Extensive Reading-Book D (K)
1596 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
ancient
고대의
We studied the ancient civilizations of Greece in our history class.
attain
얻다
In order to attain great wealth, you need luck and preparation.
cuneiform
설형문자
The Sumerians developed a writing system called cuneiform.
deluge
대홍수, 호우
The deluge caused a flooding in the village.
effect
결과
Beethoven's music seems to have a negative effect on babies.
epic
서사시
Odyssey is Homer's epic from Greek mythology.
fate
운명
It was fate that we should meet again after all these years.
immortality
불사, 불후
The Beatles achieved immortality with their music.
incredible
훌륭한, 대단한
The incredible trip the family took through two continents lasted six months.
invariably
변함없이
invariably, the doctor's advice is always good, so we always do what he recommends.
mortals
죽을 운명
All human beings are mortals and will all die one day.
mourn
(죽음을) 슬퍼하다,
She mourned the death of her father for many years.
mythical
신화(적)의
Zeus is a mythical character.
precedence
우위
My children's well being takes precedence over my career.
strenuous
힘든, 큰 노력을 필요로 하는
Her coach planned a strenuous workout to prepare her for the tournament.
subvert
파괴하다, 약화시키다
The opposition party tried to subvert the government.
tablets
판, 현판
The Egyptians did not have paper so they wrote on clay tablets.
thwarted
~을 방해하다
The policeman thwarted a burglary by catching the thief as he was about to enter the house.
traditions
전통
Most families have Christmas traditions that are passed down from generation to generation.
treks
장기, 고된 여행
The long trek between the seacoast and the mountains took months.
aftermath
(나쁜) 결과
In the aftermath of the fire, the community came together to support the victims.
awareness
인식
His awareness of the issue made us feel better.
corruption
타락
The corruption in the country discouraged many foreigners from doing business with the domestic companies.
employed
고용하다
Before founding his own company, Bill was employed as a manager for a very large construction company.
focus
집중하다
Due to her sickness, she found it difficult to focus on her work.
gain
얻다
Students gain a lot of knowledge from school.
hierarchy
계층, 계급
He rose very quickly through the company's hierarchy to become its president.
idealize
~을 이상화하다
The students idealize their teacher, even though he is not often thought of very highly by his peers.
largely
대부분, 크게
The demise of the Roman Empire was largely due to the fact that it got too big for itself.
massive
거대한
The massive earthquake destroyed 3,000 homes.
movement
(정치적, 사회적) 운동
There is a movement in the state to improve the academic standards of the schools.
preceded
~에 선행하다
Most divorces are usually preceded by several years of marital conflict.
preserved
보존하다
The school preserved the founder's memory by erecting a statue of him in front of the school.
protagonists
주인공
The protagonists is a wealthy woman who is banished from her town.
rejected
거절하다
Governor James rejected the proposal to lower taxes.
taken for granted
당연한 일로(의문의 여지가 없다고) 생각하다
The students had taken their teacher for granted and did not realize everything she did until they had a substitute teacher fill in for her.
tended
경향이 있다
His interest in music tended towards classical and country.
tragic
비극적인
When she recounted her tragic childhood, the entire audience started to cry.
vast
거대한
His vast knowledge about the subject made his lectures fascinating.
verisimilitude
가능성
The booked verisimilitude.
alliteration
두운(법)
The sentence "Happy Henry hurries to his hut" uses alliteration.
concise
간결한
The speaker's speech was very concise, but it was very challenging.
delineated
세밀하게 묘사하다
It is important to delineate every point in a contract.
determined
단호한
He was determined to get straight A's and studied six hours a day.
evolved
진화하다
Education has evolved in the past 50 years.
fiction
소설
fiction is her favorite genre.
genres
유형
In order to study for the college entrance exam, you need to read from different genres.
linear
직접적인
There is a linear relationship between the man's character and his upbringing.
millennia
천년
The pottery they discovered was preserved for over two millennia.
papyrus

The Egyptians also wrote on papyrus.
plot
줄거리
The wardrobe and music was wonderful, but the plot in the movie was difficult to understand.
primarily
주로, 첫째로
She is primarily concerned with the welfare of her family and not her work.
printing press
인쇄기
The invention of the printing press allowed for many books to be published.
rhythm
리듬, 규칙적인 반복
The conductor keeps the rhythm for the orchestra.
scholars
학자
The gathering was for international scholars who are experts in the field of biochemistry.
stressed
강조하다
The teacher stressed the importance of practicing every day.
sublime
최고의
We spent a sublime vacation in Thailand.
syllable
음절
The word "brother" has two syllables.
tablet
판, 현판
The Egyptians wrote on clay tablets.
varied
다양한
The store offers varied kind of candles.
adversary
적수, 상대
The two teams in the competition are adversaries.
carcass
시체
Vultures like to feed on the carcass of deer.
critics
비평가
The critics gave a very positive review of the movie Charlotte's Web.
deemed
생각하다
The mayor is deemed to be a very honest man.
dignified
위엄있는
After she was sentenced to life in prison, she walked in a dignified manner to her cell.
enormous
거대한
An enormous fish swallowed Jonah.
exhibit
전시
The exhibit at the museum will last for three more weeks.
futile
효과없는
Hard work without a vision or purpose is futile.
initially
처음의
initially, she was very fond of the gentleman; then she found out his true character.
marlin
청새치
After six days at sea, the old man caught a marlin.
mundane
일상적인
We have to find purpose and joy even in mundane tasks.
noble
귀족
The noble class is usually made up of kings, queens and their families.
noteworthy
중요한
It is important to meditate on noteworthy ideas and positive thoughts.
portrayed
묘사하다
The president's wife was portrayed in a negative light in the media.
revolves
집중하다
Her children are very important to her; her life revolves around them.
skiff
소형(모터)보트
A skiff can be powered by ores or sails.
speculate
사색하다, 깊이 생각하다
We could only speculate about the outcome of the vote.
unique
유일한
His idea was very unique; no one else thought of it.
utterly
완전히
She was utterly exhausted after an eight hour walk.
valiantly
용감한
The firefighter ran valiantly into the raging fire to save the little girl.
abolition
폐지
Many people risked their lives to fight for abolition of slavery.
ambiance
환경, 분위기
We like to eat at that restaurant because of its ambiance.
arduously
어렵게
She had arduously climbed over the mountain.
aristocratic
귀족의
The aristocratic family held parties that were attended by many dignitaries.
assumptions
가정
The company made several wrong assumptions about the market and lost a lot of money.
chronological
연대순의
The book gave a chronicle description of the events that led to war.
core
핵심
The core of the couple's problem is that they do not communicate effectively.
cynical
냉소적인
She is so cynical that she only thinks people volunteer because it makes them look good.
devastated
황폐화시키다, 철저하게 파괴하다
After hearing about the accident, she was devastated to learn that her father was injured.
diction
화법, 발성법
It is important for politicians to have clear diction so that they can articulate their message.
disdained
가치가 없다고 생각하다
He wanted to quit his job because he disdained working with his boss.
elaborated
정교하게 만들다
The president elaborated on his religious beliefs.
evoke
~을 불러내다, 일으키다
The movie evoked a feeling of sadness in me.
grasp
터득하다, 이해하다
The chemistry concepts were very difficult for the student to grasp.
haunted
(생각, 감정등이)늘 따라다니다, 괴롭히다
The memory of the kidnapping haunted the girl for years.
immersed
담그다, 가라앉히다
As a child, her mother immersed her in classical books.
inward
안으로, 속에서
When faced with conflicts, most people do not look inward but point their fingers at others.
numerous
많은
Before she become famous, she had written numerous books that never got published.
regional
지역의, 지방의
Her husband travels extensively because he is a regional director for a major computer company.
spearheaded
(공격)의 최전선에 서다,
She spearheaded a campaign to stop the alcohol company from coming into town.
abandon
~을 버리다
The mother was arrested after she abandoned her baby daughter in the grocery store.
crippled
(특히수족을) 못쓰게 하다, 절름거리게 하다
The accident crippled her brother.
derogatorily
떨어뜨리는
Many Asians were derogatorily labeled as "chinks."
desperately
절박하게
I desperately need a vacation.
destination
목적지
We had three more hours to travel before we reached our destination.
dire
무서운
He lost all his money, and he is in dire financial situation.
drought
가뭄
We could not have a campfire because of the drought.
empathy
감정이입
She had empathy for the mother; she had also lost a child.
mammoth
거대한
Cleaning up after the hurricane is going to be a mammoth task.
marred
~을 손상하다, 망쳐놓다
Her reputation was marred by her divorce.
merits
뛰어남
There are many merits to learning to speak several languages.
migrant
이주자
migrant workers pick strawberries in California each season.
miserably
불쌍하게
After her dog died, she felt miserably.
mortgage
저당
Most American families have a mortgage payment.
plight
곤경
The prisoner's plight was broadcasted all over the news.
possessions
점유, 소유
She lost all her possessions during the fire.
Pulitzer Prize
퓰리처 상
She won the Pulitzer Prize for her best selling novel based on her childhood.
quest
탐색, 탐구
His quest to find the perfect wife lasted 20 years, without much success.
recipient
수령인
The recipient of the noble peace prize was a European.
starvation
기아, 궁핍
It is surprising to find that people still die of starvation today.
classic
권위서, 대표적인 것
Miracle on 34th Street is a classic Christmas movie.
compounded
악화시키다
Her lack of education compounded to her difficulty in finding a job.
fierce
격렬한
Her opponent was a fierce tennis player.
figure
명사
John F. Kennedy is an important political figure.
immense
거대한
There is an immense statue in front of the library.
inevitably
불가피하게, 필연적으로
Most people that fantasize about winning the lottery will inevitably come to their sense.
instilled
서서히 가르쳐 주다
My mother instilled good moral values in me when I was a child.
notable
주목할만한
His victory was notable in that it was deemed impossible.
overriding
(결정 따위를)무시하는, 거절하는
As events proved, it was the budget which was to provide a cause of dissension, bringing a new political movement into being, and an issue overriding all the legislative interest of the session.
playwright
극작가
Shakespeare was a playwright.
rampant
유행하는 마구 퍼지는
Starvation was rampant in the city after the bombing.
resonates
울려퍼지다
The voice of the children's choir resonated through out the church.
resumption
재개
resumption in the growth of the economy resulted in more jobs.
sanity
제정신
She worked with children all day, and needed a break in order to keep her sanity.
scathing
해치다, 혹평하다
Out of anger, the husband made scathing remarks about his wife.
strived
분투하다
She strived for perfection in everything she did.
survivor
생존자
She was the sole survivor of the plane accident.
testify
증명하다, 증언하다
My mother was called to testify about the accident she witnessed.
tragedy
비극
The tragedy of losing a child affected the couple's marriage.
unravel
해결하다
Her perfect plan started to unravel when her husband found out the secret.
admirers
숭배자, 찬양자
Bill Clinton has many admirers.
authentic
진정의, 진짜의
We went to China Town to have authentic Chinese food.
clamor
외침, 아우성
The students created quite a clamor.
controversy
논쟁
There is much controversy over stem cell research.
definitive
명확한
The owner of the company gave a definitive answer to the employee's question.
disturbed
불안한
The women in the office were very disturbed by the vulgar language of the man.
enable
~할수 있게 하다, 가능하게 하다
The study session enabled us to pass the test easily.
heroism
용기있는 행동, 영웅적 자질
Martin Luther King Jr. is remembered for his heroism.
impact
영향, 효과
Lack of exercise has a negative impact on people's health.
impressive
강한 인상을 주는, 감명을 주는
That little boy's tennis ability is very impressive; he will be a pro one day.
lasting
지속되다
The little girl's heroic act had a lasting impression on the community.
offensive
불쾌한, 거슬리는
Although many praised his artwork, some found it to be very offensive.
periodicals
정기간행물
I subscribe to several periodicals.
reclusiveness
은둔
The neighbors really didn't know the man because of his reclusiveness.
rigid
엄격한
Her mother was very rigid and expected her children to follow a strict schedule.
sensitive
민감한
He is a very sensitive man; he cries very often.
spotlight
관심이 집중되다
The media spotlighted the candidates achievements.
ultimately
결국은
The children ultimately had to obey their parents.
unorthodox
정통이 아닌, 이단의
Her teaching methods were very unorthodox and caused much controversy in the school.
withdrawn
수줍은, 내향적인
After having spent most of his childhood alone, he became very withdrawn as an adult.
adapted
적응시키다, 순응하다
She adapted to her new surrounding very quickly.
appeared
나타나다, 출현하다
He appeared in several movies.
carnivorous
육식성의
Lions are carnivorous animals.
complex
복잡한
Some mathematics formulas are very complex.
diversify
다양화하다, 분산시키다
The company diversified its products by selling clothes too.
dominant
지배적인, 주요한
Football is a dominant sport in the state of Texas.
existence
존재
The existence of poverty in America surprises many people.
extinction
멸종
The extinction of the dinosaur happened million of years ago.
features
특징, 특색
The salesperson explained the different features of the computer.
gradual
점진적인, 단계적인
The dog adjusted to his new home because of the gradual process.
herbivores
초식성의
Cows are herbivores animals.
huge
거대한
There was huge trashcan next to the movie theater.
influx
유입
After the civil war, there was an influx of refugees fleeing to the neighboring country.
nominally
명목상의
The country is nominally independent.
prey
잡아먹다, 먹이로 삼다
Small fish are prey to bigger fish in the ocean.
primitive
원시의, 초기의
The villagers still used primitive methods for fishing.
progress
진행, 진보
Much progress was made in building the new highway.
proliferate
급격히 증가하다
After the bombing, fear proliferated the country.
triggered
일으키다, 유발하다
Watching the film triggered a childhood memory.
agile
기민한, 재빠른
The ballerina was very agile in her performance.
contrasting
대조, (현저한) 차이
The contrasting views of the different age groups was not surprising to the teacher.
decompose
분해시키다
Over time, dead plants decompose into the ground.
elusive
설명하기(정의하기) 어려운
The answer to the murder mystery is elusive.
emerged
출현하다
The deer emerged from the woods and into the clearing.
evolution
발달, 진화
Darwin is credited with the theory of evolution.
exceeds
(..의 한도를) 넘다, 초과하다
The money raised from the fund raiser exceeded our expectations.
expanded
확대하다, 넓히다
The CEO expanded his company buy starting a new branch in Canada.
fossil
화석 연료
fossils tell us a great deal about the dinosaurs that lived long ago.
glided
활공하다
Birds are able to glide through the air effortlessly.
hollow
속이 빈
The tree was not very healthy; the trunk was hollow.
limestone
석회암
Many homes in Texas are built from limestones.
obstacles
장애
The new president faced many obstacles in implementing his new plan.
pelvis
골반
A women's pelvis is wider than a mans.
predators
육식동물
Lions are predators; they eat other animals.
province
지방, (행정 구역으로서)주
She and her husband are from the same province in China.
traits
특성, 특징
Her many positive traits make her a very popular teacher.
unambiguous
명백한
The parent's rules are unambiguous: if you come home late, you are grounded for a week.
unanswered
대답없는
The committee became suspicious when many of their questions were unanswered.
unearthed
발굴하다, 파내다
The little boy unearthed a wooden box full of money in his backyard.
approximately
대략
It will take approximately three weeks to frame the picture.
bulged
부풀다
The book bag bulged because there were too many books in it.
disappearance
사라짐, 소멸
The disappearance of the magician is still a great mystery.
dominated
지배하다, 우위를 차지하다
Her father was a great soccer player; he dominated the field.
genus
종류
Humans belong to the genus Homo.
indicate
가리키다, 나타내다
The baby indicated what toy she wanted by pointing to it.
inhabit
살다
This island is only inhabited by birds and flowers.
latecomers
지각자
All latecomers are required to sit at the back of the theater.
mammals
포유동물
Female mammals feed their milk to the young.
marsupials
유대류의 포유동물(캥거루 등)
marsupials are found in Australia.
nocturnal
밤의, 야간의
Owls are nocturnal and sleep during most of the day.
pouches
주머니 모양의 것, 작은주머니
Baby kangaroos live in the mother's pouch.
reproduced
재생하다, 복사하다
She had the black and white prints reproduced in color.
resembled
닮다
The boy resembled his father; they both had curly black hair.
submit
동의하다, 따르다
You are an expert in this field, so I submit to your decision.
support
지지하다
Three beams supported the stage.
uncovered
발견하다, 뚜껑을 벗기다
When they moved the stone, they uncovered a giant fossil.
upright
똑바른, 수직의
My father bought an upright piano.
warm-blooded
온혈의
Humans are warm-blooded.
weasel
족제비
weasels cause problems for farmers because they like to eat chickens on the farm.
acquired
획득하다
Children acquire language from hearing it in their environment.
celebrated
유명한, 저명한
Her mother was a celebrated author that spoke to children all over the world.
delay
지연
The delay in his arrival was due to bad weather conditions.
derived
얻다
Many of America's current laws were derived from Justinian.
devises
발명하다, 고안하다
He devises a different plan to get rich every day.
endured
참다
While in prison, she endured ridicule and flogging.
execution
사형
The execution of the murderer will take place in two weeks.
genie
(아라비아 동화에 나오는) 요정
When she opened the box, a genie appeared and asked her what her wish was.
hinder
지체하게 하다
Rather than helping the cause, the politician hinder it by giving false information.
incorrigible
교정할수 없는, 다루기 어려운
Some criminals are incorrigible and will spend their lives in prison.
intense
강렬한
The two candidates had an intense debate over health care.
narrated
이야기 하다
The little girl narrated the story of Snow White to her classmates.
nefarious
사악한
One of his nefarious crimes was burning down the daycare center.
obscured
애매하게 하다
The accident obscured her memory from when she was a child.
ploys
계략
The representative said she was conducting a survey, but it was just a ploy to sell me life insurance.
predating
~보다 먼저 발생하다
The found an ancient clay tablet predating the Sumerian cuneiform.
premise
전제, 가정
His major premise for asking for a raise was that they were going to have another child.
tragedies
비극
Her family had suffered many tragedies in the last few years.
translated
번역하다
The book has been translated into 30 different languages.
vernacular
자국어, 고유언어
The vernacular of that region is very different than the English that is taught in schools.
claws
갈고리 발톱
Bears have sharp claws.
debate
논쟁하다
The two candidates debate over national security.
designed
설계하다, 계획하다
The company designed a better advertising plan.
digest
소화하다
Vegetables digest faster than meat.
discovery
발견
The discovery of the artifacts helped the scientists understand the ancient culture.
distinctive
특이한, 특색있는
The dish had a distinctive flavor.
diverged
분기하다, 갈라지다
The walked together until they reached the bridged, then their paths diverged.
embryo
(임신 8주까지의)태아
Chicken embryos grow inside the eggshell.
evidence
증거
The judge requested that more evidence be brought to the court.
fetus
(임신 9주 후의) 태아
The pregnant woman listened to classical music everyday because she believed her fetus would enjoy it.
graze
풀을 뜯어먹다
The cows graze in the field.
hind
뒤쪽의, 후방의
The dog injured his hind leg.
native
원주민의, 토박이의
She is a native of Indonesia.
partially
부분적으로
The accident was partially caused by the broken traffic light.
persisted
고집하다, 지속하다
The little boy persisted in asking his mother for candy, until she agreed.
similarities
유사, 비슷함
The similarities between the man and woman was very surprising.
simultaneously
동시에
The student was simultaneously working on two degrees.
striking
이목을 끄는, 인상적인
He is a striking man; he is very handsome.
subsist
생존하다, 존재하다
The family subsists on the money from the life insurance.
teat
(동물의) 젖꼭지
Milk of a cow is squeezed through its teats.
central
중심, 핵심
Accepting the validity of the theory was central to his argument.
controversial
논쟁의 여지가 있는
Abortion continues to be one of the most controversial topics in American politics.
convincing
설득력 있는
The jury found the woman's testimonial to be convincing.
drew
알아내다, 얻다
The scientist drew information from a library of resources.
effort
노력, 분투
We made an effort to be friends after the argument.
lacking
부족하여
His argument was lacking any convincing details.
laypersons
일반 신도
It is important to talk in terms that laypersons can understand.
naturalist
자연주의자
He is a naturalist because he believes in what he can see.
notion
관념, 생각
I had a notion that you would come tonight.
offspring
자식, 자손
The woman's condition did not allow her to have offspring.
parallel
평행의
The two roads run parallel to each other.
perish
사라지다
If the plane runs out of fuel we all will perish.
precedent
전례
The judge made her ruling based on the precedent established last year.
refining
정제하다
The writer worked hard in refining his composition skills.
remarkable
놀랄 만한, 두드러진
It is certainly remarkable that you got straight A's last semester.
revolutionary
혁명의, 혁명적인
The theory was revolutionary because no one had ever seen anything like it.
seniority
선임, 고참
Her seniority in the company allowed her to make many big decisions.
slight
약간의
The young man looked very slight to be a boxer.
speculating
추측하다
Many people were speculating about the outcome of the game.
widely
광범위한
Darwin has been widely cited for popularizing the theory of evolution.
alternative
대안의
The alternative answer was not convincing to the professor, either.
basins
분지, 웅덩이
We dug a basin for each fruit tree so we could water them more efficiently.
compelling
강제적인
The evidence presented to the court was not compelling, so the case was dismissed.
contested
논쟁하다, 경쟁하다
The answers provided by the teacher were contested by the honor student.
correspond
일치하다
The girl's cell phone bill seemed to correspond with her actual airtime usage.
dense
밀집한, 조밀한
The population in New York City is dense.
geologist
지질학자
My friend is a geologist. He takes soil samples to his lab to examine them for their elements.
hypothesis
가설, 전제
Scientists first make a hypothesis and then test it with an experiment.
implausible
받아들이기(믿기)어려운
The defendant's argument seemed implausible to the jury.
implied
암시하다
The boy did not speak, but his decision could be implied by the look on his face.
mere
단지
The mere idea of teaching the class made me nervous.
plastic
가소성의, 유연한
Many say that children's brains have a plastic quality since they can be shaped to understand almost anything.
plow
경작하다
The tractor was used to plow the soil in order to plant corn.
previously
이전에, 미리
We previously thought that it was not a good idea.
reversals
반전, 역전
A stay-at-home father may seem like a role reversal to some older couples.
revise
교정하다, 바꾸다
The student was asked to revise his paper as it had many errors.
ridge
산등성이, 봉우리
I climbed to the ridge of the mountain with my best friend.
split
분할하다
The worker split the piece of wood into two pieces with his ax.
universally
보편적으로, 널리
Darwin's theory of evolution is nearly universally accepted by scientists.
update
갱신, 최신정보
When was the last time that a software update became available for this program?
artificially
인위적으로
She bought artificially flavored vainilla because it was less expense than real vainilla.
condones
용서하다
The governor did not condone the activity of the governness.
descended
내려가다, 내려오다
The balloon descended from the sky in the evening.
destruction
파괴
The destruction of the old house was sad to see.
ecologists
생태학자
The city hired an ecologist to investigate the impact of the new apartment buildings on the river.
habitat
서식지, 환경
The natural habitat of an alligator is a swamp.
ice age
빙하시대
An ice age results when the earth's temperature drops dramatically for a long period of time.
inhibiting
금하다, 못하게 막다
His actions were inhibiting the success of others.
involve
참가시키다
The struggling couple wanted to involve the psychologist in their situation.
marine life
해양 생물
The Caribbean ocean has an amazing variety of marine life.
mass
거대한
There was mass hysteria when the fire alarm went off.
over harvesting
과도하게 채취하다(거두어 들이다)
Forests have been destroyed due to over harvesting
predicted
예언하다
We could not have predicted that the underdog team would win.
prove
입증(증명)하다
He wants to prove that he understands the difference between the two models.
reintroduced
다시 소개하다
The actress was reintroduced by the announcer after her name was mispronounced.
sufficient
충분한
We had sufficient money to buy two pairs of tickets.
survived
살아남다
The basketball team survived a near loss and continued to the semi-final game.
sustained
견디다
He sustained his innocence during the trial.
terrestrial
지구(상)의
terrestrial life forms have inhabited the planet for centuries.
vertebrates
척추 동물
vertebrates are some of the strongest organisms to inhabit the earth.
absorbed
흡수하다
The paper towl absorbed all of the water on the counter.
accelerated
..을 촉진하다, 빠르게 하다
The process was accelerated by a knowledgeable lawyer.
atmosphere
대기, 공기
A spaceship must fly through the atmosphere to get into outer space.
consequence
결과
The boy was unafraid of the consequence of getting bad grades.
deforestation
산림파괴, 남벌
The construction of the housing district led to the deforestation of the forest.
emit
내뿜다
The radio emits sound through a pair of speakers.
evident
명백한
It is evident that you have prepared well for the interview.
interact
서로작용하다(영향을 미치다)
I wanted to interact with the other customer in the store but I was shy.
misnomer
잘못된 명칭
Calling the activity legal was a misnomer.
phenomenon
현상
A blue moon is a phenomenon that occurs every three years.
problematic
문제가 있는
Running out of gas in the middle of the desert is problematic.
project
내던지다, 방출하다
The flashlight projects light onto the wall.
radiation
방사물
The radiation of heat from the sun is very high.
result
결과
The end result of the experiment did not confirm the hypothesis.
steady
일정한, 불변의
There was a steady stream of messages coming to the inbox.
surface
표면
The surface of the car was rusted from years of rainy weather.
uncertainty
불확실(성)
My uncertainty about the product made me decide to not buy it.
unprecedented
전례(선례)가없는
The rooky's win at the championship was unprecedented.
vented
(공기)등이 나갈곳을 찾아내다, 새어 나오다
The roof was vented to allow air to circulate around the house.
wetland
습지대
He grew up outside the city in a wetland.
aspect
(특정 방향으로 면한) 면, 측
One aspect of the problem we had not considered came back to haunt us.
cause
원인
Four of the five causes were considered adequate for beginning the project.
conservation groups
자연보호 단체
The conservation group did not want the scientists performing their experiment near the ocean.
constitutes
구성하다
This instance constitutes the fourth time you are late for work this week.
drained
~을 서서히 배출하다
The sink had not drained because it was clogged.
encompass
~을 둘러싸다, 에워싸다
The explanation encompasses the central part of the problem.
enforce
강화하다
He police officer was responsible for enforcing the law.
global
세계적인, 지구 전체의
The internet has allowed for ease of global communication.
grazing
(가축이) 풀을 뜯어먹다
Cattle graze around the area of the ranch.
implications
함축, 내포
The ruling of the court case had many implications.
import
수입하다, 들여오다
The United States imports many products from China.
irrevocable
변경할수 없는
The decision of the manager was irrevocable.
multitude
다수, 대량, 많은
There was a multitude of cars at the car show.
preserve
보존하다
The conservation group wants to preserve the wetlands.
reverse
반대로 하다
The man would like to reverse his actions.
richness
부유, 호화
There is a richness to be found in all places.
speculate
사색하다, 깊이 생각하다
We could only speculate about the outcome of the vote.
subsidies
보조금, 장려금
There are many government subsidies available for college students.
undergoes
경험하다, 겪다
A caterpillar undergoes a transformation when it turns into a butterfly.
vital
중대한
Water is vital to our existence.
absolutely
절대적으로
The girl was absolutely the fastest runner on the team.
altering
바꾸다, 개조하다
A seamstress can take a dress and alter its size or length.
compressed
압축하다
The clothing was compressed into the suitcase.
condensation
액화
The vapor in the bathroom turned into condensation on the window.
cumulative
누적적인, 추가적인
Many courses require a cumulative exam at the end of the semester.
dehydration
탈수, 건조
A person can suffer of dehydration if he does not drink enough water.
dramatically
극적으로, 인상적으로
The number of car accidents has dramatically reduced over the past few years.
droplet
작은방울
The plumber noticed a droplet of water underneath the sink.
entirely
완전히
The necklace is made entirely of diamonds.
evaporation
증발 기체
Much of the water in the teapot was lost due to evaporation.
infiltrate
~에 스며들다
The water infiltrated the soil after several minutes.
meteorologists
기상학자
Every news station has a meteorologist who gives the weather report.
molten magma
용해된 마그마
The molten magma flowed out of the volcano at a rapid pace.
precipitation
강수(량), 강우(량)
The meteorologist claims that there will be little precipitation tomorrow.
relentless
끊임없는
A relentless wave of attacks destroyed the city.
shift
변화
The car with the automatic transmission shifts gears very easily.
traverses
~을 가로지르다
The river traverses much territory from east to west.
unequally
고르지 않게
The piece of pie was cut unequally into two pieces.
vapor
증발 기체
The bathroom was full of vapor after the man took a shower.
victims
희생자
Many of the victims of the hurricane lost their homes.
combustible
가연성의
The airplane fuel is highly combustible.
crude oil
원유
Venezuela exports large quantities of crude oil to the United States.
disadvantages
불리, 불편
Not having studied for the exam was a disadvantage for the student's success.
discarded
버리다
The idea was discarded as being impossible to believe.
disruption
혼란, 중단
The student's interruptions were a disruption for the class.
drawbacks
약점, 결점
Unforseen drawbacks created delays for the completion of the project.
drilled
~에 구멍을 뚫다
A hole was drilled in the wall to hang the picture.
economical
경제적인
The tickets to the basketball game were surprisingly economical.
explosives
폭발물, 폭약
The terrorists used explosives to destroy the governmental building.
ferns
양치류
ferns are popular houseplants.
fossil fuel
화석 연료
Fossil fuels such as natural gas are commonly burned to heat houses in the wintertime.
implicated
관련시키다
A man was implicated in the crime thanks to the neighbor's testimony.
manipulation
조작
The manipulation of the data gave the professor the result she wished for.
Mesopotamians
메소포타미아의(사람)
The mesopotamians created a powerful society along the Tigris River.
refrigerants
냉각제
Industrial refrigerators use large quantities of refrigerants to keep the food cool.
renewable
계속(갱신)할수 있는
Many countries are searching for forms of renewable energy.
scarcity
부족, 결핍
The scarcity of food lead to starvation across the country.
sediment
침전물, 퇴적물
The coffee grounds settled as a sediment at the bottom of the coffee cup.
synthetic
합성의
synthetic oil is often used in high mileage cars.
tar
타르
Many dinosaurs died when they became trapped in pits of tar.
ceased
중지하다
The fighting ceased when the two sides came to an agreement.
commodities
상품
Many commodities are bought and sold worldwide every day.
curse
저주
The witch put a curse on the town before leaving.
excavation
굴, 구덩이, 발굴
An excavation near the border revealed many exciting findings.
external
외부의
Skin is external to the body's organs.
flint
부싯돌
The campers used a piece of flint to start a fire.
hominid
원인의, 인간의
The hominids became the dominate group worldwide.
influence
영향
The judge's ruling had a great influence on the community.
infrastructure
기간 시설
Rome’s agricultural production could not provide sufficient energy to maintain its infrastructure and the welfare of its citizens.
inherently
고유의, 타고난
Climbing a mountain without a rope is inherently a bad idea.
internally
내부에
Although it could not be seen, the man was bleeding internally.
intuitively
지각에 의한
One would intuitively assume that studying is a good idea.
mine shaft
갱도
The mine shaft was closed because it was unsafe for use.
ochre
황토
The natives used ochre to pain their faces.
plume
깃털
We found a plume of a robin in the back yard.
pose
자세를 취하다
The woman's testimony posed a problem for the defendant.
potential
가능성
The new graduate student showed great potential to become famous.
smelting
용해, 제련
The smelting of the substances created the desired product.
strata
지층, 층
The earth is composed of many stratas.
susceptible
여지가 있는, 받아들이는
The little girl was susceptible to catching colds.
acid rain
산성비
acid rain can damage the environment in many ways.
array
정렬, 열거
There is a large array of colors in the spectrum.
asthma
천식
The boy had to use medicine to control his attacks of asthma.
contamination
오염
The contamination emitted by cars each year is very high.
diesel
디젤
diesel fuel is typically less expensive than regular gasoline.
diminished
줄이다, 감소하다
The warm weather diminished the necessity to heat the house as much as usual.
disconnecting
~와 연결을 끊다, 분리하다
The power company was disconnecting heat to family's homes that had not paid their heating bill.
elevates
올리다
The presence of danger elevates an animal's desire to flee.
eliminated
제거하다
The couple was eliminated from the competition when they made a mistake in the final round.
focused
집중하다
Harold's new book focused on the role of women in today's business culture.
generated
발생시키다, 산출하다
The new company generated high revenues in their second quarter.
greenhouse gas
온실가스
More and more greenhouse gas is emitted into the atmosphere each year around the world.
harmful
해로운
Smoking cigarrettes is harmful to one's health.
implemented
실행하다, 이행하다
The president implemented new regulations regarding the trade agreement.
pollutants
오염
Bicycles do not release pollutants into the air as cars do.
reduce
감소하다
I would like to reduce the amount of coffee I consume each day.
refineries
정제소
The oil refinery worked around the clock to keep up with the demands of customers.
sooty plumes
더러워진 깃털
The bird that flew over the refinery came away with sooty plumes.
urban
도시의
An urban home is desirable for those who wish to be near to everyday conveniences.
volatile
변덕스러운
The stock market is notoriously volatile during wartime.
archer
활쏘는 사람(궁수)
In the middle ages, warfare was commonly carried out by archers.
based
기반하다
My decision is based on the facts of the case.
chariot
2륜전차
Roman soldiers used chariots during their battles.
clarifies
명확히하다
This memo clarifies the company's employment policy.
constrained
제한하다
The big jacket constrained him from being able to play effectively.
deity

Zeus was a Greek deity.
divine
신의, 신성한
Do you believe in a divine force that controls all destiny?
duty
책임
It was the father's duty to work and provide for his family.
enlightenment
계몽
The literature provided enlightenment on the surgery she was going to have.
entails
필요하게 하다
This plan entails the cooperation of all the departments.
essence
본질
The essence of the debate is over who should have custody of the baby.
gain
얻다
Students gain a lot of knowledge from school.
grasp
터득하다, 이해하다
The chemistry concepts were very difficult for the student to grasp.
identical
동일한, 똑같은
James and John are identical twins.
perceive
이해하다
She said my message was difficult to perceive.
permanent
영구적인
The scar was permanent reminder of the accident.
portion
일부
He gives a portion of his salary to charity.
precise
정확한
The house was easy to find because of the precise directions.
reluctance
주저함, 꺼림
His reluctance to get married showed his fear of commitment.
warrior
전사
The village chief sent his warriors to fight against the enemy.
abruptly
갑자기
Some candidates abruptly change their mind when questioned agressively.
accumulated
쌓이다, 축적되다
Snow accumulated on the road quickly during the last snow storm.
depletion
고갈, 소모
The depletion of the ozone layer leads to faster global warming.
ecosystem
생태계
ecosystems come into danger when new housing developments are created.
entire
완전한
The entire stadium went crazy when the home team won the game.
fertilizer
비료
I bought some fertilizer for the grass in my lawn as well as for the houseplants.
fouled
막다, 봉쇄하다
The police fouled the attempted burglary.
halted
중지하다
All activity on the college campus halted with the sounding of the fire alarm.
improperly
적절하지 못한
Steven improperly answer the majority of the questions on the exam.
leaked
새다, 새어나오다
The roof leaked every time it rained outside.
majority
대부분, 대다수
The majority vote in the senate allowed the bill to pass into law.
manure
비료, 거름
Henry bought some manure to use when planting his lawn.
objectionable
반대할만한, 불만인
Shirley's decision was objectionable for several reasons.
recreation
레크리에이션, 오락
Tennis is a sport done as recreation by many people.
residential
주거의
Businesses typically must be built outside of residential areas.
retail
소매(상)의
Common citizens buy the majority of their goods from retail stores.
runoff
땅위를 흐르는 빗물, 유거수
There was a great amount of runoff into the streets after the rainstorm.
sewage
오수, 하수
Cities are responsible for controlling the sewage created by its residents.
silt
미사, 침니
There was a layer of silt that remained after the dust storm.
visible
눈에 보이는, 볼 수 있는
The mountains were visible from across the city.
breach
위반하다
Security was breached when classified information was published in a daily newspaper.
deleterious
해로운, 유독한
The deleterious comment was not appreciated until much later.
detection
간파, 탐지
Many travelers use a device for the detection of police radar.
detrimental
해로운
Getting bad grades is detrimental for getting into a good university.
extremely
극히, 매우
She was extremely upset when she did not receive the job offer.
fishery operations
어업 활동
Some fishery operations are aimed at tourists who would like to try fishing for the first time.
hydrocarbon
탄화수소
hydrocarbons are a common element in our world.
immediate
즉각의, 즉시의
The immediate reaction of the crowd was one of laughter.
lethal
치명적인
The governor worked to keep lethal weapons off the streets.
lingered
남아있다
The idea of switching jobs lingered in his mind after the bad experience with his employer.
liquified
액화하다, 용해시키다
The snow liquified when it melted in the sun.
mutations
돌연변이
Genetic mutations caused the farm animal to be born differently than the others.
persist
지속하다
His pain persisted even after the doctor gave him some medication.
preening birds
새의 몸치장(새가 깃털을 고르는 과정)
preening birds keep themselves clean by using their own bill to clean their feathers.
resistance
저항, 반항
The group's resistance to change might have caused their downfall.
secondary
제2위의, 제2류의
Completing his thesis was only secondary to maintaining his family.
severe
엄격한
The severe snowstorm caused the entire city to shut down.
severity
엄격
The severity of the punishment was regarded by many as too low.
timeliness
적시성
The shipping company was proud of its reputation of timeliness.
waterlogged
물에 잠긴, 침수된
My boots were waterlogged after I fell into the river.
broadly
광범위하게, 널리
The presentation broadly covered many topics.
comprehensive
포괄적인, 종합적인
At the end of the semester the students take a comprehensive exam.
criticism
비평
Our manager received a strong criticism from the university president.
deter
그만두게 하다, 단념시키다
Susan's news did not deter Brian from making his decision.
disposal
(쓰레기)처리장
The city's disposal was overflowing with garbage.
emissions
방사, 방출물
Cars need to be checked for emissions once a year.
fines
벌금
The couple paid a large amount of money in fines for not taking care of their children correctly.
hazardous
위험한
Smoking cigarrettes is hazardous to your health.
imposed
강요(강제)하다
The professor imposed her rules on the class.
incineration
소각, 화장
The house was damaged by incineration.
indefinitely
불명확하게, 무기한으로
The gym will be closed indefinitely for remodelling.
insignificant
중요하지 않은
The amount of money raised by the campaign was insignificant
penalties
형벌
The penalties for driving over the speed limit can be very costly.
proper
적절한
She invited us to a proper English tea party.
strategy
전략
His strategy was to start studying for the test several days early.
substituting
대리를 시키다, 대신으로 쓰다
The student teacher was substituting for the regular professor in class today.
synonymous
동의어의, 같은뜻의to
To help' is synonymous to 'To assist.'
unrealistic
비현실적인
My idea to finish the project in several days was unrealistic.
unregulated
규제되지 않은
unregulated policies are difficult to enforce.
waste
쓰레기
Nobody wants nuclear waste to be stored near their home.
accomplishment
성취
It is a great accomplishment to have graduated first in your class.
accurately
정확하게
He accurately identified the main language centers of the brain.
capitalized
~을 이용하다
The team capitalized on the opponents' errors and won the game.
colony
식민지
The first immigrants to the United States formed colonies on the east coast.
deliberate
신중한, 사려깊은
The decision to leave a night early was deliberate.
discontented
불만이 있는
John's parents were discontented with his academic performance.
eager
열망하는
They were eager to begin on their journey to the mountains.
established
설립하다, 수립하다
The rules were established by the members of the elective committee.
fascinating
흥미있는, 매혹적인
The story of the beginning of the church is fascinating.
imprisoned
수감하다
The young man was imprisoned for attempted robbery.
initiated
시작하다
The children initiated their club in the park.
inland
내륙의
The houses were built far enough inland to be safe from the storm.
objections
이의, 반대
If there are no objections, this couple may be married.
opposition
반대, 이의
The opposition to the president's idea was very disorganized.
prior
이전의
prior to working at the copy shop, she worked as a receptionist at a law firm.
proposal
계획, 제안
He submitted his proposal for the project before the deadline.
provisions
조항, 규정
We took food provisions with us on the camping trip.
settled
자리잡게 하다, 살게 하다
The early colonists settled in the northeastern United States.
territories
영토
The southern territories have experienced troubles recently.
voyages
항해, 여행
Early voyages to newly found territories were very dangerous.
aggressively
공격적인
The prosecutor aggressively attacked the defendant's alibi.
agrarian
농지의, 토지의
An agrarian country is capable of sustaining its own food sources.
alliance
동맹, 연합
France established an alliance with the United States decades ago.
arrogant
거만한, 오만한
Many professional athletes have the reputation of being arrogant.
composed
구성하다
A table is composed of a flat board and four legs.
conquest
정복
A primary purpose of a battle tends to be the conquest of land.
defection
망명
Her defection from the country made international news.
dynasty
왕조, 왕가
The dynasty of the emperors lasted for centuries.
excessive
과도한, 엄청난
The amount of work required in the class was excessive.
height
높이, 고도
The height of the mountain is like no other in this area.
inaccurate
부정확한
The information provided to the candidate was inaccurate.
obligated
의무를 지우다, 강요하다
Jason was obligated to retake the exam since he did not pass the first time.
ransom
몸값, 배상금
The ransom demanded for the boy's liberty was very high.
revoked
취소하다, 무효로 하다
Her driver's license was revoked when she got her third speeding ticket.
slaughter
(가축의) 도살, (대)학살
The lambs were taken to the farm for slaughter.
subjugation
정복, 복종
The subjugation of the people was essential to his plan.
substantial
상당한, 충분한
There was not a substantial amount of evidence in the court case.
superstitious
미신의
The superstitious woman was afraid that a black cat might cross her path.
triumphed
이기다, 성공하다
The politician triumphed in the election.
unsettling
동요시키는, 심란하게 하는
The news of the train crash was unsettling to all residents of the town.
adopted
채용하다, 채택하다, 고르다
The faculty was slow to adopt the director's proposal for change.
ancestors
조상
I have many ancestors who came to the United States from Norway.
artifacts
인공품
Archeologists look for artifacts during archeological digs.
ceremonial
의식적인
The ceremonial wedding was impressive to the international guests.
departed
떠나다
The plane departed on time this morning.
descendents
자손
The descendents of the mountain clan became very powerful.
diverse
다른 종류의, 다양한
There is a diverse student body at this university.
empower
~에게 권한을 부여하다
The president empowered his staff by giving them the right to make their own decisions.
evidence
증거
The judge requested that more evidence be brought to the court.
gleaned
(정보, 사실 등을) 수집하다, 모으다
A clue for the answer was gleaned from careful observation of the old records.
immensely
굉장한, 거대한
He impressed me immensely with his new theory.
indigenous
토착의, 지역고유의
The plant is indigenous of the high mountain region.
loom
어렴품이 나타나다, 흐릿하게 보이다
The dark rain clouds loomed overhead.
notable
주목할만한
His victory was notable in that it was deemed impossible.
remnants
나머지, 잔여
The there were few remnants from the yard sale.
ritual
종교, 전통적인 의식
People came from all parts of town to perform a ritual on Christmas day.
sacrilege
신성모독
The boys committed sacrilege when they spoke badly of God.
symmetry
대칭, 균형
Her designer strived for symmetry when creating the dress.
vast
거대한
His vast knowledge about the subject made his lectures fascinating.
willingness
의지, 기꺼이 하는 마음
My willingness to help has not changed since the first moment.
alienated
소원하게 하다, ~을 멀리하다
His negative comments on health care alienated a lot of voters.
bankruptcy
파산
Rather than file for bankruptcy, it is better to try to pay your bills.
crates
나무상자, 대바구니
Many crates were lined up along the walls of the factory.
delegates
대표
The candidates pursued becoming the delegate from their party.
disguised
변장(위장)시키다
The bank robber disguised himself by wearing a black mask and sunglasses.
exact
정확한, 꼼꼼한
The exact number of people in the audience was 2,387.
importing
수입하다, 들여오다
The United States has been importing oil from Venezuela for many years.
incensed
몹시 성나게 하다
The story about child abuse incensed the members of the community.
motivated
~에게 동기를 주다, 자극하다
She was motivated to do her best work from the man's nice words.
outbreak
반발, 폭동
The prison outbreak was the first story on the evening news.
outright
완전한, 철저한
What he said last night was an outright lie.
paved
포장하다
The roads were newly paved last year but are already in poor condition.
prevent
~의 발생을 막다, 방해하다
The wall along the side of the freeway prevented the car from going off the road.
smuggling
밀수입하다
The pilot was smuggling drugs in his plane until one day he was caught.
strict
엄격한
There is a strict penalty for turning in homework late.
surplus
잉여, 나머지
Due to poor sales, there was a surplus of automobiles left in the factory.
tensions
긴장, 긴박
tensions were high as the people waited for the judge's decision.
unanimously
만장일치로
The members of the soccer team unanimously decided to skip practice last night.
wharf
부두, 선창
Fisherman's wharf is one of the most popular tourist attractions in San Francisco.
abolishing
폐지하다
The president tried to abolish the slave trade early in his career.
abusive
학대하는
She went to the police to inform them about her abusive husband.
cruelty
잔학, 잔혹
Animal cruelty is not tolerated in the United States.
descent
세습, 가계
The family's descent was notable for its connection to the ruling party.
emancipation
해방
The emancipation proclamation ended the slave trade.
indentured
약정된, 계약된
Although they were paid fairly, the indentured servants were not happy with their work.
involuntary
무의식중의, 본의 아닌
The reaction to run away from trouble is involuntary.
liberation
해방, 석방
The liberation of the slaves is a positive piece of the history.
limbs
사지, 팔다리
One must risk life and limbs to if he wants to become a mountain climber.
lynched
사형을 가하다
He was lynched for his involvement with the terrorist group.
object
반대하다
I did not object when I was asked to stay late at work last night.
plantations
농원, 플랜테이션
The tobacco plantations on the east coast have been in operation for centuries.
prohibited
금지하다
The college's rules strictly prohibited staying on campus past midnight.
punishment

The punishment for turning in a late assignment was a zero in the gradebook.
quakers
퀘이커 교도
The quakers objected to the slave trade, even though some had slaves.
servitude
노예상태, 예속
Living in servitude is something most people would not wish to do.
statues