BigBook-Book 1 (E)
294 카드 | CompassPublishing
세트공유
asleep
in a state of sleep
Once, a lion was asleep.
catch
to take and hold something
He saw the mouse and caught him in his giant paw.
forest
Circle the
Days later, the lion was walking in the forest and he fell into a hunter’s
funny
causing one to laugh
This idea seemed funny to the lion.
giant
very big
He saw the mouse and caught him in his giant paw.
hunter
a person who looks for wild animals
Days later, the lion was walking in the forest and he fell into a hunter’s trap.
paw
the foot of an animal
He saw the mouse and caught him in his giant paw.
roar
a loud noise made by an animal
"Who woke me up?" roared the lion.
see
to look at something with the eyes
He saw the mouse and caught him in his giant paw.
small
not big
Betty has a small dog.
tail
the back part of an animal
Suddenly, a mouse ran across the lion’s tail.
think
to have an idea
He did not think a mouse could ever help a lion.
trap
something used to hold animals
Days later, the lion was walking in the forest and he fell into a hunter’s trap.
wake up
to get up from sleeping
"Who woke me up?" roared the lion.
walk
to move using the feet
Days later, the lion was walking in the forest and he fell into a hunter’s trap.
bell
an instrument made of metal
Have you heard of the Liberty bell?
crack
to split
The bell cracked the first time it was rung.
declaration
a document that contains an official statement
The declaration of Independence said America was free from England.
express
to show
The men who made the bell put words on it that express ideas of freedom.
freedom
the power to do what you want to do
The Liberty Bell is a symbol of freedom.
gather
to collect as a group
People heard the bell and gathered together.
hang
to attach by the top
It hangs in a building in the American city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
liberty
the state of people who are able to act and speak freely
The liberty Bell is a symbol of freedom.
read
to say something aloud
We are reading about a famous basketball player.
ring
to cause a bell to make a sound
The bell cracked the first time it was rung.
second
next after the first
The Liberty Bell cracked a second time, but this time, the crack was not fixed.
square
an open area in the center of a town
The bell was rung in the square.
still
continuing without interruption in condition
The Liberty Bell still represents ideas of freedom.
time
an occurrence of an action or event
Don't forget to bring your girlfriend next time.
word
a piece of language
The men who made the bell put words on it that express ideas of freedom.
aboard
on a ship
Convicts were brought to Australia aboard ships.
convict
a person who has been found guilty of a crime and sent to prison
convicts were brought to Australia aboard ships.
descend
to come from something
Today, many people in Australia are descended from prisoners!
land
the solid part of the surface of the Earth
The land is really dry this year.
life
the period of time when a person is alive
life was hard for the convicts.
location
a place
The English wanted Australia because of its location.
many
a large number of things or people
Today, many people in Australia are descended from prisoners!
map
a piece of paper that shows a part of the earth
Can you find Australia on a map?
mountain
a very big hill
Other parts have tall mountains.
native
being in the place where one was born
Originally, Australia was home to native tribes.
originally
in the first place
originally, Australia was home to native tribes.
prison
a building used to hold people
So, the English used Australia like a giant prison!
southern
located in the south
It sits in the southern part of the earth, in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
tribe
a group of people
Originally, Australia was home to native tribes.
trouble
a bad position
A convict is a person in trouble with the law.
any
whichever
Patterns can be made using any number!
away
apart
Each number is 2 away from the next.
design
an arrangement of something
A pattern is a design.
each
every one of several things considered separately
each number is 2 away from the next.
forever
without ever ending
It could go on forever!
from
used to show separation
Each number is 2 away from the next.
here
in this place
here is the number 2.
let
to allow
Mom lets me listen to music when I study.
next
the one following
Each number is 2 away from the next.
now
at this moment
now, let’s add another 2.
number
a numeral used for counting
Let’s make a pattern using numbers!
pattern
the repeated way in which something happens
What is a pattern?
use
to put into service
Let’s make a pattern using numbers!
what
a word used to ask about something
what is a pattern?
amount
a number of something
They subtracted the amount of cookies sold from the total.
at
a point in space
Mary, Ben, and Sam looked at the remaining cookies.
cookie
a sweet, baked food
Do you like cookies?
eat
to take food into your mouth and swallow it
Then they ate them up!
find out
to discover
Mary, Ben, and Sam wanted to find out!
how
a question word used to ask the way something is done
how many cookies were there all together?
look
to see something using the eyes
Mary, Ben, and Sam looked at the remaining cookies.
minus
taking away
All the cookies, minus Mary’s cookies, minus Ben’s cookies, minus Sam’s cookies equaled 26 cookies.
plus
increase by adding
Mary’s cookies, plus Ben’s cookies, plus Sam’s cookies added up to 272 cookies.
remain
to stay in a place
Mary, Ben, and Sam looked at the remaining cookies.
subtract
to remove something
They subtracted the amount of cookies sold from the total.
there
at a certain place
How many cookies were there all together?
they
referring to two or more people or things
One day, they decided to sell cookies to their friends.
total
all of something
They subtracted the amount of cookies sold from the total.
also
as well
Henry was also famous for sculpting certain things.
artist
a person who creates art
Henry decided he also wanted to be an artist.
baby
an infant
In 1898, a baby named Henry Moore was born in England.
born
coming into the world
In 1898, a baby named Henry Moore was born in England.
bronze
a type of metal
He used a material called bronze.
clay
a type of mud
As a boy, Henry liked to make things out of clay.
drawing
the creation of artistic pictures by using writing tools and paper
Is it drawing?
especially
particularly
He especially liked to make human shapes, like mothers and children.
maybe
perhaps
maybe, one day, your art will be famous too!
name
to give a name to
In 1898, a baby named Henry Moore was born in England.
out
away from something
As a boy, Henry liked to make things out of clay.
painting
a picture made by putting paint on a canvas
Is it painting?
public
open to all people
Today, Henry Moore’s sculptures can be seen in public places in England.
sculpture
something shaped from a certain material
Henry’s favorite kind of art was sculpture.
too
also
Maybe, one day, your art will be famous too!
Africa
a continent in the southern hemisphere
Around the age of 10, Jane dreamed of living in africa with all the animals.
animal
a living creature that is not a human or plant
What’s your favorite animal?
around
near
around the age of 10, Jane dreamed of living in Africa with all the animals.
chimpanzee
a type of ape found in Africa
It is the chimpanzee.
dream
to imagine
Around the age of 10, Jane dreamed of living in Africa with all the animals.
favorite
most liked
What’s your favorite animal?
hug
to hold another in the arms
She learned that chimpanzees hug and tickle each other.
in
a word used with the name of months, years, etc.
In 1960, Jane was sent to study chimpanzees at Gombe Stream National Park, in Tanzania.
scientist
a person who studies a certain science
In 1957, Jane went to Kenya with a scientist.
study
to work toward learning something
She is famous for studying chimpanzees.
tickle
to touch someone softly to make them laugh
She learned that chimpanzees hug and tickle each other.
tool
something used to make work easier
She learned that chimpanzees make and use tools.
watch
to observe something
She’s been watching chimpanzees in Africa for many years.
your
a word which means something belongs to you
What’s your favorite animal?
amazing
remarkable
Some beetles can also do some amazing things.
appear
to seem
This means lightning beetles appear to glow in the dark!
burn
to cause harm by flame or heat
The chemicals are extremely hot and can burn the beetle’s enemies.
dark
without light
This means lightning beetles appear to glow in the dark!
give off
to release
Lightning beetles have special chemicals in their stomachs that give off light!
glow
to emit light
This means lightning beetles appear to glow in the dark!
in order to
to make it possible for something to happen
Lighting beetles light up in order to attract a mate.
mate
a partner
Lighting beetles light up in order to attract a mate.
notice
to pay attention to something
What did you notice about this insect?
rear
at or near the back of something
This beetle scares its enemies by squirting chemicals into the air from its rear end
scare
to cause fear
This beetle scares its enemies by squirting chemicals into the air from its rear end.
secret
hidden
The bombardier beetle has a secret weapon!
shell
a protective covering
Did it have a hard shell?
size
the bigness or smallness of something
Beetles come in many interesting shapes and sizes.
squirt
to shoot out a liquid
This beetle scares its enemies by squirting chemicals into the air from its rear end.
fair
an exhibition
The Space Needle was made for the World’s fair in 1962.
future
time that is yet to come
The building looks like it came from the future.
hotel
a place where travelers rest overnight
This building is a hotel and it is located in Dubai.
look like
to resemble
The hotel was designed to look like a giant sail on a ship!
needle
a small, thin instrument used for sewing
It is a giant tower in the shape of a needle.
pretty
pleasing to look at
You can also see pretty views of Seattle.
regret
to feel sorry about something
You won’t regret it!
restaurant
a place that serves food
A restaurant is at the top of the tower.
sail
a piece of material used to catch wind
The hotel was designed to look like a giant sail on a ship!
sit
to be in a particular place
The Burj Al Arab sits near the shore in the Arabian Gulf.
skyscraper
a very tall building in a city
One very beautiful and interesting skyscraper is the Burj Al Arab.
some
an unnamed amount of something
some of the world’s tallest skyscrapers also look like art.
top
the uppermost part
A restaurant is at the top of the tower.
tower
a very tall and thin structure
It is a giant tower in the shape of a needle.
view
all that is within vision
You can also see pretty views of Seattle.
bicycle
a type of transportation with two wheels
Do you own a bicycle?
chain
a series of objects connected together
A pulley is a wheel that moves by pulling a chain.
compound
made up of two or more parts
But did you know your bicycle is a compound machine?
easy
not difficult
Simple machines are tools used to make work easier.
or
a word that shows a choice
A compound machine is made up of two or more simple machines.
pedal
a lever operated using the foot
The pedals of your bicycle are part of a pulley system.
play
an activity for pleasure
Bicycles are used for work and play.
pulley
a small wheel with a grooved rim used with a chain
A third simple machine is a pulley.
simple
easy to understand
A compound machine is made up of two or more simple machines.
system
a combination of parts that make a whole
The pedals of your bicycle are part of a pulley system.
third
being next after the second in order
A third simple machine is a pulley.
turn
to rotate around a center
An axle holds the wheel and allows the wheel to turn.
wheel
a circle that rotates
Another simple machine is a wheel and axle.
work
labor
Bicycles are used for work and play.
bird
a creature with wings
A roadrunner is a bird found in the desert.
dry
having no or very little water
Deserts are very dry places.
harsh
not gentle
The desert can be a harsh place.
hour
60 minutes
A roadrunner can run up to 17 miles per hour!
lizard
a scaly reptile
Roadrunners eat mice, lizards, and snakes.
mouse
a small rodent
Roadrunners eat mice, lizards, and snakes.
per
for each
A roadrunner can run up to 17 miles per hour!
prefer
to like better
Roadrunners prefer to run instead of fly.
prey
an animal hunted for food
The scorpion lives in the desert and uses its tail to sting its prey.
run
to move quickly using the feet
Roadrunners prefer to run instead of fly.
sick
not feeling well
He goes to the hospital because he is sick.
sound
to make or give an impression especially when heard
It doesn’t sound like an easy place to live, does it?
step
to press down with the foot
But don’t step on a scorpion!
sting
to wound using a sharp point
The scorpion lives in the desert and uses its tail to sting its prey.
wind
the motion of air
When a tumbleweed dies, winds blow it across the desert.
delicious
taste very good
"Then you can catch me again and I will be the most delicious fish!"
dinner
the last meal of the day
We eat a lot of food for dinner.
fable
a story
This fable tells us that a small profit is better than a large promise which may not come true.
fat
well-fed
"If you put me back into the river, I will get big and fat!"
feel
to sense something
Soon, he felt a pull on his line.
fisherman
a person who catches fish
One day, a fisherman sat down by a river and he began to fish.
flip
to turn over in the air
The fish flipped and flopped but he could not get away.
hook
a sharp piece of metal used to catch a fish
On his hook was a small fish.
net
a tool used to catch things
"Now, you are in my net."
profit
gain
This fable tells us that a small profit is better than a large promise which may not come true.
return
to go back to a place
"If I return you to the river, you will get big and fat."
rich
wealthy
"Rich people will give you lots of money for me."
river
a large stream of water
One day, a fisherman sat down by a river and he began to fish.
sit
to rest in a seat
One day, a fisherman sat down by a river and he began to fish.
1
real
classical music
a traditional genre of music conforming to an established form
They made sounds similar to classical music.
concert
a musical performance in public
One evening, Sally went to a music concert with her parents.
evening
nighttime
They drive home in the evening.
kind
a particular type
"What kind of music is this?" Sally asked.
man
a male person
The woman on stage is playing a ‘viol,’ and the man on stage is playing a harp.
Middle Ages
a time period in European history
It’s a style of music that was popular during the Middle Ages.
music
sounds that make up a melody
One evening, Sally went to a music concert with her parents.
pop music
a type of music that appeals to teenagers
Sally and her friends listened to pop music.
recognize
to identify something seen before
The musicians were playing instruments that Sally did not recognize.
similar
almost the same as something else
They made sounds similar to classical music.
sing
to create a sound and melody using the voice
Sally was used to hearing guitars, drums, and singing.
stage
a raised floor
The woman on stage is playing a ‘viol,’ and the man on stage is playing a harp.
style
a particular way in which something is performed
It’s a style of music that was popular during the Middle Ages.
used to
familiar with something
Sally was used to hearing guitars, drums, and singing.
woman
a female person
The woman on stage is playing a ‘viol,’ and the man on stage is playing a harp.
bread
a food made from flour and water
This time, Hansel dropped bread on the road.
cage
a box with bars used to hold something
The witch locked Hansel in a cage and she made Gretel become her servant.
candy
a sweet food made from sugar
They walked until they found a house made of candy.
check
to look into something
One day, the witch asked Gretel to check the fire.
child
a boy or girl
A poor woodcutter had two children, Hansel and Gretel.
drop
to let something fall
The next day, Hansel dropped stones along the road as they were led into the woods.
follow
to go after something
That night, the children followed the stones home.
hungry
needing food
The children were hungry.
leave
to go away and allow someone to remain
One night, the woodcutter’s wife told him to leave Hansel and Gretel in the woods to die.
lost
not knowing a direction
Hansel and Gretel were lost.
night
the part of the day without sunlight
One night, the woodcutter’s wife told him to leave Hansel and Gretel in the woods to die.
push
to press something away
As the witch stood near the fire, Gretel pushed her in and killed her.
servant
a person who does work for another
The witch locked Hansel in a cage and she made Gretel become her servant.
trick
to deceive
Gretel decided to trick the witch.
wife
the woman someone is married to
One night, the woodcutter’s wife told him to leave Hansel and Gretel in the woods to die.
adventure
an exciting experience
They went on many adventures.
afraid
feeling fear
Captain Hook was also afraid of an alligator.
alligator
a large reptile with a big mouth
Captain Hook was also afraid of an alligator.
boy
a young male
Peter Pan was a boy who could fly.
clock
a device that tells time
The alligator had a clock in its stomach.
enemy
a person who is against another
Captain Hook was Peter Pan’s enemy.
fly
to move through the air
Peter Pan was a boy who could fly.
frighten
to cause someone to become afraid
Captain Hook became frightened and Peter Pan defeated him.
lead
to be in charge of a group
He lived in Neverland and led a group of orphans called, the Lost Boys.
mother
a woman who has children
In Neverland, Wendy acted like a mother to the children.
orphan
a child with no mother or father
He lived in Neverland and led a group of orphans called, the Lost Boys.
pirate
a person who robs others at sea
He was a pirate with only one hand.
princess
a daughter of a king or queen
One time, Peter Pan saved a princess named, Tiger Lilly.
stomach
organ inside the body that digests food
The alligator had a clock in its stomach.
wish
to want
He wished to stay in Neverland and never grow old.
arm
the top limbs of a person or creature
Worms live in dirt and they do not have arms or legs.
dead
no longer having life
First, a worm pulls dead plants and animals into the dirt.
dirt
soil
Worms live in dirt and they do not have arms or legs.
earth
the material in which plants grow
A worm pulls the nutrients into the earth as it moves.
find
to locate something
He finds his lunch in the bag.
happy
feeling good
We should be happy they help the earth!
help
to give assistance
Did you know worms help keep the earth healthy?
leg
lower limb used for walking
Worms live in dirt and they do not have arms or legs.
mineral
a non-living substance often found in rocks
minerals are also important for dirt.
nutrient
a substance that is good for the body
Dead plants and animals have lots of nutrients.
pull
to bring something closer
First, a worm pulls dead plants and animals into the dirt.
slide
to move in a smooth way
A worm moves by sliding its body through the dirt.
soak
to absorb something
This helps the dirt soak up the minerals.
worm
a long, thin animal which has a soft body with no legs or bones
Did you know worms help keep the earth healthy?
another
some other
There is another interesting thing about smell.
because
for the reason that
This is because smell and taste are connected.
carry
to bring something from one place to another
For something to have a smell, a very tiny piece of it is carried into the air and into someone’s nose!
chemical
a substance that is made by a chemical process
The chemicals in the bread mix with the chemicals in your nose.
food
the thing that people and animals eat
If you lose the ability to smell, you also lose your ability to taste food!
in charge
having control of
The nose is the part of the body in charge of smelling things.
interesting
causing one to be curious
There is another interesting thing about smell.
mix
to blend together two or more things
The chemicals in the bread mix with the chemicals in your nose.
nose
the part of the face with which a person or animal smells and breathes
Do you wonder how your nose works?
old
not new
The chemicals tell your brain that you smell bread and not an old shoe!
sense
one of the five natural powers a creature has to receive information about the environment
Smell is one of the five senses.
shoe
a piece of clothing worn on the foot
The chemicals tell your brain that you smell bread and not an old shoe!
taste
to sense food using the tongue
If you lose the ability to smell, you also lose your ability to taste food!
thousand
the number 1,000
There are thousands of them!
wonder
to think about something that is unknown
Do you wonder how your nose works?
blow
to move along
The packed snow keeps cold air from blowing into the house!
boat
a vessel that moves on water
Other people live on boats.
climb
to rise up
These people climb a ladder to get inside their house!
cool
somewhat cold
This is because mud helps keep the inside of a house cool.
have
to possess something
People who live in deserts sometimes have homes made of mud.
hot
having a high temperature
Deserts can be very hot.
house
a building where people live
There are different types of houses all over the world.
ice
frozen water
An igloo is a type of house built from ice and snow!
ladder
a structure used for going up and down
These people climb a ladder to get inside their house!
make
to produce something
Some houses are made of mud and others are made of snow.
mud
wet soil
Some houses are made of mud and others are made of snow.
ocean
a large body of seawater
Other people live on the ocean.
pack
to press together
The packed snow keeps cold air from blowing into the house!
pole
a long, straight piece of wood, that is often placed in the ground
Stilts are long poles.
snow
ice crystals that fall from the sky
Some houses are made of mud and others are made of snow.
ask
to form a question
"What are you doing?" Billy asked.
birdhouse
a small covered box that is for wild birds to nest
Billy’s father was making wooden birdhouses and his mother was putting the birdhouses into a big box.
call
to name something
"The birdhouses your father is building are called goods."
distribute
to give something away
But we are not the ones who will distribute them to others.
garden
a piece of ground with many plants
The plants in the garden are short.
morning
the first part of the day after sunrise
One morning, Billy woke up and found his parents working busily.
parents
the mother and father of a child
One morning, Billy woke up and found his parents working busily.
provide
to offer something to another
"providing a service is how he makes money."
put in
to place something inside a container
This means he is going to take the birdhouses around town and put them in people’s gardens.
sell
to exchange something for money
A good is something a person makes to sell to others.
service
work done by a person that doesn't involve producing goods
"Providing a service is how he makes money."
take
to move or go with something
"This means he is going to take the birdhouses around town and put them in people’s gardens."
town
a small community of people
"This means he is going to take the birdhouses around town and put them in people’s gardens."
wooden
made of wood
Billy’s father was making wooden birdhouses and his mother was putting the birdhouses into a big box.
work
to make an effort to do something
One morning, Billy woke up and found his parents working busily.
along
in a line matching the length of something
Ships transport goods along the river.
begin
to start
It begins in Minnesota and flows to the Gulf of Mexico.
canoe
a thin boat moved by paddles
They floated up and down the river in canoes.
depend
to rely on something
Native Americans depended on the river for many things.
explore
to discover
This allowed the Native Americans to explore new places.
flow
to move in a stream
It begins in Minnesota and flows to the Gulf of Mexico.
mile
a measurement for distance
The river is more than two thousand miles long!
more
a greater amount
The river is more than two thousand miles long!
nearby
not far away
This made nearby fields wet.
sport
an athletic game
Many people also use the river for water sports.
swim
to move through water
Today, people can float, paddle, and swim in the Mississippi River.
transport
to carry
Ships transport goods along the river.
waterway
a canal or river that is deep and wide enough for ships to travel through
The Mississippi River is an important waterway.
wet
not dry
This made nearby fields wet.
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