YBM 고등 심화 영어 독해 Ⅱ 신정현 UNIT 5
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세트공유
oddity
n. 이상함, 특이함
The oddity that we all perceive most readily is its spelling, which is indeed a nightmare.
correspondence
n. 일치, 부합
For a normal language, there is a reliable correspondence between the way words are spelled and how they are pronounced.
modest
a. 보통의
There is no other language that is close enough to English for us to understand without training or with only modest effort.
obscure
a. 분명치 않은, 모호한
The closest thing to a sister language that an Anglophone can find is the obscure Northern European language called Frisian.
nuisance
n. 성가심, 귀찮음
We think it is a nuisance that so many European languages assign gender to nouns for no reason.
negate
v. 부정〔부인〕하다, 무효화하다
Try naming another language where you have to slip do into sentences to negate or question something.
far-fetched
a. 무리가 있는, 억지의
Old English is so unlike the modern version that it seems far-fetched to think of them as the same language.
populate
v. ~에 살다, 거주하다
Originally, England was mostly populated by the native speakers of Celtic languages.
subjugate
v. 정복하다, 예속시키다
The subjugated Celts quickly adopted the conqueror’s language.
indelible
a. 지울 수 없는, 지워지지 않는
While doing so, they also made indelible marks on Old English.
implant
v. (생각·태도 등을) 심다, 이식하다
These look familiar now, but it was the Celts who implanted those weird grammar patterns in their own translation of Old English.
conjugation
n. (동사의) 활용, 어형 변화
The Vikings mastered only one part of a complex conjugation system.
sophisticated
a. 세련된; 복잡한
Starting in the 16th century, educated Anglophones began to develop English as a vehicle for sophisticated writing.
inflow
n. 유입
It was thanks to this inflow from French and Latin that English acquired the likes of crucified, definition, and conclusion.
pretentious
a. 허세를 부리는
When they were new, many persons of letters in the 1500s considered them irritatingly pretentious and 10 intrusive.
formality
n. 형식적임, 격식
One result was triplets that allow us to express ideas with varying degrees of formality.
culinary
a. 요리(용)의
Especially interesting here are the culinary transformations.
slaughtering
n. 도살
Generally in Norman England, English-speaking laborers did the slaughtering for rich French speakers at the table.
hybridity
n. 혼성, 잡종
English’s hybridity is high on the scale compared with most European languages.
infusion
n. 주입, 불어넣음
Because of this infusion of words from different languages, we English speakers also have to contend with two different ways of accenting words.
suffix
n. 접미사
Clip on a suffix to the word wonder, and you get wonderful.
tempest
n. 사나운 비바람, 폭풍우
French and Latin endings pull the accent closer—TEM-pest, tem-PEST-uous.
outrageous
a. 별난, 이상한
It became peculiar because of the caprices of outrageous history.
detach
v. 떨어지게 하다, 분리하다
An uninhabited house of two stories stood at the blind end, detached from its neighbors in a square ground.
imperturbable
a. 침착한, 태연한, 동요하지 않는
The other houses of the street gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces.
tenant
n. 소작인, 임차인
The former tenant of our house, a priest, had died in the back drawing room.
litter
v. 흩뜨리다
The waste room behind the kitchen was littered with old useless papers.
straggling
a. 뿔뿔이 흩어져 나아가는
The wild garden behind the house contained a central apple tree and a few straggling bushes.
dusk
n. 땅거미, 황혼
When the short days of winter came, dusk fell before we had eaten our dinners.
resignedly
ad. 체념하여
We left our shadow and walked up to Mangan’s steps resignedly.
parlor
n. 거실
Every morning I lay on the floor in the front parlor watching her door.
seize
v. 잡다, 붙들다, 꽉 움켜지다
I ran to the hall, seized my books and followed her.
diverge
v. 갈리다, 분기하다
When we came near the point at which our ways diverged, I quickened my pace and passed her.
hostile
a. 적대적인, 호의적이 아닌
Her image accompanied me even in places the most hostile to romance.
adoration
n. 애모, 동경
I did not know how I could tell her of my confused adoration.
incessant
a. 끊임없는, 그칠 새 없는
Through one of the broken windows I heard the rain hit upon the earth, the fine incessant needles of water playing in the sodden beds.
palm
n. 손바닥
I pressed the palms of my hands together.
address
v. ~에게 말을 하다
When she addressed the first words to me, I was so confused that I did not know what to answer.
retreat
n. 묵상
There would be a retreat that week in her convent.
visible
a. 눈에 보이는
It fell over one side of her dress and caught the white border of a petticoat, just visible as she stood at ease.
annihilate
v. 전멸시키다
I wished to annihilate the tedious intervening days.
sternness
n. 엄격함, 단호함
I watched my master’s face pass from gentleness to sternness.
liberate
v. 벗어나다, 자유롭게 하다
The high cold empty gloomy rooms liberated me.
indistinct
a. 불분명한
Their cries reached me weakened and indistinct.
pawnbroker
n. 전당포 주인
She was an old talkative woman, a pawnbroker’s widow.
latchkey
n. 바깥문의 열쇠
At nine o’clock I heard my uncle’s latchkey in the hall door.
recite
v. 암송하다
When I left the kitchen, he was about to recite the opening lines of the piece to my aunt.
ruinous
a. 폐허의
It crept onward among ruinous houses and over the shining river.
pervade
v. ~에 널리 퍼지다, 보급되다
I recognized a silence like that which pervades a church after a service.
porcelain
n. 도자기
I went over to one of the stalls and examined porcelain vases and flowered tea sets.
remark
v. ~에 주목하다; ~을 알아차리다
I remarked their English accents and listened vaguely to their conversation.
humbly
ad. 초라하게, 풀죽어서
I looked humbly at the great jars that stood like eastern guards at either side of the dark entrance to the stall.
linger
v. (우물쭈물) 오래 머무르다, 떠나지 못하다
I lingered before her stall, though I knew my stay was useless.
deride
v. 조롱하다, 비웃다
Gazing up into the darkness, I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity.
학생
가장 빠르게 암기하도록 도와주는 암기학습 〉
제대로 외웠나 바로 확인하는 리콜학습 〉
철자까지 외우려면 스펠학습 〉
재미있게 복습하려면 매칭 게임 〉
주관식으로도 재미있는 복습, 크래시 게임 〉
선생님
수업 중 이 단어장을 보고 듣고 질문하는 슬라이드 〉
수업시간이 들썩 들썩 퀴즈배틀 〉
클릭만으로 종이낭비 없이 시험지 인쇄 (로그인) 〉
필요한 세트를 직접 만드는 단어장 만들기 (로그인) 〉
선생님들이 만드신 30만개 단어장 검색하기 〉
(주) 러너스마인드 대표 김준수
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