BigBook-Book 4 (K)
295 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
after
후에
He went home to Geppetto and lived happily ever after.
carve
조각하다
One day, he received a talking log from a neighbor and he carved the log into a wooden boy.
cat
고양이
Instead of taking the money to Geppetto, Pinocchio met with a fox and a pet
convince
설득하다
The show manager wanted to kill Pinocchio, but Pinocchio convinced the manager to let him go.
donkey
당나귀
One time, Pinocchio turned into a donkey.
fairy
요정
A fairy came to help Pinocchio.
fox
여우
Instead of taking the money to Geppetto, Pinocchio met with a fox and a cat.
kiss
입을 맞추다
That night, the fairy kissed Pinocchio in a dream.
lie
거짓말
Pinocchio was full of playfulness and his nose grew each time he told a lie.
log
통나무
One day, he received a talking log from a neighbor and he carved the log into a wooden boy.
manager
매니저
The manager gave Pinocchio money to give to Geppetto.
puppet
꼭두각시 인형
Geppetto was a poor man who made puppets.
real
진짜의
Still, Pinocchio hoped to become a real boy.
snail
달팽이
He met a snail who said the fairy needed help.
steal
훔치다
The fox and cat tried to steal Pinocchio’s money but he escaped into a forest.
debate
논의하다
Researchers have debated about which images are most important.
describe
묘사하다
They were mainly used to tell legends or to describe events.
image
이미지
The carvings on totem poles contain images of people, animals, and events.
least
최소의
Some believe images on the bottom of the poles are the least important.
legend
전설
They were mainly used to tell legends or to describe events.
mainly
주로
They were mainly used to tell legends or to describe events.
mark
표시하다
Totem poles also marked important families.
North America
북미대륙
Totem poles were created by native people from the northwestern part of North America.
religious
종교의
Originally, some people believed totem poles were religious symbols.
researcher
학자, 연구원
researchers have debated about which images are most important.
saying
속담
Have you heard the saying, "A problem shared is a problem halved"?
someday
언젠가
Maybe you will see a totem pole someday!
tall
키 큰
Because totem poles are tall, the images are on top of each other.
tell
말하다
They were mainly used to tell legends or to describe events.
abundance
풍부
Log cabins became popular in America because of the abundance of trees.
apartment
아파트
Is it an apartment?
cabin
통나무집, 오두막집
A famous style of American home is the log cabin.
durable
오래가는
Log cabins are also very durable.
home

What is your home like?
keep
유지하다
However, log cabins also became popular because they are easy to keep warm.
lots
많음
These countries have lots of trees.
postcard
엽서
United States visitors can purchase postcards and posters of log cabins.
poster
포스터
United States visitors can purchase postcards and posters of log cabins.
purchase
구입하다
United States visitors can purchase postcards and posters of log cabins.
raise
키우다
Many famous Americans were born and raised in log cabins.
Switzerland
스위스
People from switzerland and Germany were used to making homes out of logs.
warm
따뜻한
However, log cabins also became popular because they are easy to keep warm.
wind
바람
They can withstand bad weather and heavy winds.
withstand
견뎌내다
They can withstand bad weather and heavy winds.
boat
보트
Bob and Sue had two boats.
celebration
축하 행사
Bob and Sue wanted to have a celebration with their friends.
deliver
배달하다
Therefore, Sue knew she had to make 7 trips to deliver all the sandwiches.
divide
나누다
Bob divided 70 into 280.
figure out
알아 내다
So, Bob and Sue needed to figure out how to transport their friends to the island.
guest
손님
They also needed to present a meal for their guests.
in charge
책임을 진
Sue was in charge of transporting the food.
invite
초대하다
Bob and Sue invited 280 people to their party.
meal
식사
They also needed to present a meal for their guests.
meanwhile
그 동안에, 한편
meanwhile, Sue needed to figure out how many trips she had to take to bring 280 sandwiches to the island.
present
주다
They also needed to present a meal for their guests.
sandwich
샌드위치
They also decided to serve one sandwich to each of their friends.
schedule
일정을 잡다
The party was scheduled to be on an island.
transport
운송하다
So, Bob and Sue needed to figure out how to transport their friends to the island.
trip
여행
So, Bob had to figure out how many trips he had to make to transport all 280 friends to the island.
able
할 수 있는
Using a bar graph, Frank was able to see how the population of wolves has grown over time.
almost
거의
Once, wolves were almost extinct in America, but recently, the number of wolves has multiplied in Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming.
axis

The bottom line, or x-axis, runs across a page, while the y-axis runs up and down the page.
bar
막대
After collecting the new data, Frank drew a bar graph.
comparison
비교
A bar graph shows comparisons and how information changes over time.
data
자료
After collecting the new data, Frank drew a bar graph.
extinct
멸종된
Once, wolves were almost extinct in America, but recently, the number of wolves has multiplied in Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming.
graph
도표
After collecting the new data, Frank drew a bar graph.
line

A bar graph has two lines.
multiply
증가하다
Once, wolves were almost extinct in America, but recently, the number of wolves has multiplied in Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming.
over
~동안
Using a bar graph, Frank was able to see how the population of wolves has grown over time.
page
페이지
I could not finish the last page of the book.
recently
최근에
Once, wolves were almost extinct in America, but recently, the number of wolves has multiplied in Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming.
wildlife
야생동물
Frank studies wildlife in the United States.
wolf
늑대
A(n) wolf is a large dog that is wild and is usually black or gray.
award
수여하다
In 1931, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and she died just four years later.
bathhouse
목욕탕
Classes were offered to those living in Hull House and the house also had an art gallery, gym, bathhouse, and library.
class
수업
classes were offered to those living in Hull House and the house also had an art gallery, gym, bathhouse, and library.
doctor
의사
At first, Jane wanted to be a doctor, but poor health prevented her from finishing her studies.
gym
체육관
Classes were offered to those living in Hull House and the house also had an art gallery, gym, bathhouse, and library.
health
건강
At first, Jane wanted to be a doctor, but poor health prevented her from finishing her studies.
influence
영향을 주다
In 1860, a girl was born who would grow up to influence ideas of peace and social issues.
issue
문제, 주제
In 1860, a girl was born who would grow up to influence ideas of peace and social issues.
peace
평화
In 1860, a girl was born who would grow up to influence ideas of peace and social issues.
prevent
막다
At first, Jane wanted to be a doctor, but poor health prevented her from finishing her studies.
relax
휴식을 취하다
Residents of settlement houses eat, learn, and relax together.
remainder
나머지
Jane spent the remainder of her life running Hull House.
resident
거주자
residents of settlement houses eat, learn, and relax together.
settlement
거주지
This was a settlement house.
studies
학업
At first, Jane wanted to be a doctor, but poor health prevented her from finishing her studies.
accurate
정확한
You have to be very accurate if you want to hit the center of the target.
cattle

He was great at riding horses and roping cattle.
contest
대회
One day, he won a horse in a contest.
cowboy
카우보이
Do you like stories about cowboys?
gun

Nat was also a great marksman, which meant he could shoot a gun very accurately.
impress
깊은 인상을 주다
The tribe was so impressed by Nat’s bravery and skills that they did not harm him.
marksman
명사수
Nat was also a great marksman, which meant he could shoot a gun very accurately.
plantation
농장
Nat Love was born into slavery and he grew up on a plantation in Tennessee.
pony
조랑말
Nat escaped by stealing a pony and riding away.
porter
짐꾼
Later in life, Nat worked as a porter on steam trains.
ride
타다
He was great at riding horses and roping cattle.
rope
(밧줄로) 묶다
He was great at riding horses and roping cattle.
slavery
노예 신분, 노예 상태
Nat Love was born into slavery and he grew up on a plantation in Tennessee.
success
성공
Because of his success, people called him "Deadwood Dick."
win
이기다, 따다
One day, he won a horse in a contest.
appearance
외모
Why would this creature develop such an unusual appearance?
careful
주의 깊은
However, if you don’t look carefully, you may think it’s a piece of seaweed!
disguise
변장하다
It did so in order to be disguised.
dragon

It has a long nose and a face like a dragon.
enough
충분히
However, when it gets close enough, it can catch a tasty fish and eat it!
leafy
잎이 무성한
A leafy seadragon, of course!
limb
팔다리
This is because the leafy seadragon has flowing limbs that look like leaves on a plant.
pipefish
실고기
A leafy seadragon is related to the seahorse and pipefish.
relate
관련시키다
A leafy seadragon is related to the seahorse and pipefish.
seahorse
해마
A leafy seadragon is related to the seahorse and pipefish.
sneak up
몰래 다가가다
For example, a leafy seadragon can sneak up on creatures it likes to eat by acting like a piece of floating seaweed.
such
그러한
Why would this creature develop such an unusual appearance?
tasty
맛있는
However, when it gets close enough, it can catch a tasty fish and eat it!
unlike
~와 다른
However, unlike a pipefish or seahorse, the leafy seadragon’s limbs make it look like a plant.
agent
요원
Some FBI agents are given dogs to help find lost persons.
bark
짖다
When a dog finds a person, it is trained to lie down and bark.
breed
품종
Certain dogs are also easily trained, like German Shepherds, and this breed is commonly used to locate people.
bureau
부서
The FBI stands for the Federal bureau of Investigation.
collapse
붕괴되다
People may be trapped inside collapsed buildings.
disaster
재난
People become missing when disasters strike, such as during earthquakes.
investigation
조사, 수사
The FBI stands for the Federal Bureau of investigation.
match
짝을 이루다
An FBI agent is matched with a dog.
missing
실종된
One task of this organization is to find missing people.
rescue
구하다
So, the FBI sends in a search and rescue dog to find people.
stand for
~을 상징하다
The FBI stands for the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
strike
발생하다
People become missing when disasters strike, such as during earthquakes.
task
일, 임무
One task of this organization is to find missing people.
train
훈련시키다
In America, special dogs are trained to help the FBI.
useful
유용한
Why do you think dogs are useful for finding missing persons?
advancement
진보
As farming spread, advancements were made.
berry
열매
Prior to farming, humans killed animals for meat and gathered berries and other plants for food.
canal
수로
During the Bronze Age, people used irrigation canals to water plants.
control
통제하다, 막다
Fertilizers help plants to grow and they control pests.
cultivation
경작
Farming is the cultivation of plants.
development
발달
Farming has gone through many changes in its development.
early
초창기의
However, early farming goes back more than ten thousand years ago.
irrigation
관개
During the Bronze Age, people used irrigation canals to water plants.
machinery
기계
Modern farming uses machinery.
modern
현대의
modern farming uses machinery.
ox
황소
During the Classical Period, plows were developed and pulled by oxen or horses.
pest
해충
Fertilizers help plants to grow and they control pests.
plow
갈다, 경작하다
Have you watched a farmer plow his field?
prior
~이전의
prior to farming, humans killed animals for meat and gathered berries and other plants for food.
tractor
트랙터
Was he driving a tractor?
advice
충고
Well, some people never took their parent’s advice!
butter
버터
Candy, vegetables, and even butter have been used to make works of art.
celebrity
유명인사
Imagine seeing your favorite celebrity’s face made out of colored candies!
Christmas
크리스마스
In America, many kids do this during christmas.
color
색칠하다
Imagine seeing your favorite celebrity’s face made out of colored candies!
combine
결합하다
Fruits and vegetables can be combined to make one image, or images can be carved into the skins.
decoration
장식
The houses are used for decoration, and for eating!
edible
먹을수 있는
Food art is artwork made from edible materials.
gingerbread
생강과자
Children build gingerbread houses.
glue
붙이다
You can glue pieces of cereal and candy onto a piece of paper to make your own image!
inspire
영감을 주다
Are you inspired to make your own food art?
jelly bean
젤리빈
Another artist creates famous faces out of thousands of jelly beans.
paintbrush
그림붓
Some artists choose to make artwork with food instead of paintbrushes and paints.
skin
껍질
Fruits and vegetables can be combined to make one image, or images can be carved into the skins.
vegetable
채소
Candy, vegetables, and even butter have been used to make works of art.
adventure
모험
Don Quixote set off on his horse to find adventure.
beat
때리다
However, as soon as Don rode away, the boy was beaten by his master.
change
바꾸다
Alonso wanted to become a knight, so he got a suit of armor and changed his name to Don Quixote.
chivalry
기사도
Alonso read books about chivalry, which tells a person how to become a knight.
dish
접시
During the evening, Don laid his armor in a horse’s water dish.
harm
피해
Don Quixote finally realized his adventures were causing harm.
inn
여관
He rode to an inn, which he believed was a castle.
knight
기사
Alonso read books about chivalry, which tells a person how to become a knight.
realize
인식하다
Don Quixote finally realized his adventures were causing harm.
set off
출발하다
Don Quixote set off on his horse to find adventure.
silly
어리석은
Don Quixote had many more adventures, but in all of them, he was defeated or made to feel silly.
suit
정장
Alonso wanted to become a knight, so he got a suit of armor and changed his name to Don Quixote.
tie
묶다
Next, Don Quixote found a boy tied to a tree.
windmill
풍차
They were a set of windmills.
actor
배우
Some or all of the actors’ lines are sung instead of said.
cast
출연자들
There is also lots of dancing involving the whole cast of characters.
drama
드라마
A musical is a form of drama that includes elements of singing and dancing.
element
요소
A musical is a form of drama that includes elements of singing and dancing.
entertain
즐겁게 해주다
Musicals are very entertaining.
fame
명성
What do "Cats," "Fame," "West Side Story," and "Phantom of the Opera" have in common?
involve
포함하다
There is also lots of dancing involving the whole cast of characters.
longest
가장 긴
It’s the longest running musical and it’s shown all over the world.
musical
뮤지컬
They are all musicals!
opera
오페라
What do "Cats," "Fame," "West Side Story," and "Phantom of the opera" have in common?
phantom
유령
What do "Cats," "Fame," "West Side Story," and "Phantom of the Opera" have in common?
street
거리
This is a street in New York City that became famous for its musicals.
sure
확실한
If you love theater, music and dancing, be sure to see a musical someday!
theater
극장
Musicals are a live form of theater, performed on a stage, with the characters singing and dancing together.
army
군대
When the Trojans pulled the horse into the city, the warriors could leap out and open the gates so the Greek army could enter.
bear
가지고 오다
One man said, "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts."
behind
뒤에
When the Trojans came out to meet Sinon, he told them a story.
beware
조심하다
One man said, "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts."
Bronze Age
청동기 시대
During the Bronze Age, Greece and Troy were at war, until a Greek warrior, Odysseus, had an idea.
enter
들어가다
When the Trojans pulled the horse into the city, the warriors could leap out and open the gates so the Greek army could enter.
gift
선물
One man said, "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts."
hide
숨다
However, Odysseus’ real plan was to hide thirty Greek warriors inside the However, Odysseus’ real plan was to hide thirty Greek warriors inside the
leap
뛰어오르다
When the Trojans pulled the horse into the city, the warriors could leap out and open the gates so the Greek army could enter.
meet
만나다
When the Trojans came out to meet Sinon, he told them a story.
plan
계획
The plan was to trick the Trojans into believing the wooden horse was a gift.
story
이야기
When the Trojans came out to meet Sinon, he told them a story.
suspect
의심하다
Some Trojans suspected a trap.
warning
경고
However, the Trojans paid no attention to the warning.
candle

One night, Psyche held a candle over Cupid’s face while he slept.
disobey
불복종하다
Angered, he left Psyche for disobeying him.
forever
영원히
He allowed Psyche to live forever so she could be with Cupid again.
god

Cupid is the Roman god of love.
human
인간
However, she was jealous of a beautiful human, Psyche.
love
사랑
Cupid is the Roman god of love.
obey
복종하다
Psyche loved Cupid and was happy to obey him.
person
사람
Angered, Venus told Cupid to make Psyche fall in love with an ugly person.
scratch
긁다
As Cupid was sneaking up on Psyche, he scratched himself with an arrow.
search
찾다
Psyche searched for Cupid until the god, Jupiter, felt bad for her.
shoot
쏘다
Cupid caused people to fall in love by shooting them with arrows.
sister
언니, 여동생, 누나
However, Psyche’s two sisters made her believe Cupid was a monster.
sneak
몰래 다가가다
As Cupid was sneaking up on Psyche, he scratched himself with an arrow.
ugly
못생긴
Angered, Venus told Cupid to make Psyche fall in love with an ugly person.
while
~하는 동안
One night, Psyche held a candle over Cupid’s face while he slept.
beat
(심장이) 뛰다
Can you feel your heart beating?
carry
실어나르다
Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body.
chest
가슴
Place your hand on the left side of your chest.
fill up
채우다
In between beats, the heart fills up with blood.
finger
손가락
Without the heart, blood could not reach the rest of your body, like your arms, legs, fingers, and toes.
fist
주먹
It is a muscle that is roughly the size of a fist and its job is to pump blood to the rest of your body.
hand

Place your hand on the left side of your chest.
heart
심장
Can you feel your heart beating?
lung

It then pumps that blood to the lungs.
muscle
근육
It is a muscle that is roughly the size of a fist and its job is to pump blood to the rest of your body.
out
밖으로
The left half of the heart receives blood from the lungs, and it pumps it out to other parts of the body.
part
부분
This is because the heart acts like a pump, which is separated into two parts.
pump
퍼내다
It is a muscle that is roughly the size of a fist and its job is to pump blood to the rest of your body.
roughly
대략
It is a muscle that is roughly the size of a fist and its job is to pump blood to the rest of your body.
toe
발가락
Without the heart, blood could not reach the rest of your body, like your arms, legs, fingers, and toes.
against
~에 붙여
Have you ever rubbed a balloon against your hair?
balloon
풍선
Have you ever rubbed a balloon against your hair?
computer
컴퓨터
Think about all the things you use today: computers, lights, and other electronics.
discovery
발견
Electricity is an essential part of our lives and the discovery of electricity played a large role in history.
electronics
전자제품, 전자장치
Think about all the things you use today: computers, lights, and other electronics.
flash
번쩍임
Lightning is the flash of light seen in the sky during thunderstorms.
form
형태, 유형
One of the main forms of electricity is lightning.
harness
활용하다
This device was used to harness electricity.
lightning
번개
One of the main forms of electricity is lightning.
main
중요한
One of the main forms of electricity is lightning.
operate
작동되다
All these things operate by electricity.
rod
막대
Benjamin Franklin developed an instrument called a lightning rod.
role
역할
Electricity is an essential part of our lives and the discovery of electricity played a large role in history.
rub
문지르다
Have you ever rubbed a balloon against your hair?
straight
똑바로
Did it cause your hair to stand up straight?
advantage
이점
He started to use this information to his advantage.
ago
~전에
About two thousand years ago, money was created to be exchanged for goods.
barter
물물교환하다
Have you ever bartered?
cloth
옷감
For example, farmers traded crops and animals in exchange for cloth from merchants.
clothing

In this way, the farmer had material to make clothing, and the merchant had food to eat.
crop
작물
For example, farmers traded crops and animals in exchange for cloth from merchants.
determine
확정하다
First, each farmer must determine the value of their goods.
disadvantage
단점
There are several advantages to using money, but there are also disadvantages.
easy
쉬운
Another advantage is that money is easy to carry.
exchange
교환하다
Before money was created, people exchanged goods.
inflation
물가 상승율
This is called inflation.
merchant
상인
For example, farmers traded crops and animals in exchange for cloth from merchants.
pig
돼지
If you were a farmer, with only pigs to trade, it would be much harder to carry around a pig than paper money!
pretend
~인 척하다
The two farmers pretended as if they want to exchange eggs and wheat.
wheat

Pretend two farmers want to exchange eggs and wheat.
census
인구조사
Usually, it’s gathered through a census.
China
중국
One of the earliest censuses was taken in china, more than 4000 years ago!
country
나라
Do you hear reports about the people in your country?
decade
10년
In the United States, a census is taken every decade.
door

Traditionally, people went from door to door, asking people the questions.
every

In the United States, a census is taken every decade.
gender
성별
Other questions include a person’s age, gender, and nationality.
list
목록
The census is a list of questions.
nationality
국적
Other questions include a person’s age, gender, and nationality.
population
인구
A census is the process of gathering information from a population.
process
과정
A census is the process of gathering information from a population.
question
질문
The man asks a lot of questions.
report
보고서
Do you hear reports about the people in your country?
usually
대개
usually, it’s gathered through a census.
vote
투표하다
Common questions include how much a person earns, how many children live in the house, and how people vote.
beach
해변
Do you think of beaches when you think of Florida?
city
도시
There are many tall buildings in the city.
cypress
사이프러스 상록수
Wetlands, mangrove forests, cypress forests, pine forests, and small islands also make up the area.
fire
불, 화재
The Everglades also has fires during the dry season.
geological
지질학의
It is a very important geological area.
island

Wetlands, mangrove forests, cypress forests, pine forests, and small islands also make up the area.
limestone
석회암
Water from Lake Okeechobee flows across many limestone structures.
make up
이루다
Wetlands, mangrove forests, cypress forests, pine forests, and small islands also make up the area.
mangrove
맹그로브 열대나무
Wetlands, mangrove forests, cypress forests, pine forests, and small islands also make up the area.
near
가까운
The Everglades begins near the city of Orlando and goes to the southern tip of Florida.
portion
부분
The Everglades has cities, but another portion makes up Everglades National Park.
renew
재개하다
The fires help keep the environment healthy by helping the plants to renew.
structure
구조(물)
Water from Lake Okeechobee flows across many limestone structures.
unique
독특한
Scientists and Florida officials have worked to preserve the Everglades because the area is a unique environment.
wetland
습지
The Everglades is an area of wetlands.
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서울특별시 강남구 테헤란로 69길 5, 12층 (삼성동, 유기타워)     러너스마인드 대표 김준수
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