Magoosh GRE Basic, Common & Advanced
1091 카드 | mate234
세트공유
aberrant
a. markedly different from an accepted norm
syn:deviant,deviate
When the financial director started screaming and throwing food at his co-workers, the police had to come in to deal with his aberrant behavior.
aberration
n. a deviation from what is normal or expected
syn:aberrance,aberrancy,deviance
aberrations in climate have become the norm: rarely a week goes by without some meteorological phenomenon making headlines.
abjure
v. formally reject or give up
syn:as a belief
syn:forswear,recant,resile,retract
While the church believed that Galileo abjured the heliocentric theory under threat of torture, he later wrote a book clearly supporting the theory.
aboveboard
a. open and honest
syn:straightforward
The mayor, despite his avuncular face plastered about the city, was hardly aboveboard - some concluded that it was his ingratiating smile that allowed him to engage in corrupt behavior and get away with it.
abrogate
v. revoke formally
As part of the agreement between the labor union and the company, the workers abrogated their right to strike for four years in exchange for better health insurance.
abstain
v. choose not to consume or take part in
syn:particularly something enjoyable
syn:desist,refrain
Considered a health nut, Jessica abstained from anything containing sugar-even chocolate.
abstruse
a. difficult to understand; incomprehensible
syn:deep,recondite
Physics textbooks can seem so abstruse to the uninitiated that readers feel as though they are looking at hieroglyphics.
abysmal
a. extremely bad
syn:abyssal,unfathomable
Coach Ramsey took his newest player off the field after watching a few painful minutes of her abysmal performance.
access
n. the ability to go into
syn:when somebody or something must allow you to enter
syn:accession,admission,admittance,entree
Only students have access to the university library.
access
v. to go into something when allowed to enter
There is a large amount of oil under the ice, but we have not be able to access it.
accolade
n. an award or praise granted as a special honor
syn:award,honor,honour,laurels
Jean Paul-Sartre was not a fan of accolades, and as such, he refused to accept the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1964.
acerbic
a. harsh in tone
syn:acerb,acid,acrid,bitter,blistering,caustic,sulfurous,sulphurous,virulent,vitriolic
Most movie critics are acerbic towards summer blockbusters, often referring to them as garbage.
acme
n. the highest point of achievement
syn:elevation,height,meridian,peak,pinnacle,summit,superlative,tiptop,top
The new Cessna airplanes will be the acme of comfort, offering reclining seats and ample legroom.
acrimony
n. bitterness and ill will
syn:acerbity,bitterness,jaundice,tartness,thorniness
The acrimonious dispute between the president and vice-president sent a clear signal to voters: the health of the current administration was imperiled.
adamant
a. refusing to change one's mind
syn:adamantine,inexorable,intransigent
Civil rights icon Rosa Parks will forever be remembered for adamantly refusing to give up her seat on a public bus--even after the bus driver insisted, she remained rooted in place.
adequate
a. good enough for what you need
syn:decent,enough
A very light jacket will be adequate for Los Angeles's warm winter.
adjudicate
v. to serve as a judge in a competition; to arrive at a judgment or conclusion
syn:decide,resolve,settle,judge,try
Only those with the most refined palates were able to adjudicate during the barbeque competition.
admonish
v. to warn strongly, even to the point of reprimanding
syn:caution,monish
Before the concert began, security personel admonished the crowd not to come up on stage during the performance.
admonitory
a. serving to warn; expressing reproof or reproach especially as a corrective
syn:cautionary,exemplary,monitory,warning
At the assembly, the high school vice-principal gave the students an admonitory speech, warning them of the many risks and dangers of prom night.
advocate
n. a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
syn:advocator,exponent,proponent
Martin Luther King Jr. was a tireless advocate for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
advocate
v. speak, plead, or argue in favor of
syn:preach
While the senator privately approved of gay marriage, he was unwilling to advocate for the cause in a public venue.
aesthete
n. one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature
syn:esthete
A true aesthete, Marty would spend hours at the Guggenheim Museum, staring at the same Picasso.
aesthetic
a. concerned with the appreciation of beauty
syn:aesthetical,esthetic,esthetical
The director, not known for his aesthetic sensibilities, decided not to use costumes at all, and put on the play in everyday clothing.
aesthetic
n. a set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic movement.
The artist operated according to a peculiar aesthetic, not considering any photograph to be worth publishing unless it contained a marine mammal.
affable
a. likeable; easy to talk to
syn:amiable,cordial,genial
For all his surface affability, Marco was remarkably glum when he wasn't around other people.
affluent
a. wealthy
The center of the city had sadly become a pit of penury, while, only five miles away, multi-million dollar homes spoke of affluence.
afford
v. provide with an opportunity
The summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro affords a panoramic view that encompasses both Tanzania and Kenya.
alacrity
n. an eager willingness to do something
syn:briskness,smartness
The first three weeks at his new job, Mark worked with such alacrity that upper management knew it would be giving him a promotion.
altruism
n. the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
syn:selflessness
Albert Schweitzer spent most of his life doing missionary work as a doctor in Africa, seeking no reward, apparently motivated only by altruism.
amalgam
n. a mixture of multiple things
The band's music was an amalgam of hip-hop, flamenco and jazz, blending the three styles with surprising results.
ambiguous
a. open to more than one interpretation
syn:equivocal
The coach told his team, "Move towards that side of the field"; because he did not point, his directions were ambiguous, and the team had no idea to which side he was referring.
ambivalent
a. mixed or conflicting emotions about something
Sam was ambivalent about studying for the exam because doing so ate up a lot of his time, yet he was able to improve his analytical skills.
ameliorate
v. make something bad better
syn:amend,better,improve,meliorate
Three Cups of Tea tells the story of western man who hopes to ameliorate poverty and the lack of education in Afghanistan.
amenable
a. easily persuaded
syn:conformable,tractable
Even though she did not like the outdoors, Shirley was generally amenable and so her brother was able to persuade her to go camping.
amiable
a. friendly
syn:affable,cordial,genial
Amy's name was very apt: she was so amiable that she was twice voted class president.
amorphous
a. shapeless
syn:formless,shapeless,unstructured
His study plan for the GRE was at best amorphous; he would do questions from random pages in any one of seven test prep books.
amply
adv. more than is adequate
syn:fully
The boat was amply supplied for its year at sea - no man would go hungry or thirst.
amuck
adv. in a frenzied or uncontrolled state
syn:amok,murderously
Wherever the bowl haircut teen-idol went, his legions of screaming fans ran through the streets amuck, hoping for a glance at his boyish face.
anachronism
n. something that is inappropriate for the given time period
syn:usually something old.
syn:misdating,mistiming
Dressed in 15th century clothing each day, Edward was a walking anachronism.
analogous
a. similar in some respects but otherwise different
syn:correspondent
In many ways, the Internet's transformative effect on society has been analogous to that of the printing press.
anathema
n. a detested person; the source of somebody's hate
syn:bete noire
Hundreds of years ago, Galileo was anathema to the church; today the church is anathema to some on the left side of the political spectrum.
anemic
a. lacking energy and vigor
syn:anaemic
After three straight shows, the lead actress gave an anemic performance the fourth night, barely speaking loudly enough for those in the back rows to hear.
animosity
n. intense hostility
The governor's animosity toward his rival was only inflamed when the latter spread false lies regarding the governor's first term.
anodyne
a. inoffensive
syn:analgesic,analgetic
Wilbur enjoyed a spicy Mexican breakfast, but Jill preferred a far more anodyne meal in the mornings.
anodyne
n. something that soothes or relieves pain
syn:analgesic,pain pill,painkiller
Muzak, which is played in department stores, is intended to be an anodyne, but is often so cheesy and over-the-top that customers become irritated.
anomalous
a. not normal
According to those who do not believe in climate change, the extreme weather over the last five years is simply anomalous - daily temperatures should return to their old averages, they believe.
anomaly
n. something that is not normal, standard, or expected
After finding an anomaly in the data, she knew that she would have to conduct her experiment again.
antedate
v. precede in time
syn:antecede,forego,forgo,precede,predate,foredate
Harry was so unknowledgable that he was unaware the Egyptian pharaohs antedated the American Revolution.
antic
a. ludicrously odd
syn:fantastic,fantastical,grotesque
The clown's antic act was too extreme for the youngest children, who left the room in tears.
antipathy
n. an intense feeling of dislike or aversion
syn:aversion,distaste
Maria had an antipathy for tour groups, often bolting to the other side of the museum as soon as she saw a chaperone leading a group of wide-eyed tourists.
antiquated
a. old-fashioned; belonging to an earlier period in time
syn:antediluvian,archaic
Aunt Betty had antiquated notions about marriage, believing that a man should court a woman for at least a year before receiving a kiss.
antithetical
a. sharply contrasted in character or purpose
syn:antithetic
His deep emotional involvement with these ideas is, in fact, antithetical to the disattachment Buddhism preaches.
apathetic
a. marked by a lack of interest
syn:indifferent
Mr. Thompson was so talented at teaching math that even normally apathetic students took interest.
apathy
n. an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
syn:indifference,numbness,spiritlessness
Widespread apathy among voters led to a very small turnout on election day.
apex
n. the highest point
syn:acme,peak,vertex
The Ivy League is considered the apex of the secondary education system.
aphorism
n. a short instructive saying about a general truth
syn:apophthegm,apothegm
Nietzsche was known for using aphorisms, sometimes encapsulating a complex philosophical thought in a mere sentence.
aphoristic
a. something that is concise and instructive of a general truth or principle
Sometimes I can't stand Nathan because he tries to impress everyone by being aphoristic, but he just states the obvious.
aplomb
n. great coolness and composure under strain
syn:assuredness,cool,poise,sang-froid
Nancy acted with aplomb during dangerous situations--she once calmly climbed up an oak tree to save a cat.
apocryphal
a. being of questionable authenticity
The web is notorious for sandwiching apocryphal stories between actual news.
apogee
n. the highest point
syn:culmination
The apogee of the Viennese style of music, Mozart's music continues to mesmerize audiences well into the 21st century.
apostate
n. a person who has abandoned a religious faith or cause
syn:deserter,ratter,recreant,renegade,turncoat
An apostate of the Republican Party, Sheldon has yet to become affiliated with any party and dubs himself an independent.
apothegm
n. a short, pithy instructive saying
syn:aphorism,apophthegm
Winston Churchill is famous for many apothegms, but this might be his most famous: "It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried."
apotheosis
n. exaltation to divine status; the highest point of development
syn:ideal,nonesuch,nonpareil,nonsuch,paragon,saint,deification,exaltation
As difficult as it is to imagine, the apotheosis of Mark Zuckerberg's career, many believe, is yet to come.
appease
v. pacify by acceding to the demands of
syn:assuage,conciliate,gentle,gruntle,lenify,mollify,pacify,placate
Neville Chamberlain, the British prime minister during WWII, tried to appease Hitler and in doing so sent a clear message: you can walk all over us.
appreciable
a. large enough to be noticed
syn:usu. refers to an amount
There is an appreciable difference between those who say they can get the job done and those who actually get the job done.
apprehension
n. fearful expectation
syn:apprehensiveness,dread,misgiving
Test day can be one of pure apprehension, as many students worry about their test scores.
approbatory
a. expressing praise or approval
syn:affirmative,approbative,approving,plausive
Although it might not be her best work, Hunter's new novel has received generally approbatory reviews.
appropriate
v. to give or take something by force
syn:allow,earmark,reserve,set aside,capture,conquer,seize
The government appropriated land that was occupied by squatters, sending them scurrying for another place to live.
appropriate
v. to allocate
The committe appropriated the funds to its various members.
appurtenant
a. supply added support
syn:accessory,adjunct,adjuvant,ancillary,auxiliary
In hiking Mt. Everest, sherpas are appurtenant, helping climbers both carry gear and navigate treacherous paths.
arbitrary
a. based on a random, groundless decision
One of the arbitrary decrees in place during the emperor's rule is that all citizens pay him weekly homage at his palace.
arcane
a. requiring secret or mysterious knowledge
Most college fraternities are known for arcane rituals that those hoping to the join the fraterntiy must learn.
arch
a. to be deliberately teasing
syn:condescending,patronising,patronizing
The baroness was arch, making playful asides to the townspeople; yet because they couldn't pick up on her dry humor, they thought her supercilious.
archaic
a. so old as to appear to belong to a different period
syn:antediluvian,antiquated
Hoping to sound intelligent, Mary spoke in archaic English that was right out of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice--needless to say, she didn't have many friends.
arduous
a. demanding considerable mental effort and skill; testing powers of endurance
syn:straining,strenuous
In order to deal with the arduous cross-country journey, truck drivers often survive on a string of caffeinated drinks, staying awake for up to 30 hours at a time.
arrant
a. complete and wholly
syn:usually modifying a noun with negative connotation
syn:complete,consummate,double-dyed,everlasting,gross,perfect,pure,sodding,staring,stark,thoroughgoing,unadulterated,utter
An arrant fool, Lawrence surprised nobody when he lost all his money in a pyramid scheme that was every bit as transparent as it was corrupt.
arriviste
n. a person who has recently reached a position of power; a social climber
syn:nouveau-riche,parvenu,upstart
The city center was aflutter with arrivistes who each tried to outdo one another with their ostentatious sports cars and chic evening dress.
arrogate
v. seize and control without authority
syn:assume,seize,take over,usurp
Arriving at the small town, the outlaw arrogated the privileges of a lord, asking the frightened citizens to provide food, drink, and entertainment.
artful
a. clever in a cunning way
Bernie Madoff's artful Ponzi scheme stole billions of dollars from investors and is considered the largest financial fraud in U.S. history.
artful
a. exhibiting artistic skill
Picasso is generally considered the most artful member of the Cubist movement.
artifice
n. cunning tricks used to deceive others
syn:ruse
The mayoral candidates both spent much of the campaign accusing each other of artifices designed to mislead the voting public.
artless
a. without cunning or deceit
syn:uncultivated,uncultured
Despite the president's seemingly artless speeches, he was a skilled and ruthless negotiator.
artlessness
n. the quality of innocence
syn:ingenuousness,innocence,naturalness
I, personally, found the artlessness of her speech charming.
ascendancy
n. the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
syn:ascendance,ascendence,ascendency,control,dominance
The ascendancy of the Carlsbad water polo team is clear?봳hey have a decade of championships behind them.
ascetic
n. one who practices great self-denial
syn:abstainer
Historically, ascetics like Ghandi are often considered wise men partially because of their restraint.
ascetic
a. practicing self-denial
syn:ascetical,austere,spartan
His ascetic life is the main reason he inspired so many followers, especially since he gave up wealth and power to live in poverty.
ascribe
v. attribute or credit to
syn:assign,attribute,impute
History ascribes The Odyssey and The Iliad to Homer, but scholars now debate whether he was a historical figure or a fictitious name.
askance
adv. with a look of suspicion or disapproval
The old couple looked askance on the teenagers seated next to them, whispering to each other, "They've got rings through their noses and purple hair!"
asperity
n. harshness of manner
syn:sharpness
The editor was known for his asperity, often sending severe letters of rejection to amateur writers.
assail
v. attack in speech or writing
syn:assault,attack,lash out,round,snipe
In the weekly paper, the editor assailed the governor for wasting hundreds of thousands of dollars in public projects that quickly failed.
assiduously
adv. with care and persistence
The top college football program recruits new talent assiduously, only choosing those who were the top in their county.
assuage
v. make something intense less severe
Her fear that the new college would be filled with unknown faces was assuaged when she recognized her childhood friend standing in line.
atavism
n. a reappearance of an earlier characteristic; throwback
syn:reversion,throwback
Much of the modern art movement was an atavism to a style of art found only in small villages through Africa and South America.
attenuate
v. to weaken
syn:in terms of intensity; to taper off/become thinner.
syn:rarefy
Her animosity towards Bob attenuated over the years, and she even went so far as to invite him to her party.
audacious
a. willing to be bold in social situations or to take risks
syn:brave,dauntless,fearless,hardy,intrepid,unfearing
As all of the other campers cowered in their tents, Bill, armed only with a flashlight, audaciously tracked down the bear that had raided their food.
audacity
n. aggressive boldness in social situations
syn:audaciousness,temerity
She surprised her colleagues by having the audacity to publically criticize the findings of an distinguished scientist.
augment
v. enlarge or increase; improve
Ideally, the restaurant's augmented menu will expand its clientele and increase its profits.
auspicious
a. favorable, the opposite of sinister
Despite an auspicious beginning, Mike's road trip became a series of mishaps, and he was soon stranded and penniless, leaning against his wrecked automobile.
austere
a. practicing self-denial
syn:ascetic,ascetical,spartan
His lifestyle of revelry and luxurious excess could hardly be called austere.
austere
a. harsh in manner of temperament
The principal of my elementary school was a cold, austere woman; I could never understand why she chose to work with children.
austere
a. unadorned in style or appearance
Late Soviet architecture, although remaining largely austere, moved into experimental territory that employed previously unused shapes and structures.
autocratic
a. characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule; having absolute sovereignty
syn:authoritarian,despotic,dictatorial,tyrannic,tyrannical
The last true autocratic country is certainly North Korea; nowhere does a leader exercise the absolute control over all aspects of a people the way that Kim Jong-un does.
autocratic
a. offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power
syn:bossy,dominating,high-and-mighty,magisterial,peremptory
The manager was finally fired for his autocratic leadership, which often bordered on rude and offensive.
autonomously
adv. In an autonomous or self-governing manner.
Many of the factory workers are worried about being replaced by machines and computers that will work completely autonomously.
avarice
n. greed
syn:one of the seven deadly sins
syn:avaritia,covetousness,greed,rapacity,avariciousness,covetousness,cupidity
The Spanish conquistadors were known for their avarice, plundering Incan land and stealing Incan gold.
avaricious
a. excessively greedy
syn:covetous,grabby,grasping,greedy,prehensile
Since avaricious desire is similar to gluttony or lust--sins of excess-it was listed as one of the seven deadly sins by the Catholic church.
avert
v. turn away
syn:avoid,debar,deflect,fend off,forefend,forfend,head off,obviate,stave off,ward off
The struggling videogame company put all of its finances into one final, desperate project to avert bankruptcy.
avert
v. turn away
Afraid to see the aftermath of the car crash, I averted my eyes as we drove by.
avid
a. marked by active interest and enthusiasm
syn:zealous
Martin is an avid birdwatcher, often taking long hikes into remote mountains to see some rare eagle.
badger
v. to pester
syn:beleaguer,bug,pester,tease
badgered by his parents to find a job, the 30-year-old loafer instead joined a gang of itinerant musicians.
baleful
a. threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
syn:forbidding,menacing,minacious,minatory,ominous,sinister,threatening
Movies often use storms or rain clouds as a baleful omen of evil events that will soon befall the main character.
balk
v. refuse to comply
syn:baulk,jib,resist
The students were willing to clean up the broken glass, but when the teacher asked them to mop the entire floor, they balked, citing reasons why they needed to leave.
banal
a. repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
syn:commonplace,hackneyed,old-hat,shopworn,stock,threadbare,timeworn,tired,trite,well-worn
The professor used such banal expression that many students in the class either fell asleep from bordeom or stayed awake to complete his sentences and humor friends.
banality
n. a trite or obvious remark
syn:bromide,cliche,commonplace,platitude
Herbert regarded the minister's remark as a mere banality until Sharon pointed out profound implications to the seemingly obvious words.
banish
v. expel from a community, residence, or location; drive away
syn:ban,blackball,cast out,ostracise,ostracize,shun
The most difficult part of the fast was banishing thoughts of food.
base
a. the lowest, class were without any moral principles
syn:foot,foundation,fundament,groundwork,substructure,understructure
She was not so base as to begrudge the beggar the unwanted crumbs from her dinner plate.
bastardization
n. an act that debases or corrupts
syn:bastardisation
The movie World War Z is a complete bastardization of the book with little more in common than zombies and a title.
beatific
a. blissfully happy
syn:angelic,angelical,sainted,saintlike,saintly
Often we imagine all monks to wear the beatific smile of the Buddha, but, like any of us, a monk can have a bad day and not look very happy.
becoming
a. appropriate, and matches nicely
syn:comely,comme il faut,decent,decorous,seemly
Her dress was becoming and made her look even more beautiful.
beg
v. to evade or dodge
syn:a question
By assuming that Charlie was headed to college - which he was not - Maggie begged the question when she asked him to which school he was headed in the Fall.
begrudge
v. to envy someone for possessing or enjoying something
syn:resent
Sitting all alone in his room, Harvey begrudged the happiness of the other children playing outside his window.
begrudge
v. to give reluctantly
We never begrudge money spent on ourselves.
behooves
v. to be one's duty or obligation
The teacher looked down at the student and said, "It would behoove you to be in class on time and complete your homework, so that you don't repeat freshman English for a third straight year."
belie
v. to give a false representation to; misrepresent
syn:contradict,negate
The smile on her face belies the pain she must feel after the death of her husband.
belittle
v. lessen the importance, dignity, or reputation of
syn:diminish,denigrate,derogate,minimize
A good teacher will never belittle his students, but will instead empower them.
bellicose
a. warlike; inclined to quarrel
syn:battleful,combative
Known for their bellicose ways, the Spartans were once the most feared people from Peloponnesus to Persia.
belligerent
a. characteristic of one eager to fight
syn:aggressive
Tom said that he was arguing the matter purely for philosophical reasons, but his belligerent tone indicated an underlying anger about the issue.
bemoan
v. express discontent or a strong regret
syn:bewail,deplore,lament
While the CFO carefully explained all the reasons for the cuts in benefits, after the meeting employees bemoaned the cuts as further evidence that management was against them.
benighted
a. fallen into a state of ignorance
syn:nighted,dark
Far from being a period of utter benightedness, The Medieval Ages produced some great works of theological speculation.
benign
a. kind
I remember my grandfather's face was wrinkled, benign, and calm.
benign
a.
syn:medicine not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive
The tumor located in your ear lobe seems to be benign and should not cause you any trouble.
bereft
a. sorrowful through loss or deprivation
syn:bereaved,grief-stricken,grieving,mourning,sorrowing
You are not bereft if you haven't played on your Xbox in the past week, his mother said.
bereft
a. unhappy in love; suffering from unrequited love
syn:lovelorn,unbeloved
After 64 years of marriage, William was bereft after the death of his wife.
besiege
v. harass, as with questions or requests; cause to feel distressed or worried
syn:beleaguer,circumvent,hem in,surround
After discovering a priceless artifact in her backyard, Jane was besieged by phone calls, emails, and reporters all trying to buy, hold or see the rare piece of history.
besmirch
v. damage the good name and reputation of someone
syn:asperse,calumniate,defame,denigrate,slander,smear,smirch,sully
The prince's distasteful choice of words besmirched not only his own name, but the reputation of the entire royal family.
besotted
a. very drunk
syn:blind drunk,blotto,cockeyed,crocked,fuddled,loaded,pie-eyed,pissed,pixilated,plastered,slopped,sloshed,smashed,soaked,soused,sozzled,squiffy,stiff,tight,wet
Never before have I seen my mom so besotted, and honestly, I hope it's the last time she drinks so much.
besotted
a. strongly affectionate towards
Even though her father did not approve, Juliet became besotted with the young Romeo.
betray
v. to reveal or make known something, usually unintentionally
syn:bewray
With the gold medal at stake, the gymnast awaited his turn, his quivering lip betraying his intense emotions.
bilious
a. irritable; always angry
syn:atrabilious,dyspeptic,liverish
Rex was bilious all morning, and his face would only take on a look of contentedness when he'd had his morning cup of coffee.
blatant
a. without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
syn:blazing,conspicuous
Allen was often punished in school for blatantly disrespecting teachers.
bleak
a. having a depressing or gloomy outlook
syn:bare,barren,desolate,stark
Unremitting overcast skies tend to lead people to create bleak literature and lugubrious music - compare England's band Radiohead to any band from Southern California.
blinkered
a. to have a limited outlook or understanding
In gambling, the addict is easily blinkered by past successes and/or past failures, forgetting that the outcome of any one game is independent of the games that preceded it.
bolster
Synonyms : bolster up
In gambling, the addict is easily blinkered by past successes and/or past failures, forgetting that the outcome of any one game is independent of the games that preceded it.
bolster
v. support and strengthen
The case for the suspect's innocence was bolstered considerably by the fact that neither fingerprints nor DNA were found at the scene.
boon
n. a desirable state
syn:blessing
Modern technology has been a boon to the travel industry.
boon
a. very close and convivial
He was a boon companion to many, and will be sadly missed.
boorish
a. ill-mannered and coarse or contemptible in behavior or appearance
syn:loutish,neandertal,neanderthal,oafish,swinish
Bukowski was known for being a boorish drunk and alienating close friends and family.
bowdlerize
v. edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate
syn:bowdlerise,castrate,expurgate,shorten
To receive an R rating, the entire movie was bowdlerized because it contained so much violence and grotesque subject matter.
brazen
a. unrestrained by convention or propriety
syn:audacious,bald-faced,barefaced,bodacious,brassy,brazen-faced,insolent
Their large "donations" to the local police department gave the drug cartel the brazen confidence to do their business out in the open.
bridle
v. the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess
syn:check,curb
New curfew laws have bridled people's tendency to go out at night.
bridle
v. anger or take offense
The hostess bridled at the tactless dinner guests who insisted on eating before everybody had gotten their food.
bristle
v. react in an offended or angry manner
syn:abound,burst
As we discussed the painting, I noticed the artist's wife bristling at our criticisms, ready to defend her husband's work.
broadside
n. a strong verbal attack
syn:bill,broadsheet,circular,flier,flyer,handbill,throwaway
Political broadsides are usually strongest in the weeks leading up to a national election.
bromide
n. a trite or obvious remark
syn:banality,cliche,commonplace,platitude
Instead of sharing his umbrella, the cheeky stranger offered Martha the following bromide: "Looks like it's raining."
brook
v. put up with something or somebody unpleasant
syn:abide,bear,digest,endure,put up,stand,stick out,stomach,suffer,support,tolerate
While she was at the chalkboard, the teacher did not brook any form of talking--even a tiny peep resulted in afternoon detention.
browbeat
v. be bossy towards; discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner
syn:ballyrag,boss around,bully,bullyrag,hector,push around,strong-arm
During the interrogation, the suspect was browbeaten into signing a false confession.
brusquely
adv. in a blunt, direct manner
syn:bluffly,bluntly,flat out,roundly
Not one for social pleasantries, the Chief of Staff would brusquely ask his subordinates anything he wanted, even coffee.
buck
v. resist
syn:go against
The profits at our firm bucked the general downturn that affected the real estate industry.
bucolic
a. relating to the pleasant aspects of the country
syn:peasant,provincial
The noble families of England once owned vast expanses of beautiful, bucolic land.
bumbling
a. lacking physical movement skills, especially with the hands
syn:bungling,butterfingered,ham-fisted,ham-handed,handless,heavy-handed,left-handed
Within a week of starting, the bumbling new waiter was unceremoniously fired.
burgeon
v. grow and flourish
China's housing market is burgeoning, but some predict that the growth is merely a bubble and will burst much like the U.S. real estate bubble of 2008.
buttress
v. make stronger or defensible
China's economy has been buttressed by a global demand for the electronic parts the country manufactures.
byzantine
a. intricate and complex
syn:convoluted,involved,knotty,tangled,tortuous
Getting a driver's license is not simply a matter of taking a test; the regulations and procedures are so byzantine that many have found themselves at the mercy of the Department of Motor Vehicles.
cadaverous
a. emaciated; gaunt
syn:bony,haggard,pinched,skeletal,wasted
Some actors take challenging roles in which they have to lose so much weight that they appear cadaverous.
callow
a. young and inexperienced
syn:fledgling,unfledged
Both Los Angeles and New York are known for callow out-of-towners hoping to make it big.
calumny
n. making of a false statement meant to injure a person's reputation
syn:calumniation,defamation,hatchet job,obloquy,aspersion,slander,denigration,traducement
With the presidential primaries well under way, the air is thick with calumny, and the mud already waist-high.
canard
n. a deliberately misleading fabrication
The public will always be fooled by the media's canards.
candid
a. a straightforward and honest look at something
syn:blunt,forthright,frank,free-spoken,outspoken,plainspoken,point-blank,straight-from-the-shoulder
Even with a perfect stranger, Charles was always candid and would rarely hold anything back.
candidness
n. the quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech
syn:candor,candour,directness,forthrightness,frankness
Although I was unhappy that the relationship ended, I appreciated her candidness about why she was ready to move on from the relationship.
capacity
Few birds have the capacity to recognize themselves when looking in a mirror; most act as though there is a second bird behind the glass.
Although I was unhappy that the relationship ended, I appreciated her candidness about why she was ready to move on from the relationship.
capacity
noun n. the amount or volume something can hold ability
syn:especially mental
The hotel is full to maximum capacity; there are no empty rooms.
capitulate
n. to surrender
syn:usually under agreed conditions
Paul, losing 19-0 in a ping-pong match against his nimble friend, basically capitulated when he played the last two points with his eyes closed.
capricious
a. determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason
syn:impulsive,whimsical
Nearly every month our capricious CEO had a new plan to turn the company around, and none of them worked because we never gave them the time they needed to succeed.
cardinal
a. of primary importance; fundamental
syn:central,fundamental,key,primal
Most cultures consider gambling a cardinal sin and thus have outlawed its practice.
carping
a. persistently petty and unjustified criticism
syn:faultfinding
What seemed like incessant nagging and carping about my behavior from my mother turned out to be wise and useful advice that has served me well.
castigate
v. to reprimand harshly
syn:chasten,chastise,correct,objurgate
Drill sergeants are known to castigate new recruits so mercilessly that the latter often break down during their first week in training.
cataclysm
n. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
syn:calamity,catastrophe,disaster,tragedy
The introduction of smallpox was a cataclysm for Native Americans, killing off more than half of their population.
catalyst
n. something that speeds up an event
syn:accelerator
Rosa Park's refusal to give up her bus seat acted as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement, setting into motion historic changes for African-Americans.
catholic
a. of broad scope; universal
Jonah's friends said that Jonah's taste in music was eclectic; Jonah was quick to point out that not only was his taste eclectic but it was also catholic: he enjoyed music from countries as far-flung as Mali and Mongolia.
cavalier
a. given to haughty disregard of others
syn:high-handed
Percy dismissed the issue with a cavalier wave of his hand.
cede
v. relinquish possession or control ove
syn:deliver,give up,surrenderr
Eventually, all parents must cede control of their growing childrens' educations and allow their offspring some autonomy.
celerity
n. speed, rapidity
syn:quickness,rapidity,rapidness,speediness
We aim to respond to customers' questions with celerity and accuracy, with no longer than a 24 hour wait time.
censor
v. to examine and remove objectionable material
syn:ban
Every fall, high school English teachers are inundated by requests to censor their curriculum by removing The Catcher in the Rye and Scarlet Letter from their reading lists.
censor
n. an official who censors material
The censor insisted that every reference to drugs should be removed from the manuscript.
censure
v. to express strong disapproval
syn:animadversion
After being caught in bed with a mistress, the mayor was quickly censured by the city council.
cerebral
a. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct
syn:intellectual
A cerebral analysis of most pop music finds it to be simple and childish, but that ignores the point--the music's effect on the listener.
chagrin
v. cause to feel shame; hurt the pride o
syn:abase,humble,humiliate,mortify
She never cared what others said about her appearance but was chagrined by the smallest comment from her mother.
chagrin
n. strong feelings of embarrassment
syn:humiliation,mortification
Much to the timid writer's chagrin, the audience chanted his name until he came back on the stage.
champion
v. to fight for a cause
syn:defend
Martin Luther King Jr. championed civil rights fiercely throughout his short life.
charlatan
n. a flamboyant deceiver; one who attracts customers with tricks or jokes
syn:mountebank
You may call him a "motivational speaker," but I call him a charlatan--he doesn't have any idea what he's really talking about.
chary
a. cautious, suspiciously reluctant to do something
syn:cagey,cagy
Having received three speeding tickets in the last two months, Jack was chary of driving at all above the speed limit, even on a straight stretch of highway that looked empty for miles ahead.
chastise
v. to reprimand harshly
syn:castigate,chasten,correct,objurgate
Though chastised for eating the snacks for the party, Lawrence shrugged off his mother's harsh words, and continued to plow through jars of cookies and boxes of donuts.
chastise
v. to reprimand harshly
syn:castigate,chasten,correct,objurgate
Though chastised for eating the snacks for the party, Lawrence shrugged off his mother's harsh words, and continued to plow through jars of cookies and boxes of donuts.
chauvinism
n. fanatical patriotism; belief that one's group/cause is superior to all other groups/causes
syn:jingoism,superpatriotism,ultranationalism
Vegetarians argue that man is chauvinistic in his belief that animals do not consciously feel the pain we humans do.
chauvinist
n. a person who believes in the superiority of their group
syn:flag-waver,hundred-percenter,jingo,jingoist,patrioteer
The chauvinist lives on both sides of the political spectrum, outright shunning anybody whose ideas are not consistent with his own.
check
v. to limit
syn:usually modifying the growth of something
Deserted for six months, the property began to look more like a jungle and less like a residence - weeds grew unchecked in the front yard
check
n. the condition of being held back or limited
When government abuses are not kept in check, that government is likely to become autocratic.
checkered
a. one that is marked by disreputable happenings
One by one, the presidential candidates dropped out of the race, their respective checkered pasts - from embezzlement to infidelity - sabotaging their campaigns.
chimera
n. something desired or wished for but is only an illusion and impossible to achieve
Many believe that a world free of war is a chimera?봞 dream that ignores humanity's violent tendencies.
chivalrous
a. being attentive to women like an ideal knight
syn:gallant,knightly
Marco's chivalrous ways, like opening doors and pulling out chairs, was much appreciated by his date.
choleric
a. prone to outbursts of temper; easily angered
syn:hot-tempered,hotheaded,irascible,quick-tempered,short-tempered
While a brilliant lecturer, Mr. Dawson came across as choleric and unapproachable - very rarely did students come to his office hours.
chortle
v. to chuckle, laugh merrily
syn:chuckle,laugh softly
Walking past the bar, I could hear happy, chortling people and the blast of horns from a jazz band.
churlish
a. lacking manners or refinement
The manager was unnecessarily churlish to his subordinates, rarely deigning to say hello, but always quick with a sartorial jab if someone happened to be wearing anything even slightly mismatching.
circumscribe
v. restrict or confine
syn:confine,limit
Their tour of South America was circumscribed so that they saw only popular destinations and avoided the dangerous parts of cities.
circumvent
v. cleverly find a way out of one's duties or obligations
syn:dodge,duck,elude,evade,fudge,hedge,parry,put off,sidestep,skirt
One way of circumventing the GRE is to apply to a grad school that does not require GRE scores.
clemency
n. leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice
syn:mercifulness,mercy
In the final moments of the trial, during his closing speech, Phillips was nearly begging the judge for clemency.
coalesce
v. fuse or cause to grow together
syn:blend,combine,commingle,conflate,flux,fuse,immix,meld,merge,mix
Over time, the various tribes coalesced into a single common culture with one universal language.
cogent
a. clear and persuasive
syn:telling,weighty
A cogent argument will change the minds of even the most skeptical audience.
cohesive
a. well integrated, forming a united whole
A well-written, cohesive essay will keep on topic at all times, never losing sight of the main argument.
collusion
n. agreement on a secret plot
syn:connivance
Many have argued that Lee Harvey Oswald, JFK's assassin, was in collusion with other criminals; others maintain that Oswald was a lone gunman.
colossal
a. so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe
syn:prodigious,stupendous
Few appreciate the colossal scale of the sun: if hollow, it could contain a million Earths.
commendable
a. worthy of high praise
syn:applaudable,laudable,praiseworthy
The efforts of the firefighters running into the burning building were commendable.
commensurate
a. to be in proportion or corresponding in degree or amount
The convicted felon's life sentence was commensurate to the heinousness of his crime.
complacent
a. contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions
syn:self-complacent,self-satisfied
After the water polo team won their sixth championship, they became complacent and didn't even make it to the playoffs the next year.
complaisant
a. showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
syn:obliging
On her first day at the job, Annie was complaisant, fulfilling every request of her new employee and anticipating future requests.
complementary
a. enhancing each other's qualities
syn:for two things or more.
syn:complemental,completing
The head waiter was careful to tell the amateur diners that red wine was complementary with beef, each bringing out subtle taste notes in the other.
complicit
a. Associated with or participating in an activity, especially one of a questionable nature.
While the grand jury cleared the senator of all criminal charges, in the public mind he was still complicit in the corruption.
compound
v. make more intense, stronger, or more marked
syn:deepen,heighten,intensify
Her headache was compounded by the construction crew outside, which had six jackhammers going at the same time.
concede
v. give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another
syn:cede,grant,yield
The Spanish were forced to concede much of the territory they had previously conquered.
concede
v. admit
syn:to a wrongdoing
syn:confess,profess
After a long, stern lecture from her father, Olivia conceded to having broken the window.
concede
v. acknowledge defeat
I concede. You win!
conciliate
v. to make peace with
syn:appease,assuage,gentle,gruntle,lenify,mollify,pacify,placate
His opponents believed his gesture to be conciliatory, yet as soon as they put down their weapons, he unsheathed a hidden sword.
concomitant
a. describing an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
syn:accompaniment,attendant,co-occurrence
concomitant with his desire for nature was a desire for the culture and energy of a big city.
conducive
a. making a situation or outcome more likely to happen
Studying in a quiet room is conducive to learning; studying in a noisy environment makes learning more difficult.
conflagration
n. a very intense and uncontrolled fire
syn:inferno
In the summer months, conflagrations are not uncommon in the southwest, do to the heat and lack of rain.
conflate
v. mix together different elements or concepts
syn:blend,coalesce,combine,commingle,flux,fuse,immix,meld,merge,mix
In her recent book, the author conflates several genres--the detective story, the teen thriller, and the vampire romance--to create a memorable read.
confound
v. be confusing or perplexing to
syn:bedevil,befuddle,confuse,discombobulate,fox,fuddle,throw
Though Harry loved numbers, he found calculus confounding.
confound
v. mistake one thing for another
syn:confuse
Americans often confound sweet potatoes with yams, and refer to both vegetables by the same name.
conniving
v. taking part in immoral and unethical plots
The queen was so conniving that, with the help of the prince, she tried to overthrow the king.
consecrate
v. to make holy or set apart for a high purpose
syn:bless,hallow,sanctify
At the church of Notre Dame in France, the new High Altar was consecrated in 1182.
conspicuous
a. without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
syn:blatant,blazing
American basketball players are always conspicuous when they go abroad-not only are they American, but some are over seven feet tall.
constituent
n. an abstract part of something
syn:component,element,factor,ingredient
The constituents of the metal alloy are nickel, copper, and tin.
constituent
n. a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes
The mayor's constituents are no longer happy with her performance and plan to vote for another candidate in the upcoming election.
constraint
n. something that limits or restricts
syn:restraint
We don't have many resources, so we'll have to work with some very tight constraints.
construe
v. interpreted in a particular way
syn:interpret,see
The author's inability to take a side on the issue was construed by both his opponents and supporters as a sign of weakness.
consummate
a. having or revealing supreme mastery or skill
syn:masterful,masterly,virtuoso
Tyler was the consummate musician: he was able to play the guitar, harmonica, and the drum at the same time.
consummate
v. to make perfect and complete in every respect
The restoration of the ancient church was only consummated after a twenty years of labor.
contemptuous
a. scornful, looking down at others with a sneering attitude
syn:disdainful,insulting,scornful
Always on the forefront of fashion, Vanessa looked contemptuously at anyone wearing dated clothing.
contentious
a. likely to argue
syn:combative,disputatious,disputative,litigious
Since old grandpa Harry became very contentious during the summer when only reruns were on T.V., the grandkids learned to hide from him at every opportunity.
contingent
a. possible but not certain to occur
Whether the former world champions can win again this year is contingent upon none of its star players getting injured.
contingent
n. a gathering of persons representative of some larger group
A small contingent of those loyal to the king have gathered around the castle to defend it.
contrite
a. to be remorseful
syn:remorseful,rueful,ruthful
Though he stole his little sister's licorice stick with malevolent glee, Chucky soon became contrite when his sister wouldn't stop crying.
contrition
n. the feeling of remorse or guilt that comes from doing something bad
syn:attrition,contriteness
Those who show contrition during their prison terms--especially when under review by a parole board--often get shortened sentences.
contrive
v. to pull off a plan or scheme, usually through skill or trickery
syn:devise,excogitate,forge,formulate,invent
Despite a low GPA, he contrived to get into college, going so far as to write his own glowing letters of recommendation.
conundrum
n. a difficult problem
syn:brain-teaser,enigma,riddle
Computers have helped solve some of the mathematical conundrums which have puzzled man for many centuries.
convivial
a. describing a lively atmosphere
The wedding reception was convivial; friends who hadn't seen each other for ages drank and ate together before heading to the dance floor.
convoluted
a. highly complex or intricate
syn:byzantine,involved,knotty,tangled,tortuous
Instead of solving the math problem in three simple steps, Kumar used a convoluted solution requiring fifteen steps.
copious
a. in abundant supply
syn:ample,plenteous,plentiful,rich,voluminous
In midsummer, there are copious popiscle stands at the beach; in the winter, there are none.
cornucopia
n. an abundant supply of something good
syn:profuseness,profusion,richness
The International Food Expo was a cornucopia of culinary delights: gourmet foods from every continent were under one roof.
corollary
n. a practical consequence that follows naturally
A corollary of Hurricane Sandy, which ravaged the east coast of the U.S., is a push to build higher sea walls to protect against future hurricanes.
corroborate
v. to confirm or lend support to
syn:usually an idea or claim
syn:affirm,confirm,substantiate,sustain,bear out,support,underpin
Her claim that frog populations were falling precipitously in Central America was corroborated by locals, who reported that many species of frogs had seemingly vanished overnight.
cosmopolitan
a. comprising many cultures; global in reach and outlook
syn:ecumenical,general,oecumenical,universal,world-wide,worldwide
There are few cities in the world as diverse and cosmopolitan as New York.
cosseted
v. treat with excessive indulgence
The king and queen cosseted the young prince, giving him a prized miniature pony for his fifth birthday.
coterminous
a. being of equal extent or scope or duration
syn:coextensive,conterminous
The border of the state is coterminous with geographic limits on travel; the east and north are surrounded by a nearly uncrossable river and the south by a desert.
countermand
v. a contrary command cancelling or reversing a previous command
By the time the colonel countermanded his soldiers not to land in enemy territory, a few helicopters had already touched down amid heavy gunfire.
cow
v. to intimidate
syn:overawe
Do not be cowed by a 3,000-word vocabulary list: turn that list into a deck of flashcards!
craven
a. pathetically cowardly
syn:recreant
Though the man could have at least alerted the police, he crouched cravenly in the corner as the old woman was mugged.
credence
n. belief in something
He placed no credence in psychics, claiming that they offered no special powers beyond the ability to make people part with their money.
creditable
a. deserving of praise but not that amazing
Critics agreed the movie was creditable, but few gave it more than three out of five stars.
credulity
n. tendency to believe readily
Virginia's wide-eyed credulity as a five-year old was replaced by suspicion after she learned that Santa Claus didn't really exist.
crestfallen
a. brought low in spirit
syn:chapfallen,chopfallen,deflated
I asked Maria on a date and she refused without a moment's thought; I was crestfallen.
cryptic
a. mysterious or vague, usually intentionally
syn:cabalistic,cryptical,kabbalistic,qabalistic,sibylline
Since Sarah did not want her husband to guess the Christmas present she had bought him, she only answered cryptically when he would ask her questions about it.
crystallize
v. cause to take on a definite and clear shape
syn:crystalise,crystalize,crystallise
Only after fifteen minutes of brainstorming did Samantha's ideas for the essay crystallize.
culminate
v. reach the highest or most decisive point
syn:climax
Beethoven's musical genius culminated in the 9th Symphony, which many consider his greatest work.
culpability
n. a state of guilt
syn:blameworthiness,culpableness
Since John had left his banana peel at the top of the stairwell, he accepted culpability for Martha's broken leg.
cumbersome
a. difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight
syn:cumbrous
Only ten years ago, being an avid reader and a traveler meant carrying a cumbersome backpack stuffed with books--these days we need only an e-reader.
cupidity
n. greed for money
syn:avarice,avariciousness,covetousness
Some believe people that amassing as much wealth as possible is the meaning to life - yet they often realize that cupidity brings anything but happiness.
curmudgeon
n. a grouchy, surly person
Since Uncle Mike was the family curmudgeon, each Thanksgiving he was plied with copious amounts of wine, in the hope that he would become less grouchy.
dearth
n. a lack or shortage
syn:famine,shortage,paucity
I am surprised by the dearth of fast food chains; this is America and I assumed they were on every street.
debase
v. reduce the quality or value of something
syn:adulterate,dilute,load,stretch
The third-rate script so debased the film that not even the flawless acting could save it from being a flop.
debonair
a. having a sophisticated charm
syn:debonaire,debonnaire,suave
James Bond is known for his good looks, high tech gadgets, and debonair manner.
debunk
v. expose as false ideas and claims, especially while ridiculing
syn:expose
Richard Dawkins tries to debunk religious belief, but his ridicule tends to push people away from his points rather than convince them.
decimation
n. destroying or killing a large part of the population
The decimation after atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is incomprehensible.
decorous
a. characterized by good taste in manners and conduct
Sally's parties are decorous affairs, and instead of the usual beer and music, there is tea and intellectual conversation.
decorum
n. propriety in manners and conduct
syn:decorousness
You will obey the rules of decorum for this courtroom or spend the night in a jail cell, said the judge to the prosecutor.
decry
v. express strong disapproval of
syn:condemn,excoriate,objurgate,reprobate
The entire audience erupted in shouts and curses, decrying the penalty card issued by the referee.
deferential
a. showing respect
syn:deferent,regardful
If you ever have the chance to meet the president, stand up straight and be deferential.
defray
v. to help pay the cost of, either in part of full
In order for Sean to attend the prestigious college, his generous uncle helped defray the excessive tuition with a monthly donation.
degrade
v. reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
syn:demean,disgrace,put down,take down
Jesse had mockingly pointed out all of Nancy's faults in front of their friends, publicly degrading the poor girl.
deign
v. do something that one considers to be below one's dignity
syn:condescend,descend
The master of the house never deigned to answer questions from the servants.
delegate
v. give an assignment to
syn:a person
syn:assign,depute,designate
Since the senior manager had to go on many international business trips, she was forced to delegate many of her responsibilities to two lower-level managers.
deleterious
a. harmful to living things
syn:hurtful,injurious
The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was deleterious to the fishing industry in the southern states.
deliberate
v. think about carefully; weigh the pros and cons of an issue
syn:consider,debate,moot,turn over
Emergency situations such as this call for immediate action and leave no room to deliberate over options.
delineate
v. describe in detail
After a brief summary of proper swimming technique, the coach delineated the specifics of each stroke, spending 30 minutes alone on the backstroke.
demean
v. to insult; to cause someone to lose dignity or respect
syn:degrade,disgrace,put down,take down
At first the soccer players bantered back and forth, but as soon as one of the players became demeaning, calling the other's mother a water buffalo, the ref whipped out a red card.
demonstrative
a. given to or marked by the open expression of emotion
When Sally told James that she wanted to break up with him, she expected he would react demonstratively, but he quietly nodded his head and left without saying a word.
demur
v. to object or show reluctance
Wallace disliked the cold, so he demurred when his friends suggested they going skiing in the Alps.
demure
a. to be modest and shy
syn:coy,overmodest
The portrait of her in a simple white blouse was sweet and demure.
denigrate
v. charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone
syn:asperse,besmirch,calumniate,defame,slander,smear,smirch,sully
Count Rumford denigrated the new theory of heat, demonstrating that it was wholly inadequate to explain the observations.
denote
v. be a sign or indication of; have as a meaning
syn:refer
Even if the text is not visible, the red octagon denotes "stop" to all motorists in America.
denouement
n. the final resolution of the many strands of a literary or dramatic work; the outcome of a complex sequence of events
At the denouement of the movie, all questions were answered, and the true identity of the robber was revealed.
derelict
a.
syn:of a person not doing one's duties
syn:delinquent,neglectful,remiss
The teacher was derelict in her duties because she hadn't graded a single student paper in three weeks.
derelict
n.
syn:of a building abandoned
At one time the waterfront factories were busy and productive, but now they stand derelict and will be torn down.
deride
v. treat or speak of with contempt
The nun derided the students for trying to sneak insects and worms into the classroom.
derisive
a. abusing vocally; expressing contempt or ridicule
syn:gibelike,jeering,mocking,taunting
I was surprised by her derisive tone; usually, she is sweet, soft spoken, and congenial.
derivative
a.
syn:or a creative product, e.g. music, writing, etc. not original but drawing on the work of another person
Because the movies were utterly derivative of other popular movies, they did well at the box office.
derive
v. come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example
syn:come,descend
Many words in the English language are derived from Latin, including the word "derive."
derive
v. reason by deduction; establish by deduction
syn:deduce,deduct,infer
From the multiple set of footprints in the living room, the investigator derived an important clue: Sheila was not alone in the room at the time of the murder.
derogative
a. expressed as worthless or in negative terms
syn:derogatory,disparaging
Never before have we seen a debate between two political candidates that was so derogative and filthy.
desecrate
v. to willfully violate or destroy a sacred place
syn:outrage,profane,violate
After desecrating the pharaoh's tomb, the archaeologist soon fell victim to a horrible illness.
desiccated
a. uninteresting, lacking vitality
syn:arid,desiccate
Few novelists over 80 are able to produce anything more than desiccated works-boring shadows of former books.
desideratum
n. something desired as a necessity
The desideratum of the environmental group is that motorists should rely on carpooling.
despite
preposition: even with
syn:when an event is surprising because of some difficulty
We enjoyed our vacation despite the rain.
despot
n. a cruel and oppressive dictator
syn:autocrat,tyrant
The Emperor Claudius was regarded as a fair-minded leader; his successor, Nero, was an absolute despot.
destitute
a. completely wanting or lacking
syn:usually "destitute of"
syn:barren,devoid,free,innocent
Now that the mine is closed, the town is destitute of any economic activity.
destitute
a. poor enough to need help from others
syn:impoverished,indigent,necessitous,needy,poverty-stricken
Jean Valjean, is at first destitute, but through the grace of a priest, he makes something of his life.
deter
v. try to prevent; show opposition to
syn:discourage
The government's primary job should involve deterring paths to war, not finding ways to start them.
deter
v. turn away from by persuasion
syn:dissuade
His mother tried to deter him from joining the army, but he was too intoxicated with the idea of war to listen.
detrimental
a.
syn:sometimes followed by "to" causing harm or injury
syn:damaging,prejudicial,prejudicious
Many know that smoking is detrimental to your health, but processed sugar in large quantities is equally bad.
devolve
v. pass on or delegate to another
syn:degenerate,deteriorate,drop
The company was full of managers known for devolving tasks to lower management, but never doing much work themselves.
devolve
v. grow worse
syn:usually "devolve into"
The dialogue between the two academics devolved into a downright bitter argument.
diabolical
a. to be extremely wicked like the devil
syn:demonic,diabolic,fiendish,hellish,infernal,satanic,unholy,devilish,diabolic,mephistophelean,mephistophelian
The conspirators, willing to dispatch anyone who stood in their way, hatched a diabolical plan to take over the city.
diatribe
n. a strong verbal attack against a person or institution
syn:fulmination
Steve's mom launched into a diatribe during the PTA meeting, contending that the school was little more than a daycare in which students stare at the wall and teachers stare at the chalkboard.
dictatorial
a. expecting unquestioning obedience; characteristic of an absolute ruler
syn:authoritarian,overbearing,authoritarian,autocratic,despotic,tyrannic,tyrannical
The coach was dictatorial in his approach: no players could ever argue or question his approach.
didactic
a. instructive
syn:especially excessively
syn:didactical
Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Illyich is a didactic novel, instructing the reader on how to live a good life.
differentiate
v. be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait
syn:sometimes in positive sense
syn:distinguish,mark
Mozart's long melodic lines differentiate his compositions from other works of late 18th century music.
differentiate
v. evolve so as to lead to a new species or develop in a way most suited to the environment
syn:specialise,specialize,speciate
Animals on Madagascar differentiated from other similar animal species due to many years of isolation on the island.
diffident
a. showing modest reserve; lacking self-confidence
syn:shy,timid,unsure
As a young girl she was diffident and reserved, but now as an adult, she is confident and assertive.
dilapidated
a. in terrible condition
syn:bedraggled,broken-down,derelict,ramshackle,tatterdemalion,tumble-down
The main house has been restored but the gazebo is still dilapidated and unuseable.
dilatory
a. wasting time
syn:laggard,pokey,poky
Lawyers use dilatory tactics so that it takes years before the case is actually decided.
dilettante
n. an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends to have knowledge
syn:dabbler,sciolist,dilettanteish,dilettantish,sciolistic
Fred has no formal medical training; while he likes to claim authority on medical issues, he is little more than a dilettante
diligent
a. characterized by care and perseverance in carrying out tasks
syn:persevering
Michael was a diligent gardener, never leaving a leaf on the ground and regularly watering each plant.
diminutive
a. very small
syn:bantam,flyspeck,lilliputian,midget,petite,tiny
When he put on his father's suit and shoes, his appearance was that of a diminutive youth.
diminutive
n. to indicate smallness
He prefers to be called a diminutive of his name: "Bill" instead of "John William."
disabuse
v. to persuade somebody that his/her belief is not valid
As a child, I was quickly disabused of the notion that Santa Claus was a rotund benefactor of infinite largess - one night I saw my mother diligently wrapping presents and storing them under our Christmas tree.
disaffected
a. discontented as toward authority
syn:ill-affected,malcontent,rebellious
After watching his superior take rations from the soliders, he quickly became disaffected and rebeled.
discord
n. lack of agreement or harmony
syn:strife
Despite all their talented players, the team was filled with discord--some players refused to talk to others--and lost most of their games.
discreet
a. careful to protect one's speech or actions in order to avoid offense or gain an advantage
The professor thought that he was discreet, subtly wiping the stain off of his shirt, but as soon as he stepped off the podium a member of the audience pointed out the large ketchup stain.
discrete
a. constituting a separate entity or part
syn:distinct
What was once known as Czechoslovakia has since split into two discrete, independent nations.
discriminate
v. recognize or perceive the difference
syn:know apart,separate
Sarah couldn't discriminate between a good wine and a bad wine, so she avoided wine tastings.
discursive
a.
syn:of e.g. speech and writing tending to depart from the main point
syn:digressive,excursive,rambling
Many readers find it tough to read Moby Dick since the author is discursive, often cutting the action short to spend 20 pages on the history of a whale.
disenfranchise
v. deprive of voting rights
syn:disfranchise
The U.S. Constitution disenfranchised women until 1920 when they were given the right to vote.
disheartened
a. made less hopeful or enthusiastic
syn:demoralised,demoralized,discouraged
After the visiting team scored nine times, the home team's fans were disheartened, some leaving the game early.
disingenuous
a. not straightforward; giving a false appearance of frankness
syn:artful
Many adults think that they can lie to children, but kids are smart and know when people are disingenuous.
disinterested
a. unbiased; neutral
The potential juror knew the defendant, and therefore could not serve on the jury, which must consist only of disinterested members.
disparate
a. two things are fundamentally different
With the advent of machines capable of looking inside the brain, fields as disparate as religion and biology have been brought together by scientists trying to understand what happens in the brain when people have a religious experience.
dispassionate
a. unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice
syn:cold-eyed
A good scientist should be dispassionate, focusing purely on what the evidence says, without personal attachment.
dispatch
n. the property of being prompt and efficient
syn:despatch,expedition,expeditiousness
She finished her thesis with dispatch, amazing her advisors who couldn't believe she hadn't written 60 scholarly pages so quickly.
dispatch
v. dispose of rapidly and without delay and efficiently
As soon as the angry peasants stormed the castle, they caught the king and swiftly dispatched him.
dispensation
n. an exemption from a rule or obligation
Since her father is a billionaire, she is given dispensation from many of the school's policies.
dissemble
v. conceal one's true motives, usually through deceit
syn:affect,feign,pretend,sham
To get close to the senator, the assassin dissembled his intentions, convincing many people that he was a reporter for a well-known newspaper.
disseminate
v. cause to become widely known
syn:broadcast,circularise,circularize,circulate,diffuse,disperse,distribute,pass around,propagate,spread
Before the effects of anaethesia were disseminated, patients had to experience the full pain of a surgery.
dissipate
v. to disperse or scatter
syn:break up,dispel,disperse,scatter,spread out
Kathleen's perfume was overwhelming in the cramped apartment, but once we stepped outside the smell dissipated and we could breathe once again.
dissipate
v. squander or spend money frivolously
syn:fool,fool away,fritter,fritter away,frivol away,shoot
The recent graduates dissipated their earnings on trips to Las Vegas and cruises in Mexico.
dissolution
n. a living full of debauchery and indulgence in sensual pleasure
syn:dissipation,licentiousness,looseness,profligacy
Many Roman emperors were known for their dissolution, indulging in unspeakable desires of the flesh.
docile
a. easily handled or managed; willing to be taught or led or supervised or directed
syn:gentle
Barnyard animals are considerably more docile than the wild animals.
dog
v. to pursue relentlessly; to hound
syn:chase,chase after,give chase,go after,tag,tail,track,trail
Throughout his life, he was dogged by insecurities that inhibited personal growth.
dogmatic
a. highly opinionated, not accepting that your belief may not be correct
Bryan is dogmatic in his belief that the earth is flat, claiming that all pictures of a spherical earth are computer generated.
doleful
a. filled with or evoking sadness
syn:mournful
No event is more doleful than the passing of my mother; she was a shining star in my life, and it brings me great sadness to think that she is now gone.
dolorous
a. showing sorrow
syn:dolourous,lachrymose,tearful,weeping
Chopin's ballades are filled with sharp changes in moods--a dolorous melody can give way to a lighthearted tempo.
doughty
a. brave; bold; courageous
I enjoy films in which a doughty group comes together to battle a force of evil.
dovetail
v. fit together tightly, as if by means of a interlocking joint
syn:dovetail joint
Although Darwin's evolution and Mendel's genetics were developed in isolation from one another, they dovetail very well.
dupe
v. to trick or swindle
syn:befool,cod,fool,gull,put on,put one across,put one over,slang,take in
Once again a get-rich-fast Internet scheme had duped Harold into submitting a $5,000 check to a sham operation.
dupe
n. a person who is easily tricked or swindled
syn:victim
The charlatan mistook the crowd for a bunch of dupes, but the crowd was quickly on to him and decried his bald-faced attempt to bilk them.
duplicity
n. deceitfulness, pretending to want one thing but interested in something else
syn:fraudulence
A life of espionage is one of duplicity: an agent must pretend to be a totally different person than who she or he actually is.
duress
n. compulsory force or threat
The witness said he signed the contract under duress and argued that the court should cancel the agreement.
ebullient
a. joyously unrestrained
syn:exuberant,high-spirited
Can you blame him for his ebullient mood? He just graduated from medical school.
eccentric
a. highly unconventional or unusual
syn:usually describes a person
syn:eccentric person,flake,geek,oddball
Mozart was well-known for his eccentricities, often speaking words backward to confuse those around him.
eclectic
a. comprised of a variety of styles
Joey was known for his eclectic tastes in music, one moment dancing to disco the next "air conducting" along to Beethoven's 9th symphony.
economical
a. avoiding waste, efficient
syn:frugal,scotch,sparing,stinting
Journalists favor an economical style of writing, in which no unnecessary words are used and every sentence is as short as possible.
edifying
a. enlightening or uplifting so as to encourage intellectual or moral improvement
syn:enlightening
I recently read an article in the Times about whether good literature is edifying or not; specifically, does reading more make a person more moral.
effervescent
a. marked by high spirits or excitement
syn:bubbling,frothy,scintillating,sparkly
After the sales result, the manager was in an effervescent mood, letting several employees leave work early that day.
efficacious
a. producing the intended result
syn:effective,effectual
Since Maggie's cough syrup, which had expired five years back, was no longer efficacious, she coughed through the night.
effrontery
n. audacious
syn:even arrogant behavior that you have no right to
syn:assumption,presumption,presumptuousness
The skateboarders acted with effrontery, skating through the church grounds and spray-painting signs warning trespassers.
egotist
n. a conceited and self-centered person
syn:egoist,swellhead
An egotist, Natasha had few friends because of her inability to talk about anything except her dream of becoming the next American Idol.
egregious
a. standing out in negative way; shockingly bad
syn:crying,flagrant,glaring,gross,rank
The dictator's abuse of human rights was so egregious that many world leaders demanded that he be tried in an international court for genocide.
eke
v. To live off meager resources, to scrape by
Stranded in a cabin over the winter, Terry was able to eke out an existence on canned food.
elaborate
v. explain in more detail
syn:dilate,enlarge,expand,expatiate,exposit,expound,flesh out,lucubrate
Most high school physics teachers find themselves elaborating the same point over and over again, since many concepts confuse students.
elaborate
a. marked by complexity and richness of detail
syn:luxuriant
Thomas, on returning from Morocco, replaced his dirty gray carpet with an elaborate one he'd brought back with him.
elegiac
a. expressing sorrow
Few can listen to the elegiac opening bars of the Moonlight sonata without feeling the urge to cry.
elicit
v. call forth
syn:emotions, feelings, and responses
syn:arouse,enkindle,evoke,fire,kindle,provoke,raise
Just smiling-even if you are depressed--can elicit feelings of pleasure and happiness.
elucidate
v. make clearer and easier to understand
syn:clear,clear up,crystalise,crystalize,crystallise,crystallize,enlighten,illuminate,shed light on,sort out,straighten out
Youtube is great place to learn just about anything-an expert elucidates finer points so that even a complete novice can learn.
elude
v. escape understanding
syn:bilk,evade
Even a basic understanding of physics can elude most high schools students.
elusive
a. difficult to capture or difficult to remember
syn:baffling,knotty,problematic,problematical,tough
Many first time skydivers say that describing the act of falling from the sky is elusive.
embellish
v. make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.; make more beautiful
syn:adorn,beautify,decorate,grace,ornament,fancify,prettify
McCartney would write relatively straightforward lyrics, and Lennon would embellish them with puns and poetic images.
embroiled
a. involved in argument or contention
syn:entangled
These days we are never short of a D.C. politician embroiled in scandal?봞 welcome phenomenon for those who, having barely finished feasting on the sordid details of one imbroglio, can sink their teeth into a fresh one.
embryonic
a. in an early stage of development
syn:embryotic,embryologic,embryonal
The Board of Directors is hoping to launch a new product soon, but planning for the Z7 is in an embryonic stages.
eminent
a. standing above others in quality or position
syn:lofty,soaring,towering
Shakespeare is an eminent author in the English language, but I find his writing uninteresting and melodramatic.
empathetic
a. showing understanding and ready comprehension of other peoples' states and emotions
syn:empathic
Most discrimination and hatred is based on a lack of empathetic awareness of people that have the same aspirations and fears.
empiricism
n. any method that derives knowledge from experience, used in experimental science as a way to gain insight and knowledge
syn:empiricist philosophy,sensationalism
empiricism does not always lead to knowledge; an experience or experiment may raise more questions than it answers.
emulate
v. strive to equal or match, especially by imitating; compete with successfully
To really become fluent in a new language, emulate the speech patterns and intonation of people who speak the language.
enamor
v. attraction or feeling of love
syn:becharm,beguile,bewitch,captivate,capture,catch,charm,enamour,enchant,entrance,fascinate,trance
She is completely enamored with Justin Bieber, and goes to all his concerts on the East coast.
encumber
v. hold back
syn:constrain,cumber,restrain
The costume encumbered all my movements and caused me to sweat profusely.
endemic
a. native; originating where it is found
syn:autochthonal,autochthonic,autochthonous,indigenous
Irish cuisine makes great use of potatoes, but ironically, the potato is not endemic to Ireland.
enervate
v. to sap energy from
syn:faze,unnerve,unsettle
John preferred to avoid equatorial countries; the intense sun would always leave him enervated after he'd spent the day sightseeing.
engender
v. give rise to
syn:beget,bring forth,father,generate,get,mother,sire
The restrictions of the Treaty of Versailles were so severe that they engendered deep hatred and resentment in the German people.
enjoin
v. give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
syn:order,say,tell
The government agency enjoined the chemical company to clean up the hazardous dump it had created over the years.
enmity
n. a state of deep-seated ill-will
syn:antagonism,hostility
Charles rude remark toward Sarah yesterday was due to his illness, not due to any real enmity toward Sarah.
enormity
n. an act of extreme wickedness
syn:outrageousness
The enormity of Pol Pot's regime is hard to capture in words--within months hundreds of thousands of Cambodians lost their lives.
enthrall
v. hold spellbound
syn:delight,enchant,enrapture,enthral,ravish,transport
She was so enthralled by the movie that she never heard people screaming, "Fire! Fire!" in the neighboring theater.
entice
v. get someone to do something through
syn:often false or exaggerated promises
syn:lure,tempt
Harold enticed his wife, Maude, to go on a vacation to Hawaii, with promises of luaus on the beach and all-you-can-eat seafood buffets.
entrenched
a. fixed firmly or securely
By the time we reach 60-years old, most of our habits are so entrenched that it is difficult for us to change.
enumerate
v. determine the number or amount of
syn:count,number,numerate
The survey enumerates the number of happy workers and the number of unhappy workers.
enumerate
v. specify individually, one by one
syn:itemise,itemize,recite
I sat and listened as she enumerated all of the things she did not like about the past three months.
ephemeral
a. lasting a very short time
syn:fugacious,passing,short-lived,transient,transitory
The lifespan of a mayfly is ephemeral, lasting from a few hours to a couple of days.
epigram
n. a witty saying
syn:quip
My favorite epigram from Mark Twain is "A man who carries a cat by the tail learns something he can learn no other way."
epiphany
n. a sudden revelation or moment of insight
Gary one day had an epiphany that he was a people person; he prompty quit his factory job and began working as a salesman.
eponym
n. the name derived from a person
syn:real or imaginary; the person for whom something is named
Alexandria, Egypt is an eponym because it is named after Alexander the Great.
equitable
a. fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience
syn:just
The equitable distribution of ice cream to a group of 5 year olds will ensure little to no fighting - at least until the ice cream is gone.
equivocal
a. confusing or ambiguous
The findings of the study were equivocal - the two researchers had different opinions on what the results signified.
equivocate
v. to speak vaguely, usually with the intention to mislead or deceive
syn:beat around the bush,palter,prevaricate,tergiversate
After Sharon brought the car home an hour after her curfew, she equivocated when her parents pointedly asked her where she had been.
eradicate
v. to completely destroy
syn:exterminate,extirpate,root out,uproot,annihilate,carry off,decimate,eliminate,extinguish,wipe out
I tried eradicating the mosquitos in my apartment with a rolled up newspaper, but there were too many of them.
err
v. to make an error
syn:mistake,slip
He erred in thinking that "indigent" and "indignant" were synonyms.
errant
a. to be wandering; not sticking to a circumscribed path
Unlike his peers, who spent their hours studying in the library, Matthew preferred errant walks through the university campus.
erratic
a. unpredictable; strange and unconventional
syn:fickle,mercurial,quicksilver
It came as no surprise to pundits that the President's attempt at re-election floundered; even during his term, support for his policies was erratic, with an approval rating jumping anywhere from 30 to 60 percent.
ersatz
a. not real or genuine; phony
syn:substitute
The car dealer's ersatz laughter was immediately followed by a price quote, one that Shelley found highly inflated.
erudite
a. having or showing profound knowledge
syn:learned
Before the Internet, the library was typically were you would find erudite readers.
eschew
v. avoid and stay away from deliberately; stay clear of
syn:shun
Politicians are the masters of eschewing morals; academics are the masters of eschewing clarity.
esoteric
a. confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle
Map collecting is an esoteric hobby to most, but to geography geeks it is a highly enjoyable pasttime.
espouse
v. to adopt or support an idea or cause
syn:adopt,embrace,sweep up
As a college student, Charlie espoused Marxism, growing his beard out and railing against the evils of the free-market.
estimable
a. deserving of esteem and respect
syn:good,honorable,respectable
After serving thirty years, in which he selflessly served the community, Judge Harper was one of the more estimable people in town.
ethereal
a. characterized by lightness and insubstantiality
syn:aerial,aeriform,aery,airy
Because she dances with an ethereal style, ballet critics have called her Madame Butterfly.
euphoria
n. a feeling of great
syn:usually exaggerated elation
syn:euphory
The euphoria of winning her first gold medal in the 100 meter dash overwhelmed Shelly-Ann Fraser and she wept tears of immense joy.
evanescent
a. tending to vanish like vapor
The storm flashed into existence above us and lasted only a short time - an evanescent turbulence of wind and cloud.
evasive
a. avoiding or escaping from difficulty or danger or commitment
His responses were clearly evasive; he obviously did not want to take on any responsibility or any new work.
evasive
a. deliberately vague or ambiguous
Every time I call the bank, I receive the same evasive answers about our mortgage and never get a clear response.
evenhanded
a. without partiality
Teachers often have trouble being evenhanded to all of their varied students.
exacerbate
v. make worse
syn:aggravate,exasperate,worsen
Her sleeplessness exacerbated her cold--when she woke up the next day, her sinuses were completely blocked.
exacting
a. requiring and demanding accuracy
syn:exigent,stern,strict
Though his childhood piano teacher was so exacting, Max is thankful now, as a professional pianist.
exalt
v. praise or glorify
syn:extol,glorify,laud,proclaim
The teenagers exalted the rock star, covering their bedrooms with posters of him.
exasperate
v. to irritate intensely
syn:aggravate,exacerbate,exacerbate,worsen,incense,infuriate
As a child, I exasperated my mother with strings of never-ending questions.
excoriate
v. to criticize very harshly
syn:condemn,decry,objurgate,reprobate
Entrusted with the prototype to his company's latest smartphone, Larry, during a late night karaoke bout, let the prototype slip into the hands of a rival company - the next day Larry was excoriated, and then fired.
excruciating
a. extremely painful
syn:agonising,agonizing,harrowing,torturesome,torturing,torturous
After the boulder rolled a couple of feet, pinning my friend's arm, he experienced excruciating pain.
execrate
v. to curse and hiss at
syn:accurse,anathematise,anathematize,anathemise,anathemize,comminate
Though the new sitcom did decently in the ratings, Nelson railed against the show, saying that it was nothing more than an execrable pastiche of tired clich챕's and canned laughter.
exegesis
n. critical explanation or analysis, especially of a text
The Bible is fertile ground for exegesis - over the past five centuries there have been as many interpretations as there are pages in the Old Testament.
exemplar
n. something to be imitated
syn:example,good example,model
Lena's homework is on the wall because it is an exemplar of clean, neat, and thoughtful work.
exemplify
v. clarify by giving an example of
syn:illustrate,instance
Please present some case studies that exemplify the results that you claim in your paper.
exemplify
v. be characteristic of
syn:represent
Lincoln exemplified the best of not only America, but also the potential greatness that exists within each person.
exhort
v. to strongly urge on; encourage
syn:barrack,cheer,inspire,pep up,root on,urge,urge on
Nelson's parents exhorted him to study medicine, urging him to choose a respectable profession; intransigent, Nelson left home to become a graffiti artist.
exiguity
n. the quality of being meager
syn:leanness,meagerness,meagreness,poorness,scantiness,scantness
After two months at sea, the exiguity of the ship's supplies forced them to search for fresh water and food.
exonerate
v. pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
syn:acquit,assoil,clear,discharge,exculpate
The document clearly indicated that Nick was out of the state at the time of the crime, and so served to exonerate him of any charges.
exorbitant
a. greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation
syn:extortionate,outrageous,steep,unconscionable,usurious
Shelley made one exorbitant purchase after another, buying new clothes and taking vacations even though she earned a limited salary.
expansive
a. communicative, and prone to talking in a sociable manner
syn:talkative
After a few sips of cognac, the octogenarian shed his irascible demeanor and became expansive, speaking fondly of the "good old days".
expound
v. add details or explanation; clarify the meaning; state in depth
syn:dilate,elaborate,enlarge,expand,expatiate,exposit,flesh out,lucubrate
The CEO refused to expound on the decision to merge our department with another one, and so I quit.
expunge
v. to eliminate completely
syn:excise,scratch,strike
When I turned 18, all of the shoplifting and jaywalking charges were expunged from my criminal record.
expurgate
v. to remove objectionable material
syn:bowdlerise,bowdlerize,castrate,shorten
The censor expurgated every reference to sex and drugs, converting the rapper's raunchy flow into a series of bleeps.
extant
a. still in existence
syn:usually refers to documents.
Despite many bookstores closing, experts predict that some form of book dealing will still be extant generations from now.
extenuating
a. making less guilty or more forgivable
The jury was hardly moved by the man's plea that his loneliness was an extenuating factor in his crime of dognapping a prized pooch.
extrapolate
v. draw from specific cases for more general cases
syn:generalise,generalize,infer
By extrapolating from the data on the past three months, we can predict a 5% increase in traffic to our website.
facetious
a. cleverly amusing in tone
syn:bantering,tongue-in-cheek
facetious behavior will not be tolerated during sex eduation class; it's time for all of you to treat these matters like mature adults.
facile
a. arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth
Many news shows provide facile explanations to complex politics, so I prefer to read the in-depth reporting of The New York Times.
factious
a. produced by, or characterized by internal dissension
syn:dissentious,divisive
The controversial bill proved factious, as dissension even within parties resulted
factitious
a. artificial; not natural
The defendant's story was largely factitious and did not accord with eyewitness testimonies
fallacious
a. of a belief that is based on faulty reasoning
syn:unsound,Synonyms,
deceitful , fraudulent
fallacious
The widespread belief that Eskimos have forty different words for snow is fallacious, based on one false report.
deceitful , fraudulent
fastidious
a. overly concerned with details; fussy
syn:exacting
Whitney is fastidious about her shoes, arranging them on a shelf in a specific order, each pair evenly spaced.
fawn
v. try to gain favor by extreme flattery
syn:bootlick,kotow,kowtow,suck up,toady,truckle
The media fawned over the handsome new CEO, praising his impeccable sense of style instead of asking more pointed questions.
feckless
a. lazy and irresponsible
syn:inept
Two years after graduation, Charlie still lived with his parents and had no job, becoming more feckless with each passing day.
fecund
a. intellectually productive
syn:fertile,prolific
The artist had entered a fecund period, producing three masterpieces in the span of two months.
fell
a. terribly evil
syn:barbarous,brutal,cruel,roughshod,savage,vicious
For fans of the Harry Potter series, the fell Lord Voldemort, who terrorized poor Harry for seven lengthy installments, has finally been vanquished by the forces of good - unless, that is, JK Rowling decides to come out of retirement.
ferret
v. to search for something persistently
syn:ferret out
Ever the resourceful lexicographer, Fenton was able to ferret out the word origin of highly obscure words.
fete
v. to celebrate a person
syn:celebrate
After World War II, war heroes were feted at first but quickly forgotten.
fickle
a. liable to sudden unpredictable change, esp. in affections or attachments
syn:erratic,mercurial,quicksilver
She was so fickle in her politics, it was hard to pinpoint her beliefs; one week she would embrace a side, and the next week she would denounce it.
finagle
v. achieve something by means of trickery or devious methods
syn:manage,wangle
Steven was able to finagle one of the last seats on the train by convincing the conductor that his torn stub was actually a valid ticket.
firebrand
n. someone who deliberately creates trouble
syn:inciter,instigant,instigator,provoker
Freddie is a firebrand: every time he walks into the office, he winds up at the center of heated argument.
flag
v. droop, sink, or settle from or as if from pressure or loss of tautness; become less intense
syn:droop,sag,swag
After the three crushing defeats in the last three games, the team's enthusiasm began to flag.
fledgling
a. young and inexperienced; describing any new participant in some activity
syn:callow,unfledged,entrant,fledgeling,freshman,neophyte,newbie,newcomer,starter,
Murray has years of experience in family practice, but he is just a fledgling in surgery.
fleece
v. to deceive
syn:gazump,hook,overcharge,pluck,plume,rob,soak,surcharge
Many people have been fleeced by Internet scams and never received their money back.
flippant
a. showing inappropriate levity
syn:light-minded
Although Sam was trying to honor Mark's sense of humor, many found it quite flippant that he wore a comic nose and glasses mask to Mark's funeral.
flounder
v. behave awkwardly; have difficulties
syn:stagger
Sylvia has excelled at advanced calculus, but ironically, when she has deal with taxes, she flounders.
flummox
v. be a mystery or bewildering to
syn:amaze,baffle,beat,bewilder,dumbfound,get,gravel,mystify,nonplus,perplex,pose,puzzle,stick,stupefy,vex
Mary's behavior completely flummoxes me: I never have any idea what her motivations might be.
flush
a. to be in abundance
syn:bloom,blossom,efflorescence,flower,heyday,peak,prime
The exam's passage is flush with difficult words, words that you may have learned only yesterday.
flux
n. a state of uncertainty about what should be done
syn:usually following some important event
Ever since Elvira resigned as the head of marketing, everything about our sales strategy has been in a state of flux.
foible
n. a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
syn:idiosyncrasy,mannerism
When their new roommate sat staring at an oak tree for an hour, Marcia thought it indicated a mental problem, but Jeff assured her it was a harmless foible.
foment
v. try to stir up public opinion
syn:agitate,stir up
After having his pay cut, Phil spread vicious rumors about his boss, hoping to foment a general feeling of discontent.
foolhardy
a. marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
syn:heady,rash,reckless
The police regularly face dangerous situations, so for a police officer not to wear his bullet-proof vest is foolhardy.
forlorn
a. marked by or showing hopelessness
After her third pet dog died, Marcia was simply forlorn: this time even the possibility of buying a new dog no longer held any joy.
forthcoming
a. available when required or as promised
syn:approaching,coming,upcoming
The President announced that the senators were about to reach a compromise, and that he was eager to read the forthcoming details of the bill.
forthcoming
a. at ease in talking to others
Synonyms : extroverted , outgoing
forthright
a. characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion
syn:blunt,candid,frank,free-spoken,outspoken,plainspoken,point-blank,straight-from-the-shoulder
I did not expect the insurance agent to give us any straight answers, but I was pleasantly surprised by how forthright he was.
fortuitous
a. occurring by happy chance; having no cause or apparent cause
syn:causeless,uncaused,魔巒碼膜??
While the real objects are vastly different sizes in space, the sun and the moon seem to have the same fortuitous size in the sky.
fractious
a. irritable and is likely to cause disruption
syn:cranky,irritable,nettlesome,peckish,peevish,pettish,petulant,scratchy,techy,testy,tetchy
We rarely invite my fractious Uncle over for dinner; he always complains about the food, and usually launches into a tirade on some touchy subject.
frivolous
a. not serious in content or attitude or behavior
Compared to Juliet's passionate concern for human rights, Jake's non-stop concern about football seems somewhat frivolous.
frugal
a. not spending much money
syn:but spending wisely
syn:economical,scotch,sparing,stinting
Monte was no miser, but was simply frugal, wisely spending the little that he earned.
frustrate
v. hinder or prevent
syn:the efforts, plans, or desires of
syn:baffle,bilk,cross,foil,queer,scotch,spoil,thwart,
I thought I would finish writing the paper by lunchtime, but a number of urgent interruptions served to frustrate my plan.
furtive
a. marked by quiet and caution and secrecy; taking pains to avoid being observed
syn:sneak,sneaky,stealthy,surreptitious
While at work, George and his boss Regina felt the need to be as furtive as possible about their romantic relationship.
futile
a. producing no result or effect; unproductive of success
syn:ineffectual,otiose,unavailing,bootless,fruitless,sleeveless,vain
I thought I could repair the car myself, but after two days of work with no success, I have to admit that my efforts were futile.
gaffe
n. a socially awkward or tactless act
syn:faux pas,gaucherie,slip,solecism
In a famous gaffe, Vice President Quayle attempted to correct the spelling of a grade school student, only to find that the child was correct.
gainsay
v. deny or contradict; speak against or oppose
syn:challenge,dispute
I can't gainsay a single piece of evidence James has presented, but I still don't trust his conclusion.
gall
n. feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
syn:bitterness,rancor,rancour,resentment
In an act of gall, Leah sent compromising photos of her ex-boyfriend to all his co-workers and professional contacts.
gall
n. the trait of being rude and impertinent
syn:cheekiness,crust,freshness,impertinence,impudence,insolence
Even though Carly was only recently hired, she had the gall to question her boss's judgment in front of the office.
galvanize
v. to excite or inspire
syn:someone to action
syn:galvanise,startle
At mile 23 of his first marathon, Kyle had all but given up, until he noticed his friends and family holding a banner that read, "Go Kyle"; galvanized, he broke into a gallop, finishing the last three miles in less than 20 minutes.
gambit
n. a maneuver or risk in a game or conversation, designed to secure an advantage
syn:ploy,stratagem
Randy played a gambit, telling his boss that he would leave at the end of the week if he didn't get a raise.
garrulous
a. full of trivial conversation
syn:chatty,gabby,loquacious,talkative,talky
Lynne was garrulous: once, she had a fifteen minute conversation with a stranger before she realized the woman didn't speak English.
gauche
a. lacking social polish
syn:graceless,unpolished
Sylvester says the most gauche things, such as telling a girl he liked that she was much prettier when she wore makeup.
genial
a. agreeable, conducive to comfort
syn:kind
Betty is a genial young woman: everyone she meets is put at ease by her elegance and grace.
genteel
a. marked by refinement in taste and manners
syn:civilised,civilized,cultivated,cultured,polite
A live string quartet would provide a more genteel air to the wedding than would a folk singer.
germane
a. relevant and appropriate
The professor wanted to tell the jury in detail about his new book, but the lawyer said it wasn't germane to the charges in the cases.
gerrymander
v. to manipulate voting districts in order to favor a particular political party
Years ago, savvy politicians had gerrymandered the city center to ensure their re-election.
glean
v. collect information bit by bit
syn:harvest,reap
Herb has given us no formal statement about his background, but from various hints, I have gleaned that he grew up in difficult circumstances
glib
a.
syn:of a person speaking with ease but without sincerity
syn:pat,slick
I have found that the more glib the salesman, the worse the product.
glut
v. supply with an excess of
syn:flood,oversupply
In the middle of economic crises, hiring managers find their inboxes glutted with resumes.
glut
n. an excessive supply
syn:oversupply,surfeit
The Internet offers such a glut of news related stories that many find it difficult to know which story to read first.
goad
v. urge on with unpleasant comments
syn:prick,needle
Doug did not want to enter the race, but Jim, through a steady stream of taunts, goaded him into signing up for it.
gossamer
a. characterized by unusual lightness and delicacy
syn:ethereal
The gossamer wings of a butterfly, which allow it to fly, are also a curse, so delicate that they are often damaged.
graft
n. corruption, usually through bribery
In countries with rampant graft, getting a driver's license can require no more than paying an official.
grandiloquent
a. puffed up with vanity
syn:overblown,pompous,pontifical,portentous
The dictator was known for his grandiloquent speeches, puffing his chest out and using big, important-sounding words.
gregarious
a. to be likely to socialize with others
Often we think that great leaders are those who are gregarious, always in the middle of a large group of people; yet, as Mahatma Gandhi and many others have shown us, leaders can also be introverted.
grovel
v. show submission or fear
syn:cower,crawl,creep,cringe,fawn
Every time Susan comes to the office, Frank grovels as if she were about to fire.
guffaw
v. laugh boisterously
syn:laugh loudly
Whenever the jester fell to the ground in mock pain, the king guffawed, exposing his yellow, fang-like teeth.
guileless
a. free of deceit
syn:transparent
At first I thought my niece was guileless, but I then found myself buying her ice cream every time we passed a shop.
gumption
n. resourcefulness and determination
syn:backbone,grit,guts,moxie,sand
Wallace Stegner lamented the lack of gumption in the U.S. during the sixties, claiming that no young person knew the value of work.
hackneyed
a. lacking significance through having been overused
syn:banal,commonplace,old-hat,shopworn,stock,threadbare,timeworn,tired,trite,well-worn
Cheryl rolled her eyes when she heard the lecturer's hackneyed advice to "be true to yourself."
hagiographic
a. excessively flattering toward someone's life or work
Most accounts of Tiger Woods life were hagiographic, until, that is, his affairs made headlines.
hail
v. enthusiastically acclaim or celebrate something
syn:herald
Many college superstar athletes are hailed as the next big thing, but then flop at the professional level.
halcyon
a. idyllically calm and peaceful; suggesting happy tranquillity; marked by peace and prosperity
syn:golden,prosperous
The first decade after WWI was a halcyon period in America with new-found wealth and rapidly improving technology.
hamper
v. prevent the progress or free movement of
syn:cramp,halter,strangle
As the rain water began to collect in pools on the highway, it began to hamper the flow of traffic.
hamstrung
v. made ineffective or powerless
The FBI has made so many restrictions on the local police that they are absolutely hamstrung, unable to accomplish anything.
haphazard
a. marked by great carelessness; dependent upon or characterized by chance
syn:slapdash,slipshod,sloppy,hit-or-miss
Many golf courses are designed with great care, but the greens on the county golf course seem entirely haphazard.
harangue
n. a long pompous speech; a tirade
syn:rant,ranting
Dinner at Billy's was more a punishment than a reward, since anyone who sat at the dinner table would have to listen to Billy's father's interminable harangues against the government.
harangue
v. to deliver a long pompous speech or tirade
Tired of his parents haranguing him about his laziness and lack of initiative, Tyler finally moved out of home at the age of thirty-five.
harried
a. troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
syn:annoyed,harassed,pestered,vexed
With a team of new hires to train, Martha was constantly harried with little questions and could not focus on her projects.
haughty
a. having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
syn:disdainful,imperious,lordly,overbearing,prideful,sniffy,supercilious,swaggering
The haughty manager didn't believe that any of his subordinates could ever have an insight as brilliant his own.
hauteur
n. overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner toward inferiors
syn:arrogance,haughtiness,high-handedness,lordliness
As soon as she won the lottery, Alice begin displaying a hauteur to her friends, calling them dirty-clothed peasants behind their backs.
hector
v. to bully or intimidate
syn:ballyrag,boss around,browbeat,bully,bullyrag,push around,strong-arm
The boss's hectoring manner put off many employees, some of whom quit as soon as they found new jobs.
hedge
v. to limit or qualify a statement; to avoid making a direct statement
syn:circumvent,dodge,duck,elude,evade,fudge,parry,put off,sidestep,skirt
When asked why he had decided to buy millions of shares at the very moment the tech companies stock soared, the CEO hedged, mentioning something vague about gut instinct.
hegemony
a. dominance over a certain area
Until the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1587, Spain had hegemony over the seas, controlling waters stretching as far as the Americas.
heretic
n. a person who holds unorthodox opinions in any field
syn:not merely religion
syn:misbeliever,religious outcast
Though everybody at the gym told Mikey to do cardio before weights, Mikey was a heretic and always did the reverse.
heyday
n. the pinnacle or top of a time period or career
syn:bloom,blossom,efflorescence,flower,flush,peak,prime
During the heyday of Prohibition, bootlegging had become such a lucrative business that many who had been opposed to the 18th Amendment began to fear it would be repealed.
histrionic
a. to be overly theatrical
syn:melodramatic
Though she received a B- on the test, she had such a histrionic outburst that one would have thought that she'd been handed a death sentence.
hoary
a. ancient
syn:rusty
Most workout gurus are young, fit people, whereas most yoga gurus are hoary men with long white beards.
hobble
v. to hold back the progress of something
syn:gimp,hitch,limp
Bad weather has hobbled rescue efforts, making it difficult for crews to find bodies in the wreckage.
hodgepodge
n. a confusing mixture or jumble
syn:farrago,gallimaufry,hotchpotch,melange,mingle-mangle,mishmash,oddments,odds and ends,omnium-gatherum,ragbag
Those in attendance represented a hodgepodge of the city's denizens: chimney sweepers could be seen sitting elbow to elbow with stockbrokers.
hoodwink
v. to deceive or trick someone
syn:bamboozle,lead by the nose,play false,pull the wool over someone's eyes,snow
Someone tried to hoodwink Marty with an email telling him that his uncle had just passed away, and to collect the inheritance he should send his credit card information.
hound
v. to pursue relentlessly
syn:hunt,trace
An implacable foe of corruption, Eliot Ness hounded out graft in all forms - he even helped nab Al Capone.
hubris
n. overbearing pride or presumption
Bill Clinton was criticized for his hubris, since he believed he could get away with anything once in the White House.
humdrum
a. dull and lacking excitement
syn:commonplace,prosaic,unglamorous,unglamourous,monotonous
Having grown up in a humdrum suburb, Jacob relished life in New York City after moving.
iconoclast
n. somebody who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions
Lady Gaga, in challenging what it means to be clothed, is an iconoclast for wearing a "meat dress" to a prominent awards show.
iconoclastic
a. defying tradition or convention
Jackson Pollack was an iconoclastic artist, totally breaking with tradition by splashing paint on a blank canvas.
idiosyncrasy
n. a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
syn:foible,mannerism
Peggy's numerous idiosyncrasies include wearing mismatched shoes, laughing loudly to herself, and owning a pet aardvark.
ignoble
a. dishonorable
syn:ungentle,untitled
In the 1920s, the World Series was rigged--an ignoble act which baseball took decades to recover from.
ignominious
a.
syn:used of conduct or character deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
syn:black,disgraceful,inglorious,opprobrious,shameful
Since the politician preached ethics and morality, his texting of revealing photographs was ignominious, bringing shame on both himself and his party.
illicit
a. contrary to or forbidden by law
syn:illegitimate,outlaw,outlawed,unlawful
Though Al Capone was engaged in many illicit activities, he was finally arrested for income tax evasion, a relatively minor offense.
illustrious
a. widely known and esteemed; having or conferring glory
syn:celebrated,famed,famous,far-famed,notable,noted,renowned
Einstein was possibly the most illustrious scientist in recent history.
imbibe
v. to drink or absorb as if drinking
syn:absorb,draw,soak up,sop up,suck,suck up,take in,take up
Plato imbibed Socrates' teachings to such an extent that he was able to write volumes of work that he directly attributed, sometimes word for word, to Socrates.
imbroglio
n. a confusing and potentially embarrassing situation
syn:embroilment
The chef cook-off featured one gourmand who had the unfortunate distinction of mixing the wrong broths, creating an imbroglio that diners would not soon forget.
immaterial
a. not relevant
syn:extraneous,impertinent,orthogonal,incorporeal
The judge found the defendant's comments immaterial to the trial, and summarily dismissed him from the witness stand.
immure
v. to enclose, usually in walls
syn:gaol,imprison,incarcerate,jail,jug,lag,put away,put behind bars,remand
The modern supermarket experience makes many feel claustrophobic, as they are immured in walls upon walls of products.
immutable
a. not able to be changed
syn:changeless
Taxes are one of the immutable laws of the land, so there is no use arguing about paying them.
impartial
a. free from undue bias or preconceived opinions
syn:unprejudiced
The judge was not impartial since he had been bribed by the witness's family.
impeccable
a. without fault or error
syn:faultless,immaculate
He was impeccably dressed in the latest fashion without a single crease or stain.
impecunious
a. lacking money; poor
syn:hard up,in straitened circumstances,penniless,penurious,pinched
In extremely trying times, even the moderately wealthy, after a few turns of ill-fortune, can become impecunious.
impede
v. be a hindrance or obstacle to
syn:hinder,block,close up,jam,obstruct,obturate,occlude
Since the police sergeant had to train the pair of new hires, progress in his own case was impeded.
impending
a. close in time; about to occur
syn:at hand,close at hand,imminent,impendent
The impending doom of our world has been a discussed and debated for 2000 years - maybe even longer.
imperil
transitive verb. to put at risk; endanger; synonyms: endanger, hazard, jeopardize
The impending doom of our world has been a discussed and debated for 2000 years - maybe even longer.
imperil

The impending doom of our world has been a discussed and debated for 2000 years - maybe even longer.
imperious
a. having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
syn:disdainful,haughty,lordly,overbearing,prideful,sniffy,supercilious,swaggering
Children are imperious with each other before they learn that earning someone's respect is better than demanding.
impermeable
a. does not allow fluids to pass through
The sand bags placed on the river formed an impermeable barrier, protecting the town from flooding.
impertinent

syn:adj not pertinent to the matter under consideration
syn:extraneous,immaterial,orthogonal
The sand bags placed on the river formed an impermeable barrier, protecting the town from flooding.
impertinent
a. being disrespectful; improperly forward or bold
syn:fresh,impudent,overbold,sassy,saucy,smart,wise
Dexter, distraught over losing his pet dachshund, Madeline, found the police officer's questions impertinent - after all, he thought, did she have to pry into such details as to what Madeline's favorite snack was?
impervious
a. not admitting of passage or capable of being affected
syn:imperviable
I am not impervious to your insults; they cause me great pain.
impetuous
a. characterized by undue haste and lack of thought or deliberation
syn:brainish,hotheaded,impulsive,madcap,tearaway
Herbert is rarely impetuous, but on the spur of the moment, he spent thousands of dollars on a motorcycle today.
implacable
a. incapable of making less angry or hostile
Win or lose, the coach was always implacable, never giving the athletes an easy practice or a break.
implausible
a. describing a statement that is not believable
syn:farfetched
The teacher found it implausible that the student was late to school because he had been kidnapped by outlaws on horseback.
implicate
v. convey a meaning; imply
syn:entail
By saying that some of the guests were uncomfortable, the manager implicated to the hotel staff that it needed to be more dilligent.
implicate
v. to indicate in wrongdoing, usually a crime
The crime boss was implicated for a long list of crimes, ranging from murder to disturbing the peace.
imponderable
a. impossible to estimate or figure out
According to many lawmakers, the huge variety of factors affecting society make devising an efficient healthcare system an imponderable task.
importuned
v. beg persistently and urgently
After weeks of importuning the star to meet for a five-minute interview, the journalist finally got what she wanted.
impregnable
a. immune to attack; incapable of being tampered with
syn:inviolable,secure,strong,unassailable,unattackable
As a child, Amy would build pillow castles and pretend they were impregnable fotresses.
improvident
a. not given careful consideration
syn:ill-considered,ill-judged,shortsighted
Marty was improvident, never putting money aside for the future but spending it on decorating the interior of his home.
imprudent
a. not wise
Hitler, like Napoleon, made the imprudent move of invading Russia in winter, suffering even more casualties than Napoleon had.
impudent
a. improperly forward or bold
syn:fresh,impertinent,overbold,sassy,saucy,smart,wise
In an impudent move, the defendant spoke out of order to say terribly insulting things to the judge.
impugn
v. attack as false or wrong
Though many initially tried to impugn Darwin's theory, in scientific circles today, the is idea taken as truth.
impute
v. attribute
syn:responsibility or fault to something
syn:ascribe,assign,attribute
He imputed his subpar performance on the test to a combination of stress and poor sleep.
inadvertent
a. happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally
syn:accidental
Although Prohibition was rooted in noble ideals, the inadvertent and costly consequences of making alcohol illegal in the U.S. led its the repeal.
inanity
n. total lack of meaning or ideas
syn:mindlessness,pointlessness,senselessness,vacuity
Bill's poem was nothing more than a list of impressive sounding words, so there was no point in trying to take meaning from the inanity.
inarticulate
a. without or deprived of the use of speech or words
syn:unarticulate
Although a brilliant economist, Professor Black was completely inarticulate, a terrible lecturer.
incense
v. make furious
syn:exasperate,infuriate
When Herb bought football tickets for a game on the day of their wedding anniversary, Jill was incensed.
incessant
a. uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
syn:ceaseless,constant,never-ending,perpetual,unceasing,unremitting
I don't mind small children in brief doses, but I think the incessant exposure that their parents have to them would quickly wear me down.
inchoate
a. only partly in existence; imperfectly formed
syn:incipient
inchoate ideas about the relation of humans to other animals had been discussed since the Middle Ages but the modern theory really began with Darwin.
incisive
a. having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
syn:acute,discriminating,keen,knifelike,penetrating,penetrative,piercing,sharp
The lawyer had an incisive mind, able in a flash to dissect a hopelessly tangled issue and isolate the essential laws at play.
inclement
a.
syn:of weather unpleasant, stormy
After a week of inclement weather, we finally are able to go outside and enjoy the sun.
inclement
a. used of persons or behavior; showing no mercy
Marcus Aurelius, though a fair man, was inclement to Christians during his reign, persecuting them violently.
incongruous
a. lacking in harmony or compatibility or appropriateness
The vast economic inequality of modern society is incongruous with America's ideals.
incontrovertible
a. necessarily or demonstrably true; impossible to deny or disprove
syn:demonstrable,irrefutable,positive
Unless you can provide incontrovertible evidence, I will remain skeptical.
incorrigible
a. impervious to correction by punishment
Tom Sawyer seems like an incorrigible youth until Huck Finn enters the novel; even Sawyer can't match his fierce individual spirit.
incumbent
a. necessary
syn:for someone as a duty or responsibility
Middle managers at times make important decisions, but real responsibility for the financial well-being of the corporation is ultimately incumbent on the CEO.
indecorous
a. not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite society
syn:indecent,unbecoming,uncomely,unseemly,untoward
Eating with elbows on the table is considered indecorous in refined circles.
indict
v. to formally charge or accuse of wrong-doing
The bankrobber was indicted on several major charges, including possession of a firearm.