BigBook-Book 3 (E)
293 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
brain
the organ inside the head that controls thought, feelings, etc.
The Scarecrow wanted brains, the Tin Man wanted a heart, and the Cowardly Lion wanted courage.
brick
a hard block of clay used to build structures
To get to Oz, Dorothy had to follow the yellow brick road.
broom
a kind of brush with a long handle
The Wizard promised to help, but he wanted the Wicked Witch’s broom handle.
capture
to catch by using force
The Wicked Witch captured Dorothy.
click
to make a short, sharp sound
Then, Glinda, the Witch of the North, told Dorothy to click her heels together, and Dorothy returned home with Toto.
courage
the ability to control your fear in a dangerous situation
The Scarecrow wanted brains, the Tin Man wanted a heart, and the Cowardly Lion wanted courage.
cowardly
lacking courage
Dorothy met the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, and the cowardly Lion.
cyclone
a strong storm in which the air goes round and round
A cyclone picked up their house with Dorothy and Toto in it.
greedy
having or showing a selfish desire to have more of something
The Wicked Witch of the West was very greedy.
land
to return to the ground
The house landed in Munchkin region.
promise
a declaration that one will or will not do something
The Wizard promised to help, but he wanted the Wicked Witch’s broom handle.
ruby
a dark red precious stone
A good witch, the Witch of the North, gave Dorothy magic ruby slippers and said that the Wizard of Oz could help her go home.
wicked
morally bad
The wicked Witch captured Dorothy.
witch
a woman who is thought to have magic powers
A good witch, the Witch of the North, gave Dorothy magic ruby slippers and said that the Wizard of Oz could help her go home.
wizard
a man who is thought to have magic powers
A good witch, the Witch of the North, gave Dorothy magic ruby slippers and said that the wizard of Oz could help her go home.
arrive
to come to a place after traveling
After a difficult two month journey, the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts Bay.
avoid
to stay away from
They taught the Pilgrims how to grow corn, take sap from maple trees, catch fish, and avoid poisonous plants.
bay
a large area of water partly surrounded by land
After a difficult two month journey, the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts bay.
blessing
help and approval from God
In November, 1621, after the first harvest, Constance, her family, and the rest of the Pilgrims celebrated their blessings.
celebrate
to do something special for an important event
The Wampanoag celebrated with them.
deer
a wild animal with four long thin legs, brown fur, and antlers if male
They also taught the Pilgrims how to hunt deer.
free
able to do what you want to do
They wanted to be free to practice their religion.
harvest
the activity of gathering crops
In November, 1621, after the first harvest, Constance, her family, and the rest of the Pilgrims celebrated their blessings.
journey
an act of traveling from one place to another
After a difficult two month journey, the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts Bay.
last
to continue in time
This celebration lasted for more than three days.
month
a period of time lasting about 30 days
After a difficult two month journey, the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts Bay.
new
not old
They wanted to find a new home.
religion
the belief in a god
They wanted to be free to practice their religion.
sap
a watery juice inside a plant
They taught the Pilgrims how to grow corn, take sap from maple trees, catch fish, and avoid poisonous plants.
supplies
things that are needed for a particular purpose
The winter had been very hard, and the Pilgrims did not have good food or supplies.
border
to be next to a country
It is located on the western seaboard of the United States, and it is bordered by Mexico.
decorate
to make something more attractive
The flag was decorated with a grizzly bear and a red star.
event
something important that happens
The Bear flag represents an important event in the history of California.
flag
a piece of cloth with a special design used as a symbol of a group
This flag shows the race is over.
fort
a group of buildings where soldiers live
On June 14, 1846, a small group of Californians marched to the Mexican fort.
govern
to officially control and lead
The Mexican government treated the people of California unfairly.
grizzly bear
a very large powerful bear of western North America
The flag was decorated with a grizzly bear and a red star.
leader
someone that leads others
The group captured the Mexican leader and made him a prisoner.
locate
to find a place
It is located on the western seaboard of the United States, and it is bordered by Mexico.
march
to walk with regular steps as a group
On June 14, 1846, a small group of Californians marched to the Mexican fort.
prisoner
a person who's been captured and is being kept somewhere
The group captured the Mexican leader and made him a prisoner.
replace
to be used instead of something
It was replaced by the American flag on July 9, 1846.
represent
to act or speak officially for something
The Bear flag represents an important event in the history of California.
treat
to act toward someone in a specified way
The Mexican government treated the people of California unfairly.
announcement
public or formal words that tell something
They each tried to see the school bulletin board because it had several announcements about upcoming events.
attention
notice, interest, or awareness
One announcement grabbed Martin’s attention.
bulletin
a short piece of writing that gives news
They each tried to see the school bulletin board because it had several announcements about upcoming events.
chore
a small job that is done regularly
He earned it by doing chores.
cost
the price of something
The registration was $15.00, and the cost of materials was $105.00
course
a series of classes about a particular subject in a school
The after-school program would begin in January, and it would offer several different after school courses and activities.
earn
to get money for work that you have done
He earned it by doing chores.
grab
to get the interest of something
One announcement grabbed Martin’s attention.
lunch
a meal eaten in the middle of the day
It was lunchtime, and Martin and his friends gathered around the lunch table.
offer
to give someone the opportunity to accept (something)
The after-school program would begin in January, and it would offer several different after school courses and activities.
program
a course of study
It said that the school would be sponsoring a new after-school program.
registration
the process of entering names on an official list
The registration was $15 00, and the cost of materials was $105.00
robotics
technology used to design, build, and operate robots
One of the courses would teach robotics, and Martin wondered if he would be able to take that course.
sponsor
to be a sponsor for something
It said that the school would be sponsoring a new after-school program.
upcoming
happening soon
They each tried to see the school bulletin board because it had several announcements about upcoming events.
above
to a higher place than something
Mrs.Smith wrote cupcakes above one circle, and she wrote regular cakes above the other circle.
board
a large smooth surface for writing on
She drew two large and overlapping circles on the board.
circle
a perfectly round shape
She drew two large and overlapping circles on the board.
compare
to look closely in order to see what's similar or different
It is used to compare and contrast information.
contrast
to be different especially in a way that is very obvious
It is used to compare and contrast information.
cupcake
a small cake shaped like a cup
"What do cupcakes and regular cakes have in common?"
dessert
sweet food eaten after the main meal
Mrs. Smith wrote the words cake, dessert, and frosting in the middle section of the Venn diagram.
frosting
a sweet, creamy mixture that is used to cover cakes
"They have frosting."
in common
shared together
"What do cupcakes and regular cakes have in common?"
individual
intended for one person
Mrs. Smith wrote the words small, round, and individual in the circle.
information
facts or details about a subject
It is used to compare and contrast information.
overlap
to cover part of the edge of something
She drew two large and overlapping circles on the board.
rectangle
a shape in which one pair of lines is longer than the other pair
A student answered, "A regular cake is bigger, and it is shaped like a rectangle."
special
different from what is normal or usual
"What is special or different about cupcakes?"
astronomy
the scientific study of the stars
She studied mathematics, history, geography, and astronomy.
become
grow to be
Elizabeth became Queen Elizabeth I on November 17, 1558.
formal
done in an official public way
Elizabeth had a formal education.
history
the study of past events
She studied mathematics, history, geography, and astronomy.
hunt
to chase and kill (wild animals)
She played several musical instruments, and she learned to dance, ride horses, and hunt.
last
coming after all others in time
She was the last of the Tudor rulers.
marry
to become the husband or wife of (someone)
When Elizabeth was three years old, her mother was beheaded because the king wanted to marry someone who would give him a son.
mathematics
the study of numbers, quantities, and shapes
She studied mathematics, history, geography, and astronomy.
popular
liked or enjoyed by many people
She was a very good and popular ruler.
queen
a woman who rules a country
Elizabeth is sometimes called "The Virgin queen."
reign
the period of time during which a king or a queen is ruler of a country
Her long reign helped to stabilize England, and England became very powerful.
ruler
a person who rules a country
He thought a son would be a better ruler.
several
more than two but not very many
She played several musical instruments, and she learned to dance, ride horses, and hunt.
stabilize
to become stable
Her long reign helped to stabilize England, and England became very powerful.
central
in the middle of something
It helps children in South America and central America, and it helps children in the Caribbean.
compassion
a feeling of wanting to help someone
compassion International is a group of people.
connect
to join two or more things or people together
Each sponsor connects with a child and sends money to help support the child.
focus
to direct your attention to something specific
The new ministry focuses on the special needs of the children and young people in the United States.
found
to create something
The group was founded by Rev.Everret Swanson in 1952.
local
located or living nearby
It worked with local churches in poor urban neighborhoods.
ministry
a (government) department
In 2003, Compassion International began a new ministry.
organization
a business that is formed for a particular purpose
The new organization is called YouthPartnersNET.
partnership
a relationship between partners
It builds partnerships between local churches and businesses
poverty
the state of being poor
Compassion International calls for individuals to sponsor children in areas of poverty.
spiritual
relating to a person's spirit
YouthPartnersNET reaches out to children and young people who live in spiritual and physical poverty.
today
at the present time
today, it has more than 18,000 sponsors.
urban
relating to cities
It worked with local churches in poor urban neighborhoods.
visit
to go somewhere to spend time with someone
Sponsors are invited to visit the children whom they support.
alien
a creature that comes from outer space
Some people believe the Chupacabra is the result of a lab experiment, and some people believe that aliens from another planet left it behind.
blood
the red liquid that flows through the bodies of people and animals
It just eats the blood.
experiment
a procedure carried out under controlled conditions to discover something
Some people believe the Chupacabra is the result of a lab experiment, and some people believe that aliens from another planet left it behind.
flesh
parts of an animal used as food
The Chupacabra does not eat the flesh of its prey.
jaw
either one of the two bones of the face where teeth grow
It resembles a wolf with a long jaw, and it has short front legs.
lab
a room with special equipment for doing scientific tests
Some people believe the Chupacabra is the result of a lab experiment, and some people believe that aliens from another planet left it behind.
livestock
goods that are bought and sold in trade
It has hunted chickens and livestock, but it has not carried off its victims.
mascot
a person, animal, or object supposed to bring good luck
Some people in Puerto Rico made the Chupacabra as their town mascot.
merchandise
goods that are bought and sold in trade
They sell Chupacabra merchandise in their markets.
mysterious
strange, unknown, or difficult to understand
The Chupacabra is a mysterious creature.
percent
one part in a hundred
A vampire bat eats 40 to 60 percent of its body weight in blood.
result
information that you get from a scientific or medical test
Some people believe the Chupacabra is the result of a lab experiment, and some people believe that aliens from another planet left it behind.
spot
to see or notice
It lives in the Americas and was spotted in Texas, but it was seen far away in Russia, too.
vampire bat
a bat that sucks the blood of people and animals
The only other mammal that survives on blood is the vampire bat.
victim
an individual injured or killed
It has hunted chickens and livestock, but it has not carried off its victims.
coastal
refer to things that are on the land near a coast
Tsunamis move with a lot of power and can destroy large coastal areas.
earthquake
a shaking of a part of the earth's surface
earthquakes and tsunamis are natural phenomena.
foot
a unit of measurement equal to 12 inches
It created a 30 foot tsunami.
natural
coming from nature
Earthquakes and tsunamis are natural phenomena.
occur
to happen
When an earthquake occurs under the ocean, the sudden shift moves the water.
phenomenon
a rare or important fact or event
Earthquakes and tsunamis are natural phenomena.
plate
one of the very large sections of the Earth's surface that are believed to move
Each piece of the puzzle is called a tectonic plate.
puzzle
made of many pieces that are cut into shapes and can be fit together to form a picture
It is like a puzzle.
Richter scale
a measurement used for showing the strength of an earthquake
The shaking can be measured by a Richter scale.
rise
to become higher
As the fast moving water moves closer to the shore, the wave rises higher.
shaking
a short, quick movement back and forth or up and down
The shift results in a shaking.
shift
a change in position or direction
When one tectonic plate slips under another tectonic plate, it causes a shift in the earth’s surface.
shore
the land along the edge of an area of water
As the fast moving water moves closer to the shore, the wave rises higher.
slip
to move into or out of a place without being noticed
When one tectonic plate slips under another tectonic plate, it causes a shift in the earth’s surface.
tsunami
a very large ocean wave that is caused by an earthquake under the sea
Earthquakes and tsunamis are natural phenomena.
ancestor
a person who was in someone's family in past times
Even though it is hard to live in this region, my ancestors lived here a long time ago, and we have kept our heritage.
Arctic
relating to the North Pole or the region around it
I live in the arctic polar region with my family.
bog
an area of soft, wet land
The tundra is a desert that is dotted with bogs and ponds.
climate
particular weather conditions in a certain region
Arctic foxes, hares, and polar bears live in this frigid climate.
cone
a shape that has a pointed top and sides that form a circle at the bottom
Our houses are cone-shaped tents.
correct
true or accurate
But that’s not correct!
frigid
very cold
Arctic foxes, hares, and polar bears live in this frigid climate.
heritage
property that is handed down to an heir
Even though it is hard to live in this region, my ancestors lived here a long time ago, and we have kept our heritage.
insect
a small animal with six legs and three distinct body parts
Some people think that there aren’t many animals and insects living in this frozen tundra desert.
plain
a large area of flat land without trees
My dad said the word "tundra" means "treeless plain".
pond
an area of water that is surrounded by land which is smaller than a lake
The tundra is a desert that is dotted with bogs and ponds.
region
a broad geographic area
I live in the Arctic polar region with my family.
severe
very bad, serious, or unpleasant
Often, there are severe winter storms, and food is hard to find.
tent
a portable shelter that is used outdoors
Our houses are cone-shaped tents.
tundra
a treeless plain especially of Arctic regions
The Arctic polar region is called the tundra.
bean
a seed that is eaten as a vegetable
Iron can be found in meats, tuna and salmon, eggs, beans, and several other foods.
box
a container that usually has four straight sides
Have you ever looked at a box of cereal?
broccoli
a vegetable that has green branches and small green flowers
Calcium can be found in dairy products like milk, vegetables like broccoli, and fish like salmon and sardines.
calcium
a substance important for strong healthy bones
calcium is one essential mineral.
cereal
a breakfast food made from grain
Have you ever looked at a box of cereal?
essential
extremely important and necessary
Calcium is one essential mineral.
iron
a heavy type of metal that is very common and occurs naturally in blood
iron is another important mineral.
lung
one of the two organs that people and animals use to breathe air
Iron helps to carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
mineral
a substance that is naturally formed under the ground
They are listed because minerals are an important part of your diet.
oxygen
a chemical that is found in the air, that has no color, taste, or smell, and that is necessary for life
Iron helps to carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
plant
a living thing that grows in the ground, usually has leaves or flowers
plants take in minerals through their roots.
root
the part of a plant that grows underground
Plants take in minerals through their roots.
salmon
a fish which has reddish flesh and lives in oceans or lakes
Calcium can be found in dairy products like milk, vegetables like broccoli, and fish like salmon and sardines.
sardine
a small fish that is used for food and is usually packed in a can
Calcium can be found in dairy products like milk, vegetables like broccoli, and fish like salmon and sardines.
solid
firm or hard
A mineral is a solid element.
agree
to have the same opinion
When the father decided that the fencing master was the most skillful, the other brothers agreed.
barber
a person whose job is to cut men's hair
One son became a barber.
blacksmith
a person who makes or repairs things made of iron
One son became a blacksmith.
bury
to put (a dead person) in a grave
When they got older, they died, and the three brothers were buried in the same grave.
clever
intelligent and able to learn things quickly
The brothers were very clever.
grave
a hole in the ground for burying a dead body
When they got older, they died, and the three brothers were buried in the same grave.
hare
a fast animal that resembles a rabbit
The barber shaved a running hare.
learn
to gain knowledge
The man told each of his sons to learn a trade.
leave
to put (something) in a place for another person to take
He wanted to leave them something when he died, but all he had was his house.
poor
having little money
The poor man needs money.
skillful
having a lot of skill
The son who was most skillful would get the house, so each son became very skillful
son
a male child
One son became a barber.
sword
a weapon with a handle and a long sharp blade
And the fencing master waved his sword so quickly over his head that he stayed dry when it rained.
trade
a certain kind of job
The man told each of his sons to learn a trade.
wealthy
having a lot of money
They became wealthy because they had learned their trades so well, and they lived together in the same house because they loved each other so much.
blend
something produced by mixing or combining different things
The young musician explained that fusion music is a blend of different explained that fusion music is a blend of different
blues
a style of music that often expresses feelings of sadness
They also listened to country, blues, and gospel music.
clarinet
a single-reed woodwind instrument having a cylindrical tube
The jazz musicians had used instruments like the piano, drums, saxophone, clarinet, and trumpet.
drum
a percussion instrument that is usually beaten with sticks
The jazz musicians had used instruments like the piano, drums, saxophone, clarinet, and trumpet.
explain
to make (something) clear or easy to understand
The young musician explained that fusion music is a blend of different musical sounds and styles.
fusion
a combination or mixture of things
This semester students are learning about fusion music.
gospel
a type of Christian music
They also listened to country, blues, and gospel music.
guitar
a musical instrument that usually has six strings that are stroked with fingers or a pick
They added electric pianos and electric guitars that had been used for rock music.
instrument
a device that is used to make music
They also began to use different instruments to play jazz.
interview
to question someone in order to get information
The store invited the students to meet and interview some local musicians.
musician
a person who writes, sings, or plays music
The store invited the students to meet and interview some local musicians.
saxophone
a woodwind class musical instrument with a metal tube
The jazz musicians had used instruments like the piano, drums, saxophone, clarinet, and trumpet.
semester
either of two terms of about 18 weeks each that make up a school year
This semester students are learning about fusion music.
style
a particular way in which something is done, created, or performed
They listened to different styles of music.
trumpet
a brass musical instrument with three buttons to press
The jazz musicians had used instruments like the piano, drums, saxophone, clarinet, and trumpet.
ancient
very old
The people of ancient Greece had a rich culture.
archery
the sport of shooting with a bow and arrow
He was the god of archery, music, and poetry.
chariot
a two-wheeled vehicle that is pulled by horses
He rode a great chariot.
cure
to make (someone) healthy again after an illness
He also had the ability to cause or cure illness.
flood
when a large amount of water covers an area which is dry
If Poseidon became angry, he ordered huge sea monsters to cause floods or he made violent waves to harm people.
harm
to cause hurt, injury, or damage to (someone)
If Poseidon became angry, he ordered huge sea monsters to cause floods or he made violent waves to harm people.
heaven
the place where God lives
He also ruled the heavens and men.
honor
to regard (someone) with respect and admiration
If people honored Zeus, they would get rewards.
law
a rule made by the government of a town, state, country, etc
Zeus created laws to control the earth and its elements.
reward
something given in exchange for good behavior or good work
If people honored Zeus, they would get rewards.
rule
to have control and power over a country, area, group, etc.
He also ruled the heavens and men.
symbol
something that represents a particular quality or idea
His symbol and greatest weapon was a thunderbolt.
weapon
something that is used for fighting
His symbol and greatest weapon was a thunderbolt.
worship
to honor or respect (someone) as a god
The people worshiped many gods.
bare
not having a covering
So, Hercules killed the lion with his bare hands, and he took the lion’s skin for his cloak!
cloak
a long, loose, sleeveless piece of clothing
So, Hercules killed the lion with his bare hands, and he took the lion’s skin for his cloak!
complete
to finish making or doing (something)
When Hercules grew up, he completed twelve great feats.
crib
a small bed with high sides for a baby
When Hercules was a baby, Hera put two snakes in his crib, but Hercules was not afraid.
defeat
to win a victory over someone in a war
It was too hard for Hercules to defeat the Hydra by himself.
destroy
to no longer exist
Another time, Hercules destroyed the Lernaean Hydra.
feat
an act that shows courage, strength, or skill
One feat was to kill the Nemean lion.
half
one of two equal parts
He was half god and half human.
jealous
showing an angry desire to have what someone else has
She was jealous and angry, and she tried to harm Hercules.
monster
a strange or horrible imaginary creature
The hydra was a monster with many heads.
nephew
a son of your brother or sister
So he asked his nephew Iolaus for help and the Hydra was defeated.
ordinary
normal or usual
The Nemean lion was not an ordinary lion.
poisonous
causing illness or death by entering or touching the body
Each head had sharp teeth and poisonous breath.
sharp
having a thin edge that is able to cut things
Each head had sharp teeth and poisonous breath.
spear
a weapon with a long straight handle and a sharp point
It was a giant creature, and spears and arrows could not hurt it.
carnivore
an animal that eats meat
carnivores were meat eaters.
climate
particular weather patterns in a certain region
Others believe that dinosaurs couldn’t survive the earth’s changing climate, and other scientists believe many volcanic eruptions killed the dinosaurs.
creature
an animal of any type
Dinosaurs were a special kind of creature that lived on the earth about 230 million years ago.
disappear
to stop being visible
Most dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago, but scientists are not sure why.
eruption
a sudden explosion
Others believe that dinosaurs couldn’t survive the earth’s changing climate, and other scientists believe many volcanic eruptions killed the dinosaurs.
grind
to crush or break (something) into small pieces
Herbivores needed flat, wide teeth to grind plants.
herbivore
an animal that only eats plants
herbivores were plant eaters.
hind
at or near the back of something
They had strong hind legs and smaller forelegs.
intestine
a long tube in the body that helps digest food
Herbivores had larger intestines than carnivores.
omnivore
an animal that eats both plants and animals
Omnivores ate both plants and meat.
quantity
an amount or number of something
The reason why herbivores had larger intestines was that they ate larger quantities of food.
rip
to tear, split, or open (something) violently
Carnivores needed sharp teeth to rip and tear flesh.
shape
the form or outline of an object
They came in many shapes and sizes.
story
an area that forms one level of a building
Some dinosaurs were as tall as a five story building.
survive
to remain alive
Others believe that dinosaurs couldn’t survive the earth’s changing climate, and other scientists believe many volcanic eruptions killed the dinosaurs.
article
a piece of writing
He had to find an article for a school project.
atmosphere
the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth
This will make a radiation storm in the atmosphere, and the energy from it would create a giant storm cloud over the entire world.
blackout
a period when all lights are off
"It is going to cause a global blackout."
communication
an exchange of information
"Communication systems will stop working."
electricity
electric power
"The sky will be dark, and there won’t be any electricity."
entire
complete or full
This will make a radiation storm in the atmosphere, and the energy from it would create a giant storm cloud over the entire world.
explosion
a sudden, violent burst of energy
Joe read that a large solar explosion was going to cause a huge wave of magnetic energy.
global
involving the entire world
"It is going to cause a global blackout."
grin
to smile widely
Joe grinned.
huge
very large
Joe read that a large solar explosion was going to cause a huge wave of magnetic energy.
magnetic
relates to the force of magnetism
Joe read that a large solar explosion was going to cause a huge wave of magnetic energy.
predict
to say something might happen in the future
He said, "Joe, scientists can predict some solar explosions, but they understand how we are protected from them, too."
project
a task that requires careful work for a long time
He had to find an article for a school project.
radiation
energy radiated in the form of waves or particles
This will make a radiation storm in the atmosphere, and the energy from it would create a giant storm cloud over the entire world.
solar
relating to the sun
Joe read that a large solar explosion was going to cause a huge wave of magnetic energy.
absorb
to take in something in a natural way
It rained so much that the rainwater could not be absorbed into the ground.
basin
the area of land around a large river
The Carson River is a drainage basin that collects water from the area around it.
century
a period of 100 years
In January 1997, Nevada had "the flood of the century."
collect
to get things from a place
The Carson River is a drainage basin that collects water from the area around it.
damage
physical harm that is done to something or someone
The flood caused more than $10 million in damages.
declare
to say something in an official way
The governor of Nevada declared a state of emergency.
drainage
the act of removing water from a place
The Carson River is a drainage basin that collects water from the area around it.
emergency
an unexpected and dangerous situation
The governor of Nevada declared a state of emergency.
evacuate
to remove (someone) from a dangerous place
More than 125,000 homes had to be evacuated in Nevada and California.
expect
to think that something will probably happen
No one expected so much rain!
governor
a person who is the leader of the government of a state
The governor of Nevada declared a state of emergency.
normally
usually
normally, the river moves about 411 gallons of water per second, but with so much rain, the river began to move 205,700 gallons per second.
overflow
to flow over the edge
The Carson River overflowed.
swell
to become larger than normal
With all of that rain, the Carson River swelled up higher and higher.
colonial
owning or made up of colonies
Slavery was important to the economy of colonial America.
cotton
a soft white fluffy plant which can be made into cloth
They picked crops like tobacco and cotton.
crop
a plant that is grown by farmers
They picked crops like tobacco and cotton.
economy
the way an economic system is arranged
Slavery was important to the economy of colonial America.
field
an area of land that has a special use
Slaves were good field workers, and many people believed that the practice of slavery was good for the American economy.
goods
things for sale
Black slaves were traded for European goods and taken to the Americas.
hardware
things that are made of metal
They were traded for goods like cloth, hardware, weapons, and rum.
master
someone who has control over others
They cooked, cleaned, and cared for the children of their masters.
owner
a person or group that owns something
Slaves had to work for their owners.
practice
the action of doing
Slaves were good field workers, and many people believed that the practice of slavery was good for the American economy.
rum
an alcoholic drink that is made from sugar
They were traded for goods like cloth, hardware, weapons, and rum.
separate
to stop being together, joined, or connected
Sometimes, slave mothers, fathers, and children were sold and separated from each other.
slave
a person who is owned by another person
The African slave trade began in the 15th century.
tobacco
a plant that produces leaves which are smoked in cigarettes.
They picked crops like tobacco and cotton.
wrong
not morally or socially correct
Other people believed that slavery was wrong and tried to stop it.
accept
to agree to receive or allow
Tobacco was valuable like gold and silver, and the "tobacco notes" were accepted there for most of the 18th century.
coin
a small, flat and round piece of metal used as money
People began to use coins in Greece and Rome around 600 B.C.
common
shared by two or more people or groups
Federal money was common to all of the states.
currency
the money that a country uses
Later, Virginia and Maryland used real tobacco leaves for their legal currency.
dollar
a basic unit of money in the U.S.
American paper money is called dollars or bank notes.
federal
relating to the central government
In 1862, the U.S.Department of the Treasury printed the first federal money.
gold
a soft yellow metal that is very valuable
The value of the paper notes was based on the value of gold and silver.
historically
based on history
They have pictures of powerful and historically important people on them.
legal
based on the law
Later, Virginia and Maryland used real tobacco leaves for their legal currency.
money
something used as a way to pay for goods and services
He is rich. He has a lot of money!
official
having authority
In 1690, the first official bank notes were printed in the New World.
print
to cause to appear on paper using a machine
In 1690, the first official bank notes were printed in the New World.
silver
a soft grayish-white metal that is very valuable
The value of the paper notes was based on the value of gold and silver.
value
the price or cost of something
The value of the paper notes was based on the value of gold and silver.
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