TOEIC Vocabulary 3420
3420 카드 | mate234
세트공유
A.O.B.
abbr. used at the end of the list of subjects to be discussed at a meeting or conference
AOL
abbr. American corporation headquartered in Virginia, owner and operator of on line and interactive computer services
ASAP
abbr. quickly; immediately; swiftly; speedily; fast
a.m.
abbr. morning; time before noon; hours between midnight and noon
abbreviation
n. shortened form of a word or word combination
abide
v. to comply; to obey; to conform; to stay; to tolerate
ability
n. skill; talent; aptitude; capacity; power
able
adj. competent; talented; apt
abolish
v. to cancel; to revoke
abound
v. to be plentiful; to be filled with; to overflow with
above
prep. over; higher than; more than
above
n. something previously mentioned or indicated
above
adj. mentioned earlier in the same text
above
adv. overhead; over; in a higher place
abreast
adv. side by side; in alignment; on top of; up-to-date; well-informed
abroad
adv. in another country; outside; widely
absence
n. failure to appear; state of being away; state of being not present
absent
adj. preoccupied; lost in thought
absorb
v. to suck up; take up; take in
absorbed
adj. treated as an expense
abundant
adj. plentiful; copious; profuse; full abounding with
abuse
v. to injure; to harm; to mistreat
abuse
n. maltreatment; corrupt practice; foul language
accelerate
v. to hasten; to increase the speed of something; to speed something up
accelerator
n. gas pedal of a motor vehicle
accept
v. to receive; to agree; to consent
acceptance
n. act of receiving; approval; state of believing in something
access
v. to gain entrance to; to get at
access
n. approach; entry; permission to enter a computer system or network and/or retrieve data
accident
n. casualty; misadventure; mishap; failure
accommodate
v. to adapt oneself; to host guests; to provide lodging
accommodation
n. housing; residence; lodging; arrangement; adjustment
accompany
v. to go along with; to go together with; to join; to attach
accomplish
v. to complete; to achieve; to attain; to perform
accomplishment
n. fulfillment; realization; attainment; achievement
accord
v. to give; to match; to fit; to complement
accord
n. agreement; settlement; harmony
accordance
n. conformity; agreement; coordination; suitability
account
v. to explain; to give a report; to cause; to regard
account
n. business arrangement; client; funds deposited in a bank
accountant
n. a person who keeps financial records; a person who conducts financial audits
accounting
n. a system of recording and analyzing financial transactions; auditing; a detailed financial statement
accredit
v. to certify; to recognize; to assign; to license
accrue
v. to compile; to increase; to accumulate; to grow
accuracy
n. preciseness; exactness
achieve
v. to obtain; to attain; to perform; to accomplish
achievement
n. performance; operation; attainment; mission; success
acquaint
v. to make familiar; to present someone; to introduce someone
acquaintance
n. person that you have met but do not know well; knowledge of something; familiarity
acquainted
adj. familiar; close; intimate; informed; aware
acquire
v. to buy; to obtain; to purchase; to attain
acquisition
n. purchase; something that has been purchased or obtained
acronym
n. a word which is formed from the first letters of several words; i.e. TOEIC or NATO
actual
adj. substantial; real; tangible; current
ad
n. informal word for a commercial announcement
ad
pref. toward; at
adamant
n. something unyielding; something hard; stone similar to diamond
adamant
adj. unyielding; firm; hard; unbending
adapt
v. to conform; to change; to make suitable; to match; to fit
addiction
n. devotion to a certain habit; dependency
addition
n. supplement; mathematical operation
additional
adj. extra; supplemental
additive
n. supplement
address
v. to direct to; to speak to; to direct to a specific destination; to refer to
address
n. location; description of a location
adept
adj. proficient; skilled; expert
adept
n. person who is an expert; person who is skilled
adequate
adj. sufficient; suitable; appropriate; proper
adhere
v. to stick to; to cling to; to be devoted to (an idea, group, organization etc.)
adjourn
v. to postpone; to delay; to end a meeting; to move to another place
adjust
v. to modify; to adapt; to fit; to arrange; to settle
adjustable rate
n. an interest percentage that changes over time
adjustment
n. adaption; settlement of an insurance claim
administer
v. to manage; to supervise; to supply; to dispense
administration
n. management; supervisors; leadership
administrative
adj. managerial; executive
admirable
adj. worthy of adoration; impressive; wonderful; marvelous
admiration
n. enchantment; affection; adoration
admission
n. entrance; permission to enter; confession
admit
v. to confess to something; to allow entrance; to accept as valid
admonish
v. to warn; to scold; to reprove
ado
n. commotion; flurry; excitement
adopt
v. to form a relationship with another person
adorn
v. to decorate; to beautify
adroit
adj. alert; clever; ingenious; skillful; adept
adult
n. opposite of child; a grown-up; a mature person
adult
adj. mature; full grown
advance
adj. beforehand
advance
n. progress; modernization; promotion
advance
v. to progress; to promote; to make a payment before it is due
advancement
n. forward movement; progress; promotion
advantage
n. benefit; profit; utility; avail
advantage
v. to help; to assist; to promote; to be beneficial to
adverse opinion
n. one of several separate payments into which a debt has been divided; section; portion
adversely
adv. unfavorably; in a manner that works against; antagonistically
adversity
n. misfortune; hardship; distress; suffering
advert
v. to refer to; to comment on; to draw attention to
advert
n. public announcement or printed notice designed to attract attention
advertise
v. to promote; to draw attention to; to publicize
advertisement
n. commercial information designed to attract attention; commercial
advice
n. counsel; guidance; specific information; hint
advise
v. to counsel; to offer guidance; to notify; to inform
advisor
n. a person who provides guidance; consultant; counselor
affect
v. to influence
affiliate
n. partner company; distributor
affiliate
v. to join with; to connect to; to become attached to
affiliation
n. connection; attachment
affinity
n. attraction; closeness; liking; likeness
afford
v. to be able to pay for; to supply; to provide
age
n. period; era; generation
age
v. to grow older; to mature
agency
n. office; bureau; institution; franchise; method
agenda
n. schedule; calendar; outline of things to be done
agent
n. representative; rep; factor; cause
aggregate
v. to accumulate; to gather; to collect; to assemble
aggregate
adj. collective; total; taking all units as a whole
aggregate
n. combination; conjunction; group; mixture
aging schedule
n. a list of accounts receivable
agree
v. to consent; to concur; to suit; to have the same opinion; to fit
agreement
n. pact; contract; accord; consent; concurrence
ahead
adv. forward; in advance
aid
v. to help; to assist
aid
n. help; assistance; accessory
aim
n. purpose; goal; objective; target
aim
v. to try or to intend to achieve something; to direct; to plan; to aspire
aircraft
n. any vehicle which can be flown (i.e. helicopter)
airport
n. place used by planes for takeoff and landing
airways
n. route through traveled by vehicles above ground level
aisle
n. passage; walkway (between rows of seats or shelves)
alert
adj. ready; attentive; quick; agile
alert
n. warning; alarm; attitude of readiness
alert
v. to warn; to put on standby; to alarm
alive
adj. active; attentive
allay
v. to relieve; to calm; to alleviate pain
alleviate
v. to allay; to soothe; to relieve; to soften; to lessen
alliance
n. pact; treaty; connection; relationship
allot
v. to give out; to distribute; to ration; to set aside for a special purpose
allow
v. to permit; to enable
allowance
n. grant; pocket money; stipend; discount; deduction
already
adv. previously; before a certain time
alter
v. to change; to modify
alternate
adj. rotating; one after the other; interchanging
alternate
v. to interchange; to take turns; to rotate; to substitute
alternative
n. choice; option
although
conj. despite the fact that; in spite of the fact that
altitude
n. height; distance above sea level
ambiguity
n. vagueness; lack of clarity
ambiguous
adj. open to dispute; obscure; vague
ambition
n. aspiration; hope; goal; dream
ambitious
adj. aspiring; desirous of success; requiring great effort
ambivalence
n. state of having both positive and negative feelings towards a subject
amend
v. to change; to alter; to improve
amortization
n. gradual payment of debt; the reduction of the value of an asset
amount
v. to come to a sum; to become; to total
amount
n. quantity; sum
ample
adj. much; plenty; large; spacious
analysis
n. process of breaking down a subject and studying it; examination
analyze
v. to examine; to break down into parts and study (as in a subject)
anchor
v. to attach firmly; to fasten tightly
anchor
n. newsreader; broadcaster
anger
v. to irritate; to infuriate; to enrage
anger
n. rage; fury
angle
v. to bend; to turn sharply in a different direction
angle
n. point of view; perspective
anniversary
n. yearly date commemorating a special event; birthday
announcement
n. declaration; notice; the act of informing the public
annoy
v. to bother; to trouble; to disturb; to upset
annoying
adj. bothersome; troublesome; worrisome; harassing
annual
adj. occurring once a year; yearly
anticipate
v. to expect; to predict; to assume
anticipation
n. expectation; hope; intuition
anxious
adj. fearful; worried; worrisome; eager; keen
anyhow
adv. in some way
anyway
adv. in whatever manner; however
apart
prep. besides; but; excluding
apart
adv. separately; aside; into pieces
apartment
n. flat
apologize
v. to express regret; to say sorry
apology
n. expression of regret or sorrow; excuse; defense; justification
apparatus
n. device; system; machine; gadget; appliance
apparel
v. to dress; to adorn wear
apparel
n. clothing; garments; clothes; garb
apparently
adv. evidently; obviously; allegedly; seemingly
appeal
v. to plead; to request; to petition for a new trial or judgment
appeal
n. request; plea; petition for a new trial or judgment
appealing
adj. begging; attractive; interesting
appear
v. to come into view; to show up; to seem
appearance
n. impression; the way a person looks; image; semblance
appliance
n. tool; gadget; device; apparatus
applicant
n. candidate; nominee
application
n. software program; written request; formal letter; implementation
apply
v. to make a request; to implement; to realize; to put into practice
appoint
v. to nominate; to designate
appointment
n. official date; meeting; interview; nomination
appreciate
v. to esteem; to regard highly; to become more valuable
approach
v. to come near to; to tackle (a problem or situation)
approach
n. access; method; system; procedure
appropriate
adj. suitable; fitting
appropriate
v. to set aside; to allot; to adapt; to embrace; to accept
approval
n. confirmation; endorsement; positive opinion
approve
v. to agree; to concur; to confirm; to endorse
approved list
n. inventory of legal investments for savings banks and trust funds
approximately
adv. nearly; about; around; circa
apt
adj. suitable; appropriate; intelligent; savvy; capable
aptitude
n. ability; skill; talent
arbitrary
adj. optional; uncertain; changeable; open; unrestricted
area
n. region; domain; field; category
argue
v. to dispute; to claim; to give reasons
argument
n. dispute; claim; rationale; cause
arrange
v. to organize; to settle; to structure; to order; to systematize
arrangement
n. organization; order; selection; range; assortment
array
n. display; layout; clothing; menu
arrest
n. detention; imprisonment
arrest
v. to detain; to slow down; to capture; to imprison
arrival
n. reaching a destination; incoming; opposite of departure
arrive
v. to reach a destination; to return; to come back; to succeed
article
n. item; object; piece of text; paragraph of a contract
article
v. to bind with a contract
articulate
adj. lucid; eloquent; expressed using clear and distinct words; able to speak
articulate
v. to express in a fluent and clear manner
artificial
adj. not genuine; simulated; unreal
artisan
n. creator; craftsman; skilled workman
ascertain
v. to clarify; to confirm; to reinforce; to verify
aspect
n. facet; outlook; direction; issue; point
assemble
v. to gather; to collect; to converge; to arrange; to meet
assembly
n. meeting; conference; set; group of people
assess
v. to estimate; to gauge; to evaluate; to measure
assessment
n. estimation; appraisal; measurement
asset
n. something of value (property, equipment, goods, etc.); item of quality; something beneficial
assign
v. to allot; to apportion; to give somebody a task or responsibility; to delegate; to appoint
assignment
n. task; duty; responsibility; role; obligation
assimilate
v. to incorporate; to take in; to absorb
assist
v. to aid; to help; to support; to guide; to direct
assistance
n. aid; help; support; direction; upkeep
assistant
n. person who gives support to a superior; aide; helper
assistant
adj. serving as an aide; helpful; supportive; auxiliary
associate
n. partner; fellow worker; co-worker; friend
associate
v. to share company; to connect; to relate to; to combine
association
n. organization; society; union; coalition; foundation
assort
v. to classify; to categorize; to systematize; to structure
assortment
n. variety; collection; selection; range; mixture
assume
v. to suppose; to take on a position or duty; to accept an idea
assure
v. to give confidence; to promise; to pledge; to encourage
attach
v. to fasten; to link to; to add; to ascribe to; to connect to
attachment
n. connection; confiscation; file sent via email
attain
v. to reach; to achieve; to fulfill; to realize (a goal, purpose, etc.)
attainment
n. achievement; fulfillment; ability
attempt
n. try; assay; test; trial
attempt
v. to try to; to assay
attend
v. to be present in a place; to care for; to serve; to accompany
attendance
n. being physically present; act of accompanying or serving
attendant
n. steward; stewardess; person who serves others; person who accompanies others
attendant
adj. present; opposite of absent; accompanying
attendee
n. person who takes part in a particular event such as a conference or seminar; participant
attention
n. concentration; consideration; focus; care; acknowledgment; recognition
attentive
adj. concentrated; focused; observant; polite; caring
attentiveness
n. concentration; ability to concentrate on an issue
attire
n. dress; clothing; apparel
attire
v. to dress; to put on clothes
attitude
n. position; opinion; viewpoint; outlook; perspective
attn.
abbr. directed to a particular person (generally used when addressing a letter or message) or issue
attorney
n. lawyer; barrister; advocate; solicitor
attract
v. to draw attention; to captivate; to fascinate
attribute
n. quality; factor; characteristic; feature
attribute
v. to ascribe to; to link to; to associate with; to relate to
auction
n. public sale where goods are sold to the highest bidder (such as eBay)
auction
v. to sell something through a bidding system
audience
n. group of people who attend a seminar, a talk, etc.
audio
adj. pertaining to hearing and listening; sound
audit
n. examination of financial accounts; internal investigation
audit
v. to examine accounts and other financial records
auditorium
n. large room used for lectures; talks, performances and other events
augment
v. to increase; to enlarge; to enhance; to multiply
authority
n. official institution; agency; power; control; jurisdiction
authorize
v. to permit; to approve; to empower
autograph
v. to write one's name by hand; to sign one's name
autograph
n. a person's handwritten signature
automobile
n. car; vehicle; ride
avail
v. to be useful; to help; to facilitate
avail
n. advantage; profit; help; benefit
availability
n. accessibility; attainability; obtainability
availability float
n. the time or amount of money that defined by checks that have been deposited but not cleared yet
available
adj. ready for use; attainable; present; vail
average
adj. immediate; common; usual; standard
average
n. mean; median
average
v. to have a mean of a certain amount
avoid
v. to escape; to keep away from; to prevent; to keep from happening; to evade
award
n. prize; grant; arbitration
award
v. to give; to grant; to judge; to rule
aware
adj. attentive; conscious of
awareness
n. consciousness
awesome
adj. impressive; inspiring; great; frightening
back
n. part of a chair; rear part of the human body
back
v. to support; to assist; to strengthen
back
adj. behind; after; rear; hind
back
adv. to the rear; to the past
back door
n. the U.S. treasury
back order
n. ordered merchandise that is not currently in stock but will be supplied in the future
back up
v. to support; to solidify; to strengthen
background
n. setting; biography
backlash
n. rebound; recoiling; sudden movement to the rear
backup
n. copying of data for safety purposes; substitute; reserve; spare
badge
n. tag; sign; identification tag
baggage
n. luggage; cargo; things to take on a trip; equipment
balance
v. to make equal
balance
n. leveling; harmony; stability; rest; remainder
bank
v. to deposit money; in a money institution; to count on; to depend upon
bank
n. institution for saving and borrowing money; cashier
bank draft
n. check
banknote
n. bill; money made of paper
bankrupt
adj. lacking; deficient; insolvent; unable to pay debts
bankrupt
n. a person who was unable to repay their debts
bankrupt
v. to ruin financially; to go bust; to go broke; to collapse
bankruptcy
n. state of losing property to one's creditor's due to unpaid debts; insolvency
banquet
n. celebration; feast; dinner; drinking
banquet
v. to hold a party; to feast; to dine; to drink
barbed wire
n. metal cord with sharp projecting points
barely
adv. hardly; scarcely
bargain
n. good deal; agreement; item that has been bought at a specially low price
bargain
v. to negotiate; to arrive at an agreement
barometer
n. commercial and market information that indicates overall economic trends
barren capital
n. money which is not generating profit
barrier
n. border; limit; obstacle; barricade
barter
n. exchanging of goods and services; trade
barter
v. to exchange goods and services
base
v. to establish; to found; to set up; to place on
base
adj. low; despicable; ignoble
base
n. foundation; principal element; fundamental part
basis
n. foundation; grounding
bearer
n. person who holds a money order
bearer instrument
n. a signed money order which is payable on demand to the holder
become
v. to turn into; to develop into; to grow into
becoming
adj. appropriate; noble
behalf
n. representing; in support of
behavio(u)r
n. manner of acting; conduct
behind
n. rear; end; seat
behind
adv. late; tardy
behind
prep. after; in back of
beige book
n. report on current economic conditions, published by the Federal Reserve Board
belief
n. opinion; creed; religion; faith; conviction
believe
v. to have faith in; to assume; to suppose
below
prep. under; beneath; underneath
below
adv. at a further point
benchmark
n. criterion; measure; point of reference for comparison
beneath
prep. under; underneath
beneath
adv. under; below
beneficent
adj. kind; good
beneficial
adj. advantageous; pleasurable; enjoyable
benefit
v. to profit; to gain; to be advantageous
benefit
n. advantage; profit; aid; stipend
between
prep. intermediate to; common; shared
between
adv. amid; in the middle
beverage
n. drink; refreshment
beyond
prep. further; more distant
beyond
adv. past; further than
bias
v. to prejudice; to influence opinions
bias
n. prejudice; tendency; leaning
bill
v. to charge; to announce; to advertise
bill
n. banknote; invoice; proposed law
birth rate
n. number of babies that are born per year per thousand
blame
v. to accuse; to denounce
blame
n. guilt; responsibility; liability
blanket
v. to cover; to coat
blanket
adj. comprehensive; inclusive
blanket
n. bed covering; quilt
blue sky laws
n. rules introduced by the government to regulate the trade of securities and mutual funds
blunder
n. gross error; stupid mistake
blunder
v. to make a stupid mistake; to move back and forth in a clumsy manner
board