고등 공통영어 YBM 박준언 종합
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세트공유
achieve
v. 달성하다, 성취하다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
expectation
n. 기대
Like all young people, you are full of hopes and expectations.
common
a. 흔한, 공통적인
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
practice
n. 관행, 습관
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
constantly
ad. 지속적으로, 꾸준히
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
adventurer
n. 모험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
explorer
n. 탐험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
feature
v. 특집으로 다루다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
carry ~ about
~을 가지고 다니다, 데리고 다니다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
remind ~ of …
~에게 〮〮〮를 상기시키다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
relatively
ad. 상대적으로
Some of the items would be relatively easy to achieve, such as visiting the Great Wall of China and joining the Boy Scouts.
include
v. 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
involve
v. 수반하다, 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
excitement
n. 흥분, 설렘
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
regret
v. 후회하다, 유감이다
He remembered that a friend of his dad’s regretted not doing all the things he wanted to when he was John’s age.
opportunity
n. 기회
He never wanted to miss an opportunity to do things that he dreamed of.
solo
a. 혼자서 하는, 단독의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
kayak
n. 카약
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
hit upon
(우연히) 생각해내다
One rainy afternoon, sitting at his dining room table, the 15-year-old Goddard hit upon a plan.
set foot on ~
~에 발을 내딛다, 발을 들여놓다
Showing a strong interest in exploring unknown places, Goddard also wanted to set foot on the moon and climb Mt. Everest.
carry out
~을 완수하다, 수행하다
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
a number of ~
여러 개의, 여러 명의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
enthusiasm
n. 열정, 열심
Her enthusiasm for ballet made her practice the moves hundreds, even thousands of times, until she perfected each one.
inspiration
n. 영감
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
perspiration
n. 땀, 노력
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
outstanding
a. 탁월한, 눈에 띄는
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
anxious
a. 불안해하는, 염려하는
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
perform
v. 수행하다, 공연하다
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
competition
n. 대회, 경연
Her constant effort helped her win the grand prize in a famous international competition in Lausanne, Switzerland.
pay off
결실을 맺다, 보상 받다, 갚다
Your enthusiasm will pay off.
fall in love with
~와 사랑에 빠지다
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
toe
n. 발가락
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
process
n. 과정
Success comes only as the result of a long and painful process.
limitless
a. 무한한, 한없는
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
privilege
n. 특권, 특혜
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
overcome
v. 극복하다
That enthusiastic effort will become the driving force to help you overcome the difficulties that challenge you in the course of achieving your goals.
out of shape
변형된, 형태가 찌그러진,
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
nothing more than
단지, ~에 지나지 않은
Your dreams may end up as nothing more than wild fantasies without recording them somewhere.
make an effort
노력하다
You also need to make a plan and make every effort to achieve your dreams.
fascinating
a. 대단히 흥미로운
Consider some of the fascinating ways in which animals are involved in everyday English.
linguistic
a. 언어의
Let’s begin with a basic linguistic process, the analogy.
analogy
n. 비유
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
comparison
n. 비교
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
convenient
a. 편리한
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
similarity
n. 유사성
By way of analogy, animal expressions draw on the similarities between animals and humans.
logic
n. 논리
In most cases, it is not hard to see the logic behind the comparisons.
draw on
끌어내서 사용하다
By way of analogy, animal expressions draw on the similarities between animals and humans.
observation
n. 관찰
Animal analogies are based on close observation of animal behavior.
misinterpretation
n. 오해, 오역
What if the casual observation leads to false assumptions, or misinterpretation gets in the way?
pretend
v. ~인 척하다
One is said to weep “crocodile tears” if they pretend to be sad when they are not.
prey
n. 먹이
The idea comes from the popular belief that crocodiles weep over the prey they kill.
stimulate
v. 자극하다
Crocodiles seem to cry while they eat, but this is because their eyes are stimulated when the muscles around the mouth move to eat.
flawed
a. 결함이 있는
“Making a beeline” also belongs to the group of animal expressions based on flawed observation.
destination
n. 목적지
If you “make a beeline for” someone or something, you go straight toward your destination, ignoring everything else along the way.
irregular
a. 불규칙적인
As you may have observed, they make irregular twists and turns in their flight.
get in the way
방해하다
What if the casual observation leads to false assumptions, or misinterpretation gets in the way?
weep over
슬퍼하다
The idea comes from the popular belief that crocodiles weep over the prey they kill.
disappear
v. 사라지다
Even though many people know that these analogies are not based on science, the expressions do not easily disappear in the language.
obvious
a. 명백한
Sometimes, the meaning of analogies may not be obvious.
rare
a. 진귀한, 드문
Long ago, in Thailand, white elephants were very rare.
since
conj. ~때문에
The king would then give it as a royal “gift” to someone he did not like since the beautiful animal cost a fortune to take care of.
refuse
v. 거절하다
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
financially
ad. 재정적으로
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
ruin
v. 파산시키다, 망치다
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
crime
n. 범죄
Moreover, it was a serious crime to mistreat a present from the king.
mistreat
v. 잘못 다루다, 학대하다
Moreover, it was a serious crime to mistreat a present from the king.
describe
v. 묘사하다
The expression turned out to be useful for describing costly but useless public buildings.
cost a fortune
돈이 많이 들다
The king would then give it as a royal “gift” to someone he did not like since the beautiful animal cost a fortune to take care of.
refer to
~을 가리키다, 나타내다
Today, it is used to refer to anything that might be costly and useless to someone.
worthless
a. 가치 없는
Long ago, black wool was worthless because it was almost impossible to dye.
dye
v. 염색하다
Long ago, black wool was worthless because it was almost impossible to dye.
odd
a. 특이한, 이상한
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
unpopular
a. 인기 없는
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
perhaps
ad. 아마
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
root
n. 어원; 기원, 뿌리
Be curious about the English expressions and research their roots.
stand out
쉽게 눈에 띄다, 두드러지다
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
celebration
n. 축하, 기념 행사
Most celebrations cannot be held without food, whether they are birthdays, weddings, or holidays.
worm
n. 벌레
He likes trying unusual foods such as garlic ice cream or worm milkshake.
region
n. 지역
Food festivals are often held to celebrate the food traditions of the region where they take place.
unique
a. 독특한
Here are some unique food festivals, from fish to fruit to side dishes.
associate
v. 관련시키다, 연관시키다
It features many events and activities associated with the mango, including mango eating competitions, quizzes, and mango carving.
carving
n. 조각하기, 조각
It features many events and activities associated with the mango, including mango eating competitions, quizzes, and mango carving.
take place
일어나다, 발생하다
Music performances, cooking shows, and a kids’ concert take place at the festival.
come upon ~
~와 우연히 마주치다
Why don’t you try some of the tasty food offerings, if ever you have a chance to come upon a food festival?
exhibit
v. 전시하다
The festival exhibits more than 550 varieties of mangoes and provides a rare opportunity to taste them all for free.
offer
v. 제공하다
Various products based on mangoes, such as mango juice and mango ice cream, are offered.
lobster
n. 바닷가재
Almost one ton of lobsters are served to both locals and visitors from outside the region.
ingredient
n. (요리) 재료, 성분
At cooking contests that use lobsters as the main ingredient, visitors can taste unusual dishes.
local
a. 지역의; n. 현지인
Visitors to the festival can also enjoy other local seafood dishes such as shrimp and steamed clams.
clam
n. 조개
Visitors to the festival can also enjoy other local seafood dishes such as shrimp and steamed clams.
crate
n. (나무) 상자
Participants run over lobster crates floating in the harbor, sometimes falling into the cold water.
participant
n. 참가자
Participants run over lobster crates floating in the harbor, sometimes falling into the cold water.
float
v. 뜨다, 떠다니다
Participants run over lobster crates floating in the harbor, sometimes falling into the cold water.
volunteer
n. 자원봉사자
Many volunteers help the organizers hold the Maine Lobster Festival.
organizer
n. 주최자, 기획자, 조직자
Many volunteers help the organizers hold the Maine Lobster Festival.
herring
n. 청어
For those who do not regard herring as their favorite food, there are many boats and street food shops offering other traditional Finnish food.
fisherman
n. 어부
Fishermen from all over Finland bring their latest catch to Helsinki to take part in one of Finland’s oldest festivals.
imaginable
a. 상상할 수 있는
Sellers sell herring in every imaginable form: fried, pickled, smoked, in bottles, in cans, in soup, on pizza, and in sandwiches.
season
v. 양념하다
Competitions are held to select the most delicious seasoned herring and the best herring surprise.
award
v. 수여하다
The winner of each competition is awarded a trophy.
traditional
a. 전통적인
For those who do not regard herring as their favorite food, there are many boats and street food shops offering other traditional Finnish food.
take part in ~
~에 참가하다
Fishermen from all over Finland bring their latest catch to Helsinki to take part in one of Finland’s oldest festivals.
regard ~ as …
~을 〮〮〮로 여기다, 간주하다
For those who do not regard herring as their favorite food, there are many boats and street food shops offering other traditional Finnish food.
demonstrate
v. (시범으로) 보여 주다
There is a competition to pick the best Gimchi, as well as another one for foreigners to demonstrate their Gimchi-making skills.
a variety of
다양한
The festival celebrates Gimchi, a traditional Korean dish made of salted vegetables with a variety of seasonings such as red pepper and garlic.
as well as ~
~뿐만 아니라
There is a competition to pick the best Gimchi, as well as another one for foreigners to demonstrate their Gimchi-making skills.
survival
n. 생존
They also give rise to amazing stories of survival.
hurricane
n. 허리케인
A storm is officially called a hurricane when its speed reaches about 118 km per hour.
injured
a. 부상을 당한, 다친
These storms leave thousands of people injured or dead, while forcing others to run away from their homes.
violent
a. 극심한
Here is a story of a young man who survived Hurricane Sandy, one of the most violent storms ever to hit the United States.
escape
v. 도망치다, 벗어나다
She was lucky enough to escape from her house before the storm hit.
damaged
a. 피해를 입은
When she returned to her damaged house, after the storm had passed, she found a note.
rescue
v. 구하다
The man on the boat heard the voice and finally Mike was rescued.
give rise to
생기게 하다
As this process continues, the resulting clouds begin to expand, giving rise to rains and thunderstorms.
break into
(건물 등에) 침입하다
I had to break into your house.
post
v. (게시물을) 올리다
She then posted the note and the story on her SNS.
SNS
n. 사회관계망
She then posted the note and the story on her SNS.
social media
n. 사회관계망, 소셜미디어
The sad message made the rounds on social media for some time, before falling into the hands of a local radio station show host.
host
n. 진행자
The sad message made the rounds on social media for some time, before falling into the hands of a local radio station show host.
entire
a. 전체의
The entire house would soon be under water.
make the rounds
소문이 돌다
The sad message made the rounds on social media for some time, before falling into the hands of a local radio station show host.
emerge
v. 나오다
As he emerged from his house, the current caught him and carried him out to sea.
unflooded
a. 물이 차지 않은
He tried to swim back to an unflooded house, but the current was too strong and the waves took him out to sea again and again.
current
n. 해류, 물살
He tried to swim back to an unflooded house, but the current was too strong and the waves took him out to sea again and again.
shiver
v. 떨다
Shivering with cold, he wrapped his body in the blankets that were on the chair.
swallow
v. 삼키다
He was thirsty because he had swallowed so much salt water.
approach
v. 다가가다
Finishing the note, he almost gave up on his life, when he saw through the window a boat approaching.
appreciate
v. 고마워하다
Survival stories like Mike’s make people appreciate what they have when they are safe and sound at home with their family.
temperature
n. 온도
Hurricanes form only over ocean water that has a temperature of 26 or more degrees Celsius.
degree
n. 도
Hurricanes form only over ocean water that has a temperature of 26 or more degrees Celsius.
Celsius
a. 섭씨의
Hurricanes form only over ocean water that has a temperature of 26 or more degrees Celsius.
tropics
n. 열대 (지방)
This is why hurricanes are common in the tropics where water temperatures are high all year round.
pressure
n. 압력
When warm air rises, creating low pressure over the water surface, cooler air from nearby enters to fill the area.
surface
n. 표면
When warm air rises, creating low pressure over the water surface, cooler air from nearby enters to fill the area.
thunderstorm
n. 뇌우
As this process continues, the resulting clouds begin to expand, giving rise to rains and thunderstorms.
rotation
n. 자전
The thunderstorms then begin to move in circles around a central point, due to the rotation of Earth.
officially
ad. 공식적으로
At this point the storm officially becomes a hurricane.
spin
v. 회전하다
Winds spin with great force.
tropical depression
열대성 저기압
As the tropical depression moves over warmer waters, the clouds expand and the winds begin to build up speed.
visual
a. 시각의
Artists work magic with visual images.
confuse
v. 혼란시키다, 어리둥절하게 하다
Sometimes, artists' works confuse us with their extreme reality.
extreme
a. 극단적인, 극도의, 심한
Sometimes, artists' works confuse us with their extreme reality.
ordinary
a. 보통의, 일상의
Artists turn ordinary images into something strange and make us wonder about them.
fascinate
v. 마음을 사로잡다, 매료시키다
Artists can fascinate us and take us away from our everyday lives with their magic.
main
a. 주된, 가장 중요한
In the past, the main goal of many painters was to imitate reality.
imitate
v. 모방하다
In the past, the main goal of many painters was to imitate reality.
ancient
a. 고대의
One popular story from ancient Greece tells of two famous painters.
prove
v. (자기 역량을) 입증해 보이다
The painters wanted to prove their skills in a competition.
actually
ad. 실제로, 정말로
One of the painters painted grapes that looked so real that birds actually tried to eat them.
take ~ away from ...
〮〮〮 로 부터 ~을 가지고 가다, ~을 없애 주다
Artists can fascinate us and take us away from our everyday lives with ther magic.
purpose
n. 목적
The realistic art's purpose was to capture a moment in time and hold it forever.
capture
v. 포착하다
The realistic art's purpose was to capture a moment in time and hold it forever.
criticism
n. 비평
Escaping Criticism was painted by Pere Borrell del Caso.
matter
v. 중요하다
To these artists, what mattered most was the vividness of the moment.
vividness
n. 생생함
To these artists, what mattered most was the vividness of the moment.
illusion
n. 환각, 환상, 착각
Some artists used illusions to tell a story.
object
n. 물건
Between them are many ordinary objects that look so real that even the smallest detail can be detected.
detect
v. 발견하다, 알아내다, 감지하다
Between them are many ordinary objects that look so real that even the smallest detail can be detected.
pull aside
~을 옆으로 치우다
The other artist won the competition, when another competitor tried to pull the painted curtain aside to see the picture behind it.
ambassador
n. 대사
Hans Holbein the Younger painted the Ambassadors in 1533.
distort
v. 왜곡하다
He distorted the shape of a common object to make it harder to recognize.
recognize
v. 알아보다
He distorted the shape of a common object to make it harder to recognize.
identify
v. 확인하다
It can be identified only when it is viewed from a specific angle.
specific
a. 특정한, 특정의
It can be identified only when it is viewed from a specific angle.
skull
n. 두개골, 해골
The artist must have painted the skull to remind us that we will, one day, die.
spread
v. 펼치다
It is a skull, spread out!
frighten
v. 겁먹게 만들다
The artist may not have wanted to frighten the viewers with too direct an image and hid the message.
stand for
상징하다
It stands for the short, meaningless nature of life.
landscape
n. 풍경
He enjoyed painting the landscape of dreams.
unconscious
n. 무의식
Surrealist painters tried to capture the workings of the human unconscious through fantastic images.
perspective
n. 관점, 시각
Looking at the world through art, we come to appreciate it from unexpected, surprising, and fresh perspectives.
in detail
상세하게
His paintings represent objects in great detail, but at the same time they differ from how we see reality.
differ from
~과 다르다
His paintings represent objects in great detail, but at the same time they differ from how we see reality.
belong to
~에 속하다
Magritte belonged to an art movement called Surrealism.
meaningful
a. 의미 있는
I was researching how I could spend my summer vacation in a meaningful way.
preserve
v. 보존하다
The goal of the project is to preserve an Inca archaeological site in Peru.
site
n. 장소
The goal of the project is to preserve an Inca archaeological site in Peru.
archaeological
a. 고고학적인
The goal of the project is to preserve an Inca archaeological site in Peru.
distant
a. 먼, 멀리 떨어져 있는
I was also nervous because I had never before traveled alone to such a distant place.
welcome
v. 맞이하다, 환영하다
In Cusco, the local staff welcomed me.
international
a. 국제적인
The director introduced me to the other international volunteers who arrived at the same time.
participate in
~ 에 참가하다
I decided to participate in the project since it would give me an opportunity to take part in a real archaeological dig.
construction
n. 건축물
Cusco is a beautiful city with old constructions.
recover
v. 회복하다
We stayed in Cusco for two days, recovering from the long hours of flight and adjusting to the high mountain area.
surrounding
a. 주위의, 인근의
We took advantage of the time to tour the city and to see something of the surrounding area.
historic
a. 역사적인, 역사적으로 중요한
We went to Pisac, a historic site located on a mountain slope of the Sacred Valley.
slope
n. 경사(면), (산)비탈
We went to Pisac, a historic site located on a mountain slope of the Sacred Valley.
sacred
a. 성스러운, 신성한
We went to Pisac, a historic site located on a mountain slope of the Sacred Valley.
valley
n. 계곡, 골짜기
We went to Pisac, a historic site located on a mountain slope of the Sacred Valley.
soak
v. 푹 담그다, 적시다
For dinner that evening we had ceviche, a dish of fish soaked in lime juice.
lime
n. 라임
For dinner that evening we had ceviche, a dish of fish soaked in lime juice.
sour
a. 신맛의
This sweet and sour local food was served with sweet potatoes and corn.
adjust to
~에 적응하다
We stayed in Cusco for two days, recovering from the long hours of flight and adjusting to the high mountain area.
take advantage of
~을 이용하다, ~을 기회로 활용하다
We took advantage of the time to tour the city and to see something of the surrounding area.
be crowded with
~로 가득차다
There was a town where the main square and market were crowded with local people.
path
n. 길
I imagined that we were in an Indiana Jones movie, making a path through the forest to find evidence of the ancient Inca civilization.
evidence
n. 증거
I imagined that we were in an Indiana Jones movie, making a path through the forest to find evidence of the ancient Inca civilization.
civilization
n. 문명
I was pleased that I had been part of such a worthy project as preserving the remains of the ancient Inca civilization.
weed
n. 잡초
We pulled out weeds and cut down trees that had grown to cover the site.
pottery
n. 도자기
While digging at the site, we found some pieces of ancient pottery.
store
v. 저장하다, 보관하다
He said it might have been the side of a pot that was used to store beans.
exhausted
a. 기진맥진한, 지친
By early afternoon, working in the heat and the thin air, I was exhausted.
remains
n. 유물, 유적, 잔해
I was pleased that I had been part of such a worthy project as preserving the remains of the ancient Inca civilization.
complete
v. 마치다, 끝내다
Having completed our volunteer work, we went by train to the nearby ruins of Machu Picchu.
amazed
a. 감탄한, 놀란
We were amazed by the outstanding building skills of the Inca civilization, which prospered more than five centuries ago.
prosper
v. 번성하다
We were amazed by the outstanding building skills of the Inca civilization, which prospered more than five centuries ago.
unforgettable
a. 잊지 못할, 잊을 수 없는
After my unforgettable days in Peru, I returned to my daily life at home.
blessing
n. 축복
Participation in the Inca Project was a blessing to me, allowing me to learn the importance of volunteering.
receive
v. 받다, 받아들이다
I received far more than I gave from the experience.
be thankful for
~에 대해 감사히 여기다
Although they didn’t have much, the children were happy and thankful for what they had.
stable
n. 축사, 마구간
Members of Richard’s family took turns guarding the cows in their stable at night.
attack
v. 공격하다
The lions entered the stable and attacked the cows anyway.
decrease
v. 감소하다, 줄어들다
In addition, the number of lions in Kenya is decreasing.
guard
v. 보호하다, 지키다
Members of Richard’s family took turns guarding the cows in their stable at night.
torch
n. 횃불, 손전등
Richard first set up a series of torches on the fence.
put up with
참다, 참고 견디다
Not just Richard’s family, but many of their neighbors were putting up with the same problem.
take turns
교대로 돌아가며 (~을) 하다
Members of Richard’s family took turns guarding the cows in their stable at night.
scarecrow
n. 허수아비
Next, Richard set up scarecrows.
flash
v. 번쩍이다, 비추다
Richard finally created a system of flashing LED lights, powered by an old car battery that was charged by a solar panel.
charge
v. 충전하다
Richard finally created a system of flashing LED lights, powered by an old car battery that was charged by a solar panel.
solar
a. 태양의
Richard finally created a system of flashing LED lights, powered by an old car battery that was charged by a solar panel.
panel
n. (전지)판
Richard finally created a system of flashing LED lights, powered by an old car battery that was charged by a solar panel.
practical
a. 유용한, 실용적인
This simple and practical device did no harm to lions.
device
n. 장치, 기구
This simple and practical device did no harm to lions.
cattle
n. 소
Human beings, cattle, and lions were finally able to make peace with one another.
make peace with
~와 화해하다
Human beings, cattle, and lions were finally able to make peace with one another.
sensor
n. 감지기
When his grandfather started to walk, the sensors sent signals to the paired smartphone, raising an alarm.
wander
v. 돌아다니다, 배회하다
When his grandfather got up and started to wander, Kenneth followed him to protect him from danger.
aimlessly
ad. 목적 없이
The old man had been found wandering aimlessly on the street.
spark
n. 번뜩임, 불꽃
One night, a spark of hope crossed his mind.
signal
n. 신호
Was it possible to send some kind of signal only to the person you wanted to wake up?
take away
빼앗다, 없애다
He had Alzheimer’s, a brain disease that slowly takes away a patient’s memory and ability to think.
look after
돌보다, 보살피다
Going to middle school, Kenneth often looked after his grandfather.
cross one's mind
생각나다, 생각이 떠오르다
One night, a spark of hope crossed his mind.
speed up
속도를 더 내다
Kenneth’s thinking started to speed up.
heel
n. 발꿈치
He finally came up with a system of socks with sensors in the heels and a smartphone working as a monitor.
monitor
n. 모니터, 화면
He finally came up with a system of socks with sensors in the heels and a smartphone working as a monitor.
comfortable
a. 편안한, 쾌적한
The sensors had to be thin enough to be comfortable on the bottom of a foot.
app(application)
n. 응용 프로그램
He studied programming to code an app that would transform a smartphone into a monitor.
transform
v. 변형시키다, 바꾸다
He studied programming to code an app that would transform a smartphone into a monitor.
eventually
ad. 결국, 마침내
The system he eventually created worked as it was supposed to.
pair
v. 둘씩 짝을 짓다
When his grandfather started to walk, the sensors sent signals to the paired smartphone, raising an alarm.
fair
n. 박람회, 전시회
Kenneth’s sensor socks were recognized at a science fair.
sustainable
a. 지속 가능한
Today, we have Mr. Doug Fine here to talk about a sustainable way of life.
consumption
n. 소비
He wanted to see if he could live with the least consumption of fossil fuel energy.
fossil
n. 화석
We get energy mainly from burning fossil fuels, but there are a couple of problems with that.
struggle
n. 분투
Let’s learn about his struggles to reduce his carbon emissions.
carbon
n. 탄소
When you burn fossil fuels, carbon gas is produced, which has a harmful effect on the climate.
emission
n. 배출, 배기가스
Eating locally is another way of reducing carbon emissions.
journalist
n. 저널리스트, 기자
My name is Doug Fine, and I am a journalist.
renewable
a. 재생 가능한
Fossil fuels are not renewable, which means that sooner or later we are going to run out of them.
effect
n. 영향
When you burn fossil fuels, carbon gas is produced, which has a harmful effect on the climate.
sooner or later
조만간, 머지않아
Fossil fuels are not renewable, which means that sooner or later we are going to run out of them.
run out of
~을 다 써 버리다
Fossil fuels are not renewable, which means that sooner or later we are going to run out of them.
enormous
a. 거대한, 막대한
Enormous ice sheets were melting away.
melt
v. 녹다
Enormous ice sheets were melting away.
electricity
n. 전기
If it were not for electricity and transportation, we would have to live like primitive people.
transportation
n. 수송 수단
If it were not for electricity and transportation, we would have to live like primitive people.
primitive
a. 원시의
If it were not for electricity and transportation, we would have to live like primitive people.
benefit
n. 혜택, 이득
You wanted to enjoy all the benefits of the modern age, only with a lot less fossil fuels.
modern
a. 현대의
You wanted to enjoy all the benefits of the modern age, only with a lot less fossil fuels.
shine
v. 빛나다
The sun shines almost all year round there.
DIY(Do It Yourself)
n. 디아이와이, 소비자가 직접 하기
Now a large part of the electricity used on my farm is provided by my DIY solar system.
household
n. 가정
After going solar, my farm uses only one tenth of the fossil fuel energy used by the average American household.
brilliant
a. 훌륭한, 멋진
I came up with what I consider a brilliant idea – biofuel.
biofuel
n. 바이오 연료
I came up with what I consider a brilliant idea – biofuel.
diesel
n. 디젤
I bought a diesel truck and had it converted to run on vegetable oil.
convert
v. 개조하다, 변환하다
I bought a diesel truck and had it converted to run on vegetable oil.
inventor
n. 발명가
Rudolf Diesel, the inventor of diesel engines, actually intended for farmers to grow their own fuel.
trade
n. 직업
I'm not a farmer by trade.
progress
n. 발전, 진보
It’s been only a year, but I believe I’ve made significant progress.
aware
a. 의식하고 있는, 알고 있는
If we stay aware and keep trying, I’m certain that we can build a better future.
athlete
n. 운동선수
Every athlete tries to run faster, jump higher, or become stronger.
affect
v. 영향을 미치다
Technology affects how players are trained, how rules are enforced, how audiences enjoy the games, and how the public exercises.
enforce
v. (법을) 집행하다
Technology affects how players are trained, how rules are enforced, how audiences enjoy the games, and how the public exercises.
championship
n. 선수권 대회; 선수권, 우승
The Golden State Warriors won their last championship 40 years ago.
defense
n. 방어, 수비
The team's defense improved; their offense improved.
offense
n. 공격
The team's defense improved; their offense improved.
suit
n. (특정 활동을 위한) 옷
It was a new training suit that changed the team.
connect
v. 연결하다, 조립하다
The new suit was a smart suit that was connected to a mobile app.
suffer from
~로 고통을 받다
Most of all, fewer players suffered from injuries.
core
n. (칩의) 처리 장치
The suit comes in three parts: the top, the pants, and a plastic core.
exhaustion
n. (심한) 피로, 탈진
I can see the players’ exhaustion before injury occurs.
injury
n. 부상
I can see the players’ exhaustion before injury occurs.
settle
v. (분쟁을) 해결하다
Technology is also helping to settle possible disputes over referees’ calls during games.
dispute
n. 분쟁
Technology is also helping to settle possible disputes over referees’ calls during games.
referee
n. 심판
Technology is also helping to settle possible disputes over referees’ calls during games.
promote
v. 촉진하다
This trend was promoted when FIFA decided to adopt goal-line technology for the 2014 World Cup.
adopt
v. ~를 사용하기로 하다, 채택하다
This trend was promoted when FIFA decided to adopt goal-line technology for the 2015 World Cup.
absolute
a. 절대적인
Traditionally, FIFA allowed the referees absolute power on the administration of the game.
administration
n. 관리, 경영
Traditionally, FIFA allowed the referees absolute power on the administration of the game.
complaint
n. 불평
When a referee’s call was disputed, both players and audiences often brought complaints about this policy.
in real time
실시간으로
The app lets coaches see in real time which muscle groups are being used during practice.
employ
v. (기술, 방법 등을) 쓰다
A system using this technology employs as many as 14 cameras that capture a ball from various angles.
virtual
a. 가상의
Virtual reality is one of the most promising technologies in this area.
promising
a. 유망한
Virtual reality is one of the most promising technologies in this area.
gear
n. 장비
The station created virtual reality screens out of the videos and then sent them to the gear the fans were wearing.
install
v. 설치하다
Several 360-degree cameras installed on the field sent videos from various angles to a broadcasting station.
rule out
배제하다
The adoption of goal-line technology forever ruled out the possibility of disputes over goals.
broadcast
n. 방송 v. 방송하다
After the successful test of the virtual reality broadcast of the soccer game, the NBA decided to allow fans to watch live games using virtual reality on their smartphones.
release
v. 출시하다
As for a new way of working out, using virtual reality technology, an Italian company has recently released an innovative product.
innovative
a. 혁신적인
As for a new way of working out, using virtual reality technology, an Italian company has recently released an innovative product.
combine
v. 결합하다
It is an indoor bike combined with virtual reality.
mount
v. 올라타다
The rider mounts the bike, puts on the virtual reality gear, and starts riding.
empathy
n. 공감, 감정 이입
Empathy is the ability to understand other people’s thoughts and feelings and to act on the basis of that understanding.
crash
n. 충돌 사고
The firefighter was busy rescuing people at a crash scene when he saw an injured child.
condition
n. 상태
Other members of his family, in worse condition, had already been taken to the hospital.
comfort
v. 위로하다, 위안하다
He took a moment to think about what he could do to comfort the distressed child.
cheerful
a. 발랄한, 쾌활한
He took out his smartphone and played for the boy a cheerful animation.
medical
a. 의학의, 의료의
When the news media carried the story that the child’s family was struggling to pay their medical bills, donations came in from everywhere.
bill
n. 청구서, 계산서
When the news media carried the story that the child’s family was struggling to pay their medical bills, donations came in from everywhere.
donation
n. 기부(금)
When the news media carried the story that the child’s family was struggling to pay their medical bills, donations came in from everywhere.
calm down
진정하다, ~을 진정시키다
The dancing penguins on the small screen calmed the boy down.
neuroscience
n. 신경 과학
Modern neuroscience tells us that we are all born with empathy and exercise it all the time.
neuron
n. 뉴런, 신경 세포
When we observe other people, mirror neurons imitate their facial expressions and physical responses in our minds to create a virtual experience.
simulation
n. 가장하기, 흉내 내기, 모의실험
What they discovered was “mirror neurons” in our brain that run a simulation of other people’s experiences.
on the basis of
~을 기반으로, ~에 근거하여
Empathy is the ability to understand other people’s thoughts and feelings and to act on the basis of that understanding.
be capable of
~을 할 수 있다
Whoever has a healthy mind is capable of reading other people’s minds.
sight
n. 시각, 시력
The discovery of mirror neurons proved that empathy is a natural human sense, like sight or hearing.
beg
v. 구걸하다, 간청하다
When we see someone begging on the street, we may consider what it is like to sleep out on a cold winter night and leave some money for them.
absorbed
a. ~에 몰두한, ~에 빠져 있는
When we are too stressed out or too absorbed in ourselves to look out for others, our empathy goes to sleep.
selfishly
ad. 이기적으로
When we believe that life is a series of competitions in order to survive, we put empathy on hold and behave selfishly.
stressed out
스트레스로 지친, 스트레스가 쌓인
When we are too stressed out or too absorbed in ourselves to look out for others, our empathy goes to sleep.
put ~ on hold
~을 보류하다, ~을 연기하다
When we believe that life is a series of competitions in order to survive, we put empathy on hold and behave selfishly.
mimic
v. 흉내 내다
When we see our friends laughing, our mirror neurons fire up and mimic their laughter in our minds, making us happy.
laughter
n. 웃음 (소리)
When we see our friends laughing, our mirror neurons fire up and mimic their laughter in our minds, making us happy.
fire up
작동하다
When we see our friends laughing, our mirror neurons fire up and mimic their laughter in our minds, making us happy.
be aware of
~을 알다, 인식하다
We need to be aware of the power of empathy and make efforts to put it to good use.
put ~ to good use
~을 잘 활용하다
We need to be aware of the power of empathy and make efforts to put it to good use.
pay attention to
~에 주의를 기울이다
Use them to pay more attention to what people around you are thinking and feeling.
학생
가장 빠르게 암기하도록 도와주는 암기학습 〉
제대로 외웠나 바로 확인하는 리콜학습 〉
철자까지 외우려면 스펠학습 〉
재미있게 복습하려면 매칭 게임 〉
주관식으로도 재미있는 복습, 크래시 게임 〉
선생님
수업 중 이 단어장을 보고 듣고 질문하는 슬라이드 〉
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