YBM 고등 심화 영어 독해 I 신정현 - 종합
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세트공유
empower
v. ~에게 힘을 주다
When we empower others, we can collectively come together to bring out our best selves.
precipice
n. 위기, 궁지; 절벽
In this digital era, we are at a precipice with regard to human connection.
prime
a. 주된, 주요한
One of the prime sources of FOMO is social media.
acronymic
a. 머리글자를 따서 형성된
I am suffering from FOMO, a condition whose acronymic name stands for the Fear of Missing Out.”
dismiss
v. 무시하다
You should examine your FOMO before dismissing it out of hand.
reaffirm
v. 재확인하다
Take some time to reaffirm your own decisions.
onset
n. 시작
The symptoms of an onset of FOMO include nervousness, sudden restlessness, and a general feeling of anxiety.
whir
v. 윙윙 소리를 내며 움직이다
The TV is on and the laptop is whirring away.
undergo
v. 겪다, 경험하다
At each stage, you undergo major life changes.
ruthless
a. 무자비한
These kinds of ruthless actions are probably on the rise because it is much easier to inflict harm on people whose pain you never see.
insecurity
n. 불안감
The subsequent insecurity in your own choices that this gives rise to is often the root cause of FOMO.
populate
v. 공간을 차지하다
Advertisements are populated only by gorgeous young people.
bring about
~을 일으키다
Accept these stages and the transformations they bring about.
viable
a. 실행 가능한
Is this something that is viable for me right now?
term
n. 용어
Affect is the scientific term for expressed emotions.
imply
v. 암시하다
Hearing implies far more than listening to the words that people say.
distress
n. 고통, 괴로움
That little boy really heard and felt that baby’s distress.
edge
n. (흔히 화가 난 목소리의) 날카로움
We have heard the edge in the voice of someone who is about to get angry.
vigilant
a. 바짝 경계하는
Always remind yourself of who you are so that you remain vigilant against FOMO.
inherently
ad. 선천적으로
Inherently, every human being has a longing to be seen, understood, and appreciated.
crack
n. 날카로운 소리; 갈라짐
We have all heard a crack in the voice of someone who is about to cry.
hardwired
a. 내장된
The human brain is hardwired for empathy, so our inner experiences and feelings actually mirror those of others.
stand for
~을 상징하다
The E stands for eye contact.
induce
v. 유도하다
FOMO-inducing media is hardly limited to the Internet.
mutual
a. 상호의
It turns out that most feelings are actually mutual.
toil
v. 힘들게〔고생스럽게〕 일하다
You are still toiling away at your homework.
disgusted
a. 혐오감을 느끼는, 역겨워하는
Imagine the disgusted look on someone’s face after eating rotten food.
scroll
v. 스크롤하여 훑어보다
Just scroll through the mountains of pictures and comments on social media.
norm
n. 일반적인 것, 규범
Even though cultural norms may vary, eye contact is usually the first indication that we’ve been noticed by someone.
orient oneself to
자신을 ~에 맞추다, 적응시키다
We psychiatrists are trained to label the way a patient displays emotions as a way of orienting ourselves to the emotional experiences of the person.
fundamental
a. 근본적인
Sometimes FOMO hints at something more fundamental: that you are not happy with your current life.
conveyor
n. 전달자
Posture is another important conveyor of human emotion.
gullible
a. 남을 잘 믿는, 잘 속는
Nobody is gullible enough to accept everything at face value.
reside
v. ~에 있다
The area in our brain stem is the same area where the nuclei for tone of voice reside.
absorb
v. 흡수하다
We’re constantly absorbing the feelings of others.
bring out
~을 발휘되게 하다〔끌어내다〕
We all need to walk in the shoes of others to bring out their full potential.
abound
v. 풍부하다
Modern day exceptions like cyber bullying abound on the Internet.
spawn
v. (어떤 결과·상황을) 낳다
FOMO is often not spawned from a desire to have made another person’s specific choice.
glorify
v. 미화하다
Reality shows tend to glorify the fabulous lifestyles of the rich and famous.
bolster
v. 북돋우다, 강화하다
Seeing these images may bolster your morale.
sanitize
v. 불쾌한 부분을 제거하다
In our age of photoshop, the images themselves are highly edited and sanitized.
diverse
a. 다양한
It is actually not something new—diverse forms of this condition have been around for ages.
inaccurate
a. 부정확한
Why should you develop negative feelings about yourself based on inaccurate representations of reality?
cooperate
v. 협력하다
Parts of our brain closely cooperate, so that we actually have an internal experience of what happens to others.
fester
v. 악화되다
Allowed to fester, it sucks you into living and judging other people’s lives instead of enjoying your own.
emulate
v. 모방하다
Whoever you wish you were or wish to emulate, nobody lives your life for you other than yourself.
vexing
a. 짜증나는, 성가신
We can solve the world’s biggest, smallest, and most vexing problems.
prevalence
n. 널리 퍼짐; 발병률
Its prevalence and intensity in our modern age are unprecedented.
maternal
a. 모성의
This connection goes back as early as maternal bonding with infants.
matter
v. 중요하다
Empathy matters in every corner of your life.
dwindle
v. 줄어들다
In this digital era, the value of good rapport in our daily interactions seems to increasingly dwindle.
be tuned in to
~을 잘 알게 되다
Employers who are tuned in to their employees will have a more productive staff.
recovery
n. 회복
Patients who feel cared for will have shorter recovery times.
propensity
n. 성향
Having been keenly interested in people’s propensity for empathizing for some time, I developed a system of empathy training.
trigger
n. 계기
When you feel an onset of FOMO, ask yourself if the trigger is really something you wish you were doing yourself.
stimulus
n. 자극(제)
What might be some of your first reactions to such visual stimuli?
legacy
n. (과거로부터의) 유산
Everything we put in the ocean endures as a legacy for all time.
identify
v. 알아내다, 발견하다
48 species have been identified, including 33 found nowhere else in the world.
peculiar
a. 특이한, 기이한
In spite of Movile Cave’s peculiar ecosystem, its bacteria are nothing unusual for some prominent biologists.
frontier
n. 최전선, 한계
Dr. Sylvia Earle has spent over four decades at the frontier of deep ocean exploration.
resilience
n. 회복력
The wonderful thing about a healthy, natural system is its resilience.
pristine
a. 자연〔원래〕 그대로의, 때묻지 않은
We should do everything we can to embrace pristine areas.
integrity
n. 온전함
We are destroying the integrity of the wild ocean’s natural systems.
emerge
v. 나타나다
You must squeeze through tiny gaps in the rock before emerging into spaces called air bells.
emit
v. 내뿜다
The pool of warm, sulphidic water constantly emits hydrogen sulphide.
impart
v. (정보·지식 등을) 전하다
There’s reason for hope because of the knowledge we can impart to kids.
deficiency
n. 결핍, 부족
The deficiency of sunlight means that in place of photosynthesis they employ a process known as chemosynthesis.
trap
v. 가두다
The bacteria have been trapped in the cave for over 5 million years.
cavern
n. (큰) 동굴
These paths eventually open out into a cavern containing a lake.
find one’s way into
(우연히) ~에 이르게 되다
Different animals may have found their way into the cave at different times.
intact
a. (손상되지 않고) 온전한
The places are intact and represent the distillation of all preceding history.
fatal
a. 치명적인
Getting stuck or losing your way in the complex tunnels would be fatal.
desolate
a. 황량한
The desolate field is completely unremarkable, except for one thing.
poignant
a. 가슴 아픈, 통렬한
Dr. Earle presents some poignant observations to urge the public to take action regarding the plight of the oceans.
restore
v. 복원하다
Mission Blue's objective is to protect and restore the ocean through the creation of “Hope Spots.”
transcend
v. 초월하다, 능가하다
We humans have a capacity which transcends what other creatures have.
descend
v. 내려가다
The only light, which bounces around the walls as you descend, is from your helmet.
accumulation
n. 축적
Tell us about the problems our oceans face, such as pollution and plastic accumulation.
sediment
n. 침전물
There are plenty more organisms buried in the cave’s sediment waiting to be identified.
frothy
a. (작은) 거품투성이의
The food comes from the strange frothy bubbles sitting on top of the water.
conspicuous
a. 눈에 잘 띄는, 뚜렷한
The plastics in the ocean remain conspicuous.
laurels
n. 영예
She has earned such laurels as Time’s first “Hero for the Planet.”
release
v. 방출하다
This in turn releases carbon dioxide, which explains the high concentrations of the gas inside the cave.
culprit
n. (문제를 일으킨) 장본인, 범인
The bacteria’s ability to oxidize methane and carbon dioxide, the biggest culprits when it comes to global warming, is of particular interest.
precipitation
n. 강우; 강설
The water that falls from the sky in the form of precipitation originate in the oceans.
categorize
v. 범주화하다, 분류하다
In the late 1990s, researchers categorized the animals in the cave.
run out
바닥나다
Our attitude has been that the ocean is like a bank account that never runs out.
primordial
a. 태초의; 원시의
The atmosphere they live in is similar to that of primordial earth.
translucent
a. 반투명한
Almost all of these creatures are translucent due to the loss of pigment in the skin.
subterranean
a. 지하의
Below it lies Movile Cave—a subterranean world.
ochre
n. 황토
You must climb down through narrow limestone tunnels covered in ochre clay.
bubble up
거품이 일다
Methane gas bubbles up through the waters of the cave.
regulate
v. 조절하다
The ocean governs planetary chemistry and regulates temperature.
digestion
n. 소화
A whale eats krill, and after the digestion process, it puts back into the ocean nutrients.
propagate
v. 선전하다, 전파하다
She is propagating ideas about positive change for our planet.
scuttle
v. 총총 가다
Movile Cave is filled with all sorts of scuttling and slithering life forms.
predator
n. 포식자
This forced the animals there to seek shelter in the deep cave, which had no competitors or predators.
undefiled
a. 더럽혀지지 않은
Hope Spots embrace these undefiled areas.
form
v. 형성하다
The microbes could offer clues about how life first formed on earth.
erode
v. 침식시키다
The sulphuric acid gradually erodes the limestone of the cave.
tangible
a. 실체적인, 유형적인
They become tangible symbols of our maltreatment of the planet.
indispensable
a. 필수적인
We must arm them with the most indispensable thing we have.
isolation
n. 고립
Despite their extreme isolation, there are a few ways in which they could have relevance for humans.
be equipped with
~을 갖추고 있다
Now humans are equipped with technology capable of extracting hundreds of millions of tons of ocean wildlife.
obsolete
a. 쓸모없게 된
The lack of a natural source of light makes their eyes obsolete.
vast
a. 방대한
The chemistry of the ocean is shaped by life in the ocean and its vast, interconnected food webs.
overfishing
n. 남획
How do problems such as overfishing affect our oceans?
infinite
a. 무한한
We cannot continue to burn through our assets, as they are not infinite.
inextricably
ad. 불가분하게
The ocean and the atmosphere are a single, continuous, interacting system, inextricably linked and working together in concert.
commodity
n. 상품, 산물
We’ve used it as a source of commodities, whether it’s oil, gas, or fish.
impermeable
a. 불 침투성의
Movile Cave remains impermeable to surface water due to a thick layer of clay above it.
consequence
n. 결과
Now we’re seeing the consequences of this ignorance.
get rid of
~을 제거하다
We have regarded the ocean as a place to throw away or get rid of whatever it is that we don’t want.
civilization
n. 문명
Civilization is now connected to all the knowledge of the past.
exponent
n. 옹호자, 주창자
Alexander Calder became the leading exponent of moving sculpture.
interweave
v. 뒤섞다
The aesthetic quality of sinawi is based on how well the musicians can interweave their individual performances.
descendant
n. 후손, 자손
The shaman-musicians were principally the male descendants of a shaman family
flourish
v. 번영하다, 번창하다
kinetic art flourished throughout the period from 1960 to 1975.
representative
a. 대표하는
Sinawi became a representative stage performance genre independent of its local religious context.
virtuosic
a. 고도의 기술을 보여 주는
Sinawi instrumentalists developed virtuosic musical and improvisatory techniques.
suspend
v. 걸다, 매달다
He created a range of suspended geometrically-shaped objects.
succumb
v. 굴복하다
Its versatility and adaptability have allowed it to be less likely to succumb to the gnawing effects of time.
avant-garde
a. 전위적인
The avant-garde spirit waned.
oscillate
v. 진동하다, 왕복하다
Gabo presented an electrically powered strip of wire which oscillated rapidly from side to side.
implement
v. 시행하다, 구현하다
Art implements them in ways that wander from their initial, intended uses.
configuration
n. 배열, 배치
Within the prescribed jangdan framework and modal configuration, the melody flows with heterophonic and polyphonic lines.
potential
n. 가능성, 잠재력
Performers have shown that there is great potential for successful fusion of sinawi and Western musical genres like jazz.
extemporization
n. 즉흥 연주
The prescribed rhythmic patterns and modal configuration are only points of reference for the extemporization that continues throughout the performance.
dynamic
a. 역동적인
This dynamic art form has its origins in the Dadaist and Constructivist movements.
undiminished
a. 줄어들지 않은
The legacy of kinetic art remains undiminished.
embody
v. 구현하다, 상징하다
As art embodies the formless and constantly changing multiplicity of ideas.
secular
a. 세속적인
It became a secular professional musical genre in the 19th century.
vocable
n. (소리의 구성에서 본) 말, 단어
A singer sometimes joins the ensemble singing non-lexical vocables called gueum.
ethos
n. (특정 집단·사회의) 기풍, 정신
The anti-establishment ethos was further eroded.
idiom
n. 표현 양식
Gyeonggi and Namdo sinawi share the same musical idiom.
in reference to
~에 관하여
They are credited with first using the actual word “kinetic” in reference to the visual arts.
proliferation
n. 급증, 확산
Kinetic art emerged as a response to the increasing proliferation of industrial technologies.
improvisation
n. 즉흥 연주
The genre requires the most extensive improvisation among Korean musical genres.
emphasis
n. 중점, 강조
Robotic art carries on kinetic art’s emphasis on actual movement.
ensemble
n. 합주단
Sinawi is a musical genre performed by an instrumental ensemble.
integrate
v. 흡수하다, 통합시키다
Our lifestyles quickly adapt and we integrate them into our everyday lives.
exhilarating
a. 아주 신나는
A virtuosic cadenza is often a part of the exhilarating performance.
meter
n. 박자
One of the most common dances, called salpuri, is in a 12/8 meter.
anthropomorphic
a. 의인화된
Anthropomorphic assemblages of motors and light fused with brightly colored metal wheels were among his first signature pieces.
inspiration
n. 영감
Creators keep extracting inspiration from it.
inured
a. 익숙해진, 단련된
We become inured to these new technologies.
instrumentation
n. 기악법
Gyeonggi and Namdo sinawi differ from one another in terms of their rhythm and instrumentation.
garner
v. 얻다
Its practitioners garnered international recognition.
variant
n. 변종, 이형
There are four regional variants of sinawi.
domestic
a. 국내적인
Sinawi is likely to continue to reach beyond its domestic boundaries.
stationary
a. 정지된, 움직이지 않는
His stabiles are enormous sculptures that, while stationary, suggest a powerful dynamism.
stock
a. 상투적인, 흔한
Each player has a varied number of stock melodic motifs or phrases.
contemporary
a. 동시대의, 현대적인
Other new forms of art have introduced contemporary technological developments into the art world.
inherent
a. 내재하는
The improvisational element inherent in sinawi makes it a highly relevant art form in our contemporary world.
juxtaposition
n. 병렬, 병치
The melodi juxtapositions in sinawi are highly unpredictable.
embrace
v. 포괄하다, 아우르다
It embraces a number of different art forms, media types, and styles.
thought-provoking
a. 생각을 일깨우는
These new art forms have produced some of the most innovative and thought-provoking pieces.
moderate
a. 보통의, 중간의
Sinawi usually begins with a slow jinyangjo in an 18/8 meter and gradually progresses to a moderate jungmori in a 12/4 meter.
perpetual
a. 끊임없이 계속되는
The perpetual motion of kineticism keeps on going.
scale
n. 음계
Yukjabaegi-tori consists of the basic scale degrees of mi, sol, la, do-ti, and re.
go under the hammer
경매로 팔리다
Marcel Duchamp’s famous Bicycle Wheel from 1913 went under the hammer for $1.6 million back in 2002.
modal
a. (음악) 음계의
Sinawi came to be a “fixed” form with specific rhythmic and modal schemes.
well
n. 근원, 원천; 우물
Kinetic art serves as a well of inspiration for future generations.
percussion
n. 타악기
Another version of sinawi performed with the taepyeongso and percussion has recently evolved.
spontaneous
a. 자발적인, 자연스러운
The performance of sinawi depends on the highly developed, spontaneous creativity of the musicians.
engagement
n. 참여, 관련
Other new forms of art have been inspired by kinetic art’s engagement with technology.
collaboration
n. 공동 작업
Sinawi has proved in numerous collaborations worldwide that it has the potential to touch people’s emotions regardless of their background.
prompt
v. 촉구하다, 유발하다
It conveys strong social messages by prompting viewers to question the relationship between humans and the technology.
quotidian
a. 일상적인
Art shifts and renews our perspectives on what has become quotidian.
showcase
v. 돋보이게 하다, 공개하다
The genre showcases the expertise of the musicians.
illegally
ad. 불법적으로
Try some of our stuff that old Garcia ships in illegally.
rush
v. 서두르다
They are probably going to be rushing in order to get through all those essays.
consideration
n. 고려사항
With creative writing, your reader is your most important consideration.
intriguing
a. 흥미를 돋우는
They are some techniques that you can apply to your essays in order to make them more intriguing for the reader.
attribute
v. (성질 등이) ~에게 있다고 생각하다
She had attributed to him an almost supernatural number of high qualities and talents.
mourn
v. 애도하다; 슬퍼하다
The crowning instance of his silly and slowly mourned egoism came vividly back to him.
odorous
a. 냄새가 강한
It seemed that in his nose was still the scent of the flowers that had been contained in odorous masses about the church.
favor
n. 호의를 나타내는 선물, 배지
White favors like stars upon their coats shone through the gloom of the apartment.
utterly
ad. 완전히
They will tell you that academic essay writing and creative writing are two utterly distinct crafts.
contradict
v. 반박하다
The “inciting incident” could be the introduction of evidence that contradicts a common theory.
hum
n. 웅성거리는 소리
He could hear the low-pitched hum of a thousand voices.
metaphor
n. 은유, 비유
Creative writing often makes use of extended metaphors.
factual
a. 사실에 기반을 둔
Academic essays are about being factual and objective in order to enhance the reader’s knowledge.
conceit
n. 자만심
Vanity and conceit—these were what kept up his false appearance.
magnify
v. 과장하다
Carruthers was the very man to have magnified this exhibition of doubtful learning.
grant
v. 허락하다, 허가하다
A large amount of memory is granted to the drowning man.
pretense
n. 가식, 겉치레
He saw all the garments of pretense and egoism that he had worn turn to rags of foolishness.
disintegrate
v. 해체되다
He had felt an unworthy, strange sensation that had kept him from disintegrating.
quiver
v. 가볍게 떨다
How glad, how shy, how quivering she was!
conform
v. 따르다, 순응하다
Your essays must conform to the more formal conventions of academic writing.
retain
v. 유지하다
Your essays still need to retain objectivity.
flutter
v. (빠르고 가볍게) 흔들다
How she fluttered like a caught bird when he laid his greatness at her feet!
thorn
n. 가시
He did not feel the sharp thorn that would pierce him later.
perpetrator
n. 가해자, 범인
The writer might use the murder itself to form the opening, with the rest of the story charting the efforts of the detective to uncover the perpetrator.
dwell upon
~을 곱씹다
He could not allow his mind to dwell upon the memory of her great beauty that night.
incite
v. 자극하다; 격려하다
A dramatic occurrence involving the main character called an “inciting incident” takes place.
reach out to
(도움의) 손길을 뻗다
The natives imagine the leaves are reaching out to you.
courtship
n. 교제 (기간)
It is not surprising that one may look back upon an entire courtship while removing one’s gloves.
establish
v. 설립하다, 설정하다
A setup establishes the characters.
confront
v. (힘든 상황에) 직면하다
He had suddenly found himself confronted by a thing he had never before faced.
incense
n. 향(료); 존경, 경의
It had been a very sweet incense that she had burned before him.
apparently
ad. 겉보기에
There are more similarities between these two apparently unrelated kinds of writing than you might have thought.
threadbare
a. 다 떨어진, 낡은
The garments of his soul must have appeared pitiful and threadbare.
monotony
n. 단조로움
The techniques will give your teacher or lecturer a welcome break from the monotony of marking numerous essays.
earthen
a. 흙으로 된, 토기의
On the table stood an unusual-looking green plant in a red earthen jar.
grimly
ad. 우울하게
Trysdale grimly pulled apart the edge of his last glove.
confrontation
n. 대치, 대립
They can be thought of as dividing the plot into three parts: a setup, a confrontation, and a resolution.
statistics
n. 통계 자료
An attention-grabbing opening might cite some statistics about the number of men involved and killed.
impeccable
a. 흠잡을 데 없는
Do not forget to proofread to ensure that your spelling and grammar are impeccable.
meager
a. 불충분한
Suetonius mentions the relatively small and meager remains of his house on the Palatine Hill in Rome.
acquaintance
n. 아는 사람〔것〕
Here’s an old acquaintance.
attempt
v. 시도하다
It becomes the major problem, or “confrontation,” that the main character attempts to solve in the second “act.”
similarity
n. 유사성
These two very different kinds of writing actually have a few similarities.
weigh
v. 따져보다
You give your own opinion, having weighed the evidence you have discussed.
ease
v. 편하게 하다, 덜어주다
Have a drink to ease your mind.
beckon
v. (오라고) 손짓하다
The plant had long leaves that swayed with a peculiar beckoning motion in even the slightest breeze.
go too far
지나치다, 도를 넘다
It is possible to go too far with the creative writing idea while writing academic essays.
interpret
v. 이해하다, 해석하다
It could be the highlighting of a primary disagreement in how something is interpreted.
coarse
a. 거친; 하등의
Suetonius, a historian of Rome, mentions his low bed and the coarse food he ate.
place someone upon a pedestal
(맹목적일 정도로) ~을 받들어 모시다
She had always insisted on placing him upon a pedestal.
show off
과시하다
Trysdale had been guilty of showing off at the club some old Castilian proverb dug from the list at the back of dictionaries.
extensively
ad. 널리, 광범위하게
The three-act structure is used extensively in modern writing.
optimal
a. 최적의
Read through it and think about whether the order of your points is optimal.
consent
n. 동의, 허락
He could have sworn that unmistakable consent was in her eyes.
succinct
a. 간결한
You need to make your writing succinct, interesting, and easy to read.
footage
n. 장면, 화면
The footage provided the foundation for a professional documentary.
confounding
a. 놀라게 하는
He set up a blog to document what would be his confounding progress.
nuts and bolts
기본, 기초
They are for those who want to work on the nuts and bolts of that future.
pressing
a. 시급한
They reflect our growing concern with the pressing issues of environmental protection.
entrepreneurship
n. 기업가 정신
This was the mission given to students at Stanford University in a course on entrepreneurship and innovation.
recombine
v. 재결합시키다
Life presents everyone with many opportunities to recombine our skills and passions in astonishing new ways.
newly minted
a. 최근에 생겨난
The key to success is the ability to move forward with that newly minted knowledge.
swap
v. 바꾸다, 교환하다
They had swapped the paper clips for some poster board.
capitalist
n. 투자가
Vinod Khosla is a successful venture capitalist and co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
render
v. 주다, 제공하다
The woman generously paid the students back for the services rendered with three computer monitors she did not need.
cut down on
~을 줄이다
These jobs can help combat global climate change by cutting down on carbon production.
ad hoc
a. 즉석에서 마련된
They did an ad hoc brainstorming session for a woman who needed help solving a business problem.
faltering
n. 흔들림, 망설임
There is inevitable faltering on the path towards achieving your goal.
arborist
n. 수목 재배가
An urban arborist works as a landscaper in urban areas.
fad
n. (일시적인) 유행
Some critics claim that green-collar jobs are just another fad that will eventually go bust.
revenue
n. 수익, 수입
Research has shown considerable increases in revenue growth for solar, wind, biofuel, and fuel cell energy.
leverage
v. 활용하다
An entrepreneur is someone who finds creative ways to leverage limited resources to reach their goals.
miscellaneous
a. 잡다한
The miscellaneous offers they received took them by surprise.
at one’s disposal
~가 원하는 대로 쓸 수 있는
There are usually creative ways to use the resources already at our disposal to solve it.
defeatist
a. 패배주의적인
With this defeatist point of view, they do not see the creative solutions sitting right in front of them.
biodiversity
n. 생물 다양성
Green-collar jobs are those that contribute to the protection of biodiversity.
conscript
v. 소집하다, 동원하다
They conscripted their friends and roommates.
dominant
a. 주요한
China is already the dominant global force in solar hot water development.
thorny
a. 곤란한, 골치 아픈
Many can relate to thorny global issues such as international diplomacy and world hunger.
opponent
n. 반대자
The green-collar job revolution is not without its opponents.
verdant
a. 녹색의, 파릇파릇한
A great number of workers are trading in their white and blue collars for one of a more verdant hue.
renewables
n. 재생 (가능) 에너지
One of the most promising sectors of the green economy is renewables.
auditor
n. 감사관
An energy rating auditor performs a comprehensive analysis of a building’s energy efficiency.
sprout
v. 급속히 성장하다
Hundreds of renewable energy companies are sprouting up.
catch up
따라잡다
China is rapidly catching up in the manufacturing of wind turbines.
retrofit
n. 장치의 개조〔보강〕
40 million people will be in fields such as alternative fuels and energy-efficient retrofits for homes and businesses.
supervise
v. 감독〔지휘〕하다
An environmental manager supervises an organization’s environmental performance.
remuneration
n. 보수, 보상
This specialized skill could help him transition to a more promising position with higher remuneration.
be poised to
~할 태세를 갖추다
Renewables are poised to tackle our energy crisis and create millions of new jobs.
translate into
(결과로서) ~이 되다
This all translates into opportunity in a wider range of job markets.
sustain
v. 지속하다
Companies are joining the green revolution—all with the common goal of protecting and sustaining the environment.
humble
a. 작은, 변변찮은
The students were asked to generate as much “value” as possible using humble paper clips.
counterintuitive
a. 직관에 어긋나는
These projects bring several counterintuitive points to light.
way out
(곤란한 상황의) 탈출구
Community organizations see green-collar jobs as a way out of poverty for many people.
skyrocket
v. 급상승하다
In the United States, interest in “going green” has skyrocketed in recent years.
mundane
a. 재미없는, 일상적인
Some are mundane, such as scoring a table at a popular restaurant.
figure
n. 수치
This figure is expected to reach 400,000 by 2020 and 710,000 by 2030.
trepidation
n. 두려움, 공포
The challenges will become opportunities, not with trepidation, but with a sense of hopeful expectation.
shy away
(무서워서) 피하다
For those who may fear failure, never shy away from challenges.
gauge
v. 추산하다
Each chose to gauge “value” in a different way.
in one’s (own) backyard
가까이에서
They used the project to identify opportunities in their own backyard.
mandate
v. 지시〔요구〕하다
A state mandates that 10% of its homes must have solar panels.
mobility
n. 유동〔이동〕(성)
One of the benefits of these positions is the career mobility that they afford.
blinders
n. 눈가리개
Taking off the blinders opens up a world of possibilities.
sophisticated
a. 정교한, 복잡한
A green-collar job’s tint varies with how sophisticated the skills that it requires are.
solicit
v. 요청〔간청〕하다
He set up a blog to solicit trades.
fuzzy
a. 불분명한, 애매한
Whether a job is green collar or not can sometimes be fuzzy.
muse
v. (깊이) 생각하다
Students took this lesson to heart, with many musing afterward that they would never have an excuse for being broke.
currency
n. 통화, 화폐
One decided that paper clips were the new currency and went along collecting as many as possible.
myopic
a. 근시안적인
Most people take a myopic approach and quickly provide standard responses.
commission
v. 의뢰하다
The report was commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme.
perspective
n. 관점, 견해
Big data analysis has enabled scholars to analyze huge quantities of books in order to gain new perspectives on historical figures.
rating
n. 평가, 등급
Banks and rating agencies had been relying on models which failed to reflect financial risk in the real world.
unsuspecting
a. 의심하지 않는
Data is often harvested from unsuspecting consumers and Web surfers.
exploit
v. (부당하게) 이용하다
People are aware of how their data may be exploited.
offspring
n. 자손, 자식
Terrestrial and extraterrestrial humans would likely still be able to produce healthy offspring.
tailor
v. 맞추다
Big data can help your favorite shopping websites make recommendations specifically tailored to you.
realm
n. 영역
Much of which will occur in the realms of genetics and tissue development.
a host of
많은
Big data is also creating a host of new problems.
amass
v. 모으다, 축적하다
The telescope collected more data than had been amassed in the entire history of astronomy.
correlation
n. 상관관계
Big data is being used to find correlations among illnesses.
thermometer
n. 온도계
Internet platforms gather information about people just as a thermometer gathers temperature information.
entirely
ad. 완전히
Entirely new place names would start to be produced with no Earthly reference.
unimaginably
ad. 상상할 수 없게
All these examples tell the same story: that the world contains an unimaginably vast amount of digital information.
alien
a. 이질적인
Extraterrestrial environments are truly alien for the human body.
array
n. 집합체, 무리
Human populations have adjusted to an incredible array of Earth’s abundant and diverse environments.
outbreak
n. 발생
The CDC in the US began using big data to combat the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa.
controversial
a. 논쟁적인
It is crucial that the public see both sides of this controversial issue.
algorithm
n. 알고리즘
Today’s powerful computers and algorithms can reveal insights in data that previously would have remained hidden.
metabolic
a. 신진대사의
More important than these differences might be different genes and even new metabolic systems.
mortality
n. 사망(률)
This would likely lead to an increased infant mortality rate in extraterrestrial colonies.
sword
n. 칼, 검
Big data is a double-edged sword.
wean
v. 젖을 떼다, 이유시키다
Mutations allowed for the digestion of lactose past the weaning age.
susceptible
a. 영향을 받기 쉬운, 민감한
It is important to know exactly what information may be susceptible.
celestial
a. 천체의
Space colonies either in space stations or on celestial bodies will not survive in the long term.
inflate
v. 부풀리다
Lower atmospheric pressure and inflated oxygen levels interfere in the growth of vertebrate embryos.
glean
v. (정보를) 수집하다
The goal of processing all these bits of information is ultimately to glean useful insights.
take into account
~을 고려하다
The websites make recommendations to you based on algorithms that take into account items you have viewed.
decode
v. 해독하다
Decoding the human genome involves analyzing 3 billion DNA base pairs.
extraterrestrial
a. 외계의, 지구 밖의
The dream of extraterrestrial colonization is slowly but surely becoming a reality.
unlock
v. 드러내다, 밝혀내다
The data can be used to unlock new sources of economic value, and much more.
acclimatize
v. 적응하다
Extraterrestrial humans would evolve to be better acclimatized to the gravity, pressure, and gas proportion.
migration
n. 이민, 이주
The goal of extraterrestrial migration was once merely pie in the sky.
ubiquitous
a. 어디에나 있는
The prospect of big data could encourage ubiquitous breaches of privacy.
pave the way for
~을 위해 길을 열다
Big data has paved the way for breakthroughs and discoveries in many different fields.
perception
n. 인식
People’s perceptions would adjust to their new, alien environments.
precautionary
a. 예방적인
They can commence with taking precautionary steps to protect it.
measurement
n. 측정
Without cars, would people still have use for distance measurements such as kilometers?
archive
n. 기록 (보관소)
Its archive now contains over 140 terabytes of information.
dimension
n. 측면
The technological dimensions are of course important for making space colonization possible.
adaptation
n. 적응
They change over time through evolution and adaptation.
manifest
v. 나타내다
These differences may manifest themselves in characteristics such as skin, hair, and eye color.
infringement
n. 위반, 침해
Many people believe that it has led to widespread privacy infringement.
distinction
n. 차이, 특이점
The development of these distinctions is predictable.
ark
n. 방주
Space stations could be turned into interstellar arks and sent to distant stars and planetary systems.
insurmountable
a. 대처〔극복〕할 수 없는
Human space colonization is an insurance policy for the human species in case our own planet faces insurmountable disaster.
orbital
a. 궤도의
Human beings have already been living in various orbital stations around the planet for more than two decades.
dialect
n. 방언
New dialects would arise, too.
bias
n. 성향
Speech in extraterrestrial colonies would be heavily influenced by the linguistic biases of the founding populations.
fetal
a. 태아의
It would significantly impact fetal development.
coordinate
v. 조직화하다
The CDC was better able to coordinate its response to the virus.
humanity
n. 인류
Unlike other species, humanity has done so without relying on biology.
stance
n. 입장, 태도
Only once we are fully informed can we take an educated stance on this issue.
학생
가장 빠르게 암기하도록 도와주는 암기학습 〉
제대로 외웠나 바로 확인하는 리콜학습 〉
철자까지 외우려면 스펠학습 〉
재미있게 복습하려면 매칭 게임 〉
주관식으로도 재미있는 복습, 크래시 게임 〉
선생님
수업 중 이 단어장을 보고 듣고 질문하는 슬라이드 〉
수업시간이 들썩 들썩 퀴즈배틀 (로그인) 〉
클릭만으로 종이낭비 없이 시험지 인쇄 (로그인) 〉
필요한 세트를 직접 만드는 단어장 만들기 (로그인) 〉
선생님들이 만드신 30만개 단어장 검색하기 〉
고객
센터
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