고등 영어I YBM 한상호 레슨6
40 카드 | ybmadmin
세트공유
swallow
v. (다른 대상을) 완전히 가리다,
집어삼키다
Some sinkholes are large enough to swallow entire buildings.
furnishing
n. 가구, 비품
Seeing that Jeff and all his furnishings had vanished into the earth, Jeremy desperately tried to rescue him.
vanish
v. 사라지다
Seeing that Jeff and all his furnishings had vanished into the earth, Jeremy desperately tried to rescue him.
desperately
ad. 필사적으로, 절망적으로
Jeremy desperately tried to rescue him.
collapse
v. 붕괴하다, 무너지다
In 2010, in Guatemala City, an area approximately 20 meters wide and 30 meters deep collapsed, killing 15 people.
surface
n. 표면
A sinkhole is caused by a collapse of the land surface.
vary
v. 달라지다, 다르다
Sinkholes vary in size from 1 to 600 meters deep.
passageway
n. 통로
It is said that the ancient Maya believed sinkholes were passageways to the world of the dead.
destructive
a. 파괴적인
Not all sinkholes are dangerous, destructive, and ruinous.
ruinous
a. 파멸을 가져올, 파괴적인
Not all sinkholes are dangerous, destructive, and ruinous.
attract
v. 끌다, 유혹하다
Some sinkholes attract tourists who are interested in the mystery of nature.
notable
a. 주목할 만한, 유명한
Some notable sinkholes include Sima Humboldt in Venezuela and Xiaozhai Tiankeng in China.
form
v. 형성되다, 형성시키다
Sinkholes can form underwater.
underwater
ad. 물속에서, 수면 아래에서
Underwater sinkholes are called blue holes.
spectacular
a. 멋진, 장관의
The Great Blue Hole in Belize is one of the most spectacular.
typically
ad. 전형적으로, 일반적으로
Sinkholes typically occur in areas where the rock beneath the surface soil is limestone, carbonate rock, or sandstone.
wear away
마모시키다, 닳다
Soft rock is easily worn away by water.
seep
v. 스며들다, 배다
When rainwater seeps down through surface soil, it eventually reaches the bedrock below.
bedrock
n. 기반암
Bedrock is the rock in the ground that supports all the soil above it.
erode
v. 침식하다
Rainwater erodes the bedrock, creating cracks underground.
crack
n. 균열
Rainwater erodes the bedrock, creating cracks underground.
gradually
ad. 서서히
As the process continues, the soil above is gradually washed into the cracks.
factor
n. 요인, 원인
The most common factor that triggers a collapse is a change in underground water levels.
dramatically
ad. 극적으로, 인상적으로
A sudden heavy rain can add dramatically to the weight of the surface soil.
bring about
초래하다, 일으키다
Heavy weight on soft soil can bring about an unpredictable collapse.
indirectly
ad. 간접적으로
Most sinkholes we are seeing these days are indirectly related to human activities.
trigger
v. 유발하다, 일으키다
The most common factor that triggers a collapse is a change in underground water levels.
groundwater
n. 지하수
Sinkholes may occur because of the removal of groundwater.
urban
a. 도시의
Many sinkholes have opened up in urban areas around the world, sometimes resulting in tragic accidents.
result in
~을 야기하다
Many sinkholes have opened up in urban areas around the world, sometimes resulting in tragic accidents.
lean
v. 기울어지다
If you live in an area where sinkholes have happened before, look around for possible warnings, such as leaning trees.
properly
ad. 올바르게, 적절히
If you live in an area where sinkholes have happened before, look around for possible warnings, such as doors or windows that don’t close properly.
spot
n. (특정한) 장소
If you live in an area where sinkholes have happened before, look around for possible warnings, such as rainwater collecting in unusual spots.
carelessness
n. 부주의
Sinkholes caused by human carelessness can often be prevented.
prior to
~보다 앞서
Thorough soil testing prior to construction is the best way to prevent the formation of a sinkhole in the middle of a city.
maintain
v. 유지하다, 관리하다
Thorough soil testing and maintaining the underground water and plumbing systems are the best ways to prevent the formation of a sinkhole in the middle of a city.
widespread
a. 널리 퍼진, 광범위한
Sinkholes are not widespread events like hurricanes or earthquakes.
localize
v. 국한시키다
Sinkholes are not widespread events. They are very localized.
ignore
v. 무시하다
We should not ignore the possibility of sinkholes.
possibility
n. 가능성
We should not ignore the possibility of sinkholes.
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