Extensive Reading-Book A (E)
1599 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
allegorical
the representation of a subject, not directly stated, through another similar subject to it
The author’s statement about knights and chivalry was allegorical to Arthurian legend.
brink
on the verge
The depressed man was on the brink of suicide after surviving the car accident.
compelling
able to cause action, belief, or feeling (syn. well supported, forceful, persuasive / ant. weak, unsupported, uninspiring)
The novel was so compelling that I decided to find more books by the same author.
exemplifies
explain or illustrate by an example
The sword exemplifies the meaning of duty and honor in the medieval ages.
fairy
one of a class of supernatural beings, generally conceived as having a diminutive human form and possessing magical powers with which they intervene in human affairs
The fairy was so small it could not be seen, even when it was playing tricks on humans.
genius
an exceptional natural capacity of intellect
The chess master was a genius, always thinking ahead of his opponent.
haunt
to disturb or distress
There is an old ghost that haunts that house.
inhabit
to live in (syn. reside in)
The cave is inhabited by bats. They come out in the evenings and eat all the bugs.
laud
praise highly
George Washington is lauded as the Father of the United States.
morality
quality of being virtuous
Old fables dealt with morality and the correct behavior for life.
mystical
a system or body of myths concerning a particular person or race
Ancient stories usually contain many mystical ideas about dragons and gods.
playwright
a writer of plays; dramatist
Shakespeare is considered to be one of the greatest playwrights in modern history, having written numerous plays and poetry.
satyr
a man subject to uncontrollable amorous passion
The hopeless romantic satyr thought about the woman all day long.
slapstick
broad comedy characterized by boisterous action
The Three Stooges were professional comedians that specialized in slapstick comedy.
speculation
the contemplation or consideration of some subject
My views are only speculation because they are based only on myobservations.
testament
strong evidence for something
The great earthquake was a strong testament to the power of nature.
tragedy
a dramatic composition, often in verse, dealing with a serious or sombre theme
Othello is a tragedy about the destructive nature of human distrust.
vice
an immoral or evil habit or practice.
His only vice was gambling large sums of money on payday.
virtue
moral excellence; goodness; righteousness
To strive for excellence is seen as a virtue in many cultures.
whimsical
quaintly humorous, odd
The old man felt whimsical as he swayed back and forth on the children’s swing.
asserting
to state or express positively
If you are to persuade your opponent, you must try to be asserting.
assume
to believe without evidence (syn. suppose, presume)
I haven't seen or read the report yet, but I assume that everything in there will be correct.
boundless
limitless, endless
boundless possibilities are gained when one is granted great power.
commonplace
a well-known, customary, or obvious remark
Talking about sports or the weather is commonplace in conversation.
distinct
easily distinguished from others (syn. unique, clear, manifest, marked / ant. indistinct, vague, fuzzy)
This civilization's 3rd dynasty was quite distinct, exhibiting many differences from the 2nd and 4th dynasties.
encumber
burden with obligations or difficulties
After being in office for two weeks, the President was encumbered with all the obligations of the voters.
facet
aspect; or phase
That is only one facet of many other situations.
intuition
comprehension without effort of reasoning
Having experienced a similar situation, my intuition told me how to go about it.
norms
a standard or acceptable behavior (syn. custom)
Not talking loudly in a movie theater is the norm. People who do it are considered rude.
nurse
a person formally educated and trained in the care of the sick or infirm
The nurse went through the war-torn field and helped the injured.
partake
have or take a share
When you partake of the fruit, it will give you everlasting life.
prior
preceding in importance or privilege
prior to the test, the student studied.
recognition
the act of acceptance or notice
The movie star gained recognition for his part in the famous movie.
segments
any of the parts into which something can be divided
It’s impossible to memorize the whole thing. So why not break it into segments?
taboo
proscribed by society as improper or unacceptable
It is taboo to speak about religion and politics to strangers.
technique
a way of doing something (syn. procedure, method)
A new technique has been developed that will greatly improve artificial heart valves.
undeniable
cannot be rejected
The man gave an undeniable offer that I could not refuse.
underscores
to emphasize
The teacher underscored all the important material on the review.
unlimited
boundless; infinite
The difference between the wars projected in a simulation and the real thing is you have unlimited resources in the simulation.
volunteer
a person who voluntarily offers himself or herself for a service or undertaking
I volunteered myself to help give out food for the homeless.
advocate
to speak or write in favor of
We must advocate peace in the negotiations.
affect
to produce change
We affect those around us with the decisions we make.
apparent
capable of being easily perceived or understood
It is apparent that you did not read the book.
ballad
a simple narrative poem
I wrote a poetic ballad about a knight saving the princess from a fiery dragon.
cadence
rhythmic flow
The song had a straight forward cadence for the soldiers to march to.
capitalized
to write or print in capital letters
Authors usually capitalize all their letters to express something important.
circumstantial
pertaining to conditions of material welfare
The evidence was circumstantial because it didn’t necessarily pertain to the case.
controversy
public disagreement
The controversy over moving the capital caused years of arguments in the legislature.
exposure
the act of exposing.
Excessive exposure to the sun can be dangerous to your skin’s health.
fundamental
basic (syn. essential / ant. superfluous)
The subconscious was fundamental to Freud's theory on personality development and his approach to therapy.
hermit
a person who has withdrawn to a solitary place
The hermit lived in a desolate place by himself.
inquiry
search for information
We made an inquiry to the oracle in hopes of a spiritual answer.
introvert
a person who is chiefly concerned with his or her own thoughts
The girl was very introverted as she kept to herself during lunch.
irrespective
regardless, independent
irrespective of his opinion, I am going to carry one with my plan.
manuscripts
A book, document, or other composition written by hand
There are few remaining written manuscripts from the medieval era.
recluse
a person who lives in seclusion
The hermit lived as a recluse in the mountains.
reclusive
shut off or apart from the world
For their honeymoon, they went to a reclusive beach.
scholarship
learning; knowledge acquired by study
For all my hard work and studies, I received a scholarship award.
security
freedom from danger, risk
security was tight when the celebrity arrived.
shrouded
Something that conceals, protects, or screens
The dark castle was shrouded in mystery.
adultery
voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person
The man committed adultery with a woman he met at work.
adultery
voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person
The man committed adultery with a woman he met at work.
albeit
although, not withstanding that
The student passed the class albeit by a very small margin.
ambiguous
open to various interpretation
A person who speaks ambiguously will be difficult to understand.
commune
interchange thoughts and feelings
The husband and wife communed before the altar when they got married.
constraints
bind and confine
We had a limited budget because of the money constraint.
departure
The act of leaving
The departure time for the airplane is 5:15.
feminist
A person whose beliefs and behavior are based on feminism
feminists usually believe in stronger independence for the female gender.
guilt
a feeling of responsibility or remorse for some offense
She felt an incredible sense of guilt for telling the lie to her mother.
infamous
having an extremely bad reputation
Serial killers are infamous for their crimes.
mysterious
of obscure nature, meaning
The mysterious man walked quietly in the shadows.
obscurity
lack of fame or recognition
Even famous people become subject to obscurity when time rages on.
poverty
the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support
poverty is prevalent in low-income areas.
presume
to assume; to believe without strong evidence
Where's Gary? I presume he's at work, but I don't really know for sure.
prevalent
of wide use or occurrence
Love is more prevalent in the spring for some reason.
refuge
shelter or protection from danger
During the tornado, the locals sought refuge from the weather.
reveal
to show something previously hidden (syn. disclose, unveil)
Letters recently uncovered have revealed new details on the life of the former president.
revenge
inflict punishment because of
The man wanted to revenge on the man who killed his wife.
scaffold
a temporary supporting platform
The painters stood on a scaffold as they painted the building.
sin
transgression of divine law
The evil sin of one man affected everyone around him.
thwart
prevent from accomplishing a purpose
The enemy tried their best to thwart the hero’s advancement to victory.
abandon
to leave behind (syn. discard, forsake / ant. keep, rescue)
The man abandoned his wife and children to go off in search of adventure.
absurdist
an adherent of absurdism
An absurdist believes in some of the most unusual things.
ambitious
requiring exceptional effort
The love-struck man ambitiously sought out the love of his woman.
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
capitalism is the economic basis for the United States’s economy.
complement
to make complete; to make harmonious (syn. harmonize / ant. clash)
She looked very nice, but still needed a few accessories to complement the outfit.
connotation
the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning
The author had sophisticated connotation, using advanced vocabulary to give his words an underlying meaning.
decline
a lowering in worth (syn. drop, fall / ant. improvement, upswing)
The decline in the value of the US dollar means that the Korean won is worth a lot more now.
formative
shaping, forming
We need a formative way to create a computer language so anyone can understand itsprogramming.
hardships
Extreme privation; suffering
Going through hardships is one of the many realities of life.
indigenous
originating from a particular region
The Native Americans were the indigenous people of North America.
industrialize
organizing manufacturing capabilities of a place
By the late 1800’s, the United States had become an industrialized nation manufacturing every product within its domestic regions.
insignificant
very small; not important (ant. crucial, significant)
The findings in the experiment were insignificant. They didn't indicate a relationship between the two variables.
interpret
to construe or take a certain meaning from something
His instructions were not completely clear, but I interpret his words to mean he wants us to work until the project is completed.
noteworthy
worthy of notice or attention
Abraham said a lot of noteworthy quotes.
overarch
to span with or over like an arch
The federal government overarches the state and local government.
quest
search, pursuit
King Arthur was on a quest for the Holy Grail.
scrivener
a scribe
The scrivener recorded all that happened in the days of the king.
seemingly
apparent; appearing
It was seemingly possible that what his friend was saying was true.
tenants
A dweller in a place; an occupant
The new tenants that will be living here will arrive in a couple hours.
vagrancy
mental wandering
For many years, my mind wandered with vagrancy, in search of answers.
bolster
prop up or support
Many candidates have to appease their constituents to bolster their popularity among the populace.
brutality
the quality of being brutal; cruelty
There have been reported many unjust police brutality against normal civilians in high-crime areas.
conduct
to direct or take part in the operation or management of
The scientist will conduct research on the matter of gravity.
ethical
relating to behavior in accordance with an idea of right conduct (syn. moral / ant. immoral, unethical)
The committee is in place to ensure the ethical treatment of all research animals.
horrific
causing horror
The death scene was horrific.
immorality
immoral quality, character, or conduct
Stealing and murdering are both considered conducts of immorality.
impose
to force upon
Some countries are imposing economic sanctions on the nation to pressure them to comply with international standards for human rights.
inspire
stimulate to activity
President Lincoln inspired many to push forward during difficult times.
invest
to spend money with the expectation of earning more money back (ant. divest, sell)
We're going to invest some money into a college savings plan for our son.
majority
the larger part; more than half (ant. minority)
The majority of the class wanted the professor to delay the exam by a week, but she refused.
manufacture
the making of goods
Chevrolet manufactures cars.
polarize
a state in which light rays exhibit different qualities in different directions
The design of the new pair of sunglasses polarizes the light away from the eyes.
precedent
an identical previous example
This civil case will create a new precedent for those who go through an in-just arrest.
protests
To object to
Many people got together to protest the new bill that was introduced.
raging
angry fury
A raging tsunami struck the southeast coast.
segregation
the act or practice of segregating
The United States in the past century illegalized segregation, so that whites and other ethnic minorities can live together.
slavery
the condition of a slave; to be in bondage
slavery in some countries still exists today because it provides an inexpensive labor force.
sole
being the only one
He was the sole beneficiary of his parents will.
swept
to move or pass in a swift but stately manner
She was swept away by the man’s handsome appearance.
viable
capable of living
It is still viable that he will recover.
access
to gain use of (syn. enter / ant. forfeit, depart)
After a lot of searching, I was finally able to access the correct file.
autobiographical
marked by or dealing with one's own experiences or life history
There are many famous people that wrote their own autobiographical experiences about the times they lived in.
banned
to prohibit, forbid, or bar
We banned the toys because they were dangerous to little children.
bond
something that binds a person or persons to a certain circumstance
The bond between the two friends was unbreakable.
controversial
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of controversy
The topic was still controversial despite it being argued for many hours.
derogatory
tending to lessen the merit or reputation of a person or thing
The drunken man spouted many derogatory words to the people that were dragging him out of the bar.
dynamic
full of force and energy
His friend had a very dynamic personality because he approached people with a smile and friendliness.
illegal
contrary to the law; against the rules (ant. legal)
It is illegal to operate a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol.
immersion
act of immersing
The rock was in total immersion at the bottom of the lake.
internal
acting or effective within the body (syn. inner / ant. external)
When she started vomiting blood after the accident, I suspected internal bleeding and rushed her to the hospital.
lecturer
one who delivers a speech
Our lecturer spoke with a clear voice to us.
pen name
A pseudonym used by a writer
Authors used pen names so they could hide their real identity.
quandaries
a state of perplexity or uncertainty
Since the scientists didn’t have enough evidence, they had many quandaries about their theory.
quandary
a state of bewilderment or perplexity
With such a difficult math problem, I was at a state of quandary.
reserve
the act of keeping back
He was very reserved when it came to money, always putting aside some money into savings.
runaway
a person who runs away; fugitive
The kid was a runaway, when they found him sleeping on the park bench.
steamboat
a steam-driven vessel
Steamboats were the most effective means of travel on water, when the fuel powered engine didn’t exist.
strife
conflict or discord
With so many problems to deal with, the people had much strife.
traverse
pass across, over, or through
The horse traversed the shallow waters.
vernacular
native or indigenous to the region in relevance to language
The Texas accent is vernacular to native Texans.
acclaim
with general approval
The number one movie showed much acclaim by viewers.
adamant
hard-hearted, unyielding
The professor was very adamant, maybe to the point of stubborn, about his answer.
aspect
a feature, part of something
The teacher liked most aspects of the students' project except the presentation.
assure
to cause to feel certain; to remove doubt (syn. encourage, soothe / ant. worry, doubt)
I felt better because he assured me that I would get paid on time this month.
brash
impertinent; impudent; tactless
The crude comment was a bit brash.
decade
a period of ten years
In the past decade, we faced some of the most difficult human conflicts.
democratic
pertaining to or of the nature of democracy
We must all do our democratic duty and vote.
depiction
portray by picture or words
My depiction of death is a skeleton wearing a black cape holding a big scythe.
device
a tool; an instrument (syn. gadget)
The secret agent had a device that would allow him to listen through walls.
expatriate
one living, as though permanently, away from his or her country
Many ambassadors have to live as expatriates for the purpose of better foreign relations.
formative
shaping, forming
We need a formative way to create a computer language so anyone can understand itsprogramming.
forte
a strong point
The kind man’s compassion was his forte.
heroines
a woman noted for courage and daring action
The Valkyrie is known as the heroine in Norse mythology.
honing
To perfect or make more intense
With good practice, one can hone his skills.
latter
being the second mentioned of two
The latter half of the speech concluded his message.
masterpiece
An outstanding work of art or craft
Michelangelo created many masterpieces, both in art and architecture.
prominent
standing out
The President of the United States has a prominent role in international affairs.
prose
the ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse
In poetry, one doesn’t necessarily have to make every piece of prose rhyme. It can be written in free verse.
sensitized
to render sensitive
All his nerves sensitized when she stroked him with a feather.
subtlety
the state or quality of being subtle
The loud obnoxious man lacked any subtlety.
accumulation
collect or bring together
To maintain a proper collection of anything, one must have a large accumulation of the thing they desire.
attain
reach or achieve
A student must work hard to attain good grades.
contribution
the act of contributing
The people gave their contributions to the church.
countless
too numerous to count
There was so many of them; they were countless.
curricula
a regular course of study
Med students must follow strict curricula by studying intensively the art of biology.
discipline
training to act in accordance with rules
Practicing daily takes a lot of discipline.
encompass
contain
The school curriculum has to encompass every subject the school board requires.
erosion
a washing or wearing away of the earth's surface
A water path has enough power to create erosions, eventually turning that path into rivers.
fluctuate
to change continually; shift back and forth; vary irregularly
The inconsistent student had fluctuating grades.
fossil
any remains, impression, or trace of a living thing of a former geologic age
They found dinosaur fossils in the European region.
geomatics
a science concerned with using mathematical methods on data about the earth's surface
The class learned about geomatics as they saw math equations to interpreting the earth’s crust.
inception
initiation
During birthing inception, the mother must breathe and push to help get the baby out.
management
the person or persons controlling and directing the affairs of a business
Money management is crucial when it comes to financing.
materialize
to cause to become real or actual
Money just doesn’t materialize from trees. You have to work for it.
oversimplified
to simplify to the point of error
The professor oversimplified the situation, which in turn made the entire experiment a failure.
regress
to return
The guy was so embarrassed; his psyche regressed to an infantile state.
satellite
a device designed to orbit around a celestial body
The satellite orbited around the earth transmitting data from one end of the country to the other.
theoretical
in accordance to a proposition that describes an operation and cause
Most of what philosophy describes is purely theoretical for it lacks empirical evidence.
tradition
the handing down of statements, beliefs, legends, customs, information
Bowing to your elders is a timeless tradition among Asian cultures.
valid
well supported by fact
The witness’s testimony was valid considering the evidence produced by the police.
accuracy
correctness
The archer shot his arrow with great accuracy at the target.
atlas
a bound collection of maps
The atlas showed every place on the continent.
available
obtainable, at one's disposal
Since I had nothing to do during the weekend, I was available to work an extra shift.
cartography
the production of maps
Mapsco is one company that deals with cartography.
celestial
pertain to the sky
The stars and the moon were known as celestial beings to the ancient astrologers.
circumference
the outer boundary of a circular area
We ran around the circumference of the circle shaped field.
density
thickness and compactness
We can measure density by calculating volume.
function
proper action in which anything fulfills its purpose
The function of the word-processing program is for typing documents.
imagery
imaginative thought or expression
The author used a lot of descriptive words to express thoughtful imagery in his writing.
incorporate
to take in or include as a part or parts
We incorporated the new computer system in the company.
merely
only as specified and nothing more
It was merely a coincidence that both people met each other.
navigation
sail over or on
The navigation by the captain was expert.
new age
of or pertaining to a movement espousing a broad range of philosophies and practices traditionally viewed as occult, metaphysical, or paranormal
The new age movement de-emphasizes research and experiments.
prototype
the original or model on which something is based or formed
Before an actual car model is put into mass production, companies create a prototype to see how well it might do on the market.
sextant
an astronomical instrument used to determine latitude and longitude at sea by measuring angular distances
One can use a sextant to find the position of where they are at in the middle of the ocean by angling it to stars.
superimposed
to impose, place, or set over, above, or on something else
The President superimposed the law so that everyone would know and abide by it.
survey
taking a comprehensive view of something
We took a survey to see how kids reacted to the new standard.
ubiquitous
existing or being everywhere
Cockroaches are ubiquitous because they can adapt quickly to any environment.
unknown
not discovered, determined, or identified
The cause of the disease is unknown.
worldview
a comprehensive view of the world and human life
The worldview on international conflict leans generally towards peaceful diplomacy.
bagpipe
a reed instrument consisting of a melody pipe and one or more accompanying drone pipes protruding from a windbag into which the air is blown by the mouth or a bellows
The Scottish people use bagpipes to perform songs of the dead.
benefit
advantage or profit
It was to our benefit that we studied before the test.
commodities
an article of commerce
Handheld games are becoming quite the commodity among children these days.
comprise
consist of
The computer is comprised of many parts that simultaneously work together.
diverse
essentially difference
Among the human species, you can easily see a diverse mixture of cultures and races.
exotic
of foreign origin or character
Hawaii, because of its tropical climate, is considered one of the exotic locations for tourists to go.
famine
extreme and general scarcity of food
The failure of the potato crop lead to widespread famine in Ireland.
fluctuate
to change continually; shift back and forth; vary irregularly
The inconsistent student had fluctuating grades.
homogeneous
having the same origin
Human beings come from the same homogeneous origin.
landscape
a section or expanse of rural scenery
The outdoor landscape was beautiful with all the mountains and lakes.
mesmerize
hypnotism
I was mesmerized by the necklace because it had such a beautiful lustre to it.
music
an art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and color
We listen to music.
percent
figured or expressed on the basis of a rate or proportion per hundred
They say that ten percent of your paycheck should always go towards savings.
petroleum
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath theearth's surface
We use petroleum as fuel source.
plethora
superabundance
The gold mine had a plethora of the valuable mineral.
replete
completely filled
Be careful not to replete the water container. You might spill it when you pick it up.
reserves
something kept or stored for use or need
The oil reserves are there in case the main supplies run out.
steep
having an almost vertical slope or pitch
The steep mountain side was difficult to climb.
tambourine
a small drum consisting of a circular frame
They used tambourines to maintain the beat while singing.
unique
existing as the only one or as the sole example
She always stands out in class; she has a very unique voice.
appealing
evoking or attracting interest, desire, curiosity, sympathy
The short-cut dress is very appealing to many men.
clergyman
an ordained Christian minister
The clergyman consoled the members of the congregation with quotes from the bible.
conceit
an excessively favorable opinion of one's own ability
The egotistical man was full of conceit when it came to his perceived abilities.
considerable
notable; important
Working on tough projects usually takes considerable amounts of time.
cynical
incredulous of the goodness of people
Young people who are exposed to the negativity of the world usually become very cynical towards others.
inextricably
hopelessly intricate, involved, or perplexing
The maze was inextricably challenging for the lab rat.
intellectual
appealing to or engaging the intellect
All this intellectual discussion of philosophy makes me feel curious to learn more.
irony
humor that takes its effect from stating the opposite of what is meant
The story about the man that was trying to compliment his boss but somehow kept insulting him was full of irony.
issues
a point, matter, or dispute
We have many issues and complaints with the human resource department.
liberal
not strict
Children tend to be more liberal than adults, for who likes to be bound by rules?
lyrical
having the form and musical quality of a song
The song had wonderful lyrical value.
metaphor
a figure of speech, based on some resemblance of a literal to an implied subject
Jane’s father used the metaphor of a rose to compare his daughter to great beauty.
mortality
the state or condition of being subject to death; mortal character, nature, or existence
We are all subject to mortality for we eventually come to a point in our life, when we must die.
overshadow
to be more important or significant by comparison
The main theme overshadows all the other lesser themes.
poetic
befitting or pertaining to poetry
Many romantic writers write poetic literature which shows their feelings.
priesthood
the condition or office of a priest.
The tribe of Levi was of the lineage of priesthood in the bible.
profound
deep, thorough
Scientist had a profound thought that helped him understand the equation.
romanticized
given to sentimental or amorous feelings
I romanticized the idea of getting married.
tenuous
slight, flimsy, weak
The relationship between the defendant and the crime was tenuous at best.
theme
the topic discussed
The theme of the shoe advertisement is to show how buying new shoes will help one run faster.
colonialism
the idea of settling into a new country but remain subject to the mother country
Early colonialism proved very useful to many growing empires, such as the UK because many valuable trade items made them very prosperous.
cosmopolitan
sophisticated as to be at home in all parts of the world or conversant with many spheres of interest
New York is said to be the most cosmopolitan area in the US as it contains many shopping centers and art galleries.
credit
commendation or honor given for some action
We will give him credit for his good deeds.
despite
in contrast to what might be expected (syn. in spite of, although, even though)
despite her nervousness about bungee jumping, she looked quite calm as she stood on the edge of the platform.
extraction
a point of forceful removal
As soon as the miners discovered ore, they immediately searched for an extraction point to start digging.
garner
the process in which one reaps, gathers, and stores
In ancient times, farmers would manually garner all the wheat by hand.
hinder
preventing from acting
The sprain seriously hindered the athlete from running as fast as he could.
import
bring in as wares from another country
European and Japanese vehicles are usually imported from their respected countries to the US.
isolate
to set or place apart; detach or separate
We isolated the bacteria so that it wouldn’t spread.
mainland
the principal land of a country, region
Australia’s mainland contains mostly desert.
multilingual
using or able to speak several or many languages with some facility
The person was multilingual. He spoke four languages.
overlap
to cover and extend beyond
I can’t see the two lines. I think they are overlapping.
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland
The southern landmass of Florida is a peninsula to the United States.
persist
to endure
Despite his sickness, Ralph persisted to learn in school.
portrayal
describing vividly
Shakespeare’s portrayal of Julius Caesar is quite different from what actually happened in real life.
press
a machine, as a cylinder press or rotary press, for printing on paper
We use the printing press to mass produce the daily newspaper.
readership
the people who read or are thought to read a particular book, newspaper, magazine
The magazine went out of business because the readership base dwindled to almost nothing.
render
to cause to be or become
The poison rendered the victim paralyzed.
stable
a building for horses and cattle.
The cowboy woke up early and went to the stable to get his horse ready for the days work.
stellar
starlike
The actor performed a stellar audition for the part.
aboriginal
one of the original or earliest known inhabitants of a country or region
The Native Americans were aboriginal people before the discoverers found the Americas.
adverse
contrary in purpose
Two rivalling nations usually have adverse goals towards dealing with each other.
airlift
a method for removing a person or thing by air
Because the injured victim was surrounded by water, we needed an airlift to get him out of there.
arable
capable of producing crops; suitable for farming
Texas land has so many nutrients in the soil that farmers considered Texas one of the most arable lands in the US.
arid
lacking moisture, parched with heat
The desert is naturally an arid habitat.
ceremonial
pertains to a ceremony or formal ritual
The wedding is one of the oldest ceremonial events in history.
confirm
to make sure something is right by checking it again
You need to confirm whether you want to attend the party or not.
consequence
that which follows as the result of some preceding act.
If I study, the consequence is a good grade; however, if I don’t study, the consequence is a bad grade.
deforestation
to divest or clear of forests or trees
deforestation was a big issue when paper companies destroyed entire forests to keep up with the demand of paper.
displacement
the state of being out of place.
The displacement of the people was caused by the hurricane.
erosion
a washing or wearing away of the earth's surface
A water path has enough power to create erosions, eventually turning that path into rivers.
gatherers
a person who gathers, collects
We need gatherers to collect the material.
grazier
a person who grazes cattle for the market
Every year, the grazier will select the choice cattle and take it into market.
hypothesize
A testable assertion to a problem
The scientist hypothesized that the two liquids would create another chemical.
otherwise
under other circumstances
Press the blue button, otherwise, press the yellow.
outback
located in the back country
The outback of Australia is nothing but desert.
pollution
the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment
Car exhaust emits a lot of pollution.
rural
country life
The rural farm life can be quite calming and quiet.
speculation
the contemplation or consideration of some subject
My views are only speculation because they are based only on myobservations.
tract
an expanse of land or water
My grandparents bought a small tract of land so they can live quietly and settle down.
astound
to overwhelm with amazement
I was astounded by the number of people that showed up for his birthday party.
awe
fear mingled with admiration
The father looked at his newborn in awe.
canyon
a deep valley with steep sides
The Grand canyon has many spectacular steep sides.
destination
the place to which a person or thing travels or is sent
The train’s final destination is Dallas, Texas.
drought
a period of dry weather
With no rain for several months, we were facing a serious drought.
extensive
of great extent; wide
Before they went public, the scientists had to do extensive research to make sure they were right.
external
located outside and apart
Skin is external to the inner organs of the body.
fantastic
unreal and hardly possible
Pigs flying?! That is absolutely fantastic!
fauna
all the animal life in a particular region
In the woods, many types of fauna can be found, such are squirrels, and birds.
feature
a distinctive or prominent characteristic
Supermodels usually have very delicate, yet beautiful facial features.
flora
Plants considered as a group
flora is the term that relates to plants and flowers.
geothermic
to create heat from the earth
Intense geothermic heat provokes volcanoes to erupt.
geyser
a hot spring that periodically spouts hot water and steam
Old Faithful is the most popular geyser.
myth
a legendary story
King Arthur and his knights make up the Celtic myths.
phenomena
an odd or notable thing
Shooting stars are a wonderful phenomena to see.
plateau
a land area having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least one side
We’ll land on the flat plateau over there.
predictable
foretell, prophesize
It’s very predictable that the mouse will come after the cheese, if I leave the cheese on the floor.
recount
to count again
Because of the interruption, I had to recount the entire thing over again.
sculpt
to carve or shape
The beautiful sculpture of David was sculpted by the hands of Michelangelo.
treasure
wealth or riches stored or accumulated
The pirate hid his treasure.
barometer
any instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
Go grab the barometer to see if the air pressure is high.
compile
collect from various sources
To create a good research paper, I must collect and compile my resources and thoughts onto paper.
diminish
make less or smaller by any means
As age progresses, the body slowly diminishes to a weaker state as well.
ensemble
all the parts of a thing taken together, so that each part is considered only in relation to the whole
We collected the ensemble and put it in the garage to work on it.
factor
something that has an effect on something else
When choosing a job, there are many factors to consider, such as salary and location.
forecast
prediction
The weather forecast predicted three days of straight rain.
front
an interface or zone of transition between two dissimilar air masses
The cold front is coming in soon, so dress warmly.
global
worldwide
With so much pollution, global warming is inevitable.
gradient
the amount or angle of slope
In San Francisco, the hills have a high gradient, making it very difficult to build houses.
groundhog
A common burrowing rodent of northern and eastern North America
When the groundhog sees his shadow, spring is right around the corner.
humidity
dampness, amount of moisture in the air
The heat and humidity leave you soaked with perspiration.
indicate
to point out; direct attention to
The guide indicated where the tourist would go on the map.
jet stream
A high-speed stream of air
The airplane travelled faster thanks to some powerful jet streams.
makeup
the ensemble or effect created by such application
We need to see the genetic makeup of his DNA.
pattern
a model to be copied
The math pattern was easy to pinpoint. It was going up by even numbers.
persistence
to endure
Soldiers in the army need great persistence to endure the rigorous training.
pronounce
to enunciate or articulate
I pronounce you husband and wife.
radiosonde
an instrument that is carried aloft by a balloon to send back information on atmospheric temperature, pressure, and humidity by means of a small radio transmitter
The radiosonde gave the weather crew all the weather information they needed.
season
one of the four periods of the year
Spring, summer, fall, and winter constitute the four seasons.
thermometer
an instrument for measuring temperature
You’ve got a 103 temperature on the thermometer. You’re definitely sick.
analogous
corresponding; similar
English, French, and Spanish are all analogous to Latin.
caldera
a large, basinlike depression resulting from the explosion or collapse of the center of a volcano
The scientist went to the caldera to do some research to see what caused the volcano to explode.
collapse
break, fall in, or give way
Since the bridge was built incorrectly, it collapsed.
convergent
tending to come together
The ideas of the man and his wife typically are convergent.
divergent
branch off in different directions
The fork on the road created a divergent crossing between two different paths.
erupt
burst forth suddenly
After bothering him so much, he finally erupted in a fit of rage.
exhibit
a display
The exhibit at the museum will last for three more days.
fragment
a part broken off or detached
That piece of wood was a fragment chipped off from the coffin.
hardened
made or become hard or harder
The water will harden when it’s cold.
hotspot
areas of intense pressure
The new jazz cafe was the hotspot for the teenagers.
intense
existing in high degree
Because all of the players in the game were strong, the game was very intense.
lessened
To make less; reduce
I lessened my grip knowing it was okay.
magma
a mass of molten material below the earth's crust
Once magma flows out of the earth’s surface, it turns into lava.
mantle
a cover
I had to wear a mantle to shield myself from the snow.
outlet
an opening or passage by which anything is let out; vent; exit
We all need emotional outlets, because bottling those feelings can do more damage sometimes.
pyroclastic
composed chiefly of fragments of volcanicorigin
The volcano’s explosion was so massive, huge pyroclastic pieces flew for miles.
seismic
an earthquake
California experiences a lot of seismic activity.
shield
a vast area of ancient crustal rocks which, together with a platform, constitutes a craton
The shield volcano forms with layers upon layers of molten lava.
stationary
standing still
The train remained stationary until all the guests were on board.
tectonic
slablike sections of the earth that support continents
I can’t believe the earth’s continents are supported by eight tectonic plates that are constantly grinding with each other.
beneficial
helpful, profitable
Eating right, and exercising is beneficial for a healthy style of living.
camouflage
the covering that something has that makes it difficult to detect
The insect's camouflage prevented it from being eaten by other animals.
capable
having the ability
Having a degree in computer programming made Ryan capable of doing his job.
envision
contemplate in imagination
Martin Luther King Jr. envisioned a less prejudice and less racial America
Fahrenheit
Of or relating to a temperature scale that registers the freezing point of water as 32° and the boiling point as 212° at one atmosphere of pressure
The normal body temperature is about 98.7 degrees fahrenheit.
investigation
examine in detail
Due to the number of flaws, the detective requested a more thorough investigation.
mutual
reciprocated respect for the other
The two lovers had a mutual affection for each other.
pollinate
fertilize
Bees and other insects help pollinate flowers.
precipitation
rain, sleet, or snow
The northwest US experiences a lot of precipitation during its rainy season.
quenching
To put out
Water quenches one’s thirst on dry hot summer days.
resilient
springing back; rebounding
He was resilient to the opposing team’s force.
sand dune
a ridge of sand created by the wind
The wind in the desert shifts the sand turning them into hills and sand dunes.
scorching
burning; very hot
The scorching heat of the sun made the travel difficult.
severe
serious, austere
Watch out for severe thunderstorm.
sparse
thinly scattered or distributed
The small piece of bread was sparsely distributed among the eight kids.
thermoregulation
the regulation of body temperature
Coaches are advised to pay attention to thermoregulation among their players, so that none of them faint from dehydration.
vascular
pertain to bodily ducts that convey fluid
Working out your body is ultimately working out your vascular system.
vegetation
all the plants or plant life of a place, taken as a whole
Plant vegetation in Africa is extraordinarily diverse.
viscous
Having relatively high resistance to flow
Motor oil is a viscous substance that prevents car engines from overheating.
xerophytes
A plant adapted to living in a dry arid habitat
The cactus is a wonderful example of the xerophytes, as they can survive the hottest days of the desert.
catastrophe
a sudden disaster
The US experienced a huge catastrophe on 9/11.
decimate
destroy a great number of
The atomic bomb decimated the population of Japan during World War II.
detected
To discover or ascertain the existence
We detected other life forms in space.
devastating
lay waste
With modern physics and technology, we have invented some devastating weaponry.
displace
to put out of place
The car mechanic accidentally displaced the oil with the cleaner.
extent
the space or degree to which a thing extends
The extent of the damage was severe. It would take many years to rebuild.
fatalities
a disaster resulting in death
The number of soldier fatalities during the war was great.
formulate
put into definite words
The student formulated his reply in his head before he spoke.
induce
lead by persuasion or influence
The people were easily induced by the propaganda.
magnitude
physical greatness
The magnitude of the earthquake was so powerful it destroyed tall buildings.
prime
of highest quality
The man that was found with the bloody shirt was the police’s prime suspect.
pummeled
to beat or thrash with or as if with the fists
The man pummeled his opponent to the ground.
recorded
To set down for preservation in writing or other permanent form
The recorded message was from my mom.
reliable
reliable, trustworthy
My best friend is very reliable with even the menial tasks I ask him to do.
Richter scale
a scale, ranging from 1 to 10, for indicating the intensity of an earthquake
The horrific earthquake measured a 7.2 on the Richter scale.
scathed
to attack with severe criticism
The lawyer scathed the witness with all sorts of questions.
stress
importance or significance attached to a thing
I cannot stress to you how important this next objective is.
subterranean
existing, situated, or operating below the surface of the earth
They built subterranean tunnels, so the enemy wouldn’t see them in the air.
tidal
of or relating to or caused by tides
Surfers use small tidal waves to ride on their boards.
tsunami
a sea wave caused by a submarine earthquake
Tsunamis show the destructive power of water.
abyssal
bottomless pit
Many people in the medieval era feared deep holes fearing that the hole might be abyssal.
alleged
declare positively
The movie star was allegedly spotted at the local coffee shop.
angler
One who fishes with a hook
The angler caught one of the biggest fish.
assess
estimate the value of
The insurance agent came out and assessed the damage from the car accident.
chemical
a substance produced by or used in a chemical process
We use this chemical to neutralize any toxic substances.
clarify
make clear to the sight or understanding
I had to clarify my main point to the puzzled children.
equip
fit out for what is needed
The knight equipped himself with armor and a sword for combat.
formation
the act or process of forming or the state of being formed
The soldiers went into formation as they did inspections.
immensity
vastness; enormous extent
I don’t think you understand the immensity of damage you caused for that family.
legendary
a widely accepted but unverified story
The hero did so many amazing feats, I’m sure he’ll be legendary.
mariner
a person who directs or assists in the navigation of a ship
The mariner travelled all over the earth on his ship.
marvel
something that causes wonder, admiration, or astonishment
People marvel at the beauties nature presents.
oceanographer
a scientist who studies physical and biological aspects of the seas
The oceanographer charted the undersea life forms.
pose
propound as a question
I will pose the first question, and you shall answer.
process
a series of operations
Through process of elimination, I concluded that C was the correct answer.
salinity
the relative proportion of salt in a solution
Check the salinity of the soup. If it’s too salty, add a little bit more water.
specimen
a part or an individual taken as exemplifying a whole mass or number
This particular specimen is the leader of the herd.
topography
the surface configuration of anything
topography allows for the creation of maps have bumps on them to signify an increase in elevation.
widespread
covering a great area
The disease was widespread and everyone at school was sick.
zoologist
a specialist in the branch of biology dealing with animals
The zoologist is now studying monkeys.
alter
make some change in
One can alter bad habits through hard to work.
blockage
an obstructed condition
The blockages in the toilet made the water come back up.
climatic
of or pertaining to climate
The ice age brought a huge climatic change in the weather.
consensus
agreement in opinion
We all came to a consensus that we would all go to McDonald’s for lunch.
contend
to state formally that something is true
Mary contends that she was not the one who stole the books.
definition
the act of defining or making definite, distinct, or clear
In order to use the word properly, you must understand its definition.
deposit
to give as security or in part payment
I had to put down a 50% deposit on for my suit before the tailor would begin making it.
evidence
the means of proving or disproving an alleged fact
There was much evidence against the suspect that made him look guilty.
exacerbate
embitter
My sister’s constant naggin exacerbated my mother.
glacier
a slowly moving mass of ice
The huge glacier melted its way to the ocean.
ice age
A cold period marked by episodes of extensive glaciation alternating with episodes of relative warmth
The ice age supposedly killed off the dinosaurs because they could not preserve their own heat.
illuminate
furnish with a light
We turned on the flashlight to illuminate the dark room.
interval
the time between two events
The beginner’s orchestra played at a steady interval so that they could all play together.
monitor
to oversee a particular activity
The counselor closely monitored the camper’s activity.
orbit
to move or travel around in an orbital or elliptical path
The satellite orbits around the earth.
ozone
a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can be produced by electric discharge in oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation on oxygen in the stratosphere
The ozone is vital to our health because it prevents UV rays from hitting our skin.
phenomenon
a fact, event, or image that strikes one's attention and attracts interest
A man eating fire was a phenomenon that he had not seen before.
proponent
the one who proposes
Good catches and strong offensive line were few of the proponents to why the team won the football game.
thawing
To change from a frozen solid to a liquid by gradual warming
Don’t cook the frozen meat. I’m thawing it so it’ll be easier to cook later.
tropic
the region among the equator
Hawaii’s hot weather is due to its tropic location.
debate
to engage in discuss or argument
My friend and I debated over the topic of abortion all night.
deny
refuse to admit the truth
The liar denied any claim that was brought upon him and his crime.
disregard
to pay no attention to
The mother disregarded her son’s constant nagging.
disservice
opposing a duty or service
Committing petty crimes is a serious disservice to the community.
eliminate
get rid of
We had to eliminate the possibility of failure, when we began to get the machine to work.
fatal
causes death
Taking the wrong drugs can be fatal.
immunity
exempt from a disease
Due to viral adaptation, it is getting more difficult for humans to develop natural immunities.
knell
the sound of a bell
Before church service starts, the clergy will produce the knell with the church bell.
lingering
To be slow in leaving
The lingering ghost scared the guests of the haunted hotel.
meanwhile
in the intervening time
Joe was cleaning the rooms. meanwhile, Julie was washing the dishes.
navigator
a person who conducts explorations by sea
The navigator directed the ship to the port.
nearby
close at hand; not far off
Japan is nearby the coast of Korea.
ownership
the state or fact of being an owner
I claim ownership of the vehicle after I buy it.
Polynesian
A native or inhabitant of Polynesia
polynesians have a tropical way of life.
reaction
a response
As soon as the dye touched the water, a color reaction took place.
seafarer
a traveller on the sea
The seafarer recorded his logs on what went on during the sea voyage.
strain
hereditary or natural character, tendency, or trait
We need to get a clear DNA strain to get a genetic makeup.
survive
continue to live
The cat survived the jump that was three stories high.
trinket
a trifling ornament
The child put an odd trinket on top of the drawer. It was his sister’s lucky rabbit foot.
undoubtedly
not called in question
I undoubtedly believed you.
absorb
to take in; to retain (syn. ingest, soak up /ant. discharge, repel)
The new paper towels I bought were easily able to absorb the spilled water.
avid
with strong interest (syn. enthusiastic, eager / ant. indifferent)
Paul is an avid tennis fan. He likes to play tennis, watch tournaments, and read tennis magazines.
bawdy
lewd, indecent
The drunken man’s behavior was intolerably bawdy.
burgeoned
to grow or develop rapidly
The merchant city burgeoned as shipments of valuable goods came in.
conservative
liking routine; afraid of change (syn. old-fashioned, traditional / ant. liberal, avante garde)
My grandfather is so conservative that he hasn't bought new clothes in twenty-five years.
demographics
a portion of a population
We need to get the demographics of the city to predict how much it will expand in several years.
frantic
frenzied, wild with excitement
I was frantic to find out if we were going to have a child.
illegalize
outlaw
The senator made a call to illegalize dangerous drugs.
momentum
the quantity of motion of a body
After we started our project, we picked up good momentum on our way to completing it.
notion
a general understanding
We had the notion that you were taking charge.
patent
an official document granting a privilege
We had to apply for a patent for the new invention so that no one else could steal our idea.
performance
the act of performing, executing
The performance of the sports player was poor after he sprained his ankle.
plots
The pattern of events or main story in a narrative or drama
The general plot of the book describes how the hero rescues the princess from danger.
prim
particular
When eating with distinguished guests, it is important to be prim about your attire.
propriety
the quality of being proper or appropriate
The boy’s good manners gave him a sense of propriety.
provocative
to arouse or stimulate
The girl’s provocative dress caught the attention of many men in the club.
racy
slightly improper or indelicate
At times, language can be the basis of racy comments between culture.,
regime
a government with power
The dictator’s regime held the people of the country virtually powerless.
sensationalized
to make sensational
The movie critics sensationalized the movie so that people would be encouraged to go watch it.
trends
current style
We can find recent trends in music, clothing, and food.
assimilate
take in or incorporate
A person who is flexible can assimilate to a new culture more quickly.
assortment
a collection of various kinds of things
He had an assortment of various collectible cards.
complex
composed of many intricate parts
The human body is very complex because it has so many parts that work differently.
diet
food and drink considered in terms of its qualities, composition, and its effects on health
We need to consider your diet before we place you on an exercise routine.
diffusion
pour out and spread
Because the water was running, the rate of diffusion of the dye was faster than expected.
dynamic
full of force and energy
His friend had a very dynamic personality because he approached people with a smile and friendliness.
host
One that furnishes facilities and resources
He was a good host at the party.
impel
drive onward
After hearing his powerful speech, I was impelled to help out the community.
imply
suggest or indicate without expressing directly
The professor seemed to imply the answer in his explanation.
linguistics
the study of structure and development of language
To understand the acoustics of the vocal signal, one must study linguistics.
migrate
move from one region to another periodically
Birds migrate when the climate begins to change.
mobility
easily moveable
Military armor has evolved over the centuries, allowing the soldier to have more mobility in combat.
ongoing
continuing without termination or interruption
It was an ongoing tradition.
relocation
to move to a different location
Because the business is setup in many locations, you will be susceptible to relocation.
staples
A basic or principal element or feature
Wheat products are usually the staple diet for every culture.
tinged
to impart a slight taste or smell to
Blood has a slight tinge of iron.
transplant
to move from one place to another
The man with a bad heart needs a heart transplant.
transposed
to change the relative position, order, or sequence of
We transposed the locker combination so that no one would steal it.
vanish
fade from sight, disappear
The magician vanished out of thin air as he covered himself with his cape.
voluntary
done from one's free choice
Helping the sick and needy was completely voluntary.
breed
to produce (offspring); procreate; engender
Animals breed to continue the process of life.
combination
a coming together so as to form a group, sum, etc..
The meal comes with a combination of both chicken and beef.
conservation
the careful utilization of a natural resource in order to prevent depletion
We need to have a conservation stance on fuel as it is a limited resource.
demonstrate
describe by visual example
The professor demonstrated circular motion by swinging a rope around.
distribution
spread out
We had to give even distributions to the hungry because we were low on food rations.
eradicate
pull out by the root
We must eradicate all dangerous parasites from the body.
failure
an act or instance of failing or proving unsuccessful
When he didn’t pass the test, he felt like a failure.
havoc
great destruction or devastation
There was great havoc as the monster destroyed buildings.
instability
unsteadiness, lack of firmness
Due to political chaos, the government had a lot of instability.
interlude
an episode of such time
Before getting to the main piece of music, the orchestra played the interlude.
laden
load or burden
I was ladened with the most difficult task of carrying huge blocks of wood.
meteorological
pertaining to meteorology or to phenomena of the atmosphere or weather
Determining weather patterns is a meteorological study.
mother nature
a personification of the forces of nature as a controlling and regulating maternal being
mother nature takes care of the circle of life.
plague
a pestilential epidemic
Genesis accounts the telling of the deadly plagues that brought disaster to Eygpt.
protract
to draw out or lengthen
He protracted the song to the point of exhaustion.
rainfall
a fall or shower of rain
There was slight rainfall as the monsoon season came to a close.
restriction
to attach restrictions
Modern prisons put more restrictions on food utensils for fear of violent breakouts and escapes.
stricken
strongly affected
I was stricken with love at first sight when I saw her walking into the room.
subsistence
have the means to live
Food, water, and air are a means to subsistence, but there is also the will to want to survive that helps as well.
wreak
to inflict or execute
The monster wreaked destruction among the city.
aquaculture
the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants
aquaculture is important to grow aquatic life.
barren
incapable of producing offspring
The desert is a barren place to plant crops.
canals
An artificial waterway or artificially improved river used for travel, shipping, or irrigation.
We need to use canals to spread the water to areas where water is lacking.
conjunction
an opinion not founded on sufficient evidence
The lawyer’s conjunction was dismissed as soon as the judge figured out his theory lacked sufficient evidence.
consumption
the act of consuming
The human chocolate consumption rate is about 45 lbs. in a year.
equivalent
the same in magnitude, meaning, and effect
The two equations were written differently, but the answers were equivalent.
formulated
to express in precise form
We have formulated a way to convert heat into energy.
hatcheries
a place for hatching eggs
Hen’s have a hatchery to lay their eggs.
husbandry
farming, agriculture
Through animal husbandry, humans were able to domesticate certain animals for their own personal use.
maize
corn
In central and south America, the Native Americans depended on their maize supply for food.
manure
excrement, or other refuse used as fertilizer
We use cow manure to fertilize the plants.
monsoon
A wind system that influences large climatic regions and reverses direction seasonally.
We had a great deal of rainfall during the monsoon season.
mutton
the flesh of sheep
If we charbroil the mutton, it will taste soft.
opposing
set against or opposite to
The two opposing teams battled it out on the field.
permanent
lasting, and fixed
The teacher accidentally wrote on the soft erase board with the permanent marker. The mark didn’t come off.
plankton
the aggregate of passively floating, drifting, or somewhat motile organisms occurring in a body of water
There is one species of whales that eat plankton by the tons everyday.
suitable
appropriate, becoming
The father thought the responsible young man was a suitable guy to go out with his daughter.
tend
be inclined or disposed; to work with
The doctor tended to the sick patients needs.
terrestrial
pertain to earth and land
Humans are terrestrial beings in that we survive through the fruitfulness of the earth.
thrive
to prosper; to develop vigorously
Their business continued to thrive while many others went bankrupt.
assemble
bring together or fit together
The Titanic was the greatest ship ever assembled by man.
category
a comprehensive division or class
Since there were so many different kinds of birds, scientists had to put them into categories according to their species.
conjugation
The process in which to one-celled organisms unite to transfer nuclear material
The conjugation of the two organisms allowed them to reproduce.
convert
to change something into a different form or properties
How can we convert this into efficient usable energy?
cytoplasm
the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus
The cytoplasm gives the space for all the organelles.
eukaryotic
cells that can create its own energy
Plants cells are all eukaryotic because they get their energy from the sun.
gamete
a cell that unites with another for reproduction
The sperm and egg are perfect examples of sexual reproductive gametes.
jelly
A soft, semisolid food substance with a resilient consistency
Fruit jelly makes a good dessert because its fun squishing it around your mouth.
medium
Something that occupies a position or represents a condition midway between extremes.
His brother wore a small while his other brother wore a large. He wore a medium.
membrane
a sheet of thin tissue
The thin membrane filtered the water from any dangerous particles.
multicellular
composed of several or many cells
Animals are multicellular creatures.
prokaryotic
cells that create energy through consuming other cells
Most bacteria are prokaryotic as they feed off of other cells.
protoplasm
the colloidal and liquid substance of which cells are formed
Extract the protoplasm before the cells form.
rigid
stiff and inflexible
The burly man remained rigid, as the small boy pushed against him.
susceptible
capable of being affected
A city without walls is susceptible for an enemy invasion.
tissues
A large mass of similar cells that make up a part of an organism and perform a specific function
We can grow skin tissue to help burn victims recover their skin.
uniform
identical or consistent; without variations in detail
The cells are aligned in a uniform manner to be shaped as skin.
vertically
being in a position or direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon
The elevator goes up vertically to the next floor.
visible
capable of being seen
The spy was out of the visible scope of the enemy soldiers.
zygote
the cell produced by the union of two gametes
zygote needs to further fertilize in order to be an embryo.
algae
Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp
algae grew from the ocean surface to capture the sunlight.
antibiotic
a substance that tends to destroy harmful organisms
We treat bacteria diseases with an antibiotic vaccination.
array
regular order or arrangement
The rainbow has a nice array of colors in its spectrum.
contagious
capable of being transmitted by bodily contact with an infected person or object
His sickness was contagious to the people around him.
crucial
decisive, critical
It is crucial that we do well on this test.
fertile
abundant, fruitful
The land was fertile with vast plains of green grass, and water.
innovation
introduce something new
The internet was a new innovation in the communications industry.
instrumental
serving or acting as an instrument or means
The reed is an instrumental piece that allows the player to blow on the oboe.
invisible
not be seen
The chameleon, when camouflaged, appears invisible to the naked eye.
kelp
any large, brown, cold-water seaweed, used as food and in various manufacturing processes
kelp feeds many aquatic herbivores in the ocean.
microbe
a microorganism
We must watch out for dangerous microbes that enter the body.
microbes
a germ or bacteria
Washing your hands helps a lot when being exposed to microbes.
product
the result from something produced
The product we are selling is the new improved smaller sized laptop.
protozoan
Any of a large group of single-celled, usually microscopic, eukaryotic organisms
I believe the paramecium is a protozoan.
rod
a stick, wand, staff, or the like
We used the rod to measure how deep the water was.
specific
a particular kind
The wine connoisseur was extremely specific in picking the next wine to be tasted.
sphere
A three-dimensional surface, all points of which are equidistant from a fixed point
The game of pool requires 12 spheres, including the cue ball.
spiral
a plane curve generated by a point moving around a fixed point while constantly receding from or approaching it
The rotating spiral made all of us dizzy.
transmit
communicate or emit
The airline controller transmitted the new coordinates to the flight pilot.
ubiquitous
existing or being everywhere
Cockroaches are ubiquitous because they can adapt quickly to any environment.
abnormal
not ordinary, unusual
Cancers cells are cells that are abnormal in genetic structure.
acquire
obtain, gain
We acquired a lot of money through our last investment.
airborne
supported by the air
airborne combat was discovered as soon as man began to conquer the skies.
attach
fasten, affix
The man attached the name tag to his shirt.
bloodstream
the blood flowing through a circulatory system
When we breathe in air, the oxygen flows through the bloodstream.
built-in
built so as to be an integral and permanent part of a larger construction
It’s hard to change the part because it’s already built-in the device.
core
the central, innermost, or most essential part of anything
We must setup a core system of knowledge for people to understand better.
deficiency
lack; incompleteness; insufficiency
The patient with scurvy is suffering from vitamin-c deficiency.
encase
enclose in
We encased the diamond in a bulletproof case so it would be well protected.
incidence
frequency of occurrence
The time my sister was bitten by a dog was an isolated incident.
insert
to put in
At the same time, the man inserted the electrical plug into the socket.
localized
to gather, collect, or concentrate in one locality
We localized the number of incidents to this general area.
lymph nodes
Small, rounded structures along the small vessels of the lymphatic system that produce disease-fighting white blood cells and filter out harmful microorganisms and toxins from the lymph
When lymph nodes develop, it shows the body is battling hard against a disease.
lysing
the dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins
We must lysing cancer cells so they do not spread throughout the body.
manifest
readily perceived
After the hero manifested himself with the ancient art of warfare, he was unstoppable in the battlefield.
mechanism
an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion
I don’t know what triggered the mechanism to work all of a sudden.
neutralize
render inactive
Water can neutralize the effects of some poisons.
transduction
the transfer of genetic material from one cell to another by means of a virus.
Some scientists believe we can use viruses for our benefit. We need to go through a transduction process so the genetic material to something harmless.
transform
change in form, appearance, or condition
The caterpillar transformed into a butterfly.
vaccine
any preparation used as a preventive inoculation to confer immunity against a specific disease
We prepared a vaccine to cure the disease.
adequate
equal to requirement
The main dish was served adequately with the proper dishes and utensils.
algae
Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp
algae grew from the ocean surface to capture the sunlight.
chitin
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose
Insects have a hard chitin armor that encases the organs.
compartmentalize
divide into compartments
The car’s trunk made it easy to compartmentalize the luggage.
component
forming a part
The laptop consists of many components. Some of these are the hard-drive and the mother-board.
compose
form by putting parts together
Many wonderful musicians compose beautiful music.
consist
be composed of
School grades no longer consist of just behavior and work, but also attendance as well.
dissolve
to break up
The alka-seltzer dissolved in water.
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their environment.
The ecosystem is a complex system of all mammals and nature working together.
germinate
to begin to grow or develop
The seed germinated to a flower.
germinate
to begin to grow or develop
The seed germinated to a flower.
lichen
A fungus, usually of the class Ascomycetes, that grows symbiotically with algae
lichens latched onto the algae so that it would flourish with it.
maturity
complete in natural growth
The horse has grown to maturity over the years.
mildew
a fungus that produces a superficial growth on organic matter
mildew grew from the dead carcass.
mold
a growth of minute fungi forming on vegetable or animal matter
Leaving bread out too long may cause mold to grow.
organic
derived from plant or animal matter
These organic vegetables have a better taste than the factory-cleaned brand.
parasitic
an organism that lives off the nutrients from a host
The parasitic worm gave a lot of health problems to the cow.
penicillin
any of several antibiotics of low toxicity, produced naturally by molds of the genus Penicillium
penicillin was one of first bacterial vaccines.