
Palladio as they were of Le Corbusier.
a. 지속적인, 영구적인
What was it that made Palladio’s influence so
around the world?
a. 잘난 체 하지 않는, 가식 없는
Palladio offered a practical, perfectly proportioned,
form of classical design.
Behind Palladio’s designs is a complex architectural chemistry that is beautifully resolved through an
understanding of proportion.
n. 갈등; 마찰
Sometimes these differences cause
between people from different cultures or countries.
n. 상품, 물품, 원자재
The societies view time as a precious, even scarce
ad. 되돌릴 수 없게, 영구적으로
According to this view, time is always flowing quickly by, and once it has passed, it is
a. 게으른, 나태한
People with a linear view of time cannot bear to be
v. 꽉 잡다, 장악하다
In linear time, the past is over, but you can
the present and make it work for you in the immediate future.
a. 단일 과제 지향적인
People who adopt a linear view of time also tend to be
working time with success.
n. 능력, 역량
If you have 40 years of earning
and you want to make $4 million, that means you need to earn $100,000 per year.
v. 조절하다; 적응하다
People who view time as flexible readily
a. 시간을 잘 지키는
Nurturing one’s relationships with others is far more important than being
and sticking to strict schedules.
(의견·이론 등을) 동의〔지지〕하다
flexible time may go through the motions of observing schedules and deadlines.
n. 처리, 처분권
For those following linear time, time is clock- and calendar-related, divided for their convenience, measurement, and
v. ~을 좌우하다, ~에 영향을 주다
Time is an objective truth that
For those living in the world of flexible time, time is
Time can be shaped, stretched, or
, regardless of what the clock says.
a. 순종적인, 고분고분한
People living in flexible time would scorn this
attitude to schedules.
cyclical time are likely to make business decisions in very different ways.
a. 전후 관계의, 맥락상의
The past forms the
background of the present decision in cyclical time.
Those living in cyclical time do not see time as
into the past.
Instead of tackling problems immediately in
fashion, they might circle around them for a few days or weeks before committing themselves.
v. 상상하다; 예상하다
Contemplation of the whole scene has indicated that task G, perhaps not even
at all earlier on, might be the most significant of all.
v. (자리·지위 등의) 뒤를 잇다
Governments and rulers will
n. 참사, 재앙
Floods, earthquakes and other
will be repeated.
We are often surprised to discover that people behave in completely different ways from what we
n. 추정, 가정
It just goes to show that we can never be too sure of our
on the brink of
on the brink of
a technological revolution that will severely alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another.
v. 펼쳐지다; 펴다
We do not yet know just how the revolution will
a. 어디에나 있는, 아주 흔한
A Fourth Industrial Revolution is rearing its head, armed with a much more
and mobile Internet.
Many innovations are still in their infant stages, but some of them are already reaching an
in their development.
n. 출현, 도래
Today’s transformations represent not merely an extension of the Third Industrial Revolution but rather the
of a Fourth one.
The speed of current breakthroughs has no historical
ad. 급격하게, 기하급수적으로
While previous industrial revolutions moved at a linear pace, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is evolving
a. 인간을 닮은, 인간에 가까운
Artificial intelligence is all around us: driverless cars,
robots, and even software that translates and invests.
Engineers, designers, and architects pioneer a
between microorganisms, our bodies, and even the buildings we inhabit.
a. 동시에 일어나는
The great progress of the Fourth Industrial Revolution has included advances in natural language processing,
localization and mapping, and many other areas.
a. 실질적인, 중요한
Countless AI-equipped devices assist us in areas ranging from trivial to
Innovators at an Israeli company enabled the visually
to experience the key aspects of sight.
v. (열·전기·음파 등을) 전도하다, 전달하다
The speaker that works by
sound waves through the cranial bones.
v. 앞지르다, 능가하다
Reading text in varying fonts has historically been yet another area where humans have
even the most advanced hardware and software.
n. 사지마비 환자
Digital technologies are enhancing mobility for
with wheelchairs controlled by thoughts.
at one’s disposal
Industrialized countries have long been used to having libraries, telephones, and computers
at their disposal
n. 가입, 구독
In 2000, there were approximately seven hundred million mobile phone
in the world.
a. 연안의, 근해의
Between 1997 and 2001 the economist Robert Jensen studied a set of
villages in Kerala, India, where fishing was the main industry.
v. 안정시키다; 견고하게 하다
immediately after phones were used.
v. 제거하다, 배제하다
They were able to
the waste that occurred when they took their fish to markets that already had enough supply for the day.
a. 종합적인, 일반적인
economic well-being of both buyers and sellers improved.
a. 잠재적인, ~할 가능성이 있는
It will bring billions of people into the community of
problem solvers and innovators.
n. 식견, 통찰(력)
They can share their
on social media.
a. 정교한, 복잡한
They can even conduct
database analyses using cloud resources.
a. 특권이 있는
Until quite recently, overseas broadcasting, rapid communication, information acquisition, and knowledge sharing were essentially limited to the planet’s
They are much more democratic and
now, and they are becoming more so all the time.
v. (직관으로) 추측하다
While we cannot
exactly what new insights, products, and solutions will arrive in the future, we are fully confident that they will be astonishing.
v. (어려운 문제 등을) 다루다, 대처하다
We tend to assume that technological devices created to
special needs in developing countries are not good enough to compete against existing solutions.
a. 혁명적인, 대개혁을 일으키는
In the early 1990s, Dr. Therdchai Jivacate of the Prostheses Foundation of Thailand began working on a
a. 비싸지 않은, 적정한
What made this idea revolutionary was how
the prices actually were.
Thanks to his innovative spirit he was able to
a smart idea into reality.
a. 튼튼한; 건장한
Using recycled materials like pull-tabs, Dr. Jivacate’s foundation makes
replacement legs and feet.
a. 직관에 반(反)한
as it may seem, the quality demanded by poor people tends to be higher than the quality demanded by the rich.
a. 오래 견디는, 내구력이 있는
This is why their prostheses should be stronger, more
, and more manageable.
n. (기발한) 재주, 창의력
Govindarajan created the term “reverse innovation” to describe these brilliant bursts of
n. 고난, 고생
Some of the victims of the Boston Marathon attack suffer all kinds of
to pay for prostheses.
a. 실행 가능한, 실용적인
The victims of land mines in Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, and Thailand have fresh and
solutions that fit both their legs and their finances.
a. (값이) 알맞은
The innovation department of a US corporation developed an
electrocardiogram machine for people in rural India.
a. (일 따위가) 벅찬, 어려운
Health care is a
, stressful challenge in low-resource places.
with shortages of electricity and drinking water, scarcity of funds, and insufficient policy innovation in resource-poor settings.
n. 약간의 돈
Now, innovators in the poorest regions of the world are devising their own technological solutions for a
v. (요구·조건·필요에) 맞추어 만들다
These solutions are perfectly
to their needs and, thanks to their efficiency, are exportable to the developed world.
a. (수준·질이) 괜찮은
Because of the low incomes in the developing world, conditions are appropriate for innovations that offer
quality at an extremely low price.
v. 알아내다, 탐지하다
In India, diapers containing smart chips that
deadly diseases through contact with feces are already being used.
n. 지지자, 옹호자
Recently, an invention of Argentine Jorge Odon that helps with complicated births is gaining
n. (의료용) 핀셋
Everything indicates that it will lead to harmful
being retired forever.
The Odon device protects women in labor when the
continues for a long time.
n. 소생, 의식의 회복
Thanks to a breathing device for the
of newborns that does not need electricity, the mortality of infants has been reduced by 47%.
a. 튼튼한, 강건한
Devices should be cheap, fast,
, user friendly, and workable without needing to connect to the electric grid.
a. 생각나게 하는; 추억에 잠기는
These initiatives are
of the projects that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is funding.
n. 피임기구; 피임약
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is funding a new generation of cheap, unbreakable, and sensitive
n. 위생 (시설)
It is funding a new generation for the efficient disposal of organic waste in populations without
or sewage systems.
n. 추진력; 자극
Reverse innovation illustrates an
and a bubbly enthusiasm both individually and nationally for pushing global health.
There is a large global movement destined to
the real potential of low- and middle-income countries.
가장 빠르게 암기하도록 도와주는
제대로 외웠나 바로 확인하는
매칭 게임 〉
주관식으로도 재미있는 복습,
크래시 게임 〉
수업 중 이 단어장을 보고 듣고 질문하는
수업시간이 들썩 들썩
퀴즈배틀 (로그인) 〉
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미국인들이 매일 쓰는 언어 part 1-2
과일 단어 1
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고객센터, 2018.07.07 12:32:33
앞서 질문에 대한 답글입니다. 감사합니다.앞서 질문에 대한 답글 입니다. 감사합니다.앞서 질문에 대한 답글입니다. 앞서 질문에 대한 답글입니다.
최대한 신속히 답변을 드리겠습니다.
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