Extensive Reading-Book C (K)
1604 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
adequate
적절한, 합당한
In order to thrive, newborn babies need to receive an adequate supply of nutrients.
contribute
기부하다, 기여하다
He contributes regularly to the church's building fund.
crisis
위기
The fire caused a major crisis in the hospitals; there was not enough room for all the victims.
destitution
빈털터리 상태, 빈곤
destitution has become a major problem in the city.
dilapidated
낡은, 황폐한
The older couple lived in a dilapidated house with broken windows and no heating.
dweller
거주자
The city dwellers grew tired of the long commutes and pollution.
flock
떼지어 모이다
The little children flocked to see Santa Clause.
foster
기르다, 육성하다
His tennis coach helped foster his career as a professional tennis player.
hospitable
친절한
The city dwellers were not hospitable to the influx of people from the country side.
influx
유입, 쇄도
The influx of immigrants has flooded the school system in Florida.
migration
이주, 이동
There was a mass migration of hurricane victims into the neighboring states.
offspring
자녀, 후손
The couple's three offsprings are all accomplished musicians.
poverty
가난
poverty causes other challenges such as disease and illnesses.
pronounced
뚜렷한, 명백한
The new president had a pronounced English accent.
proximity
근접, 접근
The two people, having worked in close proximity for years, finally fell in love with each other.
reality
현실, 사실
The doctors were aware of the reality of the current situation.
seldom
간혹, 드물게, 거의 -- 않다
I seldom go out with friends; I prefer to stay home and watch a good movie.
slums
빈민가
The mother worked hard and saved enough money to move her children out of the slums.
trend
추세, 동향, 경향
The recent trend in developed countries is to have less children.
typically
전형적으로
Mary, in her typically frank fashion, told Jim that he was being rude.
arise
일어나다
A revolt will arise if the government does not find ways to feed its people.
contend
주장하다
The victim contended that the two young boys were guilty.
controversial
논란의 여지가 있는,
Religion and politics are controversial subjects that people tend to shy away from.
declaration
선언
The declaration of Independence was written to ask England for independence.
devoid
결여된
The town was devoid of all human life.
domestic
가정의, 집의
Pets are considered domestic animals because they live in your house.
evident
분명한
It is evident that the suspect is guilty; he had his head down during the entire trial.
exemplify
예시하다, 입증하다
Her willingness to work long hours exemplifies her desire to succeed.
hail
환호하다
The students hailed their teacher as a being a good person.
influence
영향
It is a challenge to protect our children from the many negative influences they are exposed to each day.
mindless
생각이 없는
Her mindless answers caused great frustration for her teacher.
minimization
극소화
minimization of human suffering is the goal of the new agency.
outcome
결과
The citizens were not happy with the outcome of the election.
outspoken
노골적인
Being too outspoken in certain cultures is considered to be very rude.
primary
중요한, 우선적
My primary concern right now is studying so that I can pass my test.
proponent
주장자
My sister is a proponent of women staying home and raising their children.
quite
매우
Her version of the story is quite different than mine.
reincarnate
환생하다
Many religions believe the body can reincarnate into animals after their death.
result
결과
The result of the meeting was not what she expected; she was fired.
violation
위반, 위배
The judge sent her to jail because she had over 30 traffic violations.
amendment
수정
The parents wanted to make amendments to the school by laws.
assuage
진정시키다
The parents assuaged the fears of their children about them getting divorced.
baby boomer
베이비붐세대
There will be a big void in many occupations when the baby boomers start retiring.
bankruptcy
파산, 도산
The parents had to file for bankruptcy because they had lost their store to the fire.
disabled
장애가 있는
The mother had to quit her job and take care of her son when he became disabled from the accident.
epidemic
유행병
Playing computer games could also result in an epidemic of short sightedness
expectancy
기대치
The life expectancy for American females is 79 years old.
government bond
국체
The investor does not invest in stocks but in government bonds; he thinks they are safer.
health care
건강관리
The presidential debate focused on the issue of health care for children.
income tax
소득세
The citizens were outraged because of the rich pay less income tax than the middle class.
New Deal
뉴딜정책
The New Deal programs lasted from 1933 to 1941 in the United States.
pension funds
연금기금
The mother contributed the maximum amount into her pension fund; she was concerned about how she will live in retirement.
proper
합당한
Because they didn't have enough money, they could not pay for a proper wedding for their daughter.
retirement
은퇴, 퇴직
After his retirement, he was able to play a lot of golf.
social insurance
사회보장, 사회보험
Medicare is social insurance for the elderly in America; it provides for health care services.
supplementary
보조적, 보충적
Because the mother's milk was not sufficient, the doctor recommended a supplementary diet for the infant.
surface
부상하다, 나타나다
The son's medical condition surfaced during a routine visit to the doctor.
surplus
잉여물
The army had surpluses of supplies, so they gave them to the local people.
uneven
균형이 맞지 않은
The two boys did not enjoy playing chess together because their skills were uneven.
unprecedented
선례가 없는
The 20th century witnessed unprecedented new discoveries in technology.
blissfully
환희에 차서
Her dream was to live blissfully in the country side.
compete
경쟁하다
Both of his children try to compete for his attention.
decline
쇠퇴
You can see the decline in the education standards because students no longer can recite their multiplication facts.
disseminate
퍼뜨리다
The fastest way to disseminate news these days is through the internet.
editor
편집인
Her work as the editor of a very large newspaper occupied most of her time.
entertainment
연예
The family enjoyed visiting Las Vegas because of the various entertainment it offered.
enthral
홀리게 하다
Babies are enthralled by bright colors.
fee
비용, 요금
The entrance fee to the museum was $25 per person.
inception
개시, 발단
Since the inception of the program, it has been very successful.
integral
필수적인
The nanny was an integral member of the family.
medium
도구
She chose art as the medium to represent her ideas.
mimic
흉내내다
The baby mimicked every sound the dog made.
opinion
견해, 의견
He held the opinion that the economy would improve significantly next year.
press
언론
The president and his family is often followed by the press.
printing press
인쇄기
Johannes Gutenberg is credited with the invention of the printing press.
reinvent
재발명하다
With the internet, communications has been reinvented.
sensational
선정적, 인기가 있는
There was a sensational story in the newspaper about a monkey that could read a book.
shape
형성하다
Newspaper stories help shape people's opinions about political candidates.
trade
무역, 상업
The two leaders decided to expand trade between their two countries.
vital
극히 중한
Water is vital for human survival.
addicted
중독된
It's easy to become addicted to cigarette smoking.
commentator
논평자
Sports commentators are usually retired professionals from that field.
deprive
빼앗다, 박탈하다
Because she had been raised by a nanny and not her parents, the woman felt deprived of a normal childhood.
glance
일별, 눈길을 주기
She glanced at the newspaper before eating her breakfast.
gossip
소문
Did you hear the latest gossip about the president?
hypnotize
최면을 걸다
The psychologist hypnotized his patient in hopes of having her remember the details of the accident.
interfere
방해하다
She had difficulty working from home because her child constantly interferes.
intrinsic
선천적, 내재적
Taking care of their young is intrinsic for most animals.
leisure
여가 (시간), 한가한
The couple enjoyed their leisure time at the beach.
malicious
악의적인, 고의적인
The manager could no longer tolerate the malicious gossip that was circulating about him.
obese
비만인, 뚱뚱한
The mother was worried because her son had become obese; He weighed over 300 pounds.
persist
고집하다, 지속하다
The man persisted and finally won over the woman's heart.
pervasive
널리 퍼진
In Silicon Valley, there is a pervasive trend towards casual dress.
predict
예언하다
Fortune tellers say they can predict the future, but they usually not right.
prevalence
보급, 널리퍼짐
The prevalence of computer usage among teens is not a bad thing if it can be carefully monitored.
prey
먹이, 사냥감
The thief thought the woman would be an easy prey because she could not work very well.
problematic
문제가 있는
The test question proved to be very problematic because there were four possible answers.
reduction
축소, 감소
The reduction of the husband's salary affected the family greatly.
risk
위험
There is great risk of becoming addicted to gambling.
trend
추세, 동향, 경향
The recent trend in developed countries is to have less children.
accessible
접근가능한
All the buildings in the city are accessible to people in wheelchairs.
anxiety
걱정, 근심
She had a lot of anxiety regarding her upcoming surgery.
assume
추정하다, 가정하다
Since all the lights were out, we assumed no one was home.
diversion
전환
The thieves worked in pairs; one stole the wallets while the other provided a diversion.
drastically
현저하게
The company had to drastically reduce their work force; they fired 2,000 employees.
inconspicuous
중뿔나지 않는, 눈에 띄지 않는
The presidents daughter wore a hat and sunglasses to the because she wanted to be inconspicuous.
input
입력
The CEO did not put much input into the new design of the building.
mentally ill
정신질환이 있는
The family could not take vacations because of their mentally ill child.
passive
수동적
The husband did not understand his wife's passive response to their child's temper tantrums.
physical
물리적인, 신체적인
The couple had no emotional bonding even thought they lived in the same house and shared physical space.
portable
휴대가능한, 휴대용의
The mother bought each of her children a portable CD player.
progress
진보하다
Her English skills progressed to a level where she was able to hold conversations with native speakers.
radical
급진적
The school district made radical changes by forbidding bicycles on school campuses.
reliant
의존하는
Mark is reliant on his older brother for everything.
rely
의존하다
After the birth of her child, she relied heavily on her mother for support.
render
주다, 제공하다
The new store attracts many customers because it renders good services.
severely
심하게
The car was severely damaged from the accident.
sheer
순수한, 온전히
Her success was due to sheer determination and will power.
subtle
미묘한, 신비한
The wife wanted a new oven and gave her husband subtle hints.
via
~을 통하여
Singapore Airlines flies to Seoul via San Francisco.
bemoan
슬퍼하다, 비탄하다
The couple bemoans the fact that they never had children.
comprise
포함하다
The building was comprised on 20 different stores.
dedicate
헌신하다
Mother Theresa dedicated her entire life to helping poor children.
essence
핵심
The essence of his argument was that children should have the right to an education.
feature
특색으로 삶다
Most McDonald's feature a play area for children.
franchise
독점권
She owned three Mc Donald's franchises.
icon
우상
Bill Gates is an icon for many young entrepreneurs.
inclination
경향, 성향
She had an inclination to climb the mountain, but no one would go with her.
indulgence
탐닉, 방종
My only indulgence is having two scoops of ice cream every day.
inexpensive
비싸지 않은, 싼
The gift was very practical and inexpensive.
inordinate
지나친, 과도한
She takes an inordinate amount of time preparing dinner for her husband; she treats him as if he were king.
obesity
비만
A high fat diet can lead to obesity.
option
선택
She had no other option but to get a divorce.
originality
독창성
The originality of the child's poem surprised everyone.
patron
고객
patrons to the store come from the community.
rapid
빠른
The message was difficult to understand because of her rapid speech.
recognition
인정, 인지
The dinner was given in recognition of her charity work.
solitary
고독한, 혼자인
In the distance, they saw a solitary statue.
ubiquitous
어디에나 있는
Large pieces of empty land is ubiquitous in Texas.
utmost
최상의
The situation required utmost sensitivity.
adapt
적응하다
He adapted very quickly to his new life in South America.
alienation
소원, 소외감
Although she lived in a very busy city, she felt an alienation from the people around her.
blur
흐리게 하다
The distinction between art and graffiti has blurred in recent years.
camaraderie
우정, 동지애
There was a certain level of camaraderie between the new freshmen students.
compulsive
강제적
She has a compulsive need to eat chocolate every day.
connote
함의하다
The word "home" connotes different feelings for different people.
cope
극복하다, 대항하다
Since her family moved frequently, she developed coping strategies for not getting depressed.
depression
우울증
She suffered depression after the death of her cat.
empathetic
동정하는
Having lost her husband to cancer, she was very empathetic to the couple's situation.
first-hand
직접적인
Mother's have first-hand experience of the pain of childbirth.
initiative
주도권, 시작
The student took the initiative to learn Chinese before going on his exchange program to China.
insight
통찰력
His grandfather had a lot of insights about the war.
layman
문외한, 아마추어
The new financial book is for laymen who are interested in investing.
plight
곤경, 궁지
Their plight was that they were stranded in the middle of the desert.
pool
공동출자를 하다
The workers pooled their money together to buy the manager a wedding gift.
prescription
처방, 방도
Many of the attendees wanted to know the prescription for success.
remedy
치료약, 치료
The remedy for her sickness was quite simple; she just needed to rest.
therapy
치료, 요법
Speech therapy was recommended to fix the child's stuttering.
to be on the fringe
이상한 행동을 하다
He is on the fringe of society; he can't seem to hold down a job.
wholeheartedly
진심으로
The audience wholeheartedly agreed with the speaker.
aim
목표
Our short term aims are to get out of debt and purchase a house.
connotation
함의
The word 'gentleman' has different connotations for different people.
debate
토론
There was big debate over who would have custody of the child.
denial
부정, 부인
Her denial of her son's medical condition prevents her son from getting the best medical care.
discrimination
차별대우
After moving to a new country, she faced much discrimination because of her race.
draft
초안을 만들다
The committee drafted a new plan for retaining students.
entitle
자격을 주다
As the daughter of the CEO, she was entitled to many privileges not available to other girls her age.
equality
평등
There is no equality in the way women and men are paid in the workforce.
fortunate
행운이 있는
We were fortunate in that our house did not burn down during the fire.
gender
성, 성별
Many countries still discriminate based on gender.
immensely
굉장하게
When he was younger, he was an immensely talented singer.
intangible
감지할 수 없는
It is crucial that parents teach their children intangible characteristics such as work ethic and attitude.
literally
문자 그대로
The family was literally shocked by the news.
mandate
명령하다, 요구하다
The students and parents mandated a new homework policy.
manner
태도
He behaved in a manner that was inappropriate for a 10 year old.
obstacle
장애물
Romeo and Juliet faced many obstacles to being together.
spark
스파크
Rubbing two sticks together will create sparks.
stereotype
고정관념, 정형
Many Americans have the stereotype that all Asians are good in math.
straightforward
똑바로
The directions to the part were straightforward.
struggle
투쟁
The daughter's struggle for independence from their parents finally led to her moving to another country.
akin
유사한, 비슷한
His new songs are akin to those of the 70s.
avoid
피하다
She avoids dark alleys at night.
cessation
중지, 정지, 중단
The cessation of the couple's fighting brought peace to the family.
crave
열망하다, 갈망하다
She craves chocolate every night before bed.
define
정의하다
The roles of the husband and wife were not clearly defined and the couple struggled with their identity in the marriage.
despite
~에도 불구하고
despite the heavy rains, the children had fun at the zoo.
dose
복용량
You should take the exact dose prescribed by your doctor.
habit
습관, 버릇
He has a bad habit of picking his nose in public.
habitually
습관적으로
There is something wrong with a student that habitually curses his teacher.
hallucination
환각
The new drug caused her to have hallucinations that someone was chasing her.
indication
지표
The rain is a good indication that we will not have a drought this year.
interpersonal
대인관계의
Occupations in sales require great interpersonal skills.
potential
가능성
This company has the potential of making a lot of money.
pursuit
추구
The occupational pursuits of the siblings were all different.
rehabilitation
재활
The judge ordered her to enter a drug rehabilitation program for six months.
relapse
(병이) 재발하다
After completing the drug rehabilitation program he was doing very well, until he had a relapse.
replenish
보충하다, 추가하다
The aunt allowed them to eat everything in the refrigerator as long as they replenished it before they left.
resort
의지하다
The mother tried very hard to discipline her son without resorting to spanking.
run-in
언쟁
After getting married, the husband had many run-ins with his new brother-in-law.
tolerance
관용, 인내력
The doctors were surprised at her high tolerance for pain.
adopt
채택하다, 채용하다
The parents decided to adopt a new strategy for disciplining their child.
allocate
할당하다, 배분하다
The family had only allocated $50 for meals per day; it was not enough, so they ended their vacation short.
amalgamate
합병하다, 통합하다
The three companies decided to amalgamate.
array
무리, 집합
There was an array of beautiful flower arrangements on the stage.
assimilate
동화하다
She had no problems assimilating into her new culture.
congruent
비슷한
The hope is that the family identity will become congruent as the foster children start adapting to their new environment.
culture
문화
Because America is a land of immigrants, its culture is difficult to define.
immigrant
이민자
Many immigrants in the United States came to realize the American dream.
inadvertently
우연히
The bride had inadvertently left her future in-laws off the guest list.
integration
통합
The integration of the two cultures was difficult to do because of their religious differences.
intense
강렬한, 격렬한
She had intense pain when the doctor pulled her tooth.
mainstream
주류
His ideas were so obscure that it was not accepted by the mainstream of American people.
mosaic
모자익
America is no longer considered a melting pot; the words 'salad' and 'mosaic' are deemed more appropriate.
numerous
수많은
The man had numerous wives in many different countries.
oppression
억압
The oppression she endured for being a woman caused her to hate herself.
persecution
핍박
The prisoners faced much persecution for their religious beliefs.
preservation
보존
The committee works hard in the preservation of historical buildings in the city.
prosper
번영하다
He prospered in his new line of business.
sovereignty
주권
The two countries fought for the sovereignty of the island.
vie
경쟁하다
Because she has eight children, all the children are constantly vying for their mother's attention.
approximately
대략
They determined the age of the fossil to be approximately three million years old.
climate
기후
When people grow old, they prefer to live in places where the climate is moderate.
competitive
경쟁력 있는
The new smaller cars had a competitive advantage over larger cars.
consequence
결과
The consequences of her drinking was losing her children.
consumer
소비자
She was a consumer of fine wines and always went to great lengths to purchase quality wines.
deforestation
삼림벌채
There are many environmental problems caused by deforestation.
destructive
파괴적
The destructive winds caused great damage to the small town.
disastrous
피해자 막심한
Her first attempt at cooking was disastrous; she almost caused a fire.
effort
노력
She put a lot of effort into planning the party.
erosion
침식
River erosion created the Grand Canyon.
extinct
멸종된, 사라진
Dinosaurs are no longer in existence; they are extinct.
immense
거대한
The immense mansion was purchased for 20 million dollars.
landscape
풍경
The woman wanted to purchase a house that would have a beautiful view of the landscape.
manipulate
조작하다, 조종하다
The son loved his mother dearly, but he grew tired of her trying to manipulate his life.
multitude
다수, 군중
The politician spoke to a multitude of 30,000 people.
nomadic
유랑적인, 방랑적인
The rich young professionals sold all their belongings and lived a nomadic life, traveling from country to country.
strip
빼앗다
The mayor was stripped of his administrative powers when he was found guilty.
suit
만족하다, 알맞다
The new house suits the needs of the family.
urban sprawl
도시확장
Los Angeles was one of the first cities to experience an urban sprawl.
urbanized
도회화한
The United States is a highly urbanized country.
absent
결석한
The father was absent from his daughter's wedding.
aggressive
공격적
The aggressive behavior of the child caused much concern for the parents.
alteration
교대, 교체, 작은 변화
There was a slight alteration in the plan; they decided to fly instead of driving.
candidate
후보자
She is the next candidate for the promotion.
circumstance
상황, 환경
The circumstances were not favorable for them to start a family.
demand
요구, 청구
The demand for the talking doll was high during the Christmas holiday.
facilitate
쉽게 하다, 촉진하다
The guides language skills help facilitate our tour through the congested part of town.
instinct
본능
A mother's instinct tells her when her child is in pain.
nontraditional
비전통적
She married a nontraditional man; he cooks, cleans, and stays at home to watch the children.
norm
기준
Wearing baggy pants and earrings is the norm for students in this school.
procreate
낳다, 출산하다
Some women resent the fact that some men think they were put on this earth to procreate only.
propagate
번식시키다
The church propagates a message of peace to the community.
pursue
추구하다
She studied hard and pursued a career in medicine.
reproduce
복제하다, 복사하다
The teacher reproduced 50 copies of the exam.
scenario
극본, 시나리오
The scenario of the play was that of a many trying to save his wife.
split up
갈라서다
Ever since her parents split up, Mary has not been the same.
strategy
전략, 전술
The company's strategy is simple: make good products and sell at a low price.
traditional
전통적
She decided not to marry Tom because he was too traditional; he expected her to stay home, cook and have babies.
upbringing
훈육, 훈도, 교육
By the way she behaves, it is obvious that she had a very good upbringing.
viable
생존가능한, 실행가능한
The only viable solution to the family's situation was that the children had to quit school.
accurate
정확한
The grades were accurate and reflected the hard work of the students.
adversely
불리하게
The loss of the farm adversely affected the family's income.
annulment
실효, 무효선언
The couple received an annulment of their marriage because the woman already had a husband.
child-support
어린이 부양
Since the father made more money than the mother, he was required to pay $3,000 a month for child-support.
conflict
다툼, 다툼
A conflict arose between the two people when they couldn't agree on a price for the table.
considerable
상당한
The woman received a considerable amount of money from the insurance company.
contemporary
당대의, 현재의
The wife liked contemporary furniture, and the husband liked antiques.
contrary
반대되는
contrary to what people think, the doctors in this country do not make that much money.
custody
보호
After the divorce, the mother received custody of the children.
devastating
파괴적인
The devastating fire consumed over 30 homes.
entail
수반하다
Getting a job in the White House entails a lot of security checks.
exaggerate
과장하다
The company profits were exaggerated, and no one knew the financial state of the company.
impact
충격을 주다
The new program to help the poor people impacted the community greatly.
messy
지저분한
Her desk was always messy; she had paper everywhere.
null and void
무효
The marriage was considered null and void because the bride was a minor.
oblige
강요하다
He was obliged to pay for the accident because he was at fault.
pretense
가장, 허위, 핑계
He enter the house on the pretense that he was going to fix the refrigerator, but he really wanted to steal her money.
terminate
끝내다
Our rental agreement was terminated because we had too many parties.
variance
변화, 변동
There has been an unusual variance in temperature this month.
vow
맹세
She made a vow to exercise every day.
abuse
학대받다
Since the abused children had no place to go, the judge placed them with foster care families.
appropriate
적당한, 적절한
The mother allowed her children to watch TV programs that were not appropriate for them.
conceive
임신하다
She had a hard time conceiving a child.
disgrace
불명예스럽게 하다
She had disgraced her family by becoming pregnant when she was only 15 years old.
forego
앞서가다
Many young couples these days forego a formal engagement party.
hype
과대선전
They went to the new restaurant because of the hype, but they were disappointed.
illegitimate
위법의, 서출의
The illegitimate daughter of the president became a famous actress.
intervene
개입하다, 끼어들다
The police had to intervene and take the child out of the house.
neglect
소홀히 하다, 등한시 하다
She was too busy drinking that she neglected her baby.
orphanage
고아원
The neighbors placed the little girl in an orphanage when they could not locate the parents.
permit
허락하다
David was not permitted to leave the house after 10 pm.
portray
그리다, 묘사하다
Hollywood tends to portray Asians as being very weak and submissive.
prospective
예상된, 기대되는
The prospective buyers came to look at the house one more time.
resemblance
닮음, 유사
The actress showed a resemblance to her famous grandfather.
responsibility
의무
The responsibilities of becoming a parent are tremendous.
right
권리
The citizens of this country do not have many rights; they can not vote or express their opinions.
stigma
오명, 치욕
Her father was an alcohol and that has been a stigma all her life.
unfit
자격이 없는, 부적당한
Due to her constant drinking, she was declared an unfit mother by the judge.
unwanted
원하지 않는
They considered getting an abortion because their child was unwanted, but they decided to keep the baby and start a family.
wary
조심성이 있는
Being wary of all strange men, the little girl started to run when the man approached her.
access
접근
Many poor people do not have access to a good education.
aesthetically
미적으로
The table was not very practical, but it was aesthetically pleasing.
conversely
반대로
Children should respect their parents; conversely, parents should not aggravate their children.
cycle
주기
The life cycle of a butterfly is fascinating and remarkable for children to observe.
demarcate
한계를 정하다, 분리하다
Properties in the neighborhood are clearly demarcated with fences.
densely
빽빽하게, 밀집되어
The neighborhood was densely populated, and there was no space for the children to run around.
disproportionately
균형이 없는
All the men complained the ratio of men to women was disproportionately unbalanced.
disrepair
황폐
The town has fallen into a state of disrepair; all the buildings and street lights are damaged.
ethnic minority
인종적 소수
California has a disproportionate number of ethnic minorities in the school system.
feasible
실행할 수 있는
Your plan is feasible as long as we can raise the funds.
graffiti
낙서
Graffitis are against the law allowed in Singapore.
networking
정보망의 형성
Having the right education and skills is important, but networking is becoming more important in finding a job.
overcome
극복하다, 이기다
He had to overcome his fear of flying first before he could become a pilot.
overlap
겹침, 중복
There is an overlap in the products of the two companies.
perpetuate
영속시키다
He worked hard to perpetuate his father's legacy.
privileged
특권이 주어진
Many children of wealthy families are privileged to receive an excellent education.
segregation
분리(주의)
Racial segregation in the United States prevented blacks and whites from eating in the same restaurants.
social mobility
사회적 유동성
The family moved into a better neighborhood because they thought it would help with their social mobility.
status
지위
Lawyers and doctors have more status than bus drivers.
surmount
극복하다
The family has surmounted some difficulties and now they are doing well.
allow
허락하다
We allowed our son to start driving when he turned 16 years old.
childrearing
어린이 양육하기
After she devoted 15 years to childrearing, she decided to pursue a career.
decade
10년
After decades of working on his invention, the scientist was finally rewarded for his hard work.
dramatic
극적인
She made a dramatic entrance to the party; she wore a beautiful gown with lots of jewelry.
ensue
잇달아 일어나다
After the terrible earthquake, a tsunami ensued.
establish
건설하다, 설립하다
The English established several colonies around the world.
fertility
비옥, 다산, 번식력
They decided to adopt a child because they had problems with fertility.
Great Depression
대공황
Her grandfather had lived through the Great Depression, and he hates to waste any food.
inevitable
불가피하게
It was inevitable that you will not get into a good college if you don't study hard.
inhabit
살다, 거주하다
I was surprised to find that people inhabit such places as Siberia.
life expectancy
평균수명
The life expectancy in America has greatly increased in the past 50 years.
massive
거대한
A massive amount of information is available on the internet.
millennia
millennium(천년)의 복수형
By the year 2000, there were two millennia.
mortality
도덕, 덕행
The infant mortality rate in poor countries tend to be very high
motherhood
모성, 어머니
Now that she was married, she eagerly looked forward to motherhood.
pace
속도, 걸음걸이
The company could not keep up with the pace of the demand for their product.
pension plan
연금제도
She had diligently put money into her pension plan, and now she is able to enjoy the benefits.
postpone
연기하다
After postponing having children, the couple realized they were now too old to have children.
prospect
전망
The prospect of her getting married was not very good; she was not over 50 years old.
surviving
생존
The whale did not have any chances of surviving because his wounds were too deep.
abhor
싫어하다, 혐오하다
The little girl abhors vegetables.
accommodate
수용하다
The restaurant was not set up to accommodate the physically disabled.
amenity
편의시설
The only amenities at the hotel was its gym.
backlash
반발
After the senator made the comment about ethnic minorities, there was a backlash against his campaign.
dependence
의존, 의뢰
A child's dependence on his mother gradually decreases as he ages.
diversity
다양성
American is known for the diversity of its people.
encourage
격려하다
The teacher encouraged his students to never give up their dreams.
exhaust
배출가스
The people in the village got sick from breathing in the exhaust from cars passing by.
expansion
확장
The company's expansion program included building a gym for its employees.
global warming
지구온난화
Some scientist argue that global warming is not caused by human actions.
infringe
범하다
Our neighbor's fruit trees infringes in our yard.
latter
후자
We watch a lot of horror and mystery movies, but we preferred the latter.
lengthy

The speaker gave a lengthy description on the mating habits of whales.
locale
장소
The movie director chose a new locale for his next film.
middle class
중산층
Korea's middle class is starting to grow.
pedestrian
도보자
In America, most pedestrians have the right of way; this is not true in some other countries.
reject
거절하다
I do not reject his story, I just question some of the details.
restore
복구하다, 재건하다
After a vacation to Thailand, the man's health was restored.
sacrifice
희생하다
You can not achieve your goals without sacrificing something in your life.
transport
교통수단
Public transport in Seoul is safe and efficient.
absorb
흡수하다
The flowers absorbed all the water in the vase.
cell
세포
Our bodies are made up of many cells.
constitute
구성하다
Giving advice to young teens constituted most of his time at work.
contraction
(출산시의) 수축
The doctor told her to come to the hospital when her contractions were 10 minutes apart.
dilate
팽창하다, 넓히다
The pupils dilate in the dark.
distinct
뚜렷한
They were able to see the baby's distinct features through the ultrasound.
embryo
배아
When they cracked open the egg, they saw the embryo of the chicken inside.
fallopian tube
나팔관
The woman's difficulty getting pregnant was caused by a blockage in her fallopian tube.
fertilization
수정
In vitro fertilization is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the woman's womb.
fetus
태아
When the couple did an ultrasound, they were able to see the fetus.
implant
이식하다, 꽂아넣다
The doctor implanted a device into the man's skin which would help him stop smoking.
ingest
섭취하다
If you ingest any poison, you must call 911 immediately.
malnourished
영양이 부족한
When the police found the children, they were badly malnourished.
prenatal
태아기의, 출생전의
The fetus did not thrive because the woman did not receive adequate prenatal care.
series
연속물, 일련
She likes to read books that are in a series.
survival
생존
The team's survival in the tournament depended on their defensive tactics.
traverse
가로지르다, 넘다
The climbers traversed over the rocky mountains.
trimester
(임신기간 중)3개월간
The woman felt very good during her second trimester of her pregnancy.
uterus
자궁
The doctors had to remove the woman's uterus, and she could no longer get pregnant.
womb
자궁
Although her daughter did not grow in her womb, she loved her all the more.
abstract
추상적인
Love is an abstract concept for many people.
autonomy
자치
When children become toddlers, they start to assert their autonomy.
bombard
퍼붓다, 포격하다
The audience bombarded the candidate with many comments about healthcare.
cause-and-effect
원인과 결과, 인과관계
Babies normally do not understand the cause-and-effect of their behaviors.
complex
복잡한
The mother could no longer her son with his complex math problems.
concentrate
집중하다
It was difficult to concentrate in the library because the people were talking too loudly.
concrete
구체적인
The police did not have any concrete evidence to arrest the criminal.
consider
고려하다
She considered becoming a doctor, but she decided against it because she couldn't stand blood.
cooperatively
협조적으로
The school, the hospital and the church worked cooperatively to help the child get better.
curiosity
호기심
Out of curiosity, he called the police station to find out what had happened to the robber.
discourage
낙담시키다, 단념시키다
The parents tried to discourage their son from joining the army.
disdainful
경멸적
The students had a disdainful attitude towards their substitute teacher.
infancy
유년기
From it's infancy, the restaurant never served alcohol.
inquisitive
탐구적인, 꼬치꼬치 묻는
She had a very inquisitive daughter; she asked at least five questions to everyone she met.
logic
논리
The youth had very poor logic and was not able to win many arguments.
mobile
움직일 수 있는
Her doctor recommended four weeks of bed rest, but after one week she was quite mobile.
motor skill
운동기능
The five year old had very good fine motor skills; she used her scissors effectively.
role-play
역활극
The school teaches the students to role-play different situations in order to prevent the students from getting kidnapped.
self-reliant
자력으로 행동하는
Even after the stroke, her 70 year old mother was very self-reliant; she cooked her own meals and did her own shopping.
temper tantrum
울화증, 짜증
It was obvious the child was not properly disciplined; he threw a temper tantrum even in public.
adolescent
젊은이, 청춘기의 사람
adolescents are often confused because of their emotions; they do not realize this is normal.
autonomous
자율적인
By 10 months, most babies are autonomous enough to roam around the house by themselves.
awkward
어색한
During adolescents, teenagers often feel very awkward with what is going on in their bodies.
clumsy
어색한, 볼품없는
After she first learned how to walk, Sarah was very clumsy and fell often.
cognitive
인식의
Although she was 15, her cognitive skills were not fully developed, and she behaved like a five year old.
contemplate
심사숙고하다, 생각하다
Her parents were not a very good role model for her, and she seriously contemplated whether she wanted to get married or not.
disorder
혼란, 무질서
Teenage girls who struggle with self-esteem often suffer from eating disorders.
entity
존재, 실체
Although they are owned by the same person, they are essentially different entities.
forge
나아가다
Despite her lack of funds and other complications, she decided to forge ahead with her plans.
hormone
호르몬
Teenage years can be difficult because the body is adjusting to all the hormones that are being produced.
hypothetical
가설적, 가상적
The two men liked to have hypothetical discussions about what the future will be like.
intimate
친숙한, 익숙한
The couple found it difficult to have an intimate relationship because the husband was constantly traveling.
ovary
난소
The woman could not get pregnant because she had her ovaries removed when she was young.
peer
동료
During teenage years, the advice of their peers become much more important than that of the parents.
pituitary gland
뇌하수체
Because Tom was not growing, the doctors checked his pituitary glands to see if there any problems.
psychological
심리적
She felt very sick, but after extensive tests the doctors realized that it was all psychological.
reasoning
추리, 추리력
The stroke had impaired her reasoning skills, and she was no longer able to have normal conversations.
release
놓아주다, 방출하다
After catching 30 fish, the fisherman released them back into the ocean.
spurt
분출, 용솟음
He was always short until he had a grow spurt in college.
tumultuous
떠들석한, 소란한
After growing up in a very tumultuous family environment, Mary decided never to get married.
academia
학계
He had spent all of his adult life in academia because he was a history professor.
accompany
동반하다, 따르다
There is a lot of stress that accompanies planning a wedding.
alter
고쳐서 만들다, 변경하다
Her pants were too big so she had to get them altered.
ample
충분한
They thought they had ample time to get to the party, but they didn't anticipate the accident on the highway.
blackboard
칠판
Most blackboards in the school have been replaced with dry erase boards.
blatant
뻔뻔스런
The mother recognized her son's blatant lies.
curriculum
교육과정
Parents believe that private schools offer a more rigorous curriculum than public schools do.
delve
천착하다
Unless you delve into a subject, you really wont' understand it.
dozen
12개
I bought a dozen donuts and ate them by myself.
frequency
빈도
The frequency of her contractions had increased.
intrinsic
선천적, 내재적
Taking care of their young is intrinsic for most animals.
playful
쾌활한
The child was very playful and continued to entertain the adults around her.
recognize
인정하다, 알아보다
The young woman recognized the tall man from the party.
rejection
거절하다
His rejection of his wife's culture caused them to divorce.
remain
남다
The family decided to remain in the house even after the death of their grandfather.
sibling
형제자매
Because there were seven children in her family, she often fought with her siblings for her parent's attention.
significant
중요한, 현저한
The family was able to take a vacation because the father had received a significant increase in his salary.
spontaneous
자발적, 충동적
The spontaneous nature of her son drove the mother crazy; she liked everything planned.
structured
구조화된
My children have a very structured day; they have a different activity each hour of the day.
trying
어려운
Babysitting five rebellious children was a trying experience for the baby sitter.
benefit
혜택
The benefit of a high school diploma is that you will be more employable.
concerns
걱정, 관심
She had many concerns about her daughter living alone in New York City.
demand
요구, 청구
The demand for the talking doll was high during the Christmas holiday.
disposal
처분, 처리
Most American homes have a garbage disposal in the kitchen.
economy
경제
The housing boom improved the country's sagging economy.
efficient
유능한, 능률적인
After fixing refrigerators for 20 years, he was very efficient at what he did.
feng shui
풍수
After having bad luck in her business for several years, she finally consulted a feng shui specialist who told her to paint her house red for better luck.
funnel
빠져나가다
The tourists were slowly funneling their way through airport customs.
inhabitant
주민, 거주자
The inhabitants of the east coast enjoy four distinct seasons.
labor
노동하다, 애쓰다
She labored over creating the perfect wedding dress for her daughter.
mass transit
대량 수송
Residents of Seoul do not need a car because of the efficient mass transit system.
motivated
동기를 부여받은, 자극받은
None of the students were motivated to study harder.
optimize
최적화하다
The city officials did not optimize the existing land in the city.
paycheck
급료, 월급
Most employees work hard to receive their paycheck.
prefer
선호하다
If given a choice, most children would prefer to watch television over doing homework.
resident
주민, 거주자
The residents of Hawaii enjoy a very scenic view.
resource
자원
Having traveled to over 30 countries, the student was a valuable resource to her peers.
settle
정착하다, 안정하다
Our family immigrated to the United States and settled in San Francisco.
urban
도회의
Many young people from the small towns choose to move to urban areas.
variety
다양(성), 여러 종류
She loved to eat at buffets because if offered her a variety of foods.
adaptation
적응하다
The elementary students enjoyed the adaptation of Romeo and Juliet; it was an animation.
adept
숙달된, 정통한
She was adept at making everyone believe her lies.
advantage
장점
She had an advantage over other students because she had studied Latin in high school.
cater
요구를 들어주다
The parents catered to their child's every needs.
cooperation
협력, 협조
The goal of kindergarten is to teach children cooperation.
counterpart
상대역, 상대자
His counterpart at the hospital was a woman in her 50's.
custom
주문생산된
She liked to be unique and always wore custom shoes made especially for her.
detailed
자세한
The detailed report outlined the patients history and treatments that were offered.
disadvantage
단점, 불리함
The disadvantage of the new pay system is that it is completely based on the number of hours you work regardless of the quality.
enhance
높이다, 강화하다
Some athletes believe enhancing their muscles will help them improve their game.
essential
본잘적인, 중요한
A comprehensive elementary education is essential for students to do well in high school.
excessively
지나치게
The parents were excessively involved in their teenage son's school life.
higher education
고등교육
More than 75% of the population has some training in higher education.
improve
개선하다
If his situation does not improve, we will have to operate.
learning style
학습 스타일
The student learned best by listening to audio tapes of books because he had an auditory learning style.
literacy
읽고쓸줄 아는 것
Korea has a very high literacy rate; more than 95% of the people can read and write.
natural
자연스런
It is natural to get nervous before a big test.
priority
우선순위
Getting good grades was not his priority; getting a well rounded education was.
trait
특징
Being rude is not a positive trait.
work ethic
직업윤리, 직업관
Without good work ethics, it is impossible to advance in your career.
approach
접근하다; 다가오다
As you approach the town, you'll see the college on the left.
aptitude
소질, 재능
Her aptitude for math made her a good candidate for the math contest.
elective
선택적
In addition to his core classes, he took 2 electives: logic and debate.
expose
노출되다
Children that have been exposed to different situations tend to be more mature.
extend
늘리다
We extended our vacation because we really enjoyed the beach.
format
체제, 판형
The format of the meeting was a short lecture followed by a question and answer session.
gradually
점차적으로
Nathan practiced every day and gradually became much better.
grown up
성인
Children often have a lot of respect for grown ups, whether they deserve it or not.
guidance
지도, 인도
Anna received guidance from her math teacher; she is now pursuing a doctorate degree in math.
impart
나누어주다
imparting his love of God to his grandchildren was a priority for the old man.
integrate
통합하다
Traditional television is integrated as it contains images, sound and text.
interact
상호소통하다
Although they lived in the same house, the father and son barely interacted with each other.
needs
필요, 요구
The family did not make enough money for their basic needs, such as food and clothing.
overall
전체적인
His overall grade in school was not bad, although he was not doing well in science.
primer
입문서
He wrote a primer on how to discipline rebellious children.
self-motivated
자기동기부여가 된
Being self-motivated is crucial for people who want to pursue a career in medicine.
tailored
주문생산된
He tailored his speech to match the needs of the audience.
tenuous
약한, 빈약한
Her arguments for living alone were so tenuous her parents decided against the idea.
transition
변천; 변화
The weather gets colder during the transition from summer to autumn.
wean
떼어놓다, 버리다
She weaned herself from eating chocolates by exercising whenever she had cravings.
attain
달성하다. 이루다
When he attained his doctorate, he felt he had accomplished all his dreams.
attract
유인하다, 끌어당기다
With its beautiful beaches and friendly people, Thailand attracts many tourists each year.
burden
짐, 책임
After her father's stroke, she had the burden of supporting her family.
decent
남부럽지않은, 상당한
Tom had to quit his job because he couldn't make a decent living with his salary.
earn
벌다, 따다, 받다
After studying very hard, she earned a scholarship to Harvard University.
earning power
수익능력
Compared to her sister, Mary had more earning power because she had a university degree.
extraordinary
특별한
The little boy had extraordinary musical abilities.
faculty
교수단
The faculty at that university is known for their spectacular research.
firm
단호한
The school set firm requirements for graduation.
fund
돈을 대다
The old man funds his grandchildren's education.
guarantee
보증하다, 확보하다
She was a little worried about her piano because the movers could not guarantee when it would be delivered.
liberal arts
인문학
She studied liberal arts in university which prepared her well for her teaching career.
loan
차관, 빌린 돈
She took out a loan from the bank to pay for her college education.
lot
운명
It was his lot in life to make a lot of money.
lucrative
유리한,수익성있는
It is a very lucrative business in this industry.
minimum wage
최저임금
Most fast-food restaurants pay minimum wage; it is not sufficient to support a family on.
passion
열정
He must have some passions.
post-secondary education
중등교육 후의 교육
Many foreigners choose to complete their post-secondary education in the United States.
subsidize
보조금을 주다
Many small businesses that first start out are subsidized by the government.
varsity
대학의 (운동 팀)
He was a member of the varsity football team at her high school.
acceleration
가속
The new car model was touted for its sleek design, but it had poor acceleration.
articulate
밝히다
The speaker articulated the need for conserving energy in his speech.
claim
주장하다
She claimed she graduated from Harvard University, but no one believed her.
contradict
부인하다, 반박하다
The couple could never agree; the wife always contradicted her husband.
exotic
이국적
On their trip to Asia, they had discovered many exotic fruits and vegetables.
flawed
흠이 있는
The scientist presented a flawed argument during his lecture.
formulation
만들기, 공식화하기
The formulation of a new education policy took months to prepare.
gravity
중력
Without gravity, we would all be floating in the air.
heavenly body
천체
The sun is a heavenly body that we can all see and feel.
hypothesize
가정하다
Everyone hypothesized about how the accident happened.
inspiration
영감;자극
His inspiration for his book came from his long walks along the beach.
leap
도약, 발전
After being inspired by the movie, Mary made leaps in her studies; she received all A's on her report card.
minute
사소한
The change to the script was so minute, everyone disregarded it.
novel
새로운
She had novel ways of solving problems.
phenomenon
현상
The wrapping of Christmas presents is a fairly recent phenomenon in American life.
shroud
가리다, 덮이다
The car was shrouded by tree branches.
slope
비탈
She skiing ability had improved significantly that she no longer skied down the same slopes.
twist
뒤틀림, 반전
There was a new twist to the murder case; the husband was found guilty.
unthinkable
상상할 수 없는
It is unthinkable for me to imagine getting divorced.
vacuum
진공
How will the human body, without the protection of a spacesuit, respond to the vacuum of outer space?
bent on
할 결심을 하다
She was bent on finishing her degree, no matter how long it took.
common sense
상식
It is common sense that the man should pay for the meal on a first date.
dictate
지시하다, 불러주다
The winning team will dictate what the losing team must do.
entire
전체적
The entire building caught on fire.
fascinate
매혹하다, 반하다
The little children were fascinated by the clown and his magic tricks.
heaven
하늘
Thousands of balloons fell from the heavens.
heliocentrism
태양중심설, 지동설
heliocentrism is the theory that the sun is at the center of the Universe.
labor
노동하다, 애쓰다
She labored over creating the perfect wedding dress for her daughter.
motionless
꼼짝않고, 움직이지 않고
The soldiers stood motionless for several hours.
orbit
궤도
Smooth sailing after the storm, the aircar arrived at the orbit of the Island of Paradise.
paradigm
패러다임
The older generation had to have a paradigm shift in order to understand the younger generation.
precise
정확한, 정밀한
You need to follow the precise measurements of the recipe if you want your cake to turn out o.k.
prediction
예언하다
The weather man's predictions about the weather is almost always incorrect.
reconcile
화해하다
Before the group could move forward, they had to first reconcile their differences.
revival
재생, 부활
The religious revival swept the entire nation.
ridicule
비웃음, 조롱
The new student was treated with such ridicule by her peers that her parents decided to send her to another school.
rigorous
엄격한, 호된
Students must finish a rigorous program in order to become a doctor.
steady
지속적인
There has been a steady wind blowing all day.
tendency
경향
She has a tendency of leaving her clothes everywhere.
venerable
취약한
In recent years, there has been a decline in the venerable tradition of Easter egg hunting.
beginning
시작
At the beginning of the play, the actor broke his leg.
billiards
당구
The mother was worried when her son just wanted to play billiards rather than study.
contribution
기여; 공헌
His contributions to the arts was significant; he had created five art museums.
elaborate
자세히 말하다, 부연하다
The eye witness elaborated on the details of the accident.
elegant
품위 있는, 우아한, 기품있는
Mary had exquisite tastes and had her house decorated with elegant furniture.
exert
쓰다, 행사하다
The doctors warned her to stay in bed and not exert too much energy.
force
힘, 세력
The forces of the wind knocked over ten trees.
friction
마찰
When you rub two stones together, the friction causes a spark which can start a fire.
humble
겸손한, 소박한
The president's humble beginnings surprised everyone.
implication
의미; 영향
Are you interested in the political implications of weblogs and social software?
impressive
인상적
Her artistic abilities are quite impressive; it is difficult to imagine she painted everything with her feet.
indefinitely
무한정
Due to the lack of staff, the science education program has been stopped indefinitely.
mass
크기, 대량
Although the plastic box was bigger than the book, the book had a greater mass.
miniscule
아주 작은
The orphans only had a miniscule piece of toast to eat each morning.
negligible
하찮은, 무시해도 좋은
The cost of getting the car fixed is negligible compared to what could have happened.
optics
광학(光學)
optics is a branch of physics that describes the behavior and properties of light.
precocious
조숙한
He had a precocious child that played the piano beautifully at the age of three.
prematurely
조숙한, 때이른
The baby was born prematurely and had to be placed in an incubator for six weeks.
stun
아연케 하다, 대경실색하다
The news of your retirement stunned me.
tool
연모
The calculator is a useful tool for all math students.
achieve
성취하다
She didn't realize that she would be able to achieve everything that she had.
aptly
적절하게
We had saved over two years for our vacation, and we stayed at a resort aptly named "Pamper Yourself."
arise
일어나다
A revolt will arise if the government does not find ways to feed its people.
bit
작은 조각
There was a bit of crumb on the pastor's tie.
carve
개척하다, 새기다
He was very diligent and was able to carve out a career in real estate.
cornerstone
모퉁이돌, 주춧돌
The cornerstone of the Christian religion is that Jesus Christ died on the cross to pay for people's sins.
disappear
사라지다
The father often disappears for several hours a day; he needs to be alone.
ecosystem
생태계
The major oil spill will have a great impact on the surrounding ecosystems.
equilibrium
균형
The senior citizen lost her equilibrium and fell down the stairs.
evolution
진화
The evolution of the computer happened very rapidly.
evolve
진화하다, 발전하다
A small argument evolved into a big war between the two families.
halt
정지
The parade came to a halt when it started raining hard.
meteorologist
기상학자
The meteorologist forecasted five days of severe thunderstorms.
murky
탁한, 흐린, 더러운
Due to the oil spill, the river had turned very murky.
pattern
양식
All scientific research must follow certain patterns.
perpetual
끊임없는, 영원한
During the time of Hitler, the Jews lived in perpetual fear of being captured.
posit
단정하다
If we posit that increasing homework will increase students' grades, it follows that students should spend more time studying than playing.
practically
실질적으로
When her husband ran off with their savings, she had practically lost all the money that she had saved.
shift
바꾸다
The truck driver shifted his gears.
wield
휘두르다
He wields great power as the principal of the school.
amber
호박(琥珀)
The jewels on her dress were made from amber.
basis
기초
On the basis of his research, he argued that children should sleep 12 hours a day.
breakthrough
새로운 발견, 돌파
After months of testing, the doctors had a breakthrough in what was causing the seizures.
crude
조악한, 조잡한
He wanted to live simply; his crude furniture reflected this.
cursory
서두르는, 피상적인
She gave her daughter's report a cursory look and then started cooking.
devote
헌신하다; 바치다
She devotes two hours a day to playing the piano.
drift
떠다니다
The whale drifted away into the sea, and the sailors could no longer see it.