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YBM 고등 심화 영어 독해 I 신정현 - 1학기
v. 윙윙 소리를 내며 움직이다
The TV is on and the laptop is
a. 머리글자를 따서 형성된
I am suffering from FOMO, a condition whose
name stands for the Fear of Missing Out.”
It is actually not something new—
forms of this condition have been around for ages.
n. 널리 퍼짐; 발병률
and intensity in our modern age are unprecedented.
a. 주된, 주요한
One of the
sources of FOMO is social media.
v. 힘들게〔고생스럽게〕 일하다
You are still
away at your homework.
v. 스크롤하여 훑어보다
through the mountains of pictures and comments on social media.
media is hardly limited to the Internet.
Reality shows tend to
the fabulous lifestyles of the rich and famous.
v. 공간을 차지하다
only by gorgeous young people.
What might be some of your first reactions to such visual
The symptoms of an
of FOMO include nervousness, sudden restlessness, and a general feeling of anxiety.
, it sucks you into living and judging other people’s lives instead of enjoying your own.
v. (어떤 결과·상황을) 낳다
FOMO is often not
from a desire to have made another person’s specific choice.
in your own choices that this gives rise to is often the root cause of FOMO.
When you feel an onset of FOMO, ask yourself if the
is really something you wish you were doing yourself.
Take some time to
your own decisions.
Sometimes FOMO hints at something more
: that you are not happy with your current life.
You should examine your FOMO before
it out of hand.
a. 실행 가능한
Is this something that is
for me right now?
v. 겪다, 경험하다
At each stage, you
major life changes.
Accept these stages and the transformations they
a. 남을 잘 믿는, 잘 속는
enough to accept everything at face value.
v. 불쾌한 부분을 제거하다
In our age of photoshop, the images themselves are highly edited and
Why should you develop negative feelings about yourself based on
representations of reality?
v. 북돋우다, 강화하다
Seeing these images may
a. 바짝 경계하는
Always remind yourself of who you are so that you remain
Whoever you wish you were or wish to
, nobody lives your life for you other than yourself.
In this digital era, the value of good rapport in our daily interactions seems to increasingly
n. 위기, 궁지; 절벽
In this digital era, we are at a
with regard to human connection.
n. 고통, 괴로움
That little boy really heard and felt that baby’s
Having been keenly interested in people’s
for empathizing for some time, I developed a system of empathy training.
n. 일반적인 것, 규범
Even though cultural
may vary, eye contact is usually the first indication that we’ve been noticed by someone.
This connection goes back as early as
bonding with infants.
, every human being has a longing to be seen, understood, and appreciated.
a. 혐오감을 느끼는, 역겨워하는
look on someone’s face after eating rotten food.
Posture is another important
of human emotion.
orient oneself to
자신을 ~에 맞추다, 적응시키다
We psychiatrists are trained to label the way a patient displays emotions as a way of
orienting ourselves to
the emotional experiences of the person.
Affect is the scientific
for expressed emotions.
n. 날카로운 소리; 갈라짐
We have all heard a
in the voice of someone who is about to cry.
n. (흔히 화가 난 목소리의) 날카로움
We have heard the
in the voice of someone who is about to get angry.
v. ~에 있다
The area in our brain stem is the same area where the nuclei for tone of voice
far more than listening to the words that people say.
the feelings of others.
It turns out that most feelings are actually
The human brain is
for empathy, so our inner experiences and feelings actually mirror those of others.
Parts of our brain closely
, so that we actually have an internal experience of what happens to others.
Modern day exceptions like cyber bullying
on the Internet.
These kinds of
actions are probably on the rise because it is much easier to inflict harm on people whose pain you never see.
be tuned in to
~을 잘 알게 되다
are tuned in to
their employees will have a more productive staff.
Patients who feel cared for will have shorter
in every corner of your life.
~을 발휘되게 하다〔끌어내다〕
We all need to walk in the shoes of others to
their full potential.
v. ~에게 힘을 주다
others, we can collectively come together to bring out our best selves.
a. 짜증나는, 성가신
We can solve the world’s biggest, smallest, and most
field is completely unremarkable, except for one thing.
Below it lies Movile Cave—a
The only light, which bounces around the walls as you
, is from your helmet.
You must climb down through narrow limestone tunnels covered in
n. (큰) 동굴
These paths eventually open out into a
containing a lake.
The pool of warm, sulphidic water constantly
You must squeeze through tiny gaps in the rock before
into spaces called air bells.
Getting stuck or losing your way in the complex tunnels would be
v. 총총 가다
Movile Cave is filled with all sorts of
and slithering life forms.
v. 알아내다, 발견하다
48 species have been
, including 33 found nowhere else in the world.
a. 불 침투성의
Movile Cave remains
to surface water due to a thick layer of clay above it.
a. (작은) 거품투성이의
The food comes from the strange
bubbles sitting on top of the water.
n. 결핍, 부족
of sunlight means that in place of photosynthesis they employ a process known as chemosynthesis.
The sulphuric acid gradually
the limestone of the cave.
This in turn
carbon dioxide, which explains the high concentrations of the gas inside the cave.
through the waters of the cave.
a. 특이한, 기이한
In spite of Movile Cave’s
ecosystem, its bacteria are nothing unusual for some prominent biologists.
The bacteria have been
in the cave for over 5 million years.
a. 쓸모없게 된
The lack of a natural source of light makes their eyes
Almost all of these creatures are
due to the loss of pigment in the skin.
v. 범주화하다, 분류하다
In the late 1990s, researchers
the animals in the cave.
This forced the animals there to seek shelter in the deep cave, which had no competitors or
find one’s way into
(우연히) ~에 이르게 되다
Different animals may have
found their way into
the cave at different times.
Despite their extreme
, there are a few ways in which they could have relevance for humans.
n. (문제를 일으킨) 장본인, 범인
The bacteria’s ability to oxidize methane and carbon dioxide, the biggest
when it comes to global warming, is of particular interest.
The microbes could offer clues about how life first
a. 태초의; 원시의
The atmosphere they live in is similar to that of
There are plenty more organisms buried in the cave’s
waiting to be identified.
n. 최전선, 한계
Dr. Sylvia Earle has spent over four decades at the
of deep ocean exploration.
She has earned such
as Time’s first “Hero for the Planet.”
v. 선전하다, 전파하다
ideas about positive change for our planet.
Mission Blue's objective is to protect and
the ocean through the creation of “Hope Spots.”
a. 가슴 아픈, 통렬한
Dr. Earle presents some
observations to urge the public to take action regarding the plight of the oceans.
n. 강우; 강설
The water that falls from the sky in the form of
originate in the oceans.
The ocean governs planetary chemistry and
The ocean and the atmosphere are a single, continuous, interacting system,
linked and working together in concert.
Tell us about the problems our oceans face, such as pollution and plastic
get rid of
We have regarded the ocean as a place to throw away or
get rid of
whatever it is that we don’t want.
n. 상품, 산물
We’ve used it as a source of
, whether it’s oil, gas, or fish.
Our attitude has been that the ocean is like a bank account that never
Now we’re seeing the
of this ignorance.
n. (과거로부터의) 유산
Everything we put in the ocean endures as a
for all time.
a. 눈에 잘 띄는, 뚜렷한
The plastics in the ocean remain
a. 실체적인, 유형적인
symbols of our maltreatment of the planet.
How do problems such as
affect our oceans?
The chemistry of the ocean is shaped by life in the ocean and its
, interconnected food webs.
A whale eats krill, and after the
process, it puts back into the ocean nutrients.
be equipped with
~을 갖추고 있다
are equipped with
technology capable of extracting hundreds of millions of tons of ocean wildlife.
We are destroying the
of the wild ocean’s natural systems.
a. 자연〔원래〕 그대로의, 때묻지 않은
We should do everything we can to embrace
a. (손상되지 않고) 온전한
The places are
and represent the distillation of all preceding history.
a. 더럽혀지지 않은
Hope Spots embrace these
The wonderful thing about a healthy, natural system is its
v. 초월하다, 능가하다
We humans have a capacity which
what other creatures have.
is now connected to all the knowledge of the past.
v. (정보·지식 등을) 전하다
There’s reason for hope because of the knowledge we can
We cannot continue to burn through our assets, as they are not
We must arm them with the most
thing we have.
v. 구현하다, 상징하다
the formless and constantly changing multiplicity of ideas.
v. 흡수하다, 통합시키다
Our lifestyles quickly adapt and we
them into our everyday lives.
a. 익숙해진, 단련된
to these new technologies.
v. 시행하다, 구현하다
them in ways that wander from their initial, intended uses.
Art shifts and renews our perspectives on what has become
n. 급증, 확산
Kinetic art emerged as a response to the increasing
of industrial technologies.
v. 포괄하다, 아우르다
a number of different art forms, media types, and styles.
art form has its origins in the Dadaist and Constructivist movements.
in reference to
They are credited with first using the actual word “kinetic”
in reference to
the visual arts.
v. 진동하다, 왕복하다
Gabo presented an electrically powered strip of wire which
rapidly from side to side.
v. 걸다, 매달다
He created a range of
n. 옹호자, 주창자
Alexander Calder became the leading
of moving sculpture.
a. 정지된, 움직이지 않는
His stabiles are enormous sculptures that, while
, suggest a powerful dynamism.
v. 번영하다, 번창하다
throughout the period from 1960 to 1975.
assemblages of motors and light fused with brightly colored metal wheels were among his first signature pieces.
n. (특정 집단·사회의) 기풍, 정신
was further eroded.
Creators keep extracting
n. 중점, 강조
Robotic art carries on kinetic art’s
on actual movement.
v. 촉구하다, 유발하다
It conveys strong social messages by
viewers to question the relationship between humans and the technology.
n. 참여, 관련
Other new forms of art have been inspired by kinetic art’s
a. 동시대의, 현대적인
Other new forms of art have introduced
technological developments into the art world.
a. 생각을 일깨우는
These new art forms have produced some of the most innovative and
go under the hammer
Marcel Duchamp’s famous Bicycle Wheel from 1913
went under the hammer
for $1.6 million back in 2002.
n. 근원, 원천; 우물
Kinetic art serves as a
of inspiration for future generations.
a. 끊임없이 계속되는
motion of kineticism keeps on going.
a. 줄어들지 않은
The legacy of kinetic art remains
Sinawi is a musical genre performed by an instrumental
n. 즉흥 연주
The genre requires the most extensive
among Korean musical genres.
v. 돋보이게 하다, 공개하다
the expertise of the musicians.
n. (소리의 구성에서 본) 말, 단어
A singer sometimes joins the ensemble singing non-lexical
n. 후손, 자손
The shaman-musicians were principally the male
of a shaman family
a. 고도의 기술을 보여 주는
Sinawi instrumentalists developed
musical and improvisatory techniques.
It became a
professional musical genre in the 19th century.
n. 변종, 이형
There are four regional
Another version of sinawi performed with the taepyeongso and
has recently evolved.
n. 표현 양식
Gyeonggi and Namdo sinawi share the same musical
Yukjabaegi-tori consists of the basic
degrees of mi, sol, la, do-ti, and re.
Gyeonggi and Namdo sinawi differ from one another in terms of their rhythm and
One of the most common dances, called salpuri, is in a 12/8
Sinawi became a
stage performance genre independent of its local religious context.
a. (음악) 음계의
Sinawi came to be a “fixed” form with specific rhythmic and
a. 자발적인, 자연스러운
The performance of sinawi depends on the highly developed,
creativity of the musicians.
a. 보통의, 중간의
Sinawi usually begins with a slow jinyangjo in an 18/8 meter and gradually progresses to a
jungmori in a 12/4 meter.
n. 배열, 배치
Within the prescribed jangdan framework and modal
, the melody flows with heterophonic and polyphonic lines.
n. 즉흥 연주
The prescribed rhythmic patterns and modal configuration are only points of reference for the
that continues throughout the performance.
n. 병렬, 병치
in sinawi are highly unpredictable.
a. 상투적인, 흔한
Each player has a varied number of
melodic motifs or phrases.
The aesthetic quality of sinawi is based on how well the musicians can
their individual performances.
n. 가능성, 잠재력
Performers have shown that there is great
for successful fusion of sinawi and Western musical genres like jazz.
a. 아주 신나는
A virtuosic cadenza is often a part of the
The improvisational element
in sinawi makes it a highly relevant art form in our contemporary world.
n. 공동 작업
Sinawi has proved in numerous
worldwide that it has the potential to touch people’s emotions regardless of their background.
Its versatility and adaptability have allowed it to be less likely to
to the gnawing effects of time.
Sinawi is likely to continue to reach beyond its
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미국인들이 매일 쓰는 언어 part 1-2
과일 단어 1
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고객센터, 2018.07.07 12:32:33
앞서 질문에 대한 답글입니다. 감사합니다.앞서 질문에 대한 답글 입니다. 감사합니다.앞서 질문에 대한 답글입니다. 앞서 질문에 대한 답글입니다.
최대한 신속히 답변을 드리겠습니다.
생성된 세트는 클래스에 추가됩니다.
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