고등 영어I YBM 박준언 1학기
132 카드 | ybmadmin
세트공유
chase
v. 쫓다
I keep having dreams about getting chased or taking a test where I don’t know any answers.
sweat
n. 땀
I often wake up in a cold sweat in the middle of the night.
suffer
v. 고통을 겪다
Many teens suffer from a high level of stress, often without even knowing that they do.
manage
v. 관리하다
To wisely manage your stress, you need to have a good understanding of the issue.
informative
a. 유용한 정보를 제공하는, 유익한
Teens Today had an informative talk on stress and its management with a doctor specializing in mental health.
mental
a. 정신의
Teens Today had an informative talk on stress and its management with a doctor specializing in mental health.
specialize in
~을 전공하다, 전문으로 하다
Teens Today had an informative talk on stress and its management with a doctor specializing in mental health.
disease
n. 병, 질병
You need to understand that stress is not a disease.
predator
n. 포식자
This involuntary response developed in our ancestors as a way to protect them from predators and other threats.
primitive
a. 원시의
In fact, stress is a natural alarm system in your brain and body, going back to the primitive days.
emergency
n. 응급, 비상
Your body turns on its emergency system, releasing into the blood the hormones that speed up your heart rate and prepare you to deal with the problem.
involuntary
a. 무의식적인, 반사적인
This involuntary response developed in our ancestors as a way to protect them from predators and other threats.
hormone
n. 호르몬
Your body turns on its emergency system, releasing into the blood the hormones that speed up your heart rate and prepare you to deal with the problem.
ancestor
n. 선조, 조상
This involuntary response developed in our ancestors as a way to protect them from predators and other threats.
alertness
n. 각성, 기민, 경계
A little stress prepares you to meet a tough situation with focus, strength, and alertness.
instantly
ad. 즉시
Many of your worries are not as instantly resolved as they were when you used to bump into tigers.
bump into
우연히 마주치다
Many of your worries are not as instantly resolved as they were when you used to bump into tigers.
deadline
n. 마감시한, 데드라인
Without stress, you would not be able to gather enough energy to meet deadlines.
resolve
v. 풀다, 해결하다
Many of your worries are not as instantly resolved as they were when you used to bump into tigers.
survival
n. 생존
It was a matter of either death or survival, and then the crisis came to an end.
restless
a. 안절부절못하는, 제대로 쉬지(잠들지) 못하는
You feel restless in your legs and have difficulty going to sleep.
crisis
n. 위기
It was a matter of either death or survival, and then the crisis came to an end.
get rid of
~을 없애다, 제거하다
Stress hormones burn away when you get rid of the stress source.
drag
v. 질질 끌다
Skipping school may feel good at the time, but it will drag you into even deeper trouble afterward.
schoolwork
n. 학교 공부, 학업
When you plan your week, schedule time to get schoolwork done.
literally
ad. 문자 그대로, 말 그대로
What the stress hormones really tell you to do is to literally move your body and run.
strike a balance
균형을 맞추다
To deal with stress, you need to strike a balance between work and play.
refresh
v. 기운을 되찾게 하다
If you do exercise, your body will be refreshed and ready to meet the next challenge.
vary
v. (서로) 다르다
Teenage experiences vary, and everyone experiences different emotions and concerns.
transition
n. 전환, 전이, 과도기
During this time of transition you live with a lot of uncertainties and imbalances, which create huge anxieties.
uncertainty
n. 불확실성
During this time of transition you live with a lot of uncertainties and imbalances, which create huge anxieties.
imbalance
n. 불균형
During this time of transition you live with a lot of uncertainties and imbalances, which create huge anxieties.
eventually
ad. 종국에, 결국
Just keep in mind that whatever stresses you out now will eventually pass.
oxygen
n. 산소
Taking a few deep breaths brings oxygen to your brain and helps you relax.
mineral
n. 미네랄
Under stressful conditions, the body needs vitamins and minerals more than ever.
hesitate
v. 망설이다, 주저하다
Do not hesitate to ask for help from a trustworthy adult or a school counselor.
trustworthy
a. 믿을 만한
Do not hesitate to ask for help from a trustworthy adult or a school counselor.
contain
v. ~을 함유하다, 포함하다
Gimchi contains a lot of spicy chili.
originate
v. 유래하다
Chili peppers originated in South America.
region
n. 지방, 지역
Many of the foods we consume today originated in the same region and spread to the rest of the world.
ingredient
n. 재료, 성분
Since chilies, in particular, are an essential ingredient for many spicy Korean dishes, you would hardly suspect that they originated in another country.
argue
v. 주장하다
Ask a Chinese or an Indian or a Mexican, and most will argue that chilies are native to their homeland.
in particular
특히
Since chilies, in particular, are an essential ingredient for many spicy Korean dishes, you would hardly suspect that they originated in another country.
hardly
ad. 거의 ~ 아니다
Since chilies, in particular, are an essential ingredient for many spicy Korean dishes, you would hardly suspect that they originated in another country.
native
a. 원산의
Ask a Chinese or an Indian or a Mexican, and most will argue that chilies are native to their homeland.
suspect
v. 의심하다
Since chilies, in particular, are an essential ingredient for many spicy Korean dishes, you would hardly suspect that they originated in another country.
consume
v. (먹거나 마셔서) 소비하다
Many of the foods we consume today originated in the same region and spread to the rest of the world.
route
n. 경로
Columbus set sail from Spain to find a new route to India.
import
v. 수입하다
Imported from South India and nearby islands, black pepper was an expensive spice.
shoot up
급등하다
The Ottoman Empire effectively blocked routes to India, and the price of black pepper shot up.
purpose
n. 목적
The purpose of Columbus' journey was to find a way to safely bring black pepper from Asia and secure the kitchens of Europe.
trade
v. 거래하다, 무역하다
As a result, European traders had to look for new ways to trade with India for pepper and other spices.
as a result
결과적으로
As a result, European traders had to look for new ways to trade with India for pepper and other spices.
journey
n. 여행
The purpose of Columbus' journey was to find a way to safely bring black pepper from Asia and secure the kitchens of Europe.
seek
v. 찾다
Columbus believed he had found the route to India that he was seeking.
instead of
~ 대신에
Instead of black pepper, he found other plants that he thought to be another type of pepper.
secure
v. 확보하다
The purpose of Columbus' journey was to find a way to safely bring black pepper from Asia and secure the kitchens of Europe.
take over
장악하다
The Ottoman Empire took over Asia Minor and the eastern Mediterranean.
revolutionize
v. 대변혁을 일으키다
When Portuguese traders carried chilies to other parts of the world, it revolutionized local kitchens.
valuable
a. 가치 있는
From a nutritional point of view, chilies are much less valuable than rice, corn, or potatoes.
in part
부분적으로
Chilies spread quickly, in part because they were easy to grow in a wide range of climates and conditions, which made them an abundant crop.
exceptional
a. 전례를 찾기 힘든, 특출한
The speed of the chili pepper’s spread was exceptional.
plain
a. 담백한, 평범한
By making even plain food rich in flavor, chilies were the one luxury item the poor could afford to eat every day.
a wide range of
광범위한, 다양한
Chilies spread quickly, in part because they were easy to grow in a wide range of climates and conditions, which made them an abundant crop.
abundant
a. 풍부한
Chilies spread quickly, in part because they were easy to grow in a wide range of climates and conditions, which made them an abundant crop.
afford
v. ~할 여유가 되다
By making even plain food rich in flavor, chilies were the one luxury item the poor could afford to eat every day.
from a point of view
~ 관점에서
From a nutritional point of view, chilies are much less valuable than rice, corn, or potatoes.
nutritional
a. 영양상의
From a nutritional point of view, chilies are much less valuable than rice, corn, or potatoes.
transform
v. 변형시키다
Many local dishes were transformed into hot, spicy, and unique foods, thanks to chilies.
thanks to
~덕분에
Many local dishes were transformed into hot, spicy, and unique foods, thanks to chilies.
attention
n. 관심, 주목
Columbus took other new crops that he expected would capture the attention of Europeans.
ordinary
a. 보통의, 평범한
Chilies improved ordinary food by adding spice to them.
reveal
v. 밝히다, 드러내다
After it was revealed that potatoes grew well on poor soils and in hostile climates, their cultivation quickly spread to Northern and Eastern Europe.
hostile
a. 적대적인, 가혹한
After it was revealed that potatoes grew well on poor soils and in hostile climates, their cultivation quickly spread to Northern and Eastern Europe.
cultivation
n. 재배
After it was revealed that potatoes grew well on poor soils and in hostile climates, their cultivation quickly spread to Northern and Eastern Europe.
staple
a. 주된, 주요한
In Ireland, the potato became the staple food, with adults consuming an average of ten potatoes a day.
estimate
n. 추정
According to one estimate, the introduction of the potato was responsible for a quarter of the population growth in Europe, Africa, and Asia between 1700 and 1900.
poisonous
a. 독성이 있는
The tomato looked a lot like the fruit of certain poisonous plants that were well known to Europeans.
decorative
a. 장식용의
Tomatoes were at first grown only as a decorative plant rather than as a food.
decade
n. 십 년
Several decades passed before tomatoes began to be consumed as a food.
according to
~에 의하면
According to one estimate, the introduction of the potato was responsible for a quarter of the population growth in Europe, Africa, and Asia between 1700 and 1900.
be responsible for
~의 원인이 되다
According to one estimate, the introduction of the potato was responsible for a quarter of the population growth in Europe, Africa, and Asia between 1700 and 1900.
noble
n. 귀족
It was thought that the nobles got sick and sometimes died after eating tomatoes.
blame
v. ~을 탓하다
No one at the time made the connection between the plate and the poison, so the tomato was blamed.
kick off
시작하다
The invention of pizza in Naples in the 1880s kicked off the tomato’s popularity in Europe.
considerable
a. 상당한, 많은
Wealthy Europeans at that time ate off plates made of heavy metals including considerable amounts of lead.
charge
n. 비난
The tomato was later cleared of its false charge.
lead
n. 납
Wealthy Europeans at that time ate off plates made of heavy metals including considerable amounts of lead.
continent
n. 대륙
Chilies, potatoes, and tomatoes spread to other continents and, when blended with local foods, created unique dishes.
acidity
n. 산성
Because tomatoes are high in acidity, when placed on such plates, the fruit would release the lead.
blend
v. 혼합하다, 섞다
Chilies, potatoes, and tomatoes spread to other continents and, when blended with local foods, created unique dishes.
ban
v. 금지하다
We argue that product placement in TV shows should be banned.
stir
v. 불러일으키다
Product placement has pros and cons, stirring arguments over whether or not it should be kept under control.
insert
v. 삽입하다
Product placement is a form of advertising that involves inserting products in movies or TV programs with the intention of promoting the products or brands.
under control
통제되는
Product placement has pros and cons, stirring arguments over whether or not it should be kept under control.
pros and cons
장점과 단점
Product placement has pros and cons, stirring arguments over whether or not it should be kept under control.
intention
n. 의도
Product placement is a form of advertising that involves inserting products in movies or TV programs with the intention of promoting the products or brands.
maintain
v. 주장하다
We maintain our position in order to defend the rights of the general public, mainly television viewers.
defend
v. 옹호하다, 방어하다
We maintain our position in order to defend the rights of the general public, mainly television viewers.
deprive
v. 빼앗다
We offer arguments against product placement─the deprived choice of viewers and the problem of invisible marketing costs.
invisible
a. 보이지 않는
We offer arguments against product placement─the deprived choice of viewers and the problem of invisible marketing costs.
defeat
v. 무산시키다, 좌절시키다
Our first point in argument is that product placement defeats the very purpose of TV shows.
primary
a. 주된
The primary purpose of dramas is to deliver a story, through which meaningful messages on society are delivered.
deliver
v. 전달하다
The primary purpose of dramas is to deliver a story, through which meaningful messages on society are delivered.
pop out
튀어나오다, 나타나다
With random commercial brands popping out to steal the focus from the plot, the show quality suffers.
automatic
a. 자동의
It was a product placement promoting an automatic pilot function of a new car.
absurdity
n. 불합리
The absurdity of the scene, totally out of the context, ruined what emotional sincerity the characters retained up to that point.
ruin
v. 망치다
The absurdity of the scene, totally out of the context, ruined what emotional sincerity the characters retained up to that point.
sincerity
n. 진정성
The absurdity of the scene, totally out of the context, ruined what emotional sincerity the characters retained up to that point.
retain
v. 유지하다, 보유하다
The absurdity of the scene, totally out of the context, ruined what emotional sincerity the characters retained up to that point.
embed
v. 박다, 끼워 넣다
Product placement is advertising embedded in the program.
integrate
v. 통합하다
Product placement is integrated in the show.
promote
v. 홍보하다
The extra marketing costs are added to the product’s consumer price, with the products promoted by product placement becoming more expensive.
content
n. 내용
We prepared supporting arguments─the production funding in the new media environment and the better quality of program content.
perspective
n. 관점, 시각
We would like to approach the issue from a slightly different perspective, taking content creators and product companies into consideration.
take ~ into consideration
~ 을 고려하다
We would like to approach the issue from a slightly different perspective, taking content creators and product companies into consideration.
inevitable
a. 필연적인
Product placement is inevitable in the age of the new media environment.
profit
n. 이익
The profit share from TV commercials is constantly declining.
decline
v. 감소하다
The profit share from TV commercials is constantly declining.
compensate
v. 보상하다
Production companies and broadcasting networks are compensating for the loss by attracting more product placements.
idealistic
a. 이상적인
From an idealistic point of view, the storytelling of TV dramas should not be interrupted by commercial advertising.
interrupt
v. 방해하다
From an idealistic point of view, the storytelling of TV dramas should not be interrupted by commercial advertising.
cosmetic
a. 미용의
It was a product placement sponsored by a cosmetic company.
stereotype
n. 고정 관념
The scene was the talk of the town for breaking a media stereotype of blind people.
establish
v. 수립하다
The scene also succeeded in establishing the character in the story.
be the talk of the town
장안의 화제가 되다
The scene was the talk of the town for breaking a media stereotype of blind people.
spree
n. 열풍, 흥청거림
K-dramas introduce Korean products to foreign consumers, which often results in global shopping sprees.
ginseng
n. 인삼
A recent drama that became a huge hit in China was sponsored by a ginseng company.
extract
n. 추출액, 추출 성분
The hero was frequently seen to drink ginseng extract from a small pouch.
pouch
n. 주머니, 파우치
The hero was frequently seen to drink ginseng extract from a small pouch.
result in
결과를 낳다
K-dramas introduce Korean products to foreign consumers, which often results in global shopping sprees.
out of stock
재고가 없는
The product became so popular among Chinese people that it instantly went out of stock.
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