고등 공통영어 YBM 박준언 1학기
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세트공유
achieve
v. 달성하다, 성취하다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
expectation
n. 기대
Like all young people, you are full of hopes and expectations.
common
a. 흔한, 공통적인
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
practice
n. 관행, 습관
It is a common practice among successful people to write down their dreams on paper.
constantly
ad. 지속적으로, 꾸준히
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
adventurer
n. 모험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
explorer
n. 탐험가
The following story is about John Goddard, an adventurer, explorer, and writer.
feature
v. 특집으로 다루다
He was featured in LIFE, a famous American magazine, as a man who achieved his teenage dreams.
carry ~ about
~을 가지고 다니다, 데리고 다니다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
remind ~ of …
~에게 〮〮〮를 상기시키다
Successful people will carry lists of dreams about in their pocket so that they will be constantly reminded of the goals they set for themselves.
relatively
ad. 상대적으로
Some of the items would be relatively easy to achieve, such as visiting the Great Wall of China and joining the Boy Scouts.
include
v. 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
involve
v. 수반하다, 포함하다
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
excitement
n. 흥분, 설렘
The list included other goals that involved excitement or adventure, such as sailing around the world and flying an airplane.
regret
v. 후회하다, 유감이다
He remembered that a friend of his dad’s regretted not doing all the things he wanted to when he was John’s age.
opportunity
n. 기회
He never wanted to miss an opportunity to do things that he dreamed of.
solo
a. 혼자서 하는, 단독의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
kayak
n. 카약
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
hit upon
(우연히) 생각해내다
One rainy afternoon, sitting at his dining room table, the 15-year-old Goddard hit upon a plan.
set foot on ~
~에 발을 내딛다, 발을 들여놓다
Showing a strong interest in exploring unknown places, Goddard also wanted to set foot on the moon and climb Mt. Everest.
carry out
~을 완수하다, 수행하다
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
a number of ~
여러 개의, 여러 명의
He had carried out a number of adventurous explorations, including the first solo kayak trip down the length of the Nile River.
enthusiasm
n. 열정, 열심
Her enthusiasm for ballet made her practice the moves hundreds, even thousands of times, until she perfected each one.
inspiration
n. 영감
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
perspiration
n. 땀, 노력
Thomas Edison once said, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
outstanding
a. 탁월한, 눈에 띄는
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
anxious
a. 불안해하는, 염려하는
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
perform
v. 수행하다, 공연하다
At first, she was very anxious because other students performed far better than her.
competition
n. 대회, 경연
Her constant effort helped her win the grand prize in a famous international competition in Lausanne, Switzerland.
pay off
결실을 맺다, 보상 받다, 갚다
Your enthusiasm will pay off.
fall in love with
~와 사랑에 빠지다
She fell in love with ballet at the age of 14, a very late start for anyone who desires to be outstanding at the art.
toe
n. 발가락
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
process
n. 과정
Success comes only as the result of a long and painful process.
limitless
a. 무한한, 한없는
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
privilege
n. 특권, 특혜
Limitless dreaming is a privilege of the young.
overcome
v. 극복하다
That enthusiastic effort will become the driving force to help you overcome the difficulties that challenge you in the course of achieving your goals.
out of shape
변형된, 형태가 찌그러진,
Her toes became out of shape due to the long hours of hard work.
nothing more than
단지, ~에 지나지 않은
Your dreams may end up as nothing more than wild fantasies without recording them somewhere.
make an effort
노력하다
You also need to make a plan and make every effort to achieve your dreams.
fascinating
a. 대단히 흥미로운
Consider some of the fascinating ways in which animals are involved in everyday English.
linguistic
a. 언어의
Let’s begin with a basic linguistic process, the analogy.
analogy
n. 비유
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
comparison
n. 비교
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
convenient
a. 편리한
An analogy is a comparison between two things and a convenient way for language to create new meanings.
similarity
n. 유사성
By way of analogy, animal expressions draw on the similarities between animals and humans.
logic
n. 논리
In most cases, it is not hard to see the logic behind the comparisons.
draw on
끌어내서 사용하다
By way of analogy, animal expressions draw on the similarities between animals and humans.
observation
n. 관찰
Animal analogies are based on close observation of animal behavior.
misinterpretation
n. 오해, 오역
What if the casual observation leads to false assumptions, or misinterpretation gets in the way?
pretend
v. ~인 척하다
One is said to weep “crocodile tears” if they pretend to be sad when they are not.
prey
n. 먹이
The idea comes from the popular belief that crocodiles weep over the prey they kill.
stimulate
v. 자극하다
Crocodiles seem to cry while they eat, but this is because their eyes are stimulated when the muscles around the mouth move to eat.
flawed
a. 결함이 있는
“Making a beeline” also belongs to the group of animal expressions based on flawed observation.
destination
n. 목적지
If you “make a beeline for” someone or something, you go straight toward your destination, ignoring everything else along the way.
irregular
a. 불규칙적인
As you may have observed, they make irregular twists and turns in their flight.
get in the way
방해하다
What if the casual observation leads to false assumptions, or misinterpretation gets in the way?
weep over
슬퍼하다
The idea comes from the popular belief that crocodiles weep over the prey they kill.
disappear
v. 사라지다
Even though many people know that these analogies are not based on science, the expressions do not easily disappear in the language.
obvious
a. 명백한
Sometimes, the meaning of analogies may not be obvious.
rare
a. 진귀한, 드문
Long ago, in Thailand, white elephants were very rare.
since
conj. ~때문에
The king would then give it as a royal “gift” to someone he did not like since the beautiful animal cost a fortune to take care of.
refuse
v. 거절하다
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
financially
ad. 재정적으로
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
ruin
v. 파산시키다, 망치다
Nobody could refuse such a present, but it could financially ruin its owner.
crime
n. 범죄
Moreover, it was a serious crime to mistreat a present from the king.
mistreat
v. 잘못 다루다, 학대하다
Moreover, it was a serious crime to mistreat a present from the king.
describe
v. 묘사하다
The expression turned out to be useful for describing costly but useless public buildings.
cost a fortune
돈이 많이 들다
The king would then give it as a royal “gift” to someone he did not like since the beautiful animal cost a fortune to take care of.
refer to
~을 가리키다, 나타내다
Today, it is used to refer to anything that might be costly and useless to someone.
worthless
a. 가치 없는
Long ago, black wool was worthless because it was almost impossible to dye.
dye
v. 염색하다
Long ago, black wool was worthless because it was almost impossible to dye.
odd
a. 특이한, 이상한
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
unpopular
a. 인기 없는
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
perhaps
ad. 아마
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
root
n. 어원; 기원, 뿌리
Be curious about the English expressions and research their roots.
stand out
쉽게 눈에 띄다, 두드러지다
Today the expression “black sheep” refers to an odd and unpopular member of a family or a group, perhaps because the unpopular black sheep stood out in a group of white sheep.
celebration
n. 축하, 기념 행사
Most celebrations cannot be held without food, whether they are birthdays, weddings, or holidays.
worm
n. 벌레
He likes trying unusual foods such as garlic ice cream or worm milkshake.
region
n. 지역
Food festivals are often held to celebrate the food traditions of the region where they take place.
unique
a. 독특한
Here are some unique food festivals, from fish to fruit to side dishes.
associate
v. 관련시키다, 연관시키다
It features many events and activities associated with the mango, including mango eating competitions, quizzes, and mango carving.
carving
n. 조각하기, 조각
It features many events and activities associated with the mango, including mango eating competitions, quizzes, and mango carving.
take place
일어나다, 발생하다
Music performances, cooking shows, and a kids’ concert take place at the festival.
come upon ~
~와 우연히 마주치다
Why don’t you try some of the tasty food offerings, if ever you have a chance to come upon a food festival?
exhibit
v. 전시하다
The festival exhibits more than 550 varieties of mangoes and provides a rare opportunity to taste them all for free.
offer
v. 제공하다
Various products based on mangoes, such as mango juice and mango ice cream, are offered.
lobster
n. 바닷가재
Almost one ton of lobsters are served to both locals and visitors from outside the region.
ingredient
n. (요리) 재료, 성분
At cooking contests that use lobsters as the main ingredient, visitors can taste unusual dishes.
local
a. 지역의; n. 현지인
Visitors to the festival can also enjoy other local seafood dishes such as shrimp and steamed clams.
clam
n. 조개
Visitors to the festival can also enjoy other local seafood dishes such as shrimp and steamed clams.
crate
n. (나무) 상자
Participants run over lobster crates floating in the harbor, sometimes falling into the cold water.
participant
n. 참가자
Participants run over lobster crates floating in the harbor, sometimes falling into the cold water.
float
v. 뜨다, 떠다니다
Participants run over lobster crates floating in the harbor, sometimes falling into the cold water.
volunteer
n. 자원봉사자
Many volunteers help the organizers hold the Maine Lobster Festival.
organizer
n. 주최자, 기획자, 조직자
Many volunteers help the organizers hold the Maine Lobster Festival.
herring
n. 청어
For those who do not regard herring as their favorite food, there are many boats and street food shops offering other traditional Finnish food.
fisherman
n. 어부
Fishermen from all over Finland bring their latest catch to Helsinki to take part in one of Finland’s oldest festivals.
imaginable
a. 상상할 수 있는
Sellers sell herring in every imaginable form: fried, pickled, smoked, in bottles, in cans, in soup, on pizza, and in sandwiches.
season
v. 양념하다
Competitions are held to select the most delicious seasoned herring and the best herring surprise.
award
v. 수여하다
The winner of each competition is awarded a trophy.
traditional
a. 전통적인
For those who do not regard herring as their favorite food, there are many boats and street food shops offering other traditional Finnish food.
take part in ~
~에 참가하다
Fishermen from all over Finland bring their latest catch to Helsinki to take part in one of Finland’s oldest festivals.
regard ~ as …
~을 〮〮〮로 여기다, 간주하다
For those who do not regard herring as their favorite food, there are many boats and street food shops offering other traditional Finnish food.
demonstrate
v. (시범으로) 보여 주다
There is a competition to pick the best Gimchi, as well as another one for foreigners to demonstrate their Gimchi-making skills.
a variety of
다양한
The festival celebrates Gimchi, a traditional Korean dish made of salted vegetables with a variety of seasonings such as red pepper and garlic.
as well as ~
~뿐만 아니라
There is a competition to pick the best Gimchi, as well as another one for foreigners to demonstrate their Gimchi-making skills.
survival
n. 생존
They also give rise to amazing stories of survival.
hurricane
n. 허리케인
A storm is officially called a hurricane when its speed reaches about 118 km per hour.
injured
a. 부상을 당한, 다친
These storms leave thousands of people injured or dead, while forcing others to run away from their homes.
violent
a. 극심한
Here is a story of a young man who survived Hurricane Sandy, one of the most violent storms ever to hit the United States.
escape
v. 도망치다, 벗어나다
She was lucky enough to escape from her house before the storm hit.
damaged
a. 피해를 입은
When she returned to her damaged house, after the storm had passed, she found a note.
rescue
v. 구하다
The man on the boat heard the voice and finally Mike was rescued.
give rise to
생기게 하다
As this process continues, the resulting clouds begin to expand, giving rise to rains and thunderstorms.
break into
(건물 등에) 침입하다
I had to break into your house.
post
v. (게시물을) 올리다
She then posted the note and the story on her SNS.
SNS
n. 사회관계망
She then posted the note and the story on her SNS.
social media
n. 사회관계망, 소셜미디어
The sad message made the rounds on social media for some time, before falling into the hands of a local radio station show host.
host
n. 진행자
The sad message made the rounds on social media for some time, before falling into the hands of a local radio station show host.
entire
a. 전체의
The entire house would soon be under water.
make the rounds
소문이 돌다
The sad message made the rounds on social media for some time, before falling into the hands of a local radio station show host.
emerge
v. 나오다
As he emerged from his house, the current caught him and carried him out to sea.
unflooded
a. 물이 차지 않은
He tried to swim back to an unflooded house, but the current was too strong and the waves took him out to sea again and again.
current
n. 해류, 물살
He tried to swim back to an unflooded house, but the current was too strong and the waves took him out to sea again and again.
shiver
v. 떨다
Shivering with cold, he wrapped his body in the blankets that were on the chair.
swallow
v. 삼키다
He was thirsty because he had swallowed so much salt water.
approach
v. 다가가다
Finishing the note, he almost gave up on his life, when he saw through the window a boat approaching.
appreciate
v. 고마워하다
Survival stories like Mike’s make people appreciate what they have when they are safe and sound at home with their family.
temperature
n. 온도
Hurricanes form only over ocean water that has a temperature of 26 or more degrees Celsius.
degree
n. 도
Hurricanes form only over ocean water that has a temperature of 26 or more degrees Celsius.
Celsius
a. 섭씨의
Hurricanes form only over ocean water that has a temperature of 26 or more degrees Celsius.
tropics
n. 열대 (지방)
This is why hurricanes are common in the tropics where water temperatures are high all year round.
pressure
n. 압력
When warm air rises, creating low pressure over the water surface, cooler air from nearby enters to fill the area.
surface
n. 표면
When warm air rises, creating low pressure over the water surface, cooler air from nearby enters to fill the area.
thunderstorm
n. 뇌우
As this process continues, the resulting clouds begin to expand, giving rise to rains and thunderstorms.
rotation
n. 자전
The thunderstorms then begin to move in circles around a central point, due to the rotation of Earth.
officially
ad. 공식적으로
At this point the storm officially becomes a hurricane.
spin
v. 회전하다
Winds spin with great force.
tropical depression
열대성 저기압
As the tropical depression moves over warmer waters, the clouds expand and the winds begin to build up speed.
visual
a. 시각의
Artists work magic with visual images.
confuse
v. 혼란시키다, 어리둥절하게 하다
Sometimes, artists' works confuse us with their extreme reality.
extreme
a. 극단적인, 극도의, 심한
Sometimes, artists' works confuse us with their extreme reality.
ordinary
a. 보통의, 일상의
Artists turn ordinary images into something strange and make us wonder about them.
fascinate
v. 마음을 사로잡다, 매료시키다
Artists can fascinate us and take us away from our everyday lives with their magic.
main
a. 주된, 가장 중요한
In the past, the main goal of many painters was to imitate reality.
imitate
v. 모방하다
In the past, the main goal of many painters was to imitate reality.
ancient
a. 고대의
One popular story from ancient Greece tells of two famous painters.
prove
v. (자기 역량을) 입증해 보이다
The painters wanted to prove their skills in a competition.
actually
ad. 실제로, 정말로
One of the painters painted grapes that looked so real that birds actually tried to eat them.
take ~ away from ...
〮〮〮 로 부터 ~을 가지고 가다, ~을 없애 주다
Artists can fascinate us and take us away from our everyday lives with ther magic.
purpose
n. 목적
The realistic art's purpose was to capture a moment in time and hold it forever.
capture
v. 포착하다
The realistic art's purpose was to capture a moment in time and hold it forever.
criticism
n. 비평
Escaping Criticism was painted by Pere Borrell del Caso.
matter
v. 중요하다
To these artists, what mattered most was the vividness of the moment.
vividness
n. 생생함
To these artists, what mattered most was the vividness of the moment.
illusion
n. 환각, 환상, 착각
Some artists used illusions to tell a story.
object
n. 물건
Between them are many ordinary objects that look so real that even the smallest detail can be detected.
detect
v. 발견하다, 알아내다, 감지하다
Between them are many ordinary objects that look so real that even the smallest detail can be detected.
pull aside
~을 옆으로 치우다
The other artist won the competition, when another competitor tried to pull the painted curtain aside to see the picture behind it.
ambassador
n. 대사
Hans Holbein the Younger painted the Ambassadors in 1533.
distort
v. 왜곡하다
He distorted the shape of a common object to make it harder to recognize.
recognize
v. 알아보다
He distorted the shape of a common object to make it harder to recognize.
identify
v. 확인하다
It can be identified only when it is viewed from a specific angle.
specific
a. 특정한, 특정의
It can be identified only when it is viewed from a specific angle.
skull
n. 두개골, 해골
The artist must have painted the skull to remind us that we will, one day, die.
spread
v. 펼치다
It is a skull, spread out!
frighten
v. 겁먹게 만들다
The artist may not have wanted to frighten the viewers with too direct an image and hid the message.
stand for
상징하다
It stands for the short, meaningless nature of life.
landscape
n. 풍경
He enjoyed painting the landscape of dreams.
unconscious
n. 무의식
Surrealist painters tried to capture the workings of the human unconscious through fantastic images.
perspective
n. 관점, 시각
Looking at the world through art, we come to appreciate it from unexpected, surprising, and fresh perspectives.
in detail
상세하게
His paintings represent objects in great detail, but at the same time they differ from how we see reality.
differ from
~과 다르다
His paintings represent objects in great detail, but at the same time they differ from how we see reality.
belong to
~에 속하다
Magritte belonged to an art movement called Surrealism.
학생
가장 빠르게 암기하도록 도와주는 암기학습 〉
제대로 외웠나 바로 확인하는 리콜학습 〉
철자까지 외우려면 스펠학습 〉
재미있게 복습하려면 매칭 게임 〉
주관식으로도 재미있는 복습, 크래시 게임 〉
선생님
수업 중 이 단어장을 보고 듣고 질문하는 슬라이드 〉
수업시간이 들썩 들썩 퀴즈배틀 (로그인) 〉
클릭만으로 종이낭비 없이 시험지 인쇄 (로그인) 〉
필요한 세트를 직접 만드는 단어장 만들기 (로그인) 〉
선생님들이 만드신 30만개 단어장 검색하기 〉
고객
센터
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