YBM 고등 심화 영어 독해 I 신정현 - 2학기
167 카드 | ybmadmin
세트공유
grant
v. 허락하다, 허가하다
A large amount of memory is granted to the drowning man.
courtship
n. 교제 (기간)
It is not surprising that one may look back upon an entire courtship while removing one’s gloves.
earthen
a. 흙으로 된, 토기의
On the table stood an unusual-looking green plant in a red earthen jar.
beckon
v. (오라고) 손짓하다
The plant had long leaves that swayed with a peculiar beckoning motion in even the slightest breeze.
favor
n. 호의를 나타내는 선물, 배지
White favors like stars upon their coats shone through the gloom of the apartment.
odorous
a. 냄새가 강한
It seemed that in his nose was still the scent of the flowers that had been contained in odorous masses about the church.
hum
n. 웅성거리는 소리
He could hear the low-pitched hum of a thousand voices.
confront
v. (힘든 상황에) 직면하다
He had suddenly found himself confronted by a thing he had never before faced.
pretense
n. 가식, 겉치레
He saw all the garments of pretense and egoism that he had worn turn to rags of foolishness.
threadbare
a. 다 떨어진, 낡은
The garments of his soul must have appeared pitiful and threadbare.
conceit
n. 자만심
Vanity and conceit—these were what kept up his false appearance.
disintegrate
v. 해체되다
He had felt an unworthy, strange sensation that had kept him from disintegrating.
place someone upon a pedestal
(맹목적일 정도로) ~을 받들어 모시다
She had always insisted on placing him upon a pedestal.
incense
n. 향(료); 존경, 경의
It had been a very sweet incense that she had burned before him.
attribute
v. (성질 등이) ~에게 있다고 생각하다
She had attributed to him an almost supernatural number of high qualities and talents.
grimly
ad. 우울하게
Trysdale grimly pulled apart the edge of his last glove.
mourn
v. 애도하다; 슬퍼하다
The crowning instance of his silly and slowly mourned egoism came vividly back to him.
dwell upon
~을 곱씹다
He could not allow his mind to dwell upon the memory of her great beauty that night.
show off
과시하다
Trysdale had been guilty of showing off at the club some old Castilian proverb dug from the list at the back of dictionaries.
magnify
v. 과장하다
Carruthers was the very man to have magnified this exhibition of doubtful learning.
thorn
n. 가시
He did not feel the sharp thorn that would pierce him later.
quiver
v. 가볍게 떨다
How glad, how shy, how quivering she was!
flutter
v. (빠르고 가볍게) 흔들다
How she fluttered like a caught bird when he laid his greatness at her feet!
consent
n. 동의, 허락
He could have sworn that unmistakable consent was in her eyes.
ease
v. 편하게 하다, 덜어주다
Have a drink to ease your mind.
illegally
ad. 불법적으로
Try some of our stuff that old Garcia ships in illegally.
acquaintance
n. 아는 사람〔것〕
Here’s an old acquaintance.
reach out to
(도움의) 손길을 뻗다
The natives imagine the leaves are reaching out to you.
utterly
ad. 완전히
They will tell you that academic essay writing and creative writing are two utterly distinct crafts.
factual
a. 사실에 기반을 둔
Academic essays are about being factual and objective in order to enhance the reader’s knowledge.
similarity
n. 유사성
These two very different kinds of writing actually have a few similarities.
intriguing
a. 흥미를 돋우는
They are some techniques that you can apply to your essays in order to make them more intriguing for the reader.
consideration
n. 고려사항
With creative writing, your reader is your most important consideration.
rush
v. 서두르다
They are probably going to be rushing in order to get through all those essays.
succinct
a. 간결한
You need to make your writing succinct, interesting, and easy to read.
extensively
ad. 널리, 광범위하게
The three-act structure is used extensively in modern writing.
confrontation
n. 대치, 대립
They can be thought of as dividing the plot into three parts: a setup, a confrontation, and a resolution.
establish
v. 설립하다, 설정하다
A setup establishes the characters.
incite
v. 자극하다; 격려하다
A dramatic occurrence involving the main character called an “inciting incident” takes place.
attempt
v. 시도하다
It becomes the major problem, or “confrontation,” that the main character attempts to solve in the second “act.”
undergo
v. 겪다
The main character undergoes a journey during this second act and develops his or her knowledge.
contradict
v. 반박하다
The “inciting incident” could be the introduction of evidence that contradicts a common theory.
interpret
v. 이해하다, 해석하다
It could be the highlighting of a primary disagreement in how something is interpreted.
weigh
v. 따져보다
You give your own opinion, having weighed the evidence you have discussed.
perpetrator
n. 가해자, 범인
The writer might use the murder itself to form the opening, with the rest of the story charting the efforts of the detective to uncover the perpetrator.
statistics
n. 통계 자료
An attention-grabbing opening might cite some statistics about the number of men involved and killed.
metaphor
n. 은유, 비유
Creative writing often makes use of extended metaphors.
coarse
a. 거친; 하등의
Suetonius, a historian of Rome, mentions his low bed and the coarse food he ate.
meager
a. 불충분한
Suetonius mentions the relatively small and meager remains of his house on the Palatine Hill in Rome.
optimal
a. 최적의
Read through it and think about whether the order of your points is optimal.
impeccable
a. 흠잡을 데 없는
Do not forget to proofread to ensure that your spelling and grammar are impeccable.
apparently
ad. 겉보기에
There are more similarities between these two apparently unrelated kinds of writing than you might have thought.
go too far
지나치다, 도를 넘다
It is possible to go too far with the creative writing idea while writing academic essays.
retain
v. 유지하다
Your essays still need to retain objectivity.
conform
v. 따르다, 순응하다
Your essays must conform to the more formal conventions of academic writing.
monotony
n. 단조로움
The techniques will give your teacher or lecturer a welcome break from the monotony of marking numerous essays.
entrepreneurship
n. 기업가 정신
This was the mission given to students at Stanford University in a course on entrepreneurship and innovation.
inspiration
n. 영감〔자극〕을 주는 사람〔것〕
The inspiration behind the project was the success story of Kyle MacDonald.
solicit
v. 요청〔간청〕하다
He set up a blog to solicit trades.
confounding
a. 놀라게 하는
He set up a blog to document what would be his confounding progress.
humble
a. 작은, 변변찮은
The students were asked to generate as much “value” as possible using humble paper clips.
gauge
v. 추산하다
Each chose to gauge “value” in a different way.
currency
n. 통화, 화폐
One decided that paper clips were the new currency and went along collecting as many as possible.
conscript
v. 소집하다, 동원하다
They conscripted their friends and roommates.
swap
v. 바꾸다, 교환하다
They had swapped the paper clips for some poster board.
miscellaneous
a. 잡다한
The miscellaneous offers they received took them by surprise.
ad hoc
a. 즉석에서 마련된
They did an ad hoc brainstorming session for a woman who needed help solving a business problem.
render
v. 주다, 제공하다
The woman generously paid the students back for the services rendered with three computer monitors she did not need.
footage
n. 장면, 화면
The footage provided the foundation for a professional documentary.
in one’s (own) backyard
가까이에서
They used the project to identify opportunities in their own backyard.
counterintuitive
a. 직관에 어긋나는
These projects bring several counterintuitive points to light.
mundane
a. 재미없는, 일상적인
Some are mundane, such as scoring a table at a popular restaurant.
thorny
a. 곤란한, 골치 아픈
Many can relate to thorny global issues such as international diplomacy and world hunger.
capitalist
n. 투자가
Vinod Khosla is a successful venture capitalist and co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
at one’s disposal
~가 원하는 대로 쓸 수 있는
There are usually creative ways to use the resources already at our disposal to solve it.
leverage
v. 활용하다
An entrepreneur is someone who finds creative ways to leverage limited resources to reach their goals.
defeatist
a. 패배주의적인
With this defeatist point of view, they do not see the creative solutions sitting right in front of them.
myopic
a. 근시안적인
Most people take a myopic approach and quickly provide standard responses.
blinders
n. 눈가리개
Taking off the blinders opens up a world of possibilities.
muse
v. (깊이) 생각하다
Students took this lesson to heart, with many musing afterward that they would never have an excuse for being broke.
recombine
v. 재결합시키다
Life presents everyone with many opportunities to recombine our skills and passions in astonishing new ways.
shy away
(무서워서) 피하다
For those who may fear failure, never shy away from challenges.
faltering
n. 흔들림, 망설임
There is inevitable faltering on the path towards achieving your goal.
newly minted
a. 최근에 생겨난
The key to success is the ability to move forward with that newly minted knowledge.
trepidation
n. 두려움, 공포
The challenges will become opportunities, not with trepidation, but with a sense of hopeful expectation.
emerge
v. 등장하다
Have you noticed that another “collar” group has emerged in the job market?
verdant
a. 녹색의, 파릇파릇한
A great number of workers are trading in their white and blue collars for one of a more verdant hue.
fuzzy
a. 불분명한, 애매한
Whether a job is green collar or not can sometimes be fuzzy.
commission
v. 의뢰하다
The report was commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme.
biodiversity
n. 생물 다양성
Green-collar jobs are those that contribute to the protection of biodiversity.
sophisticated
a. 정교한, 복잡한
A green-collar job’s tint varies with how sophisticated the skills that it requires are.
nuts and bolts
기본, 기초
They are for those who want to work on the nuts and bolts of that future.
mobility
n. 유동〔이동〕(성)
One of the benefits of these positions is the career mobility that they afford.
remuneration
n. 보수, 보상
This specialized skill could help him transition to a more promising position with higher remuneration.
renewables
n. 재생 (가능) 에너지
One of the most promising sectors of the green economy is renewables.
be poised to
~할 태세를 갖추다
Renewables are poised to tackle our energy crisis and create millions of new jobs.
sprout
v. 급속히 성장하다
Hundreds of renewable energy companies are sprouting up.
sustain
v. 지속하다
Companies are joining the green revolution—all with the common goal of protecting and sustaining the environment.
auditor
n. 감사관
An energy rating auditor performs a comprehensive analysis of a building’s energy efficiency.
supervise
v. 감독〔지휘〕하다
An environmental manager supervises an organization’s environmental performance.
arborist
n. 수목 재배가
An urban arborist works as a landscaper in urban areas.
figure
n. 수치
This figure is expected to reach 400,000 by 2020 and 710,000 by 2030.
catch up
따라잡다
China is rapidly catching up in the manufacturing of wind turbines.
dominant
a. 주요한
China is already the dominant global force in solar hot water development.
translate into
(결과로서) ~이 되다
This all translates into opportunity in a wider range of job markets.
skyrocket
v. 급상승하다
In the United States, interest in “going green” has skyrocketed in recent years.
revenue
n. 수익, 수입
Research has shown considerable increases in revenue growth for solar, wind, biofuel, and fuel cell energy.
retrofit
n. 장치의 개조〔보강〕
40 million people will be in fields such as alternative fuels and energy-efficient retrofits for homes and businesses.
mandate
v. 지시〔요구〕하다
A state mandates that 10% of its homes must have solar panels.
cut down on
~을 줄이다
These jobs can help combat global climate change by cutting down on carbon production.
way out
(곤란한 상황의) 탈출구
Community organizations see green-collar jobs as a way out of poverty for many people.
opponent
n. 반대자
The green-collar job revolution is not without its opponents.
fad
n. (일시적인) 유행
Some critics claim that green-collar jobs are just another fad that will eventually go bust.
pressing
a. 시급한
They reflect our growing concern with the pressing issues of environmental protection.
glean
v. (정보를) 수집하다
The goal of processing all these bits of information is ultimately to glean useful insights.
algorithm
n. 알고리즘
Today’s powerful computers and algorithms can reveal insights in data that previously would have remained hidden.
sword
n. 칼, 검
Big data is a double-edged sword.
infringement
n. 위반, 침해
Many people believe that it has led to widespread privacy infringement.
unsuspecting
a. 의심하지 않는
Data is often harvested from unsuspecting consumers and Web surfers.
pave the way for
~을 위해 길을 열다
Big data has paved the way for breakthroughs and discoveries in many different fields.
amass
v. 모으다, 축적하다
The telescope collected more data than had been amassed in the entire history of astronomy.
archive
n. 기록 (보관소)
Its archive now contains over 140 terabytes of information.
decode
v. 해독하다
Decoding the human genome involves analyzing 3 billion DNA base pairs.
correlation
n. 상관관계
Big data is being used to find correlations among illnesses.
outbreak
n. 발생
The CDC in the US began using big data to combat the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa.
coordinate
v. 조직화하다
The CDC was better able to coordinate its response to the virus.
perspective
n. 관점, 견해
Big data analysis has enabled scholars to analyze huge quantities of books in order to gain new perspectives on historical figures.
tailor
v. 맞추다
Big data can help your favorite shopping websites make recommendations specifically tailored to you.
take into account
~을 고려하다
The websites make recommendations to you based on algorithms that take into account items you have viewed.
unimaginably
ad. 상상할 수 없게
All these examples tell the same story: that the world contains an unimaginably vast amount of digital information.
unlock
v. 드러내다, 밝혀내다
The data can be used to unlock new sources of economic value, and much more.
a host of
많은
Big data is also creating a host of new problems.
rating
n. 평가, 등급
Banks and rating agencies had been relying on models which failed to reflect financial risk in the real world.
ubiquitous
a. 어디에나 있는
The prospect of big data could encourage ubiquitous breaches of privacy.
thermometer
n. 온도계
Internet platforms gather information about people just as a thermometer gathers temperature information.
exploit
v. (부당하게) 이용하다
People are aware of how their data may be exploited.
precautionary
a. 예방적인
They can commence with taking precautionary steps to protect it.
susceptible
a. 영향을 받기 쉬운, 민감한
It is important to know exactly what information may be susceptible.
controversial
a. 논쟁적인
It is crucial that the public see both sides of this controversial issue.
stance
n. 입장, 태도
Only once we are fully informed can we take an educated stance on this issue.
orbital
a. 궤도의
Human beings have already been living in various orbital stations around the planet for more than two decades.
extraterrestrial
a. 외계의, 지구 밖의
The dream of extraterrestrial colonization is slowly but surely becoming a reality.
ark
n. 방주
Space stations could be turned into interstellar arks and sent to distant stars and planetary systems.
dimension
n. 측면
The technological dimensions are of course important for making space colonization possible.
celestial
a. 천체의
Space colonies either in space stations or on celestial bodies will not survive in the long term.
adaptation
n. 적응
They change over time through evolution and adaptation.
viable
a. 실행〔성공〕 가능한
Understanding how our species evolves and adapts will be essential to shaping viable extraterrestrial colonies.
array
n. 집합체, 무리
Human populations have adjusted to an incredible array of Earth’s abundant and diverse environments.
humanity
n. 인류
Unlike other species, humanity has done so without relying on biology.
alien
a. 이질적인
Extraterrestrial environments are truly alien for the human body.
realm
n. 영역
Much of which will occur in the realms of genetics and tissue development.
fetal
a. 태아의
It would significantly impact fetal development.
inflate
v. 부풀리다
Lower atmospheric pressure and inflated oxygen levels interfere in the growth of vertebrate embryos.
mortality
n. 사망(률)
This would likely lead to an increased infant mortality rate in extraterrestrial colonies.
acclimatize
v. 적응하다
Extraterrestrial humans would evolve to be better acclimatized to the gravity, pressure, and gas proportion.
manifest
v. 나타내다
These differences may manifest themselves in characteristics such as skin, hair, and eye color.
metabolic
a. 신진대사의
More important than these differences might be different genes and even new metabolic systems.
wean
v. 젖을 떼다, 이유시키다
Mutations allowed for the digestion of lactose past the weaning age.
distinction
n. 차이, 특이점
The development of these distinctions is predictable.
offspring
n. 자손, 자식
Terrestrial and extraterrestrial humans would likely still be able to produce healthy offspring.
measurement
n. 측정
Without cars, would people still have use for distance measurements such as kilometers?
perception
n. 인식
People’s perceptions would adjust to their new, alien environments.
entirely
ad. 완전히
Entirely new place names would start to be produced with no Earthly reference.
dialect
n. 방언
New dialects would arise, too.
bias
n. 성향
Speech in extraterrestrial colonies would be heavily influenced by the linguistic biases of the founding populations.
insurmountable
a. 대처〔극복〕할 수 없는
Human space colonization is an insurance policy for the human species in case our own planet faces insurmountable disaster.
migration
n. 이민, 이주
The goal of extraterrestrial migration was once merely pie in the sky.
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