BigBook-Book 5 (K)
297 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
college
대학, 단과대학
Jerusha was a good student but she did not have money to go to college.
confident
자신있는
Jerusha grew so confident that she changed her first name to "Judy."
glimpse
잠깐 봄
Jerusha saw a glimpse of the man as he was leaving the orphanage.
identity
신분, 정체
While at college, Jerusha spent many hours wondering about the man’s identity.
orphanage
고아원
Jerusha Abbot was a seventeen year-old American girl living in an orphanage.
overjoy
매우 기쁘다
Jerusha was overjoyed.
perform
수행하다
She performed well in her classes and she made many friends.
progress
진전
Each month, Judy wrote a letter to the trustee, telling him of her progress at school.
receive
받다
Second, Jerusha was to write the man a letter once a month but she would never receive a letter in return.
refer
~라고 부르다
He seemed tall and thin, so Jerusha referred to him as "Daddy Long-Legs."
reveal
드러내다
It was only then that the man revealed that he was her Daddy Long Legs.
spend
보내다
While at college, Jerusha spent many hours wondering about the man’s identity.
tell
알리다
Each month, Judy wrote a letter to the trustee, telling him of her progress at school.
trustee
재단이사
One day, a trustee of the orphanage offered to pay for Jerusha to go to college to become a writer.
wonder
궁금해하다
Carlos did not bring a pencil to class today. I wonder why.
across
건너서
The Vikings sailed across the North Atlantic Ocean and settled in parts of England, Ireland, Iceland, and Greenland.
bravery
용감(성)
The Vikings were also great warriors who were known for their strength and bravery.
contain
~이 들어 있다
Scandinavia is the area of the world that contains countries like Sweden, Norway and Denmark.
explorer
탐험가
The Vikings were great explorers.
famous
유명한
Two famous Viking explorers were Erik the Red, and Leif Ericson.
group
집단
The Vikings were a powerful group of people who lived in Scandinavia between the 8th and 11th centuries.
helmet
헬멧
They were also known to wear a helmet with horns on it.
historian
역사학자
historians have learned about the Vikings by reading ancient runestones.
reach
~에 이르다
Erik the Red was one of the first Europeans to reach Iceland and Greenland.
rock
바위
A runestone is a large rock that has the language of the Vikings written on it.
sail
항해하다
The Vikings sailed across the North Atlantic Ocean and settled in parts of England, Ireland, Iceland, and Greenland.
shield
방패
A Viking’s weapons were a shield and spear.
strength

The Vikings were also great warriors who were known for their strength and bravery.
travel
여행하다, 이동하다
They traveled overseas in long boats and spoke a language called Old Norse.
warrior
전사
The Vikings were also great warriors who were known for their strength and bravery.
add
더하다
The part is then sent down the assembly line and another worker adds a different piece.
apart
따로, 조각조각
As a boy, Henry enjoyed taking apart machines to see how they worked.
automobile
자동차
Henry became an engineer and he developed a love for automobiles.
biggest
가장 큰
It’s one of the biggest car companies in the world and it was started by a man named Henry Ford.
engineer
기술자
Henry became an engineer and he developed a love for automobiles.
enjoy
즐기다
As a boy, Henry enjoyed taking apart machines to see how they worked.
expensive
비싼
These cars were expensive.
hear
듣다
Have you heard of Ford Motor Company?
invent
발명하다
Henry Ford did not invent the automobile, but he did invent a way to make lots of automobiles very quickly.
machine
기계
As a boy, Henry enjoyed taking apart machines to see how they worked.
price
가격
By developing the assembly line, Henry discovered a way to make lots of cars at a cheaper price.
producer
생산자
The company grew to become one of the largest car producers in the world.
responsible
책임이 있는
On an assembly line, a person is responsible for making one part of the car.
send
보내다
The part is then sent down the assembly line and another worker adds a different piece.
state

Henry Ford was born in 1863 in the American state of Michigan.
bake
굽다
Maria decided to have a birthday party so she baked a cake and invited three of her closest friends.
birthday
생일
Maria decided to have a birthday party so she baked a cake and invited three of her closest friends.
cake
케이크
Maria decided to have a birthday party so she baked a cake and invited three of her closest friends.
closest
가장 가까운
Maria decided to have a birthday party so she baked a cake and invited three of her closest friends.
cut
자르다
So, if no other friends arrived, Maria would cut the cake in two pieces.
equal
같은
Maria wanted everyone to have an equal share of cake.
friend
친구
Maria told her friends the party would begin at 2 pm.
invite
초대하다
Mrs. Jones invited us into her home.
knock
노크(소리)
Then there was a knock on the door!
party
파티
Maria decided to have a birthday party so she baked a cake and invited three of her closest friends.
perhaps
아마도
Maria looked at her cake and thought perhaps she would have to eat it all herself.
quarter
4분의 1
All four quarters added together equaled one cake and it was quickly eaten!
suddenly
갑자기
But suddenly, Larry arrived!
together
함께
All four quarters added together equaled one cake and it was quickly eaten!
wait
기다리다
He waits for the bus.
build
만들다
One day, the boys decided to each build a ramp so his turtle could walk uphill and downhill.
exercise
운동시키다
Bill, Jim, and Sam each owned a turtle and they exercised the turtles in a flat field.
flat
평평한
Bill, Jim, and Sam each owned a turtle and they exercised the turtles in a flat field.
high
높은
So, Jim’s turtle climbed slower and higher.
hill
언덕
I wonder what is at the top of that hill.
inside
~ 안에
All three angles inside the triangle always add up to 180 degrees.
long

Two sides of Bill’s ramp were long and one was short.
own
소유하다
Bill, Jim, and Sam each owned a turtle and they exercised the turtles in a flat field.
ramp
경사로
One day, the boys decided to each build a ramp so his turtle could walk uphill and downhill.
resemble
닮다
What shape resembled a hill?
short
짧은
This tree is short. It does not grow tall.
side
옆면
The boys decided it was a triangle, which is a shape with three sides and three angles.
slow
느린
The snail is a slow animal.
steep
가파른
This made Jim’s ramp steeper than Bill’s ramp.
turtle
바다거북
Bill, Jim, and Sam each owned a turtle and they exercised the turtles in a flat field.
during
~동안
Wilbur and Orville Wright were two American brothers born during the mid-nineteenth century.
finish
마치다
Wilbur and Orville did not finish high school.
glider
글라이더
One day, the brothers read an article about a man who had flown using a glider.
helicopter
헬리콥터
One day, their father gave them a toy helicopter as a gift.
hockey
하키
Wilbur knocked out his front teeth while playing a game of hockey.
injury
부상
The injury made Wilbur shy.
interest
관심을 끌다
The boys loved the toy and it made them interested in flying.
launch
발사하다
In 1903, the Wright Brothers successfully launched, flew, and landed their airplane.
paper
종이
The helicopter was made out of paper, wood, a cork, and a rubber band.
repair
수리
The Wright Brothers also owned a bicycle repair shop.
rubber band
고무줄
The helicopter was made out of paper, wood, a cork, and a rubber band.
shy
수줍은
The injury made Wilbur shy.
teeth
치아
Wilbur knocked out his front teeth while playing a game of hockey.
wing
날개
They made wings that could lift the airplane into the air, they created a way to power the airplane, and they made ways to control the airplane
alcohol
알코올
Some also believe Billy was a heavy drinker of alcoholic beverages.
beverage
음료
Some also believe Billy was a heavy drinker of alcoholic beverages.
claim
주장하다
Another myth claims Billy the Kid killed a man for every year of his life.
close
가까운
Billy’s close friends also do not remember him drinking many alcoholic beverages at all.
fact
사실
Some of the stories are myths and some are facts.
friendly
친절한
The fact is, Billy the Kid was known to be quite friendly and likeable.
frontier
국경
Billy the Kid was a famous outlaw and gunfighter of the American frontier.
kill
죽이다
Another myth claims Billy the Kid killed a man for every year of his life.
mean
비열한, 못된
Some believe Billy was mean and easily angered.
most
대부분
Billy killed most of the men when he fought during the Lincoln County War.
myth
속설, 근거 없는 믿음
Some of the stories are myths and some are facts.
outlaw
도망자, 범법자
Billy the Kid was a famous outlaw and gunfighter of the American frontier.
sheriff
보안관
However, the truth is Billy was shot and killed when he was 21 years old, by sheriff Pat Garrett.
temper
(화를 내는) 성질
One myth is that Billy the Kid had a big temper.
busy
바쁜
Scientists have been busy studying climate change.
currently
현재에
currently, the earth’s temperature is slowly rising and it’s causing a climate change.
decrease
감소하다
One way to fight climate change is to decrease greenhouse gases.
effect
결과
They are starting to see some of its effects.
final
마지막
A final way to slow climate change is to put less garbage into landfills.
garbage
쓰레기
A final way to slow climate change is to put less garbage into landfills.
glacier
빙하
For example, the warmer temperatures are causing the glaciers and ice caps to melt.
harmful
해로운
For instance, driving a car sends out harmful gases.
increase
증가
The earth’s temperature is rising because of an increase in greenhouse gases.
landfill
쓰레기 매립지
A final way to slow climate change is to put less garbage into landfills.
packaging
포장재
Buying products with less plastic packaging is another good way to fight climate change.
topic
주제
Climate change is a popular topic in the news today.
trap
가두다
These hot gases get trapped in the atmosphere and so the temperature rises.
violent
난폭한
Another effect of climate change is an increase in violent weather.
weather
날씨
Climate change is a change in the earth’s weather over a long period of time.
adapt
적응하다
Certain animals adapt to life in very hot places, very cold places, and even in places without water.
condition
상태
Do you wonder how some animals can survive in extreme conditions?
extreme
극심한
Do you wonder how some animals can survive in extreme conditions?
freeze
얼다
It does this by freezing itself during winter!
hop
깡충 뛰다
The frog stays frozen during winter and then hops to life in spring!
magma
마그마
Thermophiles live in pools of water that are heated by hot magma.
microscopic
현미경으로 보이는
The tardigrade is a microscopic animal that looks like a tiny bear.
place
장소
Certain animals adapt to life in very hot places, very cold places, and even in places without water.
pool
웅덩이
Thermophiles live in pools of water that are heated by hot magma.
roll
말다, 구르다
A tardigrade also rolls itself into a ball when there’s no water.
spring

The frog stays frozen during winter and then hops to life in spring!
tiny
아주 작은
The tardigrade is a microscopic animal that looks like a tiny bear.
volcano
화산
A thermophile is an organism that lives inside volcanoes.
winter
겨울
It does this by freezing itself during winter!
addition
덧셈
He created an iphone app that allows kids to practice doing addition and subtraction math problems.
category
범주
A popular category of apps include those used for entertaining and educating kids.
cool
멋진
Creating apps is pretty cool!
device
장치
These mobile phone devices are very popular in today’s culture.
educate
교육하다
A popular category of apps include those used for entertaining and educating kids.
expert
전문가
Some technology experts spend their work day developing new and exciting children’s apps.
feature
특징
An iphone has many interesting features.
math
수학
The boy is good at math.
mobile
이동하는
These mobile phone devices are very popular in today’s culture.
pretty
아주, 매우
Creating an application is pretty cool!
software
소프트웨어
This term stands for application and it refers to a software program that can be added to the iphone.
stand for
의미하다
This term stands for application and it refers to a software program that can be added to the iphone.
subtraction
뺄셈
He created an iphone app that allow kids to practice addition and subtraction.
technology
기술
Some technology experts spend their work day developing new and exciting children’s apps.
term
용어
This term stands for application and it refers to a software program that can be added to the iphone.
business
사업
In March 2007, more than two million people in Sydney, Australia, turned off the lights in their businesses and homes for one hour.
drive
운전하다
Millions of cars are driven every day.
fuel
연료
This large need for fuel means the Earth’s energy sources are quickly decreasing.
globe
지구
Soon, news of the event spread across the entire globe.
inform
알리다
So, some people have joined together to inform others and to decrease energy use.
join
연결하다
So, some people have joined together to inform others and to decrease energy use.
know
알다
The event became known as Earth Hour.
participate
참여하다
The next year, more than 50 million people across 35 countries participated in Earth Hour.
positive
긍정적인
Children and adults also vow to make other positive changes to protect the environment.
problem
문제
The problem is growing at a fast rate.
promise
약속
For example, some people make a promise to recycle plastics.
rate
속도
The problem is growing at a fast rate.
recycle
재활용하다
For example, some people make a promise to recycle plastics.
vow
맹세하다
Children and adults also vow to make other positive changes to protect the environment.
waste
낭비하다
Still more people try to reduce the amount of water they waste.
announce
발표하다
The death of the King of England was announced as Arthur’s brother was preparing for knighthood.
badger
오소리
Arthur experienced life as an ant, fish, bird, and badger.
bring
가져오다
Kay could not remove the sword and he confessed it was Arthur who’d brought it to him.
castle

Arthur lived in a castle in Medieval England with his father, and older brother, Kay.
competition
대회
Arthur went to London to help Kay prepare for the competition between knights.
confess
고백하다
Kay could not remove the sword and he confessed it was Arthur who’d brought it to him.
cottage
작은 집
He found the cottage of the magician, Merlyn.
falcon

One day, Arthur followed a falcon into a forest.
grateful
감사하는
Arthur’s father was grateful and Merlyn became the boys’ tutor.
instruct
지시하다
Kay discovered he’d forgotten his sword and he instructed Arthur to find another.
magician
마법사
He found the cottage of the magician, Merlyn.
Medieval
중세의
Arthur lived in a castle in medieval England with his father, and older brother, Kay.
remove
제거하다
The announcement said the next king would be the one who could remove the sword from a stone in the city of London.
teach
가르치다
Merlyn taught Arthur lessons about life by turning Arthur into different animals.
tutor
가정교사
Arthur’s father was grateful and Merlyn became the boys’ tutor.
bright
밝은
Do you remember their bright colors and their pointy tips?
hard
단단한
Finally, the molds are covered in cold water to allow the wax to become hard.
impression
자국
This type of artwork makes flat and colorful impressions.
layer
층, 겹, 켜
For instance, crayons can be melted and pressed between layers of wax paper.
melt
녹다
To make a crayon, first paraffin is melted at a temperature of 143 degrees Fahrenheit.
mold

Next, the hot mixture is poured into molds shaped like crayons.
pointy
끝이 뾰족한
Do you remember their bright colors and their pointy tips?
pour
붓다
Next, the hot mixture is poured into molds shaped like crayons.
powder
가루
Once melted, a special powder is added to the melted wax.
press
내리누르다
Paraffin is also used because it leaves behind enough color when pressed onto paper.
recall
상기하다
Do you recall your very first box of crayons?
safe
안전한
So, it’s safe for kids to use.
tip

Do you remember their bright colors and their pointy tips?
variety
갖가지, 다양함
Crayons are one of the most popular drawing instruments for children and they come in a variety of colors.
wax
왁스
Crayons are mostly made of a wax called paraffin.
ability
능력
Midas asked Silenus for the ability to turn anything he touched into gold.
cause
초래하다
Midas was excited about his ability but he soon realized that it could also cause problems.
desperate
필사적인
Now, as always, cities are desperate to create the impression that they lie at the center of something or other.
excited
신난
resident’s speech.
goat
염소
A satyr is a creature who is part man and part goat, and Silenus was brought to King Midas.
grow
~하게 되다
Soon, he grew weak from hunger.
immediately
즉시
Midas immediately tested his ability.
kindness
친절함
Silenus was grateful for Midas’ kindness and he offered to give the king one wish.
kingdom
왕국
One day, a satyr named Silenus was found sleeping in Midas’ kingdom.
order
명령하다
Midas knew Silenus was a satyr of the god, Dionysus, and he ordered the satyr’s release.
release
풀어줌, 석방
Midas knew Silenus was a satyr of the god, Dionysus, and he ordered the satyr’s release.
starve
굶주리다
starving and desperate, Midas asked for his power to be removed.
stool
스툴, 등받이 없는 의자
Next, he touched a stool, and it also turned into gold.
unable
~할 수 없는
When Midas touched his food, it turned into gold and Midas was unable to eat.
weak
약한
I'm weak but my father is strong.
allow
허락하다
The magic waters of the river allowed a person to live forever.
armor
갑옷
Achilles’ friend, Patroclus, decided to wear Achilles’ armor into battle and he was killed.
arrow
화살
However, Achilles’ heel was hit by an arrow.
choice
선택
Achilles had two choices.
decide
결정하다
Achilles decided to fight for Greece.
dip
담그다
When Achilles was a boy, his mother dipped him into the River Styx.
force
~하게 만들다
After one battle, Achilles was forced to give a beautiful woman to the Greek eader, Agamemnon.
heel
뒤꿈치
All of Achilles’ body was protected, except for the place where his mother held him, which was by his heel.
hold
잡다
The lady is holding a bottle of water.
peaceful
평화로운
He could live a long and peaceful life, or he could choose to become a great warrior but die young.
protect
보호하다
All of Achilles’ body was protected, except for the place where his mother held him, which was by his heel.
refuse
거절하다
Achilles was angry at losing the woman and he refused to fight in anymore battles.
warrior
전사
He could live a long and peaceful life, or he could choose to become a great warrior but die young.
wear
입다
Achilles’ friend, Patroclus, decided to wear Achilles’ armor into battle and he was killed.
wound
부상
The wound to his heel killed Achilles because it was the place on his body that had not been protected by the magical waters of the River Styx.
although
~이긴 하지만
although both objects weigh the same, the small and round object will sink and the flat and wide object will float.
before
~전에
An object can only float if it displaces its weight in water before it’s covered by the water.
bottom
바닥
What does the bottom of a ship look like?
cover
가리다
An object can only float if it displaces its weight in water before it’s covered by the water.
displace
옮겨 놓다
The weight of the ship pushes down on the water and it causes some water to be displaced.
ever
어느 때고, 언제든
Have you ever wondered how a ship can float without sinking?
float
뜨다
Have you ever wondered how a ship can float without sinking?
imagine
상상하다
imagine a ship on the ocean.
round
둥근
Both objects weigh the same but one is small and round and the other is flat and wide.
ship

Have you ever wondered how a ship can float without sinking?
sink
가라앉다
Have you ever wondered how a ship can float without sinking?
spread
펼치다
The reason for this is because the surface of the small and round object is not spread out over the water.
surface
표면
The reason for this is because the surface of the small and round object is not spread out over the water.
weight
무게
The weight of the ship pushes down on the water and it causes some water to be displaced.
wide
넓은
Both objects weigh the same but one is small and round and the other is flat and wide.
alphabet
알파벳
The storm was called Katrina because it was the eleventh storm of the season and "K" is the eleventh letter in the alphabet.
beginning
시작하는
The first hurricane of the season is given a boy or girl name beginning with the letter "A."
create
창조하다
Hurricanes form over the ocean and create strong winds and heavy rain.
develop
개발하다
Because so many storms happen during these times, scientists developed a system to keep track of them.
experience
경험하다
In 1989, the Caribbean Islands experienced a storm called Hurricane Hugo.
form
형성되다
Hurricanes form over the ocean and create strong winds and heavy rain.
heavy
무거운
Hurricanes form over the ocean and create strong winds and heavy rain.
hurricane
허리케인
Some of the world’s most powerful storms are hurricanes or typhoons.
instead
~대신에
However, they are usually named after flowers, animals, and other objects instead of people.
keep track
추적하다
Because so many storms happen during these times, scientists developed a system to keep track of them.
powerful
강력한
Some of the world’s most powerful storms are hurricanes or typhoons.
season
계절
The first hurricane of the season is given a boy or girl name beginning with the letter "A."
series
연쇄
Some parts of the world experience a series of hurricanes each year.
storm
폭풍
Some of the world’s most powerful storms are hurricanes or typhoons.
system
체제
Because so many storms happen during these times, scientists developed a system to keep track of them.
activity
활동
One good thing about living in a nuclear family is it’s easier to plan an activity.
additionally
게다가
additionally, children can learn morals from their grandparents.
aunt
고모,이모,숙모
This type of family may include grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins.
bond
유대
Children in a nuclear family also have fewer chances to form strong bonds with grandparents.
chance
가능성
A good thing about living in an extended family is there’s less chance to feel lonely.
cousin
사촌
This type of family may include grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins.
dislike
싫어하는 것
You may each have different likes and dislikes.
fewer
보다 적은
Another good point is it’s easier to share food and space with fewer people.
likely
~할 것 같은
But, you are less likely to share the same ideas and interests with the people in your nuclear family.
lonely
외로운
A good thing about living in an extended family is there’s less chance to feel lonely.
moral
도덕
Additionally, children can learn morals from their grandparents.
share
나누다
Another good point is it’s easier to share food and space with fewer people.
sibling
형제자매
Do you live in a nuclear family, with just your parents and siblings?
support
부양하다
But, it takes more money to support all the people in an extended family.
uncle
삼촌,이모부,고모부
This type of family may include grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins.
act
행동하다
Although you probably did not know it then, you were acting as a consumer.
best
최고의
This is so the provider can make the best product for the most people.
between
사이에
The relationship between the consumer and the provider is very important.
demand
요구
Without demand from the consumer, a provider cannot make money!
desire
갈망
The V sign shows a desire for victory.
exist
존재하다
This is because a provider cannot exist without a consumer.
important
중요한
The relationship between the consumer and the provider is very important.
pay
지불하다
Once you selected your toy, do you remember paying the store owner for it?
probably
아마
Although you probably did not know it then, you were acting as a consumer.
relationship
관계
The relationship between the consumer and the provider is very important.
remember
기억하다
Do you remember the first time you bought a new toy in a toy store?
rest
나머지
This is a person or company that creates something to be bought by the rest of society.
select
선택하다
Once you selected your toy, do you remember paying the store owner for it?
society
사회
A consumer is a person who buys and uses products that are made in a society.
toy
장난감
Do you remember the first time you bought a new toy in a toy store?
area
지역
These people move in order to find new grazing areas for their animals.
constant
끊임없는
But there are others who constantly move from place to place.
cow

Other groups of nomads own herds of animals like cows or goats.
desert
사막
For example, many people who live in deserts are nomads.
eat
먹다
So, desert nomads move across the hot sands looking for fresh drinking water and animals to eat.
example
보기, 예
For example, many people who live in deserts are nomads.
fresh
신선한
So, desert nomads move across the hot sands looking for fresh drinking water and animals to eat.
graze
풀을 뜯다
These people move in order to find new grazing areas for their animals.
guess
짐작하다
Can you guess why?
herd
(가축의) 떼
Other groups of nomads own herds of animals like cows or goats.
limited
제한된
It is because there are limited sources of food and water in the desert.
pasture
초원
The nomads rest in one place while their animals eat grasses in new pastures.
remain
남다
In fact, some people remain in the same house for much of their lives.
settle
정착하다
Nomads do not settle in any one place.
week
일주일
They never rest in one place for more than a few days or weeks and their home is constantly changing.
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서울특별시 강남구 테헤란로 69길 5, 12층 (삼성동, 유기타워)     러너스마인드 대표 김준수
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